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Meaning of "autophagy" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF AUTOPHAGY

autophagy  [ɔːˈtɒfədʒɪ] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF AUTOPHAGY

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Autophagy is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES AUTOPHAGY MEAN IN ENGLISH?

autophagy

Autophagy

Autophagy , is the basic catabolic mechanism that involves cell degradation of unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components through the actions of lysosomes. The breakdown of cellular components can ensure cellular survival during starvation by maintaining cellular energy levels. Autophagy, if regulated, ensures the synthesis, degradation and recycling of cellular components. During this process, targeted cytoplasmic constituents are isolated from the rest of the cell within the autophagosome, which are then fused with lysosomes and degraded or recycled. There are three different forms of autophagy that are commonly described; macroautophagy, microautophagy and chaperone-mediated autophagy. In the context of disease, autophagy has been seen as an adaptive response to survival, whereas in other cases it appears to promote cell death and morbidity. The name "autophagy" was coined by Belgian biochemist Christian de Duve in 1963.

Definition of autophagy in the English dictionary

The definition of autophagy in the dictionary is the consumption of one's own tissue by biting oneself.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH AUTOPHAGY


anthropophagy
ˌænθrəˈpɒfədʒɪ
autocoprophagy
ˌɔːtəʊkəˈprɒfədʒɪ
bacteriophagy
bækˌtɪərɪˈɒfədʒɪ
coprophagy
kɒˈprɒfədʒɪ
creophagy
krɪˈɒfədʒɪ
endophagy
ɛnˈdɒfədʒɪ
exophagy
ɛkˈsɒfədʒɪ
geophagy
dʒɪˈɒfədʒɪ
hippophagy
hɪˈpɒfədʒɪ
ichthyophagy
ˌɪkθɪˈɒfədʒɪ
monophagy
mɒnˈɒfədʒɪ
mycophagy
maɪˈkɒfədʒɪ
oligophagy
ˌɒlɪˈɡɒfədʒɪ
omophagy
əʊˈmɒfədʒɪ
ostreophagy
ˌɒstrɪˈɒfədʒɪ
pantophagy
pænˈtɒfədʒɪ
phytophagy
faɪˈtɒfədʒɪ
scatophagy
skæˈtɒfədʒɪ
theophagy
θɪˈɒfədʒɪ
xerophagy
zɪəˈrɒfədʒɪ

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE AUTOPHAGY

autopen
autophagous
autophanous
autophobia
autophoby
autophony
autophyte
autophytic
autophytically
autopilot
autopista
autoplastic
autoplasty
autopolyploid
autopolyploidy
autopsia
autopsic
autopsies
autopsist
autopsy

WORDS THAT END LIKE AUTOPHAGY

aerophagy
baggy
biology
cabbagy
cagy
doggy
energy
entomophagy
garbagy
genealogy
gy
Moholy-Nagy
Nagy
orgy
polyphagy
psychology
sagy
stagy
strategy
technology

Synonyms and antonyms of autophagy in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «autophagy» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF AUTOPHAGY

Find out the translation of autophagy to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of autophagy from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «autophagy» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

自噬
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

autofagia
570 millions of speakers

English

autophagy
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

भोजी
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الالتهام الذاتي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

аутофагии
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

autofagia
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

autophagy
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

autophagie
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Autophagy
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Autophagie
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

自食作用
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

자식 작용 (autophagy)
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Autophagy
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

autophagy
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

தன்னைத்தானுண்ணல்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

भस्मजन्य
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

otofaji
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

autofagia
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

autofagii
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

аутофагии
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

autophagy
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

αυτοφαγία
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

autophagy
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

autophagy
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

autofagi
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of autophagy

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «AUTOPHAGY»

The term «autophagy» is regularly used and occupies the 84.122 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
61
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «autophagy» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of autophagy
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «autophagy».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «AUTOPHAGY» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «autophagy» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «autophagy» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about autophagy

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «AUTOPHAGY»

Discover the use of autophagy in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to autophagy and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Autophagy in Health and Disease
Autophagy in Health and Disease offers an overview of the latest research in autophagy with a translational emphasis.
Roberta A. Gottlieb, 2012
2
Autophagy of the Nervous System: Cellular Self-digestion in ...
This book addresses these questions and provide an expert view of the emerging concepts in autophagy research, focusing on autophagic processes and regulation in neurons.
Zhenyu Yue, Charleen T. Chu, 2012
3
Autophagy in Immunity and Infection: A Novel Immune Effector
This first book to cover this new topic at the interface of cell biology, immunology and infection biology offers a unique insight as to how the innate and possibly the adaptive immune system are shaped by cellular mechanisms.
Vojo Deretic, 2006
4
Autophagy in Mammalian Systems
This is the companion volume to Daniel Klionsky’s Autophagy: Lower Eukaryotes, which features the basic methods in autophagy covering yeasts and alternative fungi (aspergillus, podospora, magnaporthe).
Daniel Klionsky, 2009
5
Autophagy in Infection and Immunity
This book introduces the reader to the fundamentals of autophagy, guides a novice and the well-informed reader alike through different immunological aspects of autophagy as well as the countermeasures used by highly adapted pathogens to ...
Beth Levine, Tamotsu Yoshimori, Vojo Deretic, 2009
6
Autophagy: Lower Eukaryotes and Non-Mammalian Systems
This is the companion volume to Daniel Klionsky’s Autophagy: Lower Eukaryotes, which features the basic methods in autophagy covering yeasts and alternative fungi. Klionsky is one of the leading authorities in the field.
‎2011
7
Autophagy in Disease and Clinical Applications
The third and final installment of Daniel J. Klionsky's new three-volume treatment of autophagy, this volume focuses on monitoring autophagy with regard to disease connections, and presents methods that can be used to analyze autophagy in ...
Daniel Klionsky, 2009
8
P38 MAPKs Coordinately Regulate Distinct Phases of Autophagy ...
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) control the endocytic trafficking of various growth-related cell surface receptors and transporters.
Shankar Varadarajan, 2008
9
Autophagy and Tau in Niemann-Pick Type C Disease
The study of NPC pathogenesis has been limited by the lack of mammalian model systems in which Npc1 gene expression can be manipulated in a cell type or temporally controlled manner.
Christopher D. Pacheco, 2008
10
Autophagy and Cancer
This book covers the latest advances in the field of autophagy and cancer from the basics of the molecular machinery for autophagy induction and regulation up to current areas of interest, including modulation of autophagy and drug ...
Hong-Gang Wang, 2013

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «AUTOPHAGY»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term autophagy is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Hydrogen sulfide protects spinal cord and induces autophagy via …
Autophagy was evaluated by expressions of Microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin-1 which were determined by using ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
2
Schwann Cells “Dine in” to Clear Myelin From Injured Nerves, Study …
This cleanup appears to take place through autophagy, with myelin debris inside of Schwann cells being carried to lysosomes in a process the ... «Scicasts, Jul 15»
3
BIRC5/Survivin as a target for glycolysis inhibition in high-stage …
Survivin degradation further releases bound Beclin-1, which enhances autophagy and cell death induction. Knockdown of Parkin, however, ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
4
Ferroptosis in p53-dependent oncosuppression and organismal …
... but it was not influenced by the wide-spectrum caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk, the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine or the necroptosis inhibitor necrostatin-1 ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
5
Local scientists study degradation process of stress proteins
Autophagy is when cells break down and recycle their own materials. The researchers discovered that an adapter protein called p62 binds ... «Arirang News, Jul 15»
6
Stu Millheiser Investigates Recent Insights into Cellular Mechanisms …
The key focus in Dr. Dikic's studies was autophagy, or self-eating. Autophagy is the body's process of identifying and eliminating harmful ... «SYS-CON Media, Jul 15»
7
Lamina propria macrophage phenotypes in relation to Escherichia …
However, IL-10 also facilitates intracellular persistence of numerous microorganisms [35], possibly due to inhibition of autophagy [36]. «BMC Blogs Network, Jul 15»
8
How cells coordinate waste removal through their major proteolytic …
The first is the ubiquitin–proteasome system and the second is autophagy. A new study contributes to our understanding of how the two ... «Nature.com, Jun 15»
9
Feijoa Inhibits TLR2-Induced Inflammation Suggesting a Role for …
In a new study entitled “Extracts of Feijoa Inhibit Toll-Like Receptor 2 Signaling and Activate Autophagy Implicating a Role in Dietary Control of ... «IBD News Today, Jun 15»
10
Scientists develop small molecule drug that prevents autophagy
As a tumor grows, its cancerous cells ramp up an energy-harvesting process to support its hasty development. This process, called autophagy, ... «News-Medical.net, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Autophagy [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/autophagy>. Dec 2019 ».
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