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Meaning of "chromatin" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF CHROMATIN

chromatin  [ˈkrəʊmətɪn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF CHROMATIN

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Chromatin is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES CHROMATIN MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Chromatin

Chromatin is the combination or complex of DNA and proteins that make up the contents of the nucleus of a cell. The primary functions of chromatin are 1) to package DNA into a smaller volume to fit in the cell, 2) to strengthen the DNA to allow mitosis, 3) to prevent DNA damage, and 4) to control gene expression and DNA replication. The primary protein components of chromatin are histones that compact the DNA. Chromatin is only found in eukaryotic cells: prokaryotic cells have a very different organization of their DNA, which is referred to as a genophore (a chromosome without chromatin). The structure of chromatin depends on several factors. The overall structure depends on the stage of the cell cycle. During interphase, the chromatin is structurally loose to allow access to RNA and DNA polymerases that transcribe and replicate the DNA. The local structure of chromatin during interphase depends on the genes present on the DNA: DNA coding genes that are actively transcribed...

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH CHROMATIN


achromatin
əˈkrəʊmətɪn
biotin
ˈbaɪətɪn
carotin
ˈkærətɪn
ceratin
ˈkɛrətɪn
creatin
ˈkriːətɪn
emetin
ˈɛmətɪn
euchromatin
juːˈkrəʊmətɪn
gelatin
ˈdʒelətɪn
haematin
ˈhɛmətɪn
hematin
ˈhemətɪn
heterochromatin
ˌhɛtərəʊˈkrəʊmətɪn
indigotin
ɪnˈdɪɡətɪn
isatin
ˈaɪsətɪn
keratin
ˈkɛrətɪn
nystatin
ˈnɪstətɪn
pancreatin
ˈpæŋkrɪətɪn
thaumatin
ˈθɔːmətɪn
travertin
ˈtrævətɪn
travertine
ˈtrævətɪn
zeatin
ˈzɪətɪn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CHROMATIN

chromatic
chromatic aberration
chromatic adaptation
chromatic colour
chromatic printing
chromatic scale
chromatic semitone
chromatically
chromaticism
chromaticity
chromaticity coordinates
chromaticity diagram
chromaticness
chromatics
chromatid
chromatinic
chromatist
chromatogram
chromatograph
chromatographer

WORDS THAT END LIKE CHROMATIN

au gratin
cisplatin
Datin
gratin
Keewatin
Late Latin
Latin
lovastatin
matin
Medieval Latin
Neo-Latin
New Latin
Old Latin
patin
Pig Latin
satin
somatostatin
statin
Vulgar Latin
Zamyatin

Synonyms and antonyms of chromatin in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «chromatin» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CHROMATIN

Find out the translation of chromatin to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of chromatin from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «chromatin» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

染色质
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

cromatina
570 millions of speakers

English

chromatin
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

क्रोमेटिन
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الكروماتين
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

хроматина
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

cromatina
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

ক্রোমাটিনের
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

chromatine
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Chromatin
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Chromatin
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

クロマチン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

염색질
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Kromatin
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

nhiễm sắc
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

குரோமாட்டின்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

क्रोमॅटिन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

kromatin
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

cromatina
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

chromatyny
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

хроматину
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

cromatinei
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

χρωματίνης
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

chromatien
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

kromatin
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

kromatin
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of chromatin

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CHROMATIN»

The term «chromatin» is quite widely used and occupies the 42.266 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
81
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «chromatin» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of chromatin
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «chromatin».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CHROMATIN» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «chromatin» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «chromatin» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about chromatin

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CHROMATIN»

Discover the use of chromatin in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to chromatin and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Chromatin and Gene Regulation: Molecular Mechanisms in ...
This book will be an invaluable guide to undergraduate and postgraduate students in the biological sciences and all those with an interest in the medical implications of aberrant gene expression.
B. M. Turner, 2008
2
Chromatin: Structure and Function
This book consistently interrelates the structure of eukaryotic DNA with the nuclear processes it undergoes, and will be essential reading for students and molecular biologists who want to really understand how DNA works. * * Written in a ...
Alan P. Wolffe, 1999
3
Bacterial Chromatin
This book, featuring the latest research by leading experts, describes the advanced methods being applied to the problem and shows how their work is contributing to our growing understanding of the ways that bacterial DNA storage, ...
Remus Thei Dame, Charles J. Dorman, 2009
4
Nucleosomes, Histones & Chromatin
This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial by containing quality chapters authored by leaders in the field.
‎2012
5
Chromatin
The structure of chromatin is studied at several levels, and its modes of transcription and replication are analyzed. Chromatinprovides researchers with a critical evaluation of current knowledge.
Kensal Edward Van Holde, 1989
6
Chromatin Structure and Dynamics: State-of-the-art
Moreover, chromatin structure is used by the cell to control the activity of DNA. In this volume the basics of chromatin structure and dynamics are presented by established experts in the field.
J. Zlatanova, S. H. Leuba, 2004
7
Chromatin: a practical approach
Both in vivo and in vitro methods are covered and clear explanations of procedures are provided throughout making this volume an invaluable aid to laboratory workers in biochemistry and molecular biology, especially those whose research ...
Hannah Gould, 1998
8
Chromatin and Chromatin Remodeling Enzymes, Part A: Methods ...
DNA in the nucleus of plant and animal cells is stored in the form of chromatin.
Carl Wu, C. David Allis, 2004
9
Epigenetics and Chromatin
This book gives a comprehensive overview on chromatin structure and function in combination with an epigenetic view. It offers an updated collection of papers treating epigenetic phenomena in mammals, insects and plants.
Philippe Jeanteur, 2008
10
Epigenomics: From Chromatin Biology to Therapeutics
Experts from academia, the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries introduce biological, medical and methodological aspects of the emerging field of epigenomics.
Krishnarao Appasani, 2012

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CHROMATIN»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term chromatin is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Histone influences on chromosomal translocations
To identify chromatin features that correlate with translocation propensity, they mined data from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
Q&A: How evolutionary biologists got lucky with a sperm discovery
Malik: Traditional chromatin solves two problems: You need to package DNA or it would be too long to fit into the cell, but it also needs to do all ... «Fred Hutch News Service, Jul 15»
3
Researchers discover strong break on cell division
Within the cell, the long chains of DNA molecules are wound up into a far more compact form, called chromatin. Properly functioning SWI/SNF ... «Phys.Org, Jul 15»
4
Researchers ID Pancreatic Cancer Mutations with Ties to Treatment …
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tumors were also marked by more-frequent-than-usual glitches in genes related to chromatin regulation ... «GenomeWeb, Jul 15»
5
This Week in PNAS
This appears to produce a chromatin state that sets loose expression of lncRNA-CD244, allowing it to interact with a chromatin modifying ... «GenomeWeb, Jul 15»
6
Novel Mechanism in DNA Damage Response Pathway Discovered
... employ in order to correct SSBs during transcription through chromatin. ... “Structure of transcribed chromatin is a sensor of DNA damage.”. «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Jul 15»
7
Professor faced hardships in war-torn Iran, now heads UCLA …
His team of researchers is currently studying chromatin, a complex of proteins and DNA that forms the basic structure of the genome, ... «Daily Bruin, Jul 15»
8
The oncofusion protein FUS–ERG targets key hematopoietic …
Chromatin was harvested as described. ChIPs were performed using specific antibodies to ERG, FLI1, RXRα, SPI1, TAL1, LYL1, GATA2, LMO2 ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
9
One more wheel for a processing machine
The two precursor proteins, NF-κB1 p105 and NF-κB2 p100, by way of their ankyrin repeats, also function as IκBs, withholding NF-κB from the chromatin, but ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
10
The Genetic Blueprint For Cartilage Formation
By analyzing data on Sox9 location, chromatin state and gene expression over the whole mouse genome, Associate Professor Shinsuke Ohba ... «Asian Scientist Magazine, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Chromatin [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/chromatin>. Jul 2021 ».
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