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Meaning of "ectomycorrhiza" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF ECTOMYCORRHIZA

ectomycorrhiza  [ˌɛktəʊˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF ECTOMYCORRHIZA

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Ectomycorrhiza is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES ECTOMYCORRHIZA MEAN IN ENGLISH?

ectomycorrhiza

Ectomycorrhiza

An ectomycorrhiza is a form of symbiotic relationship that occurs between a fungal symbiont and the roots of various plant species. The mycobiont tends to be predominantly from the phyla Basidiomycota and Ascomycota, although a few are represented in the phylum Zygomycota. Ectomycorrhizas form between fungi and the roots of around 2% of plant species. These tend to be composed of woody plants, including species from the birch, dipterocarp, myrtle, beech, willow, pine and rose families. Unlike other mycorrhizal relationships, such as arbuscular mycorrhiza and ericoid mycorrhiza, ectomycorrhizal fungi do not penetrate their host’s cell walls. Instead, they form an entirely intercellular interface, consisting of highly branched hyphae forming a latticework between epidermal and cortical root cells, known as the Hartig net. Ectomycorrhizas are further differentiated from other mycorrhizas by the formation of a dense hyphal sheath, known as the mantle, surrounding the root surface. This sheathing mantle can be up to 40 µm thick, with hyphae extending up to several centimeters into the surrounding soil.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH ECTOMYCORRHIZA


coleorhiza
ˌkɒlɪəˈraɪzə
coleorrhiza
ˌkɒlɪəʊˈraɪzə
colorizer
ˌkʌləˈraɪzə
colouriser
ˌkʌləˈraɪzə
coryza
kəˈraɪzə
endomycorrhiza
ˌɛndəʊˌmaɪkəʊˈraɪzə
familiariser
fəˈmɪljəˌraɪzə
moisturiser
ˈmɔɪstʃəˌraɪzə
moisturizer
ˈmɔɪstʃəˌraɪzə
mycorhiza
ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə
mycorrhiza
ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə
pileorhiza
ˌpaɪlɪəʊˈraɪzə
polarizer
ˈpəʊləˌraɪzə
pulverizer
ˈpʌlvəˌraɪzə
riser
ˈraɪzə
terrorizer
ˈterəˌraɪzə
upriser
ʌpˈraɪzə
vaporiser
ˈveɪpəˌraɪzə
vaporizer
ˈveɪpəˌraɪzə
vulgariser
ˈvʌlɡəˌraɪzə

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE ECTOMYCORRHIZA

ectogenetic
ectogenic
ectogenically
ectogenous
ectogeny
ectomere
ectomeric
ectomorph
ectomorphic
ectomorphy
ectoparasite
ectoparasitic
ectophyte
ectophytic
ectopia
ectopic
ectopic pregnancy
ectopically
ectoplasm
ectoplasmic

WORDS THAT END LIKE ECTOMYCORRHIZA

arbuscular mycorrhiza
baiza
ectotrophic mycorrhiza
endotrophic mycorrhiza
Fortaleza
forza
Giza
Ibiza
Iviza
Mendoza
mestiza
organza
piazza
pizza
plaza
Puebla de Zaragoza
riza
senza
za
Zaragoza

Synonyms and antonyms of ectomycorrhiza in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «ectomycorrhiza» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF ECTOMYCORRHIZA

Find out the translation of ectomycorrhiza to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of ectomycorrhiza from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «ectomycorrhiza» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

外生菌根
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

ectomicorriza
570 millions of speakers

English

ectomycorrhiza
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

ectomycorrhiza
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

ectomycorrhiza
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

ectomycorrhiza
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

ectomicorriza
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

ectomycorrhiza
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

ectomycorhize
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Ectomycorrhiza
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Ektomykorrhiza
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

外生菌根
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

ectomycorrhiza
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Ectomycorrhiza
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

ectomycorrhiza
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ectomycorrhiza
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

इक्टोमीकॉरिहाइझा
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

kökmantarlarının
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ectomycorrhiza
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

ectomycorrhiza
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

ectomycorrhiza
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

ectomycorrhiza
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ectomycorrhiza
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

ectomycorrhiza
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

ectomycorrhiza
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

ectomycorrhiza
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of ectomycorrhiza

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «ECTOMYCORRHIZA»

The term «ectomycorrhiza» is used very little and occupies the 157.751 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
26
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «ectomycorrhiza» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of ectomycorrhiza
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «ectomycorrhiza».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ECTOMYCORRHIZA» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «ectomycorrhiza» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «ectomycorrhiza» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about ectomycorrhiza

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ECTOMYCORRHIZA»

Discover the use of ectomycorrhiza in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to ectomycorrhiza and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Techniques for the Study of Mycorrhiza
Preparation and extraction of host roots Isozyme analysis for identification studies has only been carried out on ectomycorrhiza of Pinus sylvestris L. (Sen, 1990b) and Pinus cembra L. (G. Keller, pers. commun.). The following procedures may ...
‎1992
2
A Textbook of Molecular Biotechnology
The structure described by Frank was clearly an ectomycorrhiza, one of the known forms of symbiosis of plant roots and fungi. Ectomycorrhiza is geographically widespread in temperate and boreal forests in association with woody roots of ...
Ashok K. Chauhan, 2009
3
Plant Biochemistry
Many trees in temperate and cool climates form a symbiosis with fungi termed Ectomycorrhiza. In this the hyphae of the fungi do not penetrate the cortex cells, but colonize only the surface and the intercellular space of the cortex with a network ...
Hans-Walter Heldt, 2005
4
Mycorrhiza: Structure, Function, Molecular Biology, and ...
3.1 Effects of Seed Provenance and Genotypes on Ectomycorrhiza Formation Seed provenance, usually defined as source of seeds in a geographical or habitat sense, may reflect genotypic variation within a species and there has been, ...
Ajit Varma, Bertold Hock, 1999
5
Encyclopedia of Soil Science
1' Several types of mycorrhiza occur, including arbuscular mycorrhiza (dominants of grasslands, many tropical and some temperate forests), ectomycorrhiza ( dominants of boreal, most temperate and some tropical forests), and ericoid ...
Rattan Lal, 2006
6
Plant Surface Microbiology
Until now,Eucalyptus globulus is the only ectomycorrhiza forming plant in which tubulin expression during ectomycorrhiza formation has been studied at the RNA level. An α-tubulin gene was shown to be upregulated during formation of ...
Ajit Varma, Rüdiger Hampp, Dietrich Werner, 2007
7
The Handy Biology Answer Book
In ectomycorrhiza, the hyphae surround but do not penetrate the roots. Endomycorrhiza are much more common than ectomycorrhiza. The fungal component of endomycorrhiza is a zygomycete. While only about thirty species of zygomycetes ...
James E. Bobick, 2004
8
Root Methods: A Handbook
Median longitudinal sections of ectomycorrhiza are more informative than cross- sections (Agerer 1991) because: 1. They include the ectomycorrhizal mantle from tip, 2. They clearly show the position of Hartig net initiation zone; and where it is ...
A.L. Smit, 2000
9
Ectomycorrhiza
A study on the seasonal and spatial distribution of ectomycorrhizae and the mycobionts situated at different altitudes of khasi Hills was done.
Birendra Nath Jha, 2012
10
Diversity and Integration in Mycorrhizas
While many elegant molecular genetic studies have been conducted on the later stages of ectomycorrhiza development (Burgess etal.. 1995: Hilbertetal.. 1991: Laurent et al.. 1999: Martin et al.. 1997. 1999: Nehls et al.. 1999: Voiblet et al.
Sally E. Smith, F. Andrew Smith, 2002

6 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ECTOMYCORRHIZA»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term ectomycorrhiza is used in the context of the following news items.
1
'Incredible number' of tree species in small area
For instance, the seraya tree native to Singapore has a symbiotic relationship with a fungus called ectomycorrhiza, which helps the tree absorb ... «AsiaOne, May 15»
2
Public Release: 24-Feb-2015 Key genes for symbiosis between …
The life style of ectomycorrhiza fungi is some 100 million years younger than the one of their ancestors within white and brown rot fungi. «EurekAlert, Feb 15»
3
The fungus among us: scientists discover a big player in the global …
Among the three kinds of fungi that form symbiotic relationships with plants—the arbuscular, ericoid and ectomycorrhiza groups—the ... «Mongabay.com, Mar 14»
4
Mushrooms galore in temperate climes
Ectomycorrhiza is a coat-like cover that mushrooms entwine over the roots of trees. Mushrooms decompose organic waste matter and make it ... «University World News, Nov 12»
5
Prehistoric Amber Reveals Natural Ancient Alliance
Scanning electron micrograph of fossil ectomycorrhiza which leached out of the amber fragment. “Both organisms benefit because, in one ... «Voice of America, Jan 12»
6
Ancient Fungi-Plant Duo Discovered in Amber
Scanning electron micrograph of fossil ectomycorrhiza leached out of the amber fragment. Credit: Alexander Schmidt, University of Göttingen). «LiveScience.com, Dec 11»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Ectomycorrhiza [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/ectomycorrhiza>. Jan 2020 ».
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