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WHAT DOES GAUGE THEORY MEAN IN ENGLISH?
In physics, a gauge theory is a type of field theory in which the Lagrangian is invariant under a continuous group of local transformations. The term gauge refers to redundant degrees of freedom in the Lagrangian. The transformations between possible gauges, called gauge transformations, form a Lie group—referred to as the symmetry group or the gauge group of the theory. Associated with any Lie group is the Lie algebra of group generators. For each group generator there necessarily arises a corresponding vector field called the gauge field. Gauge fields are included in the Lagrangian to ensure its invariance under the local group transformations. When such a theory is quantized, the quanta of the gauge fields are called gauge bosons. If the symmetry group is non-commutative, the gauge theory is referred to as non-abelian, the usual example being the Yang–Mills theory. Many powerful theories in physics are described by Lagrangians that are invariant under some symmetry transformation groups.
Definition of gauge theory in the English dictionary
The definition of gauge theory in the dictionary is a type of theory of elementary particles designed to explain the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions in terms of exchange of virtual particles.
The translations of gauge theory from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «gauge theory» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «gauge theory».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «GAUGE THEORY» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «gauge theory» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «gauge theory» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about gauge theory
QUOTES WITH «GAUGE THEORY»
Famous quotes and sentences with the word gauge theory.
Well, gauge theory is very fundamental to our understanding of physical forces these days. But they are also dependent on a mathematical idea, which has been around for longer than gauge theory has.
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «GAUGE THEORY»
Discover the use of gauge theory in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to gauge theory and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
GaugeTheory of Elementary Particle Physics: Problems and ...
This companion volume provides graduate students with problems and solutions, enabling them to learn the calculational techniques necessary to understand the research literature.
Ta-Pei Cheng,, Ling-Fong Li,, 2000
The Dawning of GaugeTheory
In this work, Lochlainn O'Raifeartaigh describes the former phase.
Lochlainn O'Raifeartaigh, 1997
Discrete GaugeTheory: From Lattices to TQFT
This book provides an introduction to topological quantum field theory as well as discrete gauge theory with quantum groups.
Robert Oeckl, 2005
Methods of Contemporary GaugeTheory
This 2002 book introduces the quantum theory of gauge fields.
Yuri Makeenko, 2002
GaugeTheory and Symplectic Geometry
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute and Séminaire de mathématiques supérieures, Montreal, Canada, July 3-14, 1995
Jacques Hurtubise, François Lalonde, Gert Sabidussi, 1997
Monopoles and Three-Manifolds
Suitable for beginning graduate students and researchers, this book provides a full discussion of a central part of the study of the topology of manifolds.
Peter Kronheimer, Tomasz Mrowka, 2007
GaugeTheory and Variational Principles
David Bleecker. source arising from the field strength of the gauge potential.
Similarly, variation of the gauge potential leads to the second field equation (or
Yang—Mills equation) for the field strength of the potential. Actually, the ideahere
David Bleecker, 2013
Chern-Simons GaugeTheory: 20 Years After
Here I will explain how certain Wilson loop observables in Chern-Simons gaugetheory on a Seifert three-manifold can be given an analogous symplectic
description. Among other results, this symplectic description implies that the ...
Jørgen E. Andersen, 2011
GaugeTheory on Compact Surfaces
This work represents a rigorous account of quantum gauge field theory for bundles (possibly non-trivial) over compact surfaces.
Ambar Sengupta, 1997
GaugeTheory and Defects in Solids
We will also cover certain aspects of gauge theory that are not pertinent to
classical Yang—Mills theory, but essential in the gauge theory of defects in
condensed matter. Among these are gauge torsion, characterization of gauge
group orbits, ...
D.G.B. Edelen, D.C. Lagoudas, 2012
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «GAUGE THEORY»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term gauge theory is used in the context of the following news items.
Skyrmion Superfluidity in Two-Dimensional Interacting Fermionic …
... also be described by a double(Maxwell)-BF (M2BF) theory which is a particular instance of a topologically massive gauge theory (TMGT). «Nature.com, Jun 15»
Young Innovators from India Win Top Honors at the Intel …
... Sudhir for his project 'A Generalisation of the Determinant to Rectangular Matrices: Implications in Gauge Theory' in the Math category. «India Education Diary, Jun 15»
Young Indians bag top honours at Intel ISEF awards in US
... Abhimanyu Pallavi Sudhir for his project 'A Generalisation of the Determinant to Rectangular Matrices: Implications in Gauge Theory' in the ... «Firstpost, Jun 15»
Photons in fock space and beyond
... electrodynamics, quantum optics, quantum field theory, algebraic quantum theory, gauge theory, and general mathematical physics. «Phys.Org, Jun 15»
Jason Bateman, Zoe Saldana Read to Kids at Hammer Museum Event
Jason Bateman, Zoe Saldana Read to Kids at Hammer Museum Event. Jason Bateman. Gauge Theory Creative/Tom Glynn. Facebook Twitter ... «Hollywood Reporter, May 15»
Naculich wins national physics fellowship
The proposal Naculich presented in his application for the fellowship was entitled Amplitudes for Gauge Theory, Gravity and String Theory. «The Bowdoin Orient, Apr 15»
How Cavendish Measured Gravity On A Table Top
You, Andromeda, And The Largest Structure In The Universe · It From Bit - How To Get Rid Of Dark Energy · Gauge Theory, Maxwell's ... «Science 2.0, Feb 15»
Bowdoin Professors Win Honors and Grants
... to support his upcoming sabbatical project at the the University of Michigan: “Amplitudes in Gauge Theory, Gravity, and String Theory.”. «Bowdoin News, Dec 14»
HPC Community Experts Weigh in on Code Modernization
“The techniques we use are collectively known as Lattice Gauge Theory or, in our specific case, as Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (LQCD), ... «Scientific Computing, Dec 14»
BICEP2 All Over Again? Researchers Place Higgs Boson Discovery …
It is a predicted particle from gauge theory developed by Higgs, ... to complete the Gauge theory used in the Standard Model (involving the ... «Universe Today, Nov 14»
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