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Meaning of "glycosylation" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD GLYCOSYLATION

From glycosyl radical derived from glycose + -ation.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF GLYCOSYLATION

glycosylation  [ˌɡlaɪkəʊsəˈleɪʃən] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF GLYCOSYLATION

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Glycosylation is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES GLYCOSYLATION MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Glycosylation

Glycosylation is the reaction in which a carbohydrate, i.e. a glycosyl donor, is attached to a hydroxyl or other functional group of another molecule. In biology glycosylation mainly refers in particular to the enzymatic process that attaches glycans to proteins, lipids, or other organic molecules. This enzymatic process produces one of the fundamental biopolymers found in cells. Glycosylation is a form of co-translational and post-translational modification. Glycans serve a variety of structural and functional roles in membrane and secreted proteins. The majority of proteins synthesized in the rough ER undergo glycosylation. It is an enzyme-directed site-specific process, as opposed to the non-enzymatic chemical reaction of glycation. Glycosylation is also present in the cytoplasm and nucleus as the O-GlcNAc modification. Five classes of glycans are produced: ▪ N-linked glycans attached to a nitrogen of asparagine or arginine side-chains. N-linked glycosylation requires participation of a special lipid called dolichol phosphate.

Definition of glycosylation in the English dictionary

The definition of glycosylation in the dictionary is the process by which sugars are chemically attached to proteins to form glycoproteins.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH GLYCOSYLATION


calculation
ˌkælkjʊˈleɪʃən
cancellation
ˌkænsɪˈleɪʃən
circulation
ˌsɜːkjʊˈleɪʃən
compilation
ˌkɒmpɪˈleɪʃən
correlation
ˌkɒrɪˈleɪʃən
formulation
ˌfɔːmjʊˈleɪʃən
installation
ˌɪnstəˈleɪʃən
insulation
ˌɪnsjʊˈleɪʃən
isolation
ˌaɪsəˈleɪʃən
legislation
ˌlɛdʒɪsˈleɪʃən
manipulation
məˌnɪpjʊˈleɪʃən
musculation
ˌmʌskjʊˈleɪʃən
mutilation
ˌmjuːtɪˈleɪʃən
population
ˌpɒpjʊˈleɪʃən
regulation
ˌrɛɡjʊˈleɪʃən
relation
rɪˈleɪʃən
simulation
ˌsɪmjʊˈleɪʃən
translation
trænsˈleɪʃən
ventilation
ˌvɛntɪˈleɪʃən
violation
ˌvaɪəˈleɪʃən

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE GLYCOSYLATION

glycolipid
glycollic
glycolysis
glycolytic
glyconeogenesis
glyconic
glycopeptide
glycophyte
glycophytic
glycoprotein
glycose
glycosidase
glycoside
glycosidic
glycosidically
glycosuria
glycosuric
glycosyl
glycosylate
glycyl

WORDS THAT END LIKE GLYCOSYLATION

accreditation
action
administration
animation
application
association
certification
citation
combination
communication
confirmation
conversation
corporation
creation
decoration
destination
documentation
duration
education
evaluation
excitation

Synonyms and antonyms of glycosylation in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «glycosylation» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF GLYCOSYLATION

Find out the translation of glycosylation to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of glycosylation from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «glycosylation» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

糖基化
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

glicosilación
570 millions of speakers

English

glycosylation
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

ग्लाइकोसिलेशन
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

بالغليكوزيل
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

гликозилирование
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

glicosilação
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

glycosylation
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

glycosylation
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Glikosilasi
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Glykosylierung
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

グリコシル化
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

당화
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Glikosilasi
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

glycosyl
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

கிளைகோசிலேசன்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

ग्लिसोसिलेशन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

glikozilasyon
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

glicosilazione
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

glikozylacji
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гликозилирование
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

glicozilare
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

γλυκοζυλίωσης
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

glycosylatie
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

glykosylering
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

glykosylering
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of glycosylation

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «GLYCOSYLATION»

The term «glycosylation» is regularly used and occupies the 64.933 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
70
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «glycosylation» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of glycosylation
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «glycosylation».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «GLYCOSYLATION» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «glycosylation» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «glycosylation» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about glycosylation

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «GLYCOSYLATION»

Discover the use of glycosylation in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to glycosylation and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Handbook of Chemical Glycosylation: Advances in ...
Since carbohydrate oligomers are still a challenge in synthetic chemistry, this book on recent developments fulfils a great need.
Alexei V. Demchenko, 2008
2
Protein Glycosylation
additional unnatural glycosylation sites. These proteins were produced under conditions known to reduce the rate of folding and it was shown that at some sites there is competition between folding and glycosylation.173 Thus, variable site ...
Roslyn M. Bill, Leigh Revers, Iain Wilson, 1998
3
Abnormalities of IgG glycosylation and immunological disorders
Abnormalities of IgG Glycosylation and Immunological Disorders uniquely draws together the facts that have emerged to link abnormalities in IgG glycosylation and immunological disease, especially rheumatoid arthritis.
David Alan Isenberg, Thomas W. Rademacher, 1996
4
Glycosylation: Glycosylation
Glycosylation Mohamed Al-Rubeai. 2. THE EFFECT OF CELL CULTURE PARAMETERS ON PROTEIN GLYCOSYLATION V.RESTELLI and M.BUTLER* Department ofMicrobiology, University ofManitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Mohamed Al-Rubeai, 2002
5
Marks' Basic Medical Biochemistry: A Clinical Approach
DENATURATION THROUGH NONENZYMATIC MODIFICATION OF PROTEINS Amino acids on proteins can undergo a wide range of chemical modifications that are not catalyzed by enzymes, such as nonenzymatic glycosylation or oxidation.
Michael Lieberman, Allan D. Marks, 2009
6
Protein Structure and Function
From Royle, L.M. etal., unpublished. N-linked O-linked Glycosylation can change the properties of a protein and provide recognition sites Perhaps the most complex and diverse post-translational modifications to proteins are those that attach ...
Gregory A. Petsko, Dagmar Ringe, 2004
7
Exploring Genetic Mechanisms
Glycosylation Proproteins are often glycosylated at asparagine residues in the context Asn-X- Ser(or Thr), where X can be any amino acid: N-glycosylation. Some proproteins, for example, the precursor to human erythropoietin, may also  ...
Maxine Singer, Paul Berg, 1997
8
Modeling Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation in ...
CHAPTER 2 CONGENITAL DISORDERS OF GLYCOSYLATION Protein A/- glycosylation is an essential and pervasive event in eukaryotic development. Mild defects in this process lead to deficiencies in cellular growth and function and are  ...
Weston Booth Struwe, 2009
9
Fundamental Immunology
Fc Glycosylation All Igs contain N-linked oligosaccharides, and it is becoming increasingly clear that this glycosylation plays significant roles in Ig structure and function. Though the type and extent of glycosylation varies among isotypes, ...
William E. Paul, 2008
10
Inborn Metabolic Diseases: Diagnosis and Treatment
Freeze HH (2002) Human disorders in N-glycosylation and animal models. Biochim Biophys Acta 1573:388-393 3. Jaeken J (2003) Komrower lecture: Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG): it's all in it! J Inherit Metab Dis 26:99 -118 4.
John Fernandes, Jean-Marie Saudubray, Georges van den Berghe, 2006

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «GLYCOSYLATION»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term glycosylation is used in the context of the following news items.
1
CEVEC's CAP Go derived recombinant PLAP shows superior results …
... developed cell line of CEVEC's recently introduced CAP GO technology, which provides for specifically improved glycosylation patterns. «pharmabiz.com, Jul 15»
2
Biobetters: The Advantages And Challenges Of Being Better
Zarxio is a small protein made in bacteria with no glycosylation (attached sugars). Biobetters, by being approved through submission of a ... «Mondaq News Alerts, Jul 15»
3
New Benchmark in First-to-File Submission to US FDA by Accutest …
... such as N - and C - terminal sequence, glycosylation, disulfide linking, ADCC, CDC, Ligand Binding and other Potency assays. Contact «PharmiWeb.com, Jul 15»
4
A new cellular target for Yersinia pestis
In addition, these manuscripts call, once again, our attention on the largely unexplored field of bacterial glycosylation, one of the new frontiers ... «Nature.com, Jun 15»
5
WHO further clarifies 'biological qualifier' system for naming …
... same INN, but if “a change is made in which glycosylation is found to be not comparable, then a new Greek letter and BQ would be assigned. «BioPharma-Reporter.com, Jun 15»
6
Magnetic Attraction
With the 21T, Walton hopes to see precisely what's happening, and then correlate the glycosylation modifications to key enzyme properties ... «Newswise, Jun 15»
7
Secretion of Fc-amidated peptide fusion proteins by Chinese …
The observed glycosylation heterogeneity illustrated for the Fc-AP-GLP1 construct (Fig. 5b) was more diverse than is typically encountered in ... «BMC Blogs Network, Jun 15»
8
UVA Discovers A Protein Essential To Fertilization, Bringing Us One …
Dynamic Changes in Equatorial Segment Protein 1 (SPESP1) Glycosylation During Mouse Spermiogenesis. Biology of Reproduction. 2015. «Medical Daily, Jun 15»
9
S-BIO Launches BlotGlyco® O-Glycan Sample Preparation Kit
Glycans are sugar chains composed of linear and/or branched sequences of several carbohydrates. Changes in glycosylation are often a ... «PR Newswire, Jun 15»
10
Functional characterization of the domains of the bovine binder of …
This study also confirmed that glycosylation is not required for BSP-mediated sperm capacitation or any of the binding characteristics displayed ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Glycosylation [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/glycosylation>. Dec 2022 ».
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