10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «EXTRAFLORAL»
Discover the use of extrafloral
in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to extrafloral
and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Encyclopedia of Entomology
For example, in nine cerrado areas of Brazil's Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso states,
the plant families Mimosaceae, Bignoniaceae and Vochysiaceae contained the
highest frequency of extrafloral nectaries. Several review articles dealing with ...
3. FLORAL. AND. EXTRAFLORAL. NECTARIES. Two types of nectaries, floral
and extrafloral, were recognized by Bonnier (1879). They may differ considerably
in anatomical structure, source of nectar components, and mode of presentation ...
Sue W. Nicolson, Massimo Nepi, Ettore Pacini, 2007
Plant-Provided Food for Carnivorous Insects: A Protective ...
While extrafloral nectar plants are most abundant in the tropics (Zimmerman
1932), they also occur in the temperate zones (Koptur 1992). Extrafloral nectaries
are not restricted to one part of the plant, but can be found on various vegetative ...
F. L. Wäckers, P. C. J. van Rijn, J. Bruin, 2005
Advances in Insect Chemical Ecology
All these examples focus on the temporal aspect of nectar induction. ln addition.
extrafloral nectaries are also especially suited for the study of spatial dynamics
following induction. This aspect can be easily assessed because of the discrete ...
Ring T. Cardé, Jocelyn G. Millar, 2004
The Evolutionary Ecology of Ant-Plant Mutualisms
(1978) pointed out, variation in the contents of extrafloral nectar may also reflect
the differing requirements and preferences of visitors that provide a service for
the plant. However, we can expect the patterns of variation in extrafloral nectars
Andrew James Beattie, 1985
The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions
Ants, Plants, and Extrafloral Nectaries Extrafloral nectaries are sugar-producing
glands found outside flowers (including those found on reproductive structures,
but not including pollinator-rewarding flower nectaries [see Rico-Gray 1993]).
Victor Rico-Gray, Paulo S. Oliveira, 2007
Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry
E. Extrafloral Nectaries Extrafloral nectaries are sugar-producing glands which
occur on the bracts, leaves, petioles or stems of a significant number of
angiosperm plants. In families like the Legu- minosae, Orchidaceae and
Jeffrey B. Harborne, 1993
Insect Ecology: Behavior, Populations and Communities
We consider each of these features for the two beststudied coevolved traits,
extrafloral nectaries and food bodies. Extrafloral nectaries are similar to floral
nectaries, except rather than enclosed within the corolla they are strategically
Peter W. Price, Robert F. Denno, Micky D. Eubanks, 2011
Secretions and Exudates in Biological Systems
Variability has also been observed among extrafloral nectaries, where even
central morphological traits might differ among nectaries of the same plant, only
depending on their localization. For example, stipular extrafloral nectaries of
Jorge M. Vivanco, František Baluška, 2012
Biology of the Plant Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae): Pests, ...
Nectarilessness Nishida (1958) discussed the use of extrafloral secretions by
insects, remarking that extrafloral glands are well known to botanists but
generally little appreciated by entomologists. But it was cotton entomologists who
took the ...
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «EXTRAFLORAL»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term extrafloral
is used in the context of the following news items.
Ants: Annoying but essential
Plant guardians: Certain plants and ants have a fascinating relationship wherein the plant provides delicious nectar via extrafloral nectaries ... «Stockton Record, Jul 15»
Love in the world mill
Constitution, endothermic, butter, leachate, Montana, posthypnotic, flare, damnify, David Bowie, aperture priority, extrafloral, resultant, tripthong, ... «Otago Daily Times, May 15»
Some plants diversify with help from insect friends
An ant drinks nectar from an extrafloral nectary on a leaf of Viburnum sargentii at Cornell Plantations. Some plants form into new species with a ... «Cornell Chronicle, Nov 14»
SCV Outdoor Report: Candy Wrapper
But many flowering plants, including peonies, also have extrafloral nectaries – a botanical term that means “nectar-producing glands physically ... «KHTS Radio, Oct 14»
Garden Q&A: A homegrown bat come Halloween
Many plants have extrafloral nectaries or EFN. Okra is in the same plant family as hibiscus (hence, a similar striking flower), which are known to ... «Florida Times-Union, Jul 14»
Plants Are Actually Kind of Evil
Plants have also evolved specialized ant-feeding structures called extrafloral nectaries. These little bumps and nodules secrete sweet nectar, which ants love. «io9, Jul 14»
SCV Outdoor Report: The Ants Go Marching, Part II
The answer is: they are attracted to the plant's extrafloral nectaries. ... Ants visit extrafloral nectaries for the same reason they visit the strawberry ... «KHTS Radio, Apr 14»
Ants protect acacia plants against pathogens
The ants love nectar from the plant's extrafloral nectaries. Credit: Martin Heil / CINVESTAV, Irapuata, Mexico. Analysis of the surfaces of the ... «Phys.Org, Jan 14»
On the Trails: Nectar: for pollinators and producers
Less well known is the widespread occurrence of nectar outside of flowers, produced by “extrafloral nectaries.” All nectars typically contain ... «Juneau Empire, Apr 13»
How long is a bee's tongue, and why do ants protect plants?
Perhaps the extrafloral nectaries on broad beans (originally from north Africa) divert the ants from the aphids' honeydew, leaving them to be ... «Irish Times, Apr 12»