A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES ENDEMICITY MEAN IN ENGLISH?
In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic in a population when that infection is maintained in the population without the need for external inputs. For example, chickenpox is endemic in the UK, but malaria is not. Every year, there are a few cases of malaria acquired in the UK, but these do not lead to sustained transmission in the population due to the lack of a suitable vector. For an infection that relies on person-to-person transmission to be endemic, each person who becomes infected with the disease must pass it on to one other person on average. Assuming a completely susceptible population, that means that the basic reproduction number of the infection must equal 1. In a population with some immune individuals, the basic reproduction number multiplied by the proportion of susceptible individuals in the population must be 1. This takes account of the probability of each individual to whom the disease may be transmitted actually being susceptible to it, effectively discounting the immune sector of the population.
The translations of endemicity from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «endemicity» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «endemicity».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ENDEMICITY» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «endemicity» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «endemicity» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about endemicity
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ENDEMICITY»
Discover the use of endemicity in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to endemicity and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control
As with all enterically transmitted organisms, endemicity of infection and groups
at risk of infection are related inversely to sanitation and hygienic standards and
socio- economic conditions."271 The clinical expression of HAV infection (i.e., ...
Alfred S. Evans, Richard A. Kaslow, 1997
Tropical Health: A Report on a Study of Needs and Resources
A Report on a Study of Needs and Resources. MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTIONS
TUBERCULOSIS TYPHOID AND PARATYPHOID FEVERS WHOOPING COUGH
SYPHILIS YAWS Table. endemicity.20 This is not in accordance with the ...
Aquatic Biodiversity II: The Diversity of Aquatic Ecosystems
We could not find comprehensive data on possible tardigrade endemicity.
PHYLUM ANNELIDA Three classes of annelids occur in freshwaters: Polychaeta
or tube worms, Oligochaeta or aquatic earthworms, and Hirudinea including the ...
Hendrik Segers, Koen Martens, 2006
Sea level rises and falls with the glacial cycles, flooding and exposing islands.
Ancient continental fragments have marked levels of endemicity. In New Zealand
and Madagascar floral endemicity is some 80%, and 90% of Madagascar's ...
Clive Hambler, Susan M. Canney, 2013
Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment
This holds for most crustacean taxa, except for Brachyura and Caridea decapods,
which are most diverse in the Oriental region, and Astacidea, which exhibit a
diversity and endemicity hotspot in the Nearctic, and which are absent from the ...
E. V. Balian, C. Lévêque, H. Segers, 2008
Insect Conservation and Islands
Some Sardinian islands and Elba and Giglio among the Italian mainland islands
have higher endemicity than predicted (Fig. 4c). Endemicity-richness and
endemicity-rarity have a similar trend indicating Tavolara, Capraia, Giglio and
Elba to ...
T. R. New, 2008
World Malaria Report 2008
Population by malaria endemicity. The country population is subdivided among
three levels of malaria endemicity as reported by the national malaria control
programme (NMCP): 1. Areas of high transmission, where the reported malaria
India's Population: Aspects of Quality and Control
tion and revaccination programmes; (e) endemicity and epidemi- city of the
disease. One of the facts that should cause concern is that "there was no
significant difference between attack rates in rural and urban areas in 1964".
Case fatality ...
Asok Mitra, 1978
Around the Globe for Women's Health: A Practical Guide for ...
A Practical Guide for the Health Care Provider Taraneh Shirazian, Erin Gertz.
mortality rates in low endemicity areas and during epidemics can reach 1,000 per
100,000 live births (Nosten et al. 2004).
Taraneh Shirazian, Erin Gertz, 2013
Reviews in Food and Nutrition Toxicity
Similar findings have been reported from other countries in the Middle East. The
existence of pockets of high endemicity for HAV infection with surrounding areas
shifting toward intermediate endemicity may lead to outbreaks (Tufenkeji, 2000).
Victor R. Preedy, Ronald Ross Watson, 2004
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ENDEMICITY»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term endemicity is used in the context of the following news items.
Junk science = garbage policy
Hayes, who did not respond to the Examiner's request for comment, is just one example of what Horton calls the "endemicity of bad research ... «Washington Examiner, Jul 15»
A community-based cross-sectional study of the epidemiology of …
Result of this study may suggest that the endemicity level of onchocerciasis in the study area was mesoendemic. Hence, intervention using ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jun 15»
Guinea Pig in the Time of Chagas
A recent study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B suggests that guinea pigs may be the culprit for the high rates of endemicity ... «The Disease Daily, Jun 15»
Little About Bale Mountains National Park
... Bale Mountains National Park (BMNP) is a national park in Ethiopia with one of the highest incidences of animal endemicity of any terrestrial ... «AllAfrica.com, Jun 15»
FG Must Strengthen Environmental Health Laws
“This has become a serious concern to the profession because the level of faecal-oral transmitted diseases endemicity seems not to be abating ... «THISDAY Live, Jun 15»
Fraud and scientific research
... statements such as “much of the scientific literature, perhaps half, may simply be untrue”; “the apparent endemicity of bad research behaviour ... «Irish Times, Jun 15»
William Reville: Something has gone very wrong with science
“The apparent endemicity of bad research behaviour is alarming. In their quest for telling a compelling story, scientists too often sculpt data to fit ... «Irish Times, Jun 15»
Malaria mapping: understanding the global endemicity of falciparum …
The mapping of malaria risk has a history stretching back over 100Â years. The last decade, however, has seen dramatic progress in the scope, ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jun 15»
Dramatic reduction in hepatitis B through school-based …
Hepatitis B (HB) prevention in the low-endemicity province of Quebec Canada, (population: ~8.2 million; birth cohort ~85,000/year), includes ... «BMC Blogs Network, Jun 15»
Tracking hemodialysis patients with new MRSA infections less costly …
Routine nasal screenings in patients on hemodialysis and at high risk for MRSA in an area of low MRSA endemicity yielded low rates of the ... «Healio, Jun 15»
« EDUCALINGO. Endemicity [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/endemicity>. Nov 2019 ».