The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.
WHAT DOES ARCHAEAL MEAN IN ENGLISH?
The Archaea are a domain or kingdom of single-celled microorganisms. These microbes are prokaryotes, meaning they have no cell nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelles in their cells. Archaea were initially classified as bacteria, receiving the name archaebacteria, but this classification is outdated. Archaeal cells have unique properties separating them from the other two domains of life: Bacteria and Eukaryota. The Archaea are further divided into four recognized phyla. Classification is difficult because the majority have not been studied in the laboratory and have only been detected by analysis of their nucleic acids in samples from their environment. Archaea and bacteria are similar in size and shape, although a few archaea have very strange shapes, such as the flat and square-shaped cells of Haloquadratum walsbyi. Despite this visual similarity to bacteria, archaea possess genes and several metabolic pathways that are more closely related to those of eukaryotes, notably the enzymes involved in transcription and translation. Other aspects of archaeal biochemistry are unique, such as their reliance on ether lipids in their cell membranes.
The translations of archaeal from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «archaeal» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «archaeal».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ARCHAEAL» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «archaeal» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «archaeal» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about archaeal
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ARCHAEAL»
Discover the use of archaeal in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to archaeal and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Computational Methods for Understanding Bacterial and ...
This comprehensive volume includes a collection of cohesively written chapters on prokaryotic genomes, their organization and evolution, the information they encode, and the computational approaches needed to derive such information.
Archaeal Proteins: Advances in Research and Application: ...
Archaeal Proteins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Archaeal Proteins in a compact format.
Molecular Maps of Archaeal Physiology and Ecology: A ...
The Archaea are the third, and least understood major evolutionary lineage of cellular life.
Aaron E. Cozen, 2008
Patterns of Community Change of Archaeal and Bacterial ...
However, environmental parameters rather than site age influence this successional development. This work yields new insights into survival and succession of microbes in soils.
Vicente Gomez-Alvarez, 2007
Functional Characterization of Archaeal Pseudouridine ...
All three domains of life (Archaea Bacteria and Eukarya) contain single-protein Psi synthases that recognize either one or more target uridines through conserved primary and/or secondary RNA structures.
Priyatansh Gurha, 2008
Archaeal Box C/DsRNP Assembly, Structure and Function
CONCLUDING REMARKS Archaeal in vitro assembly systems have facilitated
detailed study of box C/D sRNP structure and methylation function. However,
important questions regarding this minimal RNA- protein enzyme remain.
Keith Thomas Gagnon (Jr), 2007
Molecular and Isotopic Investigations of the Biogeochemistry ...
Chapter 2 Marine archaeal lipids: patterns and provenance in the water-column
Abstract We measured archaeal lipids from globally distributed samples of
freshwater, marine, and hypersaline suspended particulate matter. Cluster
analysis of ...
Courtney Hanna Turich, 2006
Ecology of the Hydrothermal Candidate Archaeal Division, ...
The abundance of individual phylogenetic groups of Korarchaeota in Kamchatka and Yellowstone hot springs was determined using quantitative PCR.
Thomas Andrew Auchtung, 2007
Chapter. 10. Archaeal. Chromatin. Organization. Stephen D. Bell and Malcolm F.
White Abstract In the light microscope, archaea resemble bacteria, in that they
are small, generally single-celled organisms devoid of overt subcellular ...
Remus Thei Dame, Charles J. Dorman, 2009
Genomic and Metabolic Foundations of Archaeal-bacterial ...
The human gut is home to trillions of microbes, thousands of bacterial phylotypes as well as hydrogen-consuming methanogenic archaea.
Buck Sparrow Samuel, 2007
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ARCHAEAL»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term archaeal is used in the context of the following news items.
Phylogenetic congruence and ecological coherence in terrestrial …
Thaumarchaeota form a ubiquitously distributed archaeal phylum, comprising both the ammonia-oxidising archaea (AOA) and other archaeal ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Metagenomic study of red biofilms from Diamante Lake reveals …
Our results also suggest that arsenite chemolithotrophy likely emerged within the archaeal lineage. Our results give a broad new perspective ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Ecophysiology of an uncultivated lineage of Aigarchaeota from an …
The candidate archaeal phylum 'Aigarchaeota' contains ... Available genomic information from members of this deeply-rooted archaeal lineage ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Viral assemblage composition in Yellowstone acidic hot springs …
Most of these viral groups are previously unknown DNA viruses likely infecting archaeal hosts. Overall, this study demonstrates the utility of ... «Nature.com, Jun 15»