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Meaning of "glutathione" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD GLUTATHIONE

From gluta(mic acid) + thi- + -one.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF GLUTATHIONE

glutathione  [ˌɡluːtəˈθaɪəʊn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF GLUTATHIONE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Glutathione is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES GLUTATHIONE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Glutathione

Glutathione is an important antioxidant in plants, animals, fungi and some bacteria and archaea, preventing damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species such as free radicals and peroxides. It is a tripeptide with a gamma peptide linkage between the carboxyl group of the glutamate side-chain and the amine group of cysteine. Thiol groups are reducing agents, existing at a concentration of approximately 5 mM in animal cells. Glutathione reduces disulfide bonds formed within cytoplasmic proteins to cysteines by serving as an electron donor. In the process, glutathione is converted to its oxidized form, glutathione disulfide, also called L--glutathione. Once oxidized, glutathione can be reduced back by glutathione reductase, using NADPH as an electron donor. The ratio of reduced glutathione to oxidized glutathione within cells is often used as a measure of cellular toxicity.

Definition of glutathione in the English dictionary

The definition of glutathione in the dictionary is a tripeptide consisting of glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine: important in biological oxidations and the activation of some enzymes. Formula: C10H17N3O6S.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH GLUTATHIONE


alone
əˈləʊn
bone
bəʊn
grown
ɡrəʊn
hormone
ˈhɔːməʊn
iPhone
ˈaɪˌfəʊn
known
nəʊn
loan
ləʊn
menadione
ˌmɛnəˈdaɪəʊn
Mon
məʊn
own
əʊn
phone
fəʊn
phytonadione
ˌfaɪtəʊnəˈdaɪəʊn
shown
ʃəʊn
smartphone
ˈsmɑːtˌfəʊn
stone
stəʊn
telephone
ˈtɛlɪˌfəʊn
tone
təʊn
trimethadione
ˌtraɪmɛθəˈdaɪəʊn
unknown
ʌnˈnəʊn
zone
zəʊn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE GLUTATHIONE

glutaeal
glutaei
glutaeus
glutamate
glutamic
glutamic acid
glutaminase
glutamine
glutaminic
glutaminic acid
glutaraldehyde
glute
gluteal
glutei
glutelin
gluten
gluten bread
gluten-free
glutenin
glutenous

WORDS THAT END LIKE GLUTATHIONE

arpeggione
azione
Castiglione
con espressione
conversazione
Dione
Giorgione
Hermione
Hesione
pensione
zabaglione
zabaione

Synonyms and antonyms of glutathione in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «glutathione» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF GLUTATHIONE

Find out the translation of glutathione to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of glutathione from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «glutathione» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

谷胱甘肽
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

glutatión
570 millions of speakers

English

glutathione
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

glutathione
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الجلوتاثيون
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

глутатион
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

glutationa
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

গ্লুটাথায়নের
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

glutathion
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Glutation
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Glutathion
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

グルタチオン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

글루타티온
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Glutathione
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

glutathione
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

குளுதாதயோன்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

ग्लुटॅथिओन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

glutatyon
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

glutatione
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

glutation
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

глутатіон
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

glutation
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

γλουταθειόνης
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

glutathione
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

glutation
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

glutation
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of glutathione

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «GLUTATHIONE»

The term «glutathione» is quite widely used and occupies the 31.695 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
86
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «glutathione» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of glutathione
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «glutathione».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «GLUTATHIONE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «glutathione» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «glutathione» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about glutathione

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «GLUTATHIONE»

Discover the use of glutathione in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to glutathione and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Glutathione: The Ultimate Antioxidant
Glutathione, pronounced "gloo-ta-thigh-on" and known as GSH, just might be one of the most extraordinary overall health-boosters of modern nutritional medicine.
Alan H. Pressman, 1998
2
Toxicology of Glutathione Transferases
These are just a few of the features that make the book helpful to clinicians involved in basic as well as translational research, particularly those studying oxidative stress-related degenerative diseases.
Yogesh C. Awasthi, 2006
3
Glutathione: storage, transport and turnover in mammals ; ...
The aim of this volume is to present data from a systemic analysis of the dynamics state of glutathione, because it is believed that this analysis is critical and essential for a better understanding of pharmacotoxicological (defense ...
Yukiya Sakamoto, T. Higashi, N. Tateishi, 1983
4
Glutathione In The Nervous System
The goal of this text is to focus readers attention on three major areas; the origin and localization of GSH in the nervous system; the multiple effects of GSH on neural health activity; and the potential for alterations on GSH status to ...
Christopher Ari Shaw, 1998
5
Structure and Function of Glutathione S-Transferases
The book will be excellent for biochemists, pharmacologists, oncologists, experimental therapeutic specialists, and others interested in glutathione S-transferases.
Kenneth D. Tew, Cecil B. Pickett, Timothy J. Mantle, 1993
6
Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants
The present book mainly deals with the information gained through the cross-talks and inter-relationship studies on the physiological, biochemical and molecular aspects of the cumulative response of various components of AsA-GSH pathway to ...
Naser A. Anjum, Shahid Umar, Ming-Tsair Chan, 2010
7
Significance of Glutathione to Plant Adaptation to the ...
Chapter 3 THE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND METABOLISM OF GLUTATHIONE Christine H. Foyer and Graham Noctor INTRODUCTION Glutathione (y-glu-cys- gly) is a major reservoir of non-protein reduced sulphur in plants, animals and ...
D. Grill, Michael Tausz, L.J. de Kok, 2001
8
Advances in Glutathione Research and Application: 2011 ...
Advances in Glutathione Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Glutathione in a compact format.
‎2012
9
Advances in Glutathione Research and Application: 2012 ...
You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
‎2012
10
Intensive Care Medicine: Annual Update 2010
H202 may then either react with free iron to form OH- (Fenton reaction) or be detoxified into water by catalase or glutathione peroxidase in the presence of GSH. OH-: hydroxyl; GSSG: oxidized glutathione; GSH: reduced glutathione. increase ...
Jean-Louis Vincent, 2011

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «GLUTATHIONE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term glutathione is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Is milk bad for you?
Researchers from the University of Kansas found that consuming more dairy is associated with a higher amount of glutathione - a powerful ... «Medical News Today, Jul 15»
2
Alice Dixson's nice day
Nice Day Coffee White contains glutathione, collagen and sucralose. The famous glutathione not only whitens skin, but also detoxifies harmful ... «Manila Standard Today, Jul 15»
3
Superfood fight: which of these 12 foods is best for your health?
By far the most common antioxidants circulating in our bodies are the ones we make ourselves - glutathione and uric acid - followed by vitamins ... «South China Morning Post, Jul 15»
4
How to give a protein push to your diet
"Whey protein, which is a good source of amino acid, contains glutathione, a powerful antioxidant. Glutathione is known to scavenge free ... «India Today, Jul 15»
5
Nitric Oxide Boosted with Glutathione/L-Citrulline Combo
A new study published by researchers from Baylor University has offered new information about how glutathione and l-citrulline may work ... «WholeFoods Magazine, Jul 15»
6
The New Superfruit You've Never Heard of But Need to Try
It also has B vitamins, fiber and potassium and an antioxidant called glutathione, which may enhance immunity and supports metabolism. «TIME, Jul 15»
7
Loss of Drosophila i-AAA protease, dYME1L, causes abnormal …
We also treated flies with N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), an antioxidant increasing the pool of reduced glutathione. As NAC itself can extend lifespan, ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
8
Grade-dependent metabolic reprogramming in RCC
Glutamine can feed into the TCA cycle, into the urea cycle, and into the glutathione (GSH) pathway (Smith, 1990). In the RCC tumour samples ... «ScienceBlog.com, Jul 15»
9
Are You Eating Buckwheat?
Buckwheat is rich in bound antioxidants like glutathione and superoxide dismutase. These compounds are also heat stable and survive the ... «Huffington Post, Jul 15»
10
Dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis in hyperemesis gravidarum
In addition, antioxidant enzyme activities, such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione (GSH) peroxidase and catalase, were found low in HG. «Nature.com, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Glutathione [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/glutathione>. Jun 2021 ».
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