A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES CRYSTALLOGRAPHY MEAN IN ENGLISH?
Crystallography is the science that examines the arrangement of atoms in solids. The word "crystallography" derives from the Greek words crystallon "cold drop, frozen drop," with its meaning extending to all solids with some degree of transparency, and grapho "I write." In July 2012, the United Nations recognised the importance of the science of crystallography by proclaiming that 2014 would be the International Year of Crystallography. X-ray crystallography is used to determine the structure of large biomolecules such as proteins. Before the development of X-ray diffraction crystallography, the study of crystals was based on their geometry. This involves measuring the angles of crystal faces relative to theoretical reference axes, and establishing the symmetry of the crystal in question. The former is carried out using a goniometer. The position in 3D space of each crystal face is plotted on a stereographic net such as a Wulff net or Lambert net. The pole to each face is plotted on the net. Each point is labelled with its Miller index. The final plot allows the symmetry of the crystal to be established.
The translations of crystallography from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «crystallography» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «crystallography».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «crystallography» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «crystallography» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about crystallography
2 QUOTES WITH «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY»
Famous quotes and sentences with the word crystallography.
Derek Harold Richard Barton
X-Ray crystallography is nowadays an accurate and rapid method of determining conformation in the crystal lattice, which conformation usually corresponds to the preferred conformation in solution.
This discovery convinced me of the power of crystallography and led me to continue in this field.
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY»
Discover the use of crystallography in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to crystallography and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
' The book exists in the intersection of poetry and science, exploring the relationship between language and crystals - looking at language as a crystal, a space in which the chaos of individual parts align to expose a perfect formation of ...
Christian Bök, 2003
Crystallography Made Crystal Clear: A Guide for Users of ...
This is the most comprehensive and concise reference for beginning Macromolecular crystallographers, written by a leading expert in the field.
Gale Rhodes, 2010
An Introduction to X-ray Crystallography
A textbook for the student beginning a serious study of X-ray crystallography.
M. M. Woolfson, 1997
Crystallography and Crystal Defects
Extensively revised and updated, this new edition of a classic text presents a unified approach to crystallography and to the defects found within crystals.
Anthony A. Kelly, Kevin M. Knowles, 2012
Crystallography: An Introduction
This 3rd edition is the translation of the seventh German edition with new chapters focused on crystal chemistry and x-ray diffraction methods.
Robert O. Gould, Steffen Borchardt-Ott, 2011
Contents: Chemical Crystallography and Liquid Crystals, Molecular Spectrum and Atomic Spectrum, Magnetochemistry and Magnetic Properties of Substances, Electric Properties of Molecules and Dipole Moment.
A. Goel, 2006
Introduction to Crystallography
Concise explanation of the logical development of basic crystallographic concepts.
Donald E. Sands, 2012
The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction
This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts.
Christopher Hammond, 2009
Basic Elements of Crystallography
The entire notation in this book consistent with the International Tables for Crystallography. --Book Jacket. This book is intended to be a complete and clear introduction to the field of crystallography.
Nevill Gonzalez Szwacki, Teresa Szwacka, 2010
Geometric Crystallography: An Axiomatic Introduction to ...
The aim of this note is to introduce the reader to the fascinating and rich world of geometric crystallography.
P. Engel, 1986
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term crystallography is used in the context of the following news items.
AdaCore Co-founder/President Robert Dewar loses battle with …
While a graduate student, he started working with computers to analyze x-ray crystallography and soon shifted careers. He joined the Computer ... «Intelligent Aerospace, Jul 15»
Fragment-based Drug Discovery Market Segment Forecasts up to …
... fragment-based drug discovery market is categorized into seven segments namely: X-ray crystallography Nuclear magnetic resonance ... «CSO Australia, Jul 15»
Structural biology – mapping the intricate configuration of proteins …
The current standard method for similar studies, X-ray crystallography, does not work for studies of all protein complexes – because of the ... «PharmiWeb.com, Jul 15»
Better memory with faster lasers
An artist's representation ultrafast electron crystallography: using ultrafast 4-D imaging, the technique allows researchers to "film" the atomic ... «R & D Magazine, Jul 15»
Structural basis of how stress-induced MDMX phosphorylation …
MolProbity: all-atom structure validation for macromolecular crystallography. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 2010; 66: 12–21. «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Researchers Successfully Maintain Enzymatic High-Energy States …
Different types of sophisticated biophysical techniques, including x-ray crystallography and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) have helped ... «Azom.com, Jul 15»
FORUM: World fundamentally changed by discovery of DNA
Watson was fascinated by the X-ray crystallography pictures of the DNA molecule that Wilkins was studying. He moved to Cambridge and ... «Cherry Hill Courier Post, Jul 15»
@ISSUE: What was past century's most important discovery?
Watson was fascinated by the X-ray crystallography pictures of the DNA molecule that Wilkins was studying. He moved to Cambridge and ... «Asbury Park Press, Jul 15»
Female scientists put in the picture
... biochemist who developed protein crystallography, is being rehung on the main staircase. A painting of the fertility researcher Anne McLaren ... «The Sunday Times, Jul 15»
Scientists advance cancer drug design with image of key protein
Until recently, such studies were generally only possible using X-ray crystallography, but researchers have been unable to crystallise many ... «Phys.Org, Jul 15»
« EDUCALINGO. Crystallography [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/crystallography>. Dec 2019 ».