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Meaning of "ad libitum" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD AD LIBITUM

See ad-lib.
info
Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF AD LIBITUM

ad libitum  [ˈlɪbɪtʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF AD LIBITUM

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Ad libitum can act as an adjective and an adverb.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

The adverb is an invariable part of the sentence that can change, explain or simplify a verb or another adverb.

WHAT DOES AD LIBITUM MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Ad libitum

Ad libitum is Latin for "at one's pleasure"; it is often shortened to "ad lib" or "ad-lib". The roughly synonymous phrase a bene placito is less common but, in its Italian form a piacere, entered the musical lingua franca.

Definition of ad libitum in the English dictionary

The definition of ad libitum in the dictionary is at the performer's discretion Often shortened to: ad lib.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH AD LIBITUM


Beneventum
ˌbɛnəˈvɛntʊm
schtoom
ʃtʊm
shtoom
ʃtʊm
shtum
ʃtʊm
shtumm
ʃtʊm
stumm
ʃtʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE AD LIBITUM

ad
ad agency
ad campaign
ad hoc
ad hominem
ad infinitum
ad interim
ad litem
ad nauseam
ad referendum
ad rem
ad val.
ad valorem
ad valorem tax
ad-lib
ad-libbed
ad-libber
ad-libbing
Ada
adactylous

WORDS THAT END LIKE AD LIBITUM

aconitum
ad infinitum
arboretum
datum
dictum
infinitum
momentum
placitum
postpartum
pulpitum
quaesitum
quantum
rectum
sanctum
septum
stratum
substratum
Tatum
tum
ultimatum

Synonyms and antonyms of ad libitum in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «ad libitum» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF AD LIBITUM

Find out the translation of ad libitum to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of ad libitum from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «ad libitum» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

自由采食
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

ad libitum
570 millions of speakers

English

ad libitum
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

यथेच्छ
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

libitum الإعلانية
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

вволю
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

ad libitum
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

মর্জিমাফিক
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

ad libitum
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Iklan libitum
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

ad libitum
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

アドリブで
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

광고 무제한으로
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Ad libitum
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

ăn tự do
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

விளம்பரம் இலவசம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

विश लिमिट
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Ad libitum
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ad libitum
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

ad libitum
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

досхочу
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

ad libitum
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

κατά βούληση
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

ad libitum
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

ad libitum
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

ad libitum
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of ad libitum

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «AD LIBITUM»

The term «ad libitum» is quite widely used and occupies the 53.229 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
75
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «ad libitum» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of ad libitum
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «ad libitum».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «AD LIBITUM» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «ad libitum» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «ad libitum» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about ad libitum

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «AD LIBITUM»

Discover the use of ad libitum in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to ad libitum and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Welfare of Laboratory Animals
For dogs, pigs, cats, monkeys, etc. it is considered bad veterinary practice to feed ad libitum, as the animals will become obese (Hart et al. 1995). Therefore these species are fed restricted rations. Rabbits are sometimes fed ad libitum, at other ...
Eila Kaliste, 2007
2
Feed Efficiency in the Beef Industry
Table 7.2 Recent estimates of heritability (±standard error) of feed conversion ratio (FCR) and residual feed intake (RFI) in beef cattle Heritability Breed Type Country Feeding Regime Noa FCR RFI (kg/d) Source Hereford Britain Ad libitum 540 ...
Rodney A. Hill, 2012
3
The Growing Horse: Nutrition and Prevention of Growth Disorders
Young saddle horses managed with moderate growth rates Age Diets Type of forages and intake level Daily total Daily total Growth (limited or ad libitum) DM intake2 DM intake2 rate Forage Concentrate (p100 (p100 kg DM/day kg DM/100 g ...
Veronique Julliand, William Martin-Rosset, 2005
4
Phytosterols as Functional Food Components and Nutraceuticals
Parallel 67 Ad libitum, normal (178) (47/20) 15 (11/4) Ad libitum, normal Parallel, Before and after (127) Sterol −6.1a esters+ cerivastatin 6Wood Mayonnaise Stanol ester 3.4 −9a 6Wood Mayonnaise Stanol ester 0.8 −7.7a 2.0 −15.0a Parallel ...
Paresh C. Dutta, 2003
5
Domestic Duck Production: Science and Practice
Effect of ambient temperature at two locations on weight and sexual maturity of ad libitum fed and restricted Pekin ducks. (Data from Cherry, 1993.) Live weight as Treatment Temperature (°C) at 20 weeks of treatment 1 sexual maturity 1.
Peter Cherry, Trevor Raymond Morris, 2008
6
The Rothamsted Memoirs on Agricultural Science
2 lbs. per pig per day of Indian-corn meal ; and Bean and Lentil mixture, ad libitum. Pen 8. 2 lbs. of Bran per pig per day ; and Bean and Lentil mixture, ad libitum. Pen 4. 2 lbs. of Indian-corn meal, and 2 lbs. of Bran per pig per day ; and Bean ...
Rothamsted Experimental Station, Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert, John Bennet Lawes, 1893
7
The Impact of Nutrition on the Health and Welfare of Horses: ...
Four horses (mean age: 9.8±0.5 years, mean BW: 563±47 kg) were offered the following diets: hay ad libitum (hay: DM 891 g/kg, crude fiber: 345 g/kg DM); haylage ad libitum (haylage: DM 745 g/ kg, crude fiber: 384 g/kg DM); straw alfalfa ...
A. D. Ellis, 2010
8
The Mouse in Animal Genetics and Breeding Research
Lines from the same base population were selected for increased six week weight in two nutritional environments, ad libitum access to a balanced diet versus provision of the same diet at 75% of the amount consumed by contemporaries ...
‎2005
9
Music in European Capitals: The Galant Style, 1720-1780
Thus Op. 4 has no violin part ad libitum. In the concertos of Opp. 11, 12, 13, and 15, the horns alone are ad libitum, the rest of the orchestral parts being essential to play the tuttis. All three parts are essential in Op. 16. The titles of Opp. 9 and 10  ...
Daniel Heartz, 2003
10
Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates:: Second Revised ...
Daily GE intakes by juvenile, adult, and old squirrel monkeys fed ad libitum were 341, 264, and 229 kcal·kg1of BW, respectively, and for diet-restricted squirrel monkeys 242, 188, and 160 kcal·kg1 of BW, respectively. Those values were ...
Ad Hoc Committee on Nonhuman Primate Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition, National Research Council, 2003

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «AD LIBITUM»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term ad libitum is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Sequential feeding improves weight gain in geese
In a second trial the researchers looked at the effect of sequential feeding under an ad libitum feeding system. Twenty-four goslings were ... «WorldPoultry.net, Jul 15»
2
More on the Eleventh Circuit's awful expert testimony decision in …
... would have gone further and declared that plaintiffs' expert witness Rosenthal had no methodology and thus she was free to opine ad libitum ... «Washington Post, Jul 15»
3
Effects of eldecalcitol on cortical bone response to mechanical …
... calcium content 1.18 g/100 g, phosphorus content 1.09 g/100 g, vitamin D3 content 250 IU/100 g) were given ad libitum. The duration of daily ... «BMC Blogs Network, Jun 15»
4
Glioma invasion mediated by the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75 …
Food and water were available ad libitum. All procedures were reviewed and approved by the University of Calgary Animal Care Committee. «Nature.com, Jun 15»
5
YAP activation protects urothelial cell carcinoma from treatment …
... housed in a temperature controlled room on a 12/12 h light/dark schedule with food and water ad libitum, under pathogen-free conditions. «Nature.com, Jun 15»
6
Genetic and phenotypic influences on copulatory plug survival in mice
... 1967), and were used in experiments at 8–12 weeks of age. The colony was kept at 14:10 h of dark/light and provided food ad libitum. «Nature.com, Jun 15»
7
L-type Ca 2+ channel blockade with antihypertensive medication …
... Houston, TX, USA) were housed in groups of three and maintained on a 12 h light/dark cycle with food and water available ad libitum. «Nature.com, Jun 15»
8
Therapeutic antidepressant potential of a conjugated siRNA …
... River, Lyon, France) were housed under controlled conditions (22±1 °C; 12-h light/dark cycle) with food and water available ad libitum. «Nature.com, Jun 15»
9
'Same-Sex Marriage' Versus Judicial 'Good Behavior'
No power, that is, unless public officials enjoy an unbridled license to redefine common words ad libitum — because if “same-sex marriage” ... «Western Journalism, Jun 15»
10
Suppression of acute pancreatitis by L-lysine in mice
They were housed under standard conditions and allowed access to water and a standard diet ad libitum. The animal protocol was approved ... «BMC Blogs Network, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Ad libitum [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/ad-libitum>. Sep 2022 ».
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