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Meaning of "acrocentric" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF ACROCENTRIC

acrocentric  [ˌækrəʊˈsɛntrɪk] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF ACROCENTRIC

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Acrocentric can act as a noun and an adjective.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES ACROCENTRIC MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Centromere

The centromere is the part of a chromosome that links sister chromatids. During mitosis, spindle fibers attach to the centromere via the kinetochore. Centromeres were first defined as genetic loci that direct the behavior of chromosomes. Their physical role is to act as the site of assembly of the kinetochore - a highly complex multiprotein structure that is responsible for the actual events of chromosome segregation - e.g. binding microtubules and signalling to the cell cycle machinery when all chromosomes have adopted correct attachments to the spindle, so that it is safe for cell division to proceed to completion. There are broadly speaking two types of centromeres. "Point centromeres" bind to specific proteins that recognise particular DNA sequences with high efficiency. Any piece of DNA with the point centromere DNA sequence on it will typically form a centromere if present in the appropriate species. The best characterised point centromeres are those of the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Definition of acrocentric in the English dictionary

The definition of acrocentric in the dictionary is having the centromere at one end. Other definition of acrocentric is an acrocentric chromosome.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH ACROCENTRIC


acentric
eɪˈsɛntrɪk
androcentric
ˌændrəʊˈsɛntrɪk
anthropocentric
ˌænθrəpəʊˈsɛntrɪk
barycentric
ˌbærɪˈsɛntrɪk
centric
ˈsɛntrɪk
concentric
kənˈsɛntrɪk
dicentric
daɪˈsɛntrɪk
eccentric
ɪkˈsɛntrɪk
ecocentric
ˌiːkəʊˈsɛntrɪk
egocentric
ˌiːɡəʊˈsɛntrɪk
ethnocentric
ˌɛθnəʊˈsɛntrɪk
Eurocentric
ˌjʊərəʊˈsɛntrɪk
exocentric
ˌɛksəʊˈsɛntrɪk
geocentric
ˌdʒiːəʊˈsɛntrɪk
heliocentric
ˌhiːlɪəʊˈsɛntrɪk
metacentric
ˌmɛtəˈsɛntrɪk
pericentric
ˌpɛrɪˈsɛntrɪk
polycentric
ˌpɒlɪˈsɛntrɪk
theocentric
ˌθɪəˈsɛntrɪk
topocentric
ˌtɒpəˈsɛntrɪk

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE ACROCENTRIC

acroamatic
acroamatical
acrobat
acrobatic
acrobatically
acrobatics
acrobatism
acrocarpous
acrocyanosis
acrodont
acrodrome
acrodromous
acrogen
acrogenic
acrogenous
acrogenously
acrolect
acrolein
acrolith
acrolithic

WORDS THAT END LIKE ACROCENTRIC

areocentric
asymmetric
bicentric
electric
endocentric
gastric
geometric
homocentric
hydroelectric
mantric
metric
multicentric
pediatric
psychiatric
selenocentric
submetacentric
symmetric
Tantric
telocentric
uneccentric

Synonyms and antonyms of acrocentric in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «acrocentric» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF ACROCENTRIC

Find out the translation of acrocentric to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of acrocentric from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «acrocentric» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

近端着丝粒
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

acrocéntrico
570 millions of speakers

English

acrocentric
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

अग्रकेंद्रिक
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

طرفي القسيم المركزي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

акроцентрических
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

acrocêntrico
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

acrocentric
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

acrocentriques
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Acrocentric
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

akrozentrischen
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

末端動原体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

acrocentric
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Acrocentric
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

acrocentric
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

முகடு மைய
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

केंद्रस्थानी
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

akrosentrik
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

acrocentrico
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

acrocentric
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

акроцентріческіх
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

acrocentric
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ακροκεντρικού
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

acrocentric
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

acrocentric
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

acrocentric
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of acrocentric

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «ACROCENTRIC»

The term «acrocentric» is normally little used and occupies the 128.268 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
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/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «acrocentric» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of acrocentric
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «acrocentric».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ACROCENTRIC» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «acrocentric» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «acrocentric» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about acrocentric

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ACROCENTRIC»

Discover the use of acrocentric in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to acrocentric and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Animal Cytology and Evolution
'Uropygialis 3' has eight pairs of acrocentric autosomes. The Y's of the first and the third species are diphasic metacentrics, while that of Uropygialis 2 is acrocentric. The latter species carries supernumerary chromosomes in some individuals.
M. J. D. White, 1977
2
Chromosome Abnormalities and Genetic Counseling
Y Long-Arm and Acrocentric Short-Arm Translocations Yqh Material on Acrocentric Short Arm, 46-Chromosome Count In some 70% of Y-autosome translocations the other chromosome is one of the acrocentrics. There is no loss or gain of ...
Genetic Health Services Victoria Royal Children's Hospital R. J. McKinlay Gardner Consultant Geneticist, Melbourne, Department of Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics Women's and Children's Hospital Adelaide (Retired) Grant R. Sutherland Director, 2003
3
Primate Anatomy: An Introduction
Hominidae Humans have a diploid number of 2n = 46 chromosomes, 34 of which are meta- centric or submetacentric and 10 acrocentric. All of the acrocentric chromosomes generally have satellites on their short arms. The Y chromosome of ...
Friderun Ankel-Simons, 2000
4
Human Chromosomes
NORs are located on the short arms of the acrocentric chromosomes of the D and G groups, numbers 13, 14, 15, 21, and 22 (Fig. 20.3). Immunofluorescence studies have shown that the proteins of the rRNA tran- scriptional machinery remain ...
Orlando J. Miller, Eeva Therman, 2001
5
The Genetics of the Horse
Continued. Comments References Thirteen pairs of metaVsubmetacentrics, 18 pairs of acrocentrics + sex chromosomes; karyotype similar to domestic horse except for an extra pair of acrocentric chromosomes Extinct during the 19th century ...
Ann T. Bowling, Anatoly Ruvinsky, 2000
6
Folia Biologica
4MT, metacentric quadrivalent with terminal associations only (Fig.3A); 4MC. metacentric quadrivalent with chiasma(ta) (Fig.3B, C); 4AT, acrocentric quadrivalent with terminal associations only: 4AC. acrocentric quadrivalent with chiasmata ...
7
Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process
There are three clear alternative explanations (see Searle, 1986a): (1) The acrocentrics could have already been present at the time of racial contact if the race-specific metacentrics spread through the ancestral acrocentric race in " stasipatric" ...
Richard Gerald Harrison, 1993
8
Folia Biologica
The karyotypic details differ from the congeneric yagum as there are ten meta-, two submeta- and six acrocentric autosomes, the X is small-sized metacentric, whereas spherical y is the smallest element. Metaphase I revealed nine autosomal ...
9
Uniparental Disomy (UPD) in Clinical Genetics
Here, an example with a maternal balanced translocation of a non acrocentric and an acrocentric chromosome is depicted, such as chromosomes 11 and 22 in Emanuel syndrome. Because only unbalanced offspring with the small derivative  ...
Thomas Liehr
10
Benign & Pathological Chromosomal Imbalances: Microscopic ...
Figure 12 The normal size of an acrocentric short arm is between half of 18p and up to the full length of 17p. If the p-arm ofan acrocentric chromosome is longer than 17p it is a pþ variant; if it is shorter than half the length of 18p it is a p– variant.
Thomas Liehr, 2013

5 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ACROCENTRIC»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term acrocentric is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Incomplete meiotic sex chromosome inactivation in the domestic dog
In the mouse, all chromosomes are acrocentric, and the PAR localizes at the tip of the long q arm of the sex chromosomes. The human ... «BMC Blogs Network, Apr 15»
2
Building a genomic GPS with CRISPR
Also staying close to the center of the nucleus were chromosome 17 and five of the so-called acrocentric chromosomes, which have their ... «News from the University of Massachusetts, Mar 15»
3
Building a genomic GPS
Also staying close to the center of the nucleus were chromosome 17 and five of the so-called acrocentric chromosomes, which have their ... «Biology News Net, Mar 15»
4
"Real Housewives Of Atlanta" Back In Africa
Cynthia is rocking braids and acrocentric jewelry, while Marlo and Nene are rocking designer shoes and clothes. Nene gets flowers in Africa. «Neon Tommy, Feb 12»
5
Long time no see: the Type and Contre-type concept
... in the description of a case of partial monosomy of a small acrocentric chromosome. The authors assumed that it was the same chromosome ... «Nature.com, Jan 10»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Acrocentric [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/acrocentric>. Nov 2019 ».
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