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Meaning of "cerium" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
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ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD CERIUM

New Latin, from Ceres (the asteroid) + -ium.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF CERIUM

cerium  [ˈsɪərɪəm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF CERIUM

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Cerium is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES CERIUM MEAN IN ENGLISH?

cerium

Cerium

Cerium is a chemical element with symbol Ce and atomic number 58. It is a soft, silvery, ductile metal which easily oxidizes in air. Cerium was named after the dwarf planet Ceres. Cerium is the most abundant of the rare earth elements, making up about 0.0046% of the Earth's crust by weight. It is found in a number of minerals, the most important being monazite and bastnäsite. Commercial applications of cerium are numerous. They include catalysts, additives to fuel to reduce emissions and to glass and enamels to change their color. Cerium oxide is an important component of glass polishing powders and phosphors used in screens and fluorescent lamps. It is also used in the "flint" of lighters.

Definition of cerium in the English dictionary

The definition of cerium in the dictionary is a malleable ductile steel-grey element of the lanthanide series of metals, used in lighter flints and as a reducing agent in metallurgy. Symbol: Ce; atomic no: 58; atomic wt: 140.115; valency: 3 or 4; relative density: 6.770; melting pt: 798°C; boiling pt: 3443°C.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH CERIUM


archaebacterium
ˌɑːkɪbækˈtɪərɪəm
bacterium
bækˈtɪərɪəm
collyrium
kɒˈlɪərɪəm
corynebacterium
ˌkɒrənɪbækˈtɪərɪəm
criterium
kraɪˈtɪərɪəm
cyanobacterium
ˌsaɪənəʊbækˈtɪərɪəm
desiderium
ˌdɛsɪˈdɪərɪəm
deuterium
djuːˈtɪərɪəm
elaterium
ˌɛləˈtɪərɪəm
eubacterium
ˌju:bækˈtɪərɪəm
imperium
ɪmˈpɪərɪəm
magisterium
ˌmædʒɪˈstɪərɪəm
meitnerium
ˈmaɪtnɪərɪəm
mezereum
mɪˈzɪərɪəm
ministerium
ˌmɪnɪˈstɪərɪəm
mycobacterium
ˌmaɪkəʊbækˈtɪərɪəm
nitrobacterium
ˌnaɪtrəʊbækˈtɪərɪəm
psalterium
sɔːlˈtɪərɪəm
puerperium
pjʊəˈpɪərɪəm
sericterium
ˌsɛrɪkˈtɪərɪəm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CERIUM

ceresin
cereus
cerge
ceria
ceric
ceric oxide
ceriferous
cerise
cerite
cerium dioxide
cerium metals
Cerlox
cermet
CERN
Cernuda
cernuous
cero
Ceroc
cerograph

WORDS THAT END LIKE CERIUM

acroterium
apodyterium
apterium
aquarium
atrium
auditorium
clavicytherium
deinotherium
delirium
dinotherium
emporium
enterobacterium
equilibrium
osmeterium
planetarium
pomoerium
sanatorium
solarium
terrarium
yttrium

Synonyms and antonyms of cerium in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «cerium» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CERIUM

Find out the translation of cerium to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of cerium from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «cerium» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

cerio
570 millions of speakers

English

cerium
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

सैरियम
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

السيريوم
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

церия
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

cério
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

সীরিয়াম
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

cérium
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Cerium
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Cer
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

セリウム
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

세륨
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Cerium
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

kim thuộc làm măm sông đèn
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

சீரியம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

कॅरियम
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

seryum
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

cerio
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

ceru
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

церію
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

ceriu
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

δημήτριο
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

serium
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

cerium
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

cerium
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of cerium

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CERIUM»

The term «cerium» is regularly used and occupies the 80.292 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
63
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «cerium» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of cerium
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «cerium».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CERIUM» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «cerium» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «cerium» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about cerium

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CERIUM»

Discover the use of cerium in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to cerium and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths
45 – mixed oxides 29, ch. 183, p. 75 – zeolites 29, ch. 185, p. 269 cerimetry 36, ch. 229, p. 281 cerium 1, ch. 4, p. 337 cerium compounds – low-temperature behavior 15, ch. 98, p. 1 – tetravalent 36, ch. 229, p. 281 cerium(IV) – catalysts 36 , ch.
‎2011
2
Cerium
Cerium(IV) (ceric) salts are orange red or yellowish, whereas cerium(III) (cerous) salts are usually white or colorless. Both oxidation states absorb ultraviolet light strongly. Cerium(III) can be used to make glasses that are colorless, yet absorb ...
Edited by Paul Muljadi
3
Wide-Gap Luminescent Materials: Theory and Applications: ...
When cerium is present, two peaks are observed: the defect at its characteristic wavelength and the cerium emission at 550 nm. The ratio between the defect and cerium emissions is greatly dependent on the temperature. As the temperature ...
Stanley R. Rotman, 1997
4
Dictionary of Inorganic Compounds
C3Hl8CeF,0,8S3 Cerium! Ill) trifluoromethanesulfonate; Nonahydrale, in IC- 003529 C,CeNa6015 Pentakis(carbonato)cerate(/O«>- ); Hcxa-Na sail, in IC- 004615 C5CeOI5*e Pentakis(carbonalo)cerate(/K)(6-), IC-004615 C6Ce20I2 Cerium(///) ...
Jane E. Macintyre, 1992
5
A System of Chemistry for the Use of Students of Medicine
SECTION XIX. SALTS OF OXIDIZED CERIUM. Salts of Oxidized Cerium are combinations of the ox- s»itsof collides of cerium with the different acids. Five only of these *zed «- compounds will be noticed. whS'com- Hydrochloric acid combines ...
Franklin Bache, 1819
6
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology
See also Cerium oxide Ceric ammonium nitrate, 5:674; 21:259, 260 Ceric ammonium sulfate, 5:674 Ceric fluoride, 5:674 Ceric hydroxide, 5:676 Ceric oxide, 5:670, 675 Ceric rare earths (RE), 14:631 Ceric sulfate, 5:674 Ceric sulfate method, ...
7
Role of Nanocrystalline Cerium Oxide Coatings on Austenitic ...
2.1.3. Nanocrystalline Cerium Oxide Synthesis In spite of the difficulties to prepare nanoparticles due to their high surface energy and chemical activity by which nanoparticles are liable to aggregate, several techniques have been employed to ...
Haiying Zhang, 2008
8
Anodically Generated Acid and Cerium(IV)--Strategies for ...
Chapter 5 : Recycling Ceric Ammonium Nitrate 5.1 - Recycling cerium (IV) from cerium (III) Literature precedent for oxidizing cerium (III) to cerium (IV) at an electrode does exist and gave us hope that we could also achieve this transformation ...
David Stephen Kesselring, 2008
9
Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements
This was cured by adding 1 % cerium nitrate to the thorium solution; the cerium oxide formed in this way not only produced a more pleasing light but also acted as a catalyst, ensuring more complete combustion of the gas. Cerium oxalate ...
John Emsley, 2001
10
Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful ...
..he usual "processes, the oxide being with great difficulty reduced by charcoal ; it is best procured by decomposing the chloride by potassium. The properties of cerium are that it is pulverulent, its colour varying from deep chocolate brown to ...

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CERIUM»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term cerium is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Molycorp Inc's Bankruptcy Is the Beginning of the End for Rare …
... to their pre-2009 prices, Molycorp was instead flush with some of the cheapest minerals, cerium and lanthanum, that even today are priced at ... «Motley Fool, Jul 15»
2
Today's Green Technology
Cerium (Ce) is used in automobile catalytic converters that reduce the toxicity of emissions. Holmium (Ho) is used in magnets and as a yellow ... «The Mountain -Ear, Jul 15»
3
Molycorp path to bankruptcy ran through global politics, market shifts
"Cerium is used in polishing glass and silicon wafers," King said. "It used to be used just once, but companies are now collecting it and reusing ... «The Denver Post, Jul 15»
4
Rare Earth Elements Market - Global Industry Analysis, Trends And …
The group consists of yttrium, scandium, and fifteen lanthanide elements (lanthanum, cerium, thulium, ytterbium, praseodymium, gadolinium, ... «CSO Australia, Jul 15»
5
PET detectors break the 100 ps barrier
In both devices, the SiPMs were coupled to lutetium oxyorthosilicate codoped with cerium and 0.4% calcium crystals, whose faster scintillation ... «Medical Physics Web, Jul 15»
6
Using Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis (NTA) to Assess Nanoparticle …
... and bioavailability of engineered nanoparticles such as titanium dioxide, cerium dioxide and silver nanoparticles in freshwater periphyton. «AZoNano.com, Jul 15»
7
RARE EARTHS: COMMODITIES BUST
Lanthanum, used in hybrid-car batteries, and neodymium, for powerful magnets, both jumped fivefold during 2011. Cerium, for glass polishing, ... «The Seattle Times, Jul 15»
8
How a bet on rare earths flopped when scarcity proved a mirage
Lanthanum, used in hybrid-car batteries, and neodymium, for powerful magnets, both jumped fivefold during 2011. Cerium, for glass polishing, ... «The Globe and Mail, Jun 15»
9
A Simple Method for the Separation of Dysprosium and Neodymium …
ES: There is some great work going in the U.S. DOE Critical Materials Institute on replacing dysprosium with cerium, a much more abundant ... «Azom.com, Jun 15»
10
Metals complex the killing fields, but bravehearts press on
Today, you would not be able to sell any investment in a proposed mine where cerium and lanthanum dominated the rare-earth mix. Earlier this ... «The Australian, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Cerium [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/cerium>. Aug 2020 ».
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