A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES ENDOSYMBIOSIS MEAN IN ENGLISH?
An endosymbiont is any organism that lives within the body or cells of another organism, i.e. forming an endosymbiosis. Examples are nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which live in root nodules on legume roots, single-cell algae inside reef-building corals, and bacterial endosymbionts that provide essential nutrients to about 10–15% of insects. Many instances of endosymbiosis are obligate; that is, either the endosymbiont or the host cannot survive without the other, such as the gutless marine worms of the genus Riftia, which get nutrition from their endosymbiotic bacteria. The most common examples of obligate endosymbioses are mitochondria and chloroplasts. Some human parasites, e.g. Wuchereria bancrofti and Mansonella perstans, thrive in their intermediate insect hosts because of an obligate endosymbiosis with Wolbachia spp. They can both be eliminated from said hosts by treatments that target this bacterium. However, not all endosymbioses are obligate. Also, some endosymbioses can be harmful to either of the organisms involved.
Definition of endosymbiosis in the English dictionary
The definition of endosymbiosis in the dictionary is a type of symbiosis in which one organism lives inside the other, the two typically behaving as a single organism. It is believed to be the means by which such organelles as mitochondria and chloroplasts arose within eukaryotic cells.
The translations of endosymbiosis from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «endosymbiosis» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «endosymbiosis».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ENDOSYMBIOSIS» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «endosymbiosis» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «endosymbiosis» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about endosymbiosis
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ENDOSYMBIOSIS»
Discover the use of endosymbiosis in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to endosymbiosis and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Life: The Science of Biology
This event, the step that gave rise to the photosynthetic eukaryotes, is known as
primary endosymbiosis. The cyanobacterium, a Gram-negative bacterium, had
both an inner and outer membrane. Thus the original chloroplasts had two ...
H. Craig Heller, David M. Hillis, 2011
Molecular Biology: Academic Cell Update Edition
When organisms of different species live together the situation is referred to as
symbiosis and when one organism lives inside the other it is known as
endosymbiosis. Especially in the latter case, both organisms will show major
adaptations to ...
David P. Clark, 2009
Cells Inquiry Card--Organelles and Endosymbiosis
Display the Organelles and Endosymbiosis Inquiry Card and distribute copies of
Organelles and Endosymbiosis from the Inquiry Handbook to students. 2. Tell
students that the card shows how plant and animal cells may have gotten ...
Life, Vol. II: Evolution, Diversity and Ecology: (Chs. 1, ...
David Sadava, Gordon H. Orians, H. Craig Heller, 2006
Life: The Science of Biology
Primary endosymbiosis gave rise to the chloroplasts of the green algae and the
red algae. We do not yet know whether both trace back to a single primary
endosymbiosis, as is likely with later divergence, or whether they resulted from ...
William K. Purves, David Sadava, Gordon H. Orians, 2003
Algae and Cyanobacteria in Extreme Environments
The second eukaryogenetic concept is that of endosymbiosis. The proponents for
each of these hypotheses try to “prove” and justify their approach by applying
various tools derived from comparative morphology, biochemistry, molecular ...
Joseph Seckbach, 2007
The Structure and Function of Plastids
Endosymbiotic Origin of Plastids: The Major Unifying Principle A. Endosymbiosis
as a Basic Assumption It was not very difficult for the researchers in the 19th
century to imagine that chloroplasts have something to do with algae. Seethe ...
Robert R. Wise, J. Kenneth Hoober, 2007
Ocular Blood Flow and Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy
The development of the ETC first developed in bacteria and then evolved further
by endosymbiosis of bacteria (mitochondria are descendants of bacteria) in ... In
a similar way, the chloroplasts of plants originated by endosymbiosis of bacteria.
Maneli Mozaffarieh, Josef Flammer, 2009
Eighteenth International Seaweed Symposium: Proceedings of ...
Endosymbiosis is an important driving force in algal evolution Primary
endosymbiosis Rhodophyta, Viridiplantae (green algae and land plants), and
Glauco(cysto)phyta contain plastids surrounded by a double membrane that very
Robert J. Anderson, Juliet Brodie, Edvar Onsøyen, 2008
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ENDOSYMBIOSIS»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term endosymbiosis is used in the context of the following news items.
Protistology: How to build a microbial eye
... because the Chlamydomonas plastid is derived from a primary endosymbiosis and assimilation of a cyanobacterium, whereas the Guillardia ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Single-celled plankton develops eye-like 'ocelloid' using pre-existing …
... a network of peridinin-type plastids, which in dinoflagellates and their relatives originated through an ancient endosymbiosis with a red alga. «Techie News, Jul 15»
Plankton's 'eye' made up of organelles, study suggests
... years ago, they entered into the more complex cells of other single-celled organisms in a process called endosymbiosis, the theory goes. «CBC.ca, Jul 15»
Wilhelm Reich Infant Trust announces itinerary for conference
He has conducted experimental research on endosymbiosis and foreign organelle retention in Antarctic protists, and has taught college biology ... «Lewiston Sun Journal, Jun 15»
Stuart Newman: The Virosphere And Non-Linear Evolution
... communal life with massive endosymbiosis “meaning organisms were very porous and could crash into each other and absorb each other on ... «Scoop.co.nz, May 15»
biology: how complex life began
An archaeon engulfed a bacterium and the two thrived together, united in a remarkable act of “endosymbiosis”. In their descendants the former ... «Financial Times, May 15»
The Vital Question: Why Is Life the Way It Is?, by Nick Lane
That is, until one single-celled organism ended up inside another – the process of endosymbiosis. According to Lane, the acquisition of an ... «Times Higher Education, May 15»
Vital Questions — A Book Review
The simplest explanation for this picture is not bacterial-style lateral gene transfer, but eukaryotic-style endosymbiosis. This is the simplest ... «ScienceBlog.com, May 15»
At the Dawn of Life, a Mystery
The proposed process has been given the name endosymbiosis. There is no single proposed mechanism for the evolution of the nucleus or the ... «Discovery Institute, May 15»
“Listen with your eyes closed”: An evening with The Cinematic …
A biological theory called endosymbiosis explains how certain bacteria at one point in evolution infested human beings. We provided the ... «Krakow Post, Apr 15»
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