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Well, gauge theory is very fundamental to our understanding of physical forces these days. But they are also dependent on a mathematical idea, which has been around for longer than gauge theory has.
Roger Penrose

Meaning of "gauge theory" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF GAUGE THEORY

gauge theory play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF GAUGE THEORY

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Gauge theory is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES GAUGE THEORY MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Gauge theory

In physics, a gauge theory is a type of field theory in which the Lagrangian is invariant under a continuous group of local transformations. The term gauge refers to redundant degrees of freedom in the Lagrangian. The transformations between possible gauges, called gauge transformations, form a Lie group—referred to as the symmetry group or the gauge group of the theory. Associated with any Lie group is the Lie algebra of group generators. For each group generator there necessarily arises a corresponding vector field called the gauge field. Gauge fields are included in the Lagrangian to ensure its invariance under the local group transformations. When such a theory is quantized, the quanta of the gauge fields are called gauge bosons. If the symmetry group is non-commutative, the gauge theory is referred to as non-abelian, the usual example being the Yang–Mills theory. Many powerful theories in physics are described by Lagrangians that are invariant under some symmetry transformation groups.

Definition of gauge theory in the English dictionary

The definition of gauge theory in the dictionary is a type of theory of elementary particles designed to explain the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions in terms of exchange of virtual particles.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE GAUGE THEORY

gaudier
Gaudier-Brzeska
gaudies
gaudiest
gaudily
gaudiness
gaudy
gaufer
gauffer
gauge
gauge boson
gaugeable
gauger

WORDS THAT END LIKE GAUGE THEORY

atomic theory
automata theory
big bang theory
big-bang theory
chaos theory
complexity theory
conspiracy theory
decision theory
game theory
information theory
kinetic theory
model theory
number theory
probability theory
quantum theory
set theory
string theory
systems theory
the kinetic theory
theory
wave theory

Synonyms and antonyms of gauge theory in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «gauge theory» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF GAUGE THEORY

Find out the translation of gauge theory to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of gauge theory from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «gauge theory» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

规范理论
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

teoría de gauge
570 millions of speakers

English

gauge theory
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

गेज सिद्धांत
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

نظرية مقياس
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

калибровочной теории
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

teoria de calibre
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

গেজ তত্ত্ব
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

théorie de jauge
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Teori tolok
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Eichtheorie
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

ゲージ理論
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

게이지 이론
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Teori ngukur
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

đánh giá lý thuyết
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

கேஜ் கோட்பாடு
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

गेज सिद्धांत
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Ölçme teorisi
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

teoria di gauge
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

Wskaźnik teoria
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

калібрувальної теорії
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

teorie gauge
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

θεωρίας βαθμίδας
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

ijktheorie
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

gaugeteori
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

måler teori
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of gauge theory

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «GAUGE THEORY»

The term «gauge theory» is regularly used and occupies the 66.530 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
69
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «gauge theory» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of gauge theory
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «gauge theory».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «GAUGE THEORY» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «gauge theory» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «gauge theory» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about gauge theory

EXAMPLES

QUOTES WITH «GAUGE THEORY»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word gauge theory.
1
Roger Penrose
Well, gauge theory is very fundamental to our understanding of physical forces these days. But they are also dependent on a mathematical idea, which has been around for longer than gauge theory has.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «GAUGE THEORY»

Discover the use of gauge theory in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to gauge theory and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Gauge Theory of Elementary Particle Physics: Problems and ...
This companion volume provides graduate students with problems and solutions, enabling them to learn the calculational techniques necessary to understand the research literature.
Ta-Pei Cheng,, Ling-Fong Li,, 2000
2
The Dawning of Gauge Theory
In this work, Lochlainn O'Raifeartaigh describes the former phase.
Lochlainn O'Raifeartaigh, 1997
3
Discrete Gauge Theory: From Lattices to TQFT
This book provides an introduction to topological quantum field theory as well as discrete gauge theory with quantum groups.
Robert Oeckl, 2005
4
Methods of Contemporary Gauge Theory
This 2002 book introduces the quantum theory of gauge fields.
Yuri Makeenko, 2002
5
Gauge Theory and Symplectic Geometry
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute and Séminaire de mathématiques supérieures, Montreal, Canada, July 3-14, 1995
Jacques Hurtubise, François Lalonde, Gert Sabidussi, 1997
6
Monopoles and Three-Manifolds
Suitable for beginning graduate students and researchers, this book provides a full discussion of a central part of the study of the topology of manifolds.
Peter Kronheimer, Tomasz Mrowka, 2007
7
Gauge Theory and Variational Principles
David Bleecker. source arising from the field strength of the gauge potential. Similarly, variation of the gauge potential leads to the second field equation (or Yang—Mills equation) for the field strength of the potential. Actually, the ideahere  ...
David Bleecker, 2013
8
Chern-Simons Gauge Theory: 20 Years After
Here I will explain how certain Wilson loop observables in Chern-Simons gauge theory on a Seifert three-manifold can be given an analogous symplectic description. Among other results, this symplectic description implies that the ...
Jørgen E. Andersen, 2011
9
Gauge Theory on Compact Surfaces
This work represents a rigorous account of quantum gauge field theory for bundles (possibly non-trivial) over compact surfaces.
Ambar Sengupta, 1997
10
Gauge Theory and Defects in Solids
We will also cover certain aspects of gauge theory that are not pertinent to classical Yang—Mills theory, but essential in the gauge theory of defects in condensed matter. Among these are gauge torsion, characterization of gauge group orbits, ...
D.G.B. Edelen, D.C. Lagoudas, 2012

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «GAUGE THEORY»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term gauge theory is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Skyrmion Superfluidity in Two-Dimensional Interacting Fermionic …
... also be described by a double(Maxwell)-BF (M2BF) theory which is a particular instance of a topologically massive gauge theory (TMGT). «Nature.com, Jun 15»
2
Young Innovators from India Win Top Honors at the Intel …
... Sudhir for his project 'A Generalisation of the Determinant to Rectangular Matrices: Implications in Gauge Theory' in the Math category. «India Education Diary, Jun 15»
3
Young Indians bag top honours at Intel ISEF awards in US
... Abhimanyu Pallavi Sudhir for his project 'A Generalisation of the Determinant to Rectangular Matrices: Implications in Gauge Theory' in the ... «Firstpost, Jun 15»
4
Photons in fock space and beyond
... electrodynamics, quantum optics, quantum field theory, algebraic quantum theory, gauge theory, and general mathematical physics. «Phys.Org, Jun 15»
5
Jason Bateman, Zoe Saldana Read to Kids at Hammer Museum Event
Jason Bateman, Zoe Saldana Read to Kids at Hammer Museum Event. Jason Bateman. Gauge Theory Creative/Tom Glynn. Facebook Twitter ... «Hollywood Reporter, May 15»
6
Naculich wins national physics fellowship
The proposal Naculich presented in his application for the fellowship was entitled Amplitudes for Gauge Theory, Gravity and String Theory. «The Bowdoin Orient, Apr 15»
7
How Cavendish Measured Gravity On A Table Top
You, Andromeda, And The Largest Structure In The Universe · It From Bit - How To Get Rid Of Dark Energy · Gauge Theory, Maxwell's ... «Science 2.0, Feb 15»
8
Bowdoin Professors Win Honors and Grants
... to support his upcoming sabbatical project at the the University of Michigan: “Amplitudes in Gauge Theory, Gravity, and String Theory.”. «Bowdoin News, Dec 14»
9
HPC Community Experts Weigh in on Code Modernization
“The techniques we use are collectively known as Lattice Gauge Theory or, in our specific case, as Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (LQCD), ... «Scientific Computing, Dec 14»
10
BICEP2 All Over Again? Researchers Place Higgs Boson Discovery …
It is a predicted particle from gauge theory developed by Higgs, ... to complete the Gauge theory used in the Standard Model (involving the ... «Universe Today, Nov 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Gauge theory [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/gauge-theory>. Jul 2021 ».
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