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X-Ray crystallography is nowadays an accurate and rapid method of determining conformation in the crystal lattice, which conformation usually corresponds to the preferred conformation in solution.
Derek Harold Richard Barton

Meaning of "crystallography" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

crystallography  [ˌkrɪstəˈlɒɡrəfɪ] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Crystallography is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES CRYSTALLOGRAPHY MEAN IN ENGLISH?

crystallography

Crystallography

Crystallography is the science that examines the arrangement of atoms in solids. The word "crystallography" derives from the Greek words crystallon "cold drop, frozen drop," with its meaning extending to all solids with some degree of transparency, and grapho "I write." In July 2012, the United Nations recognised the importance of the science of crystallography by proclaiming that 2014 would be the International Year of Crystallography. X-ray crystallography is used to determine the structure of large biomolecules such as proteins. Before the development of X-ray diffraction crystallography, the study of crystals was based on their geometry. This involves measuring the angles of crystal faces relative to theoretical reference axes, and establishing the symmetry of the crystal in question. The former is carried out using a goniometer. The position in 3D space of each crystal face is plotted on a stereographic net such as a Wulff net or Lambert net. The pole to each face is plotted on the net. Each point is labelled with its Miller index. The final plot allows the symmetry of the crystal to be established.

Definition of crystallography in the English dictionary

The definition of crystallography in the dictionary is the science concerned with the formation, properties, and structure of crystals.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH CRYSTALLOGRAPHY


ampelography
ˌæmpəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
biography
baɪˈɒɡrəfɪ
dactylography
ˌdæktɪˈlɒɡrəfɪ
encephalography
ˌɛnsɛfəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
epistolography
ɪˌpɪstəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
haplography
hæpˈlɒɡrəfɪ
holography
hɒˈlɒɡrəfɪ
metallography
ˌmɛtəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
myelography
ˌmaɪəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
oscillography
ˌɒsɪˈlɒɡrəfɪ
photography
fəˈtɒɡrəfɪ
photoxylography
ˌfəʊtəʊzaɪˈlɒɡrəfɪ
pneumoencephalography
ˌnjuːməʊɛnˌsɛfəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
pterylography
ˌtɛrɪˈlɒɡrəfɪ
pyelography
ˌpaɪəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
sialography
ˌsaɪəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
stylography
staɪˈlɒɡrəfɪ
symbolography
ˌsɪmbəˈlɒɡrəfɪ
ventriculography
vɛnˌtrɪkjʊˈlɒɡrəfɪ
xylography
zaɪˈlɒɡrəfɪ

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

crystallisable
crystalliser
crystallite
crystallitic
crystallitis
crystallizability
crystallizable
crystallization
crystallize
crystallized
crystallized fruits
crystallized ginger
crystallizer
crystallog.
crystallographer
crystallographic
crystallographically
crystalloid
crystalloidal
crystallomancy

WORDS THAT END LIKE CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

angiography
autobiography
bibliography
calligraphy
choreography
chromatography
cinematography
computed tomography
cryptography
demography
discography
filmography
historiography
oceanography
orthography
pornography
radiography
tomography
topography
typography
videography

Synonyms and antonyms of crystallography in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «crystallography» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

Find out the translation of crystallography to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of crystallography from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «crystallography» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

晶体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

cristalografía
570 millions of speakers

English

crystallography
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

क्रि
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

البلورات
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

кристаллография
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

cristalografia
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

কেলাসবিদ্যা
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

cristallographie
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Crystallography
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Kristallografie
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

結晶学
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

결정학
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Crystallography
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

tinh thể
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

படிகவியல்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

क्रिस्टलोग्राफी
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

kristalografi
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

cristallografia
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

krystalografii
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

кристалографія
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

cristalografie
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

κρυσταλλογραφία
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

kristallografie
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

kristallografi
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

krystallografi
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of crystallography

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY»

The term «crystallography» is quite widely used and occupies the 36.035 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
84
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «crystallography» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of crystallography
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «crystallography».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «crystallography» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «crystallography» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about crystallography

EXAMPLES

2 QUOTES WITH «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word crystallography.
1
Derek Harold Richard Barton
X-Ray crystallography is nowadays an accurate and rapid method of determining conformation in the crystal lattice, which conformation usually corresponds to the preferred conformation in solution.
2
Robert Huber
This discovery convinced me of the power of crystallography and led me to continue in this field.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY»

Discover the use of crystallography in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to crystallography and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Crystallography
' The book exists in the intersection of poetry and science, exploring the relationship between language and crystals - looking at language as a crystal, a space in which the chaos of individual parts align to expose a perfect formation of ...
Christian Bök, 2003
2
Crystallography Made Crystal Clear: A Guide for Users of ...
This is the most comprehensive and concise reference for beginning Macromolecular crystallographers, written by a leading expert in the field.
Gale Rhodes, 2010
3
An Introduction to X-ray Crystallography
A textbook for the student beginning a serious study of X-ray crystallography.
M. M. Woolfson, 1997
4
Crystallography and Crystal Defects
Extensively revised and updated, this new edition of a classic text presents a unified approach to crystallography and to the defects found within crystals.
Anthony A. Kelly, Kevin M. Knowles, 2012
5
Crystallography: An Introduction
This 3rd edition is the translation of the seventh German edition with new chapters focused on crystal chemistry and x-ray diffraction methods.
Robert O. Gould, Steffen Borchardt-Ott, 2011
6
Crystallography
Contents: Chemical Crystallography and Liquid Crystals, Molecular Spectrum and Atomic Spectrum, Magnetochemistry and Magnetic Properties of Substances, Electric Properties of Molecules and Dipole Moment.
A. Goel, 2006
7
Introduction to Crystallography
Concise explanation of the logical development of basic crystallographic concepts.
Donald E. Sands, 2012
8
The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction
This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts.
Christopher Hammond, 2009
9
Basic Elements of Crystallography
The entire notation in this book consistent with the International Tables for Crystallography. --Book Jacket. This book is intended to be a complete and clear introduction to the field of crystallography.
Nevill Gonzalez Szwacki, Teresa Szwacka, 2010
10
Geometric Crystallography: An Axiomatic Introduction to ...
The aim of this note is to introduce the reader to the fascinating and rich world of geometric crystallography.
P. Engel, 1986

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CRYSTALLOGRAPHY»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term crystallography is used in the context of the following news items.
1
AdaCore Co-founder/President Robert Dewar loses battle with …
While a graduate student, he started working with computers to analyze x-ray crystallography and soon shifted careers. He joined the Computer ... «Intelligent Aerospace, Jul 15»
2
Fragment-based Drug Discovery Market Segment Forecasts up to …
... fragment-based drug discovery market is categorized into seven segments namely: X-ray crystallography Nuclear magnetic resonance ... «CSO Australia, Jul 15»
3
Structural biology – mapping the intricate configuration of proteins …
The current standard method for similar studies, X-ray crystallography, does not work for studies of all protein complexes – because of the ... «PharmiWeb.com, Jul 15»
4
Better memory with faster lasers
An artist's representation ultrafast electron crystallography: using ultrafast 4-D imaging, the technique allows researchers to "film" the atomic ... «R & D Magazine, Jul 15»
5
Structural basis of how stress-induced MDMX phosphorylation …
MolProbity: all-atom structure validation for macromolecular crystallography. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 2010; 66: 12–21. «Nature.com, Jul 15»
6
Researchers Successfully Maintain Enzymatic High-Energy States …
Different types of sophisticated biophysical techniques, including x-ray crystallography and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) have helped ... «Azom.com, Jul 15»
7
FORUM: World fundamentally changed by discovery of DNA
Watson was fascinated by the X-ray crystallography pictures of the DNA molecule that Wilkins was studying. He moved to Cambridge and ... «Cherry Hill Courier Post, Jul 15»
8
@ISSUE: What was past century's most important discovery?
Watson was fascinated by the X-ray crystallography pictures of the DNA molecule that Wilkins was studying. He moved to Cambridge and ... «Asbury Park Press, Jul 15»
9
Female scientists put in the picture
... biochemist who developed protein crystallography, is being rehung on the main staircase. A painting of the fertility researcher Anne McLaren ... «The Sunday Times, Jul 15»
10
Scientists advance cancer drug design with image of key protein
Until recently, such studies were generally only possible using X-ray crystallography, but researchers have been unable to crystallise many ... «Phys.Org, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Crystallography [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/crystallography>. Dec 2019 ».
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