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WHAT DOES ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM MEAN IN ENGLISH?
The endoplasmic reticulum is a type of organelle in the cells of eukaryotic organisms that forms an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tubes known as cisternae. The membranes of the ER are continuous with the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. Endoplasmic reticulum occurs in most types of eukaryotic cells, including the most primitive Giardia, but is absent from red blood cells and spermatozoa. There are two types of endoplasmic reticulum, rough endoplasmic reticulum and smooth endoplasmic reticulum. The outer face of the rough endoplasmic reticulum is studded with ribosomes that are the sites of protein synthesis. The rough endoplasmic reticulum is especially prominent in cells such as hepatocytes where active protein synthesis occurs. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum lacks ribosomes and functions in lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, and detoxification and is especially abundant in mammalian liver and gonad cells. The lacey membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum were first seen in 1945 by Keith R. Porter, Albert Claude, Brody Meskers and Ernest F. Fullam.
Definition of endoplasmic reticulum in the English dictionary
The definition of endoplasmic reticulum in the dictionary is an extensive intracellular membrane system whose functions include synthesis and transport of lipids and, in regions where ribosomes are attached, of proteins.
The translations of endoplasmic reticulum from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «endoplasmic reticulum» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «endoplasmic reticulum».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «endoplasmic reticulum» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «endoplasmic reticulum» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about endoplasmic reticulum
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM»
Discover the use of endoplasmic reticulum in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to endoplasmic reticulum and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
The Plant EndoplasmicReticulum
This book provides in-depth knowledge of the ER and the diverse roles it plays—for instance, in protein trafficking, homeostasis of cellular calcium, plant hormone and lipid synthesis.
David G. Robinson, 2006
EndoplasmicReticulum Stress in Health and Disease
Altogether, this book will provide the reader with an exhaustive view of ER stress biology and the latest insights in the role of ER stress in relevant human diseases.
Patrizia Agostinis, Samali Afshin, 2012
Advances in EndoplasmicReticulum Research and Treatment: ...
Advances in Endoplasmic Reticulum Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Endoplasmic Reticulum in a compact format.
The Aging EndoplasmicReticulum
Lastly, previous work showed that (R)-alpha-lipoic acid (R-LA) restores GSH levels and redox status in aged rat livers.
Brian M. Dixon, 2008
Advances in Smooth EndoplasmicReticulum Research and ...
Advances in Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum in a compact format.
Dislocation and Degradation of Proteins from the Endoplasmic ...
Contains seven chapters that describe various aspects of a protein's genesis and terminal fate in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER).
Emmanuel Wiertz, Marjolein Kikkert, 2006
EndoplasmicReticulum Signaling Pathways in Mammary ...
Together, this thesis work identifies a novel function for PERK and eIF2alpha signaling pathways in limiting mammary epithelial cell growth during normal and oncogene-mediated deregulation of acinar morphogenesis.
Sharon J. Sequeira, 2008
The Structure and Mechanism of GRP94, the Endoplasmic ...
Studies of the isolated N-terminal domain of GRP94 allowed the prediction and subsequent demonstration of a ligand-induced conformational shift.
Dwayne Eric Dollins, 2007
Under the Microscope: A Hidden World Revealed
ENDOMEMBRANE SYSTEM The membrane system of the cytoplasm has two
main components - the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. The
endoplasmic reticulum occurs in two forms. Rough endoplasmic reticulum
consists of ...
Jeremy Burgess, Michael Marten, Rosemary Taylor, 1990
DiFiore's Atlas of Histology with Functional Correlations
Endoplasmic Reticulum The endoplasmic reticulum in the cytoplasm is an
extensive network of sacs, vesicles, and interconnected flat tubules called
cisternae. Endoplasmic reticulum may be rough or smooth. Their predominance
Victor P. Eroschenko, 2008
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term endoplasmic reticulum is used in the context of the following news items.
Impaired Blood Flow in Diabetic Brain Tied to Cognitive Problems
... and insulin resistance lead to oxidative stress in the mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum, which triggers the release of pro-inflammatory ... «MedPage Today, Jul 15»
Newly identified cause of motor neuron disease paves way for better …
It is thought that the unusually heavy metabolic demand of motor neurons puts strain on a cell structure called the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), ... «HealthCanal.com, Jul 15»
Scientists Discover Stress-Fighting Pathway Could Help Develop …
An overproduction of proteins during typical biological processes cause stress on the structure of a cell, known as endoplasmic reticulum. «Lung Disease News, Jul 15»
Kv1.3 contains an alternative C-terminal ER exit motif and is …
... and double point (E443A-E445A, E445A-E447A) mutations exhibited no significant changes in their endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention. «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
Promotion of Endoplasmic Reticulum-Associated Degradation of …
Promotion of Endoplasmic Reticulum-Associated Degradation of Procathepsin D by Human Herpesvirus 8-Encoded Viral Interleukin-6. «Journal of Virology, Jul 15»
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Protein 2-Independent Activation of …
pUL38 also plays a role in blocking endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced cell death during HCMV infection. In this study, we showed that a ... «Journal of Virology, Jul 15»
SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing …
... is MYDICAR® (“MYDICAR”), which uses genetic enzyme replacement therapy to correct the Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase, ... «GlobeNewswire, Jul 15»
Citrus Fruit May Up Melanoma Risk: Cancer Network and …
Data from a new study suggests that ovarian cancer progression may be driven by activation of an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response, ... «MedPage Today, Jul 15»
Genetic screening reveals a link between Wnt signaling and …
The elevated inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate increases intracellular Ca2+ by release from stores in the endoplasmic reticulum. As a result ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Public Release: 6-Jul-2015 Stress-fighting proteins could be key to …
Intense bursts of protein production during normal biological processes put strain on a cell structure called the endoplasmic reticulum, which ... «EurekAlert, Jul 15»
« EDUCALINGO. Endoplasmic reticulum [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/endoplasmic-reticulum>. Aug 2019 ».