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Meaning of "hydroxyl" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF HYDROXYL

hydroxyl  [haɪˈdrɒksɪl] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HYDROXYL

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Hydroxyl is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES HYDROXYL MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Hydroxyl

A hydroxyl is a chemical functional group containing an oxygen atom connected by a covalent bond to a hydrogen atom, a pairing that can be simply understood as a substructure of the water molecule. When it appears, it imparts to chemical structures some of its reactive and interactive properties. Note that -OH should not be confused with the hydroxide ion of water The neutral form of the hydroxyl group is a hydroxyl radical. The anion form,, is called the hydroxide anion; it bears a single negative charge largely residing on the more electronegative oxygen.

Definition of hydroxyl in the English dictionary

The definition of hydroxyl in the dictionary is of, consisting of, or containing the monovalent group -OH or the ion OH–.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HYDROXYL


acetoxyl
ˌæsəˈtɒksɪl
axil
ˈæksɪl
axile
ˈæksɪl
decile
ˈdɛsɪl
difficile
dɪˈfɪsɪl
esile
ˈeɪsɪl
ethoxyl
eˈθɒksɪl
fluorouracil
ˌflʊərəʊˈjʊərəsɪl
glycosyl
ˈɡlaɪkəˌsɪl
glycyl
ˈɡlaɪsɪl
hexyl
ˈhɛksɪl
indoxyl
ɪnˈdɒksɪl
methoxyl
mɪˈθɒksɪl
nitroxyl
naɪˈtrɒksɪl
propylthiouracil
ˌprəʊpɪlˌθaɪəʊˈjʊərəsɪl
sill
sɪl
uracil
ˈjʊərəsɪl
windowsill
ˈwɪndəʊˌsɪl
xanthoxyl
zænˈθɒksɪl
Yggdrasil
ˈɪɡdrəsɪl

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HYDROXYL

hydrotropism
hydrous
hydrovane
hydroxide
hydroxonium
hydroxonium ion
hydroxy
hydroxy acid
hydroxyapatite
hydroxybutyrate
hydroxylamine
hydroxylapatite
hydroxylase
hydroxylate
hydroxylation
hydroxylic
hydroxyproline
hydroxytryptamine
hydroxyurea
hydroxyzine

WORDS THAT END LIKE HYDROXYL

acetyl
acyl
alkyl
aryl
benzyl
beryl
butyl
carbonyl
Chernobyl
dimethyl
ethyl
fentanyl
hwyl
isopropyl
methyl
phenyl
polyvinyl
propenyl
propyl
vinyl

Synonyms and antonyms of hydroxyl in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «hydroxyl» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HYDROXYL

Find out the translation of hydroxyl to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of hydroxyl from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «hydroxyl» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

羟基
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

hidroxilo
570 millions of speakers

English

hydroxyl
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

हाइड्रॉक्सिल
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الهيدروكسيل
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

гидроксил
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

hidroxila
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

হাইড্রক্সিল
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

hydroxyle
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Hidroksil
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Hydroxyl
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

水酸基
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

수산기
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Hydroxyl
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

hydroxyl
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஹைட்ராக்சில்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

हायड्रॉक्सील
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

hidroksil
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

idrossile
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

hydroksylową
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гідроксил
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

hidroxil
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

υδροξυλίου
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

hidroksiel
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

hydroxyl
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

hydroksyl
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of hydroxyl

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HYDROXYL»

The term «hydroxyl» is quite widely used and occupies the 36.003 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
84
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «hydroxyl» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of hydroxyl
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «hydroxyl».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HYDROXYL» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «hydroxyl» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «hydroxyl» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about hydroxyl

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HYDROXYL»

Discover the use of hydroxyl in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to hydroxyl and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Telechelic Polymers
Standardized procedures have been specified for these analyses, for example, as described in ASTM D 2849 to 69 l09 and the various DIN methods such as DIN 53240 for hydroxyl number, DIN 53015 for viscosity, DIN53402 for acid number, ...
Eric J. Goethals, 1988
2
Beta-hydride Elimination, Beta-hydrogen Atom Abstraction and ...
The objectives of this research focus on studies of unusual reactivities of d6 cobalt, rhodium and iridium alkyl porphyrin complexes including beta-hydride elimination, beta-hydrogen atom abstraction and beta-hydroxyl elimination reactions.
Siu Kwan Yeung, 2006
3
Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation
In the presence of iron salts, this leads to the production of more of the highly toxic hydroxyl radical (Haber and Weiss, 1934) H2O2 + Fe2 -> HO- + OH- + Fe3+ The hydroxyl radical is said to be the strongest oxidant known (Fridovich, 1975), ...
Seymour Stanton Block, 2001
4
Biodegradable Hydrogels for Drug Delivery
Many zero-length crosslinking agents condense carboxyl groups with primary amino, hydroxyl, carboxylic, and thio groups to form amide, ester, and thioester bonds. Thus, zero-length crosslinking agents are useful in crosslinking polymers  ...
Haesun Park, Kinam Park, Waleed S.W. Shalaby, 2011
5
Essentials of Food Science
They are formed when the hydroxyl group on the fifth carbon reacts with the carbonyl group (located on Cl). As the ring closes, a new hydroxyl group is formed on Cl. This is termed the anomeric hydroxyl group, and the carbon atom to which it ...
Vickie Vaclavik, Elizabeth W. Christian, 2007
6
Hydroxyl Spatio-temporal Statistics for Turbulent Partially ...
The OH radical is used as a marker of flame-front location and the corresponding flame-front dynamics are obtained from various hydroxyl statistics. Turbulent opposed-jet flame structures for nonpremixed, partially premixed and double flames ...
Krishna Kumar Venkatesan, 2007
7
Organic Chemistry
h) (oh H Therefore it is reasonable to expect that these two axial hydrogens would also block the approach of a TMS-Cl molecule to an axial hydroxyl group. No such steric blockage occurs during approach toward an equatorial hydroxyl group.
Roger S. Macomber, 1996
8
Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry: Structure and Mechanism
Experimental data on the ionisation of hydroxyl groups are sparse. The most acidic hydroxyl in a reducing sugar is the anomeric OH, which is subject to the inductive/field effect of a geminal OR and has a pKa value just over 12 (Table 6.1 ).
Michael Sinnott, 2007
9
Carbohydrates: Synthesis, Mechanisms, and Stereoelectronic ...
The furanoid and pyranoid cyclic structures of monosaccharides generally may have four types of chemically distinguishable hydroxyl groups: (1) the anomeric ( hemi- acetal, lactol) hydroxyl group and (2) three types of alcoholic hydroxyl ...
Momcilo Miljkovic, 2009
10
Bioconjugate Techniques
In RNA, it is β-d-ribose in a ring structure. In DNA, the monosaccharide is β-d-2- deoxyribose, wherein the number 2′ car- bon of the ring lacks a hydroxyl group. An individual nucleotide will have its 1′ hydroxyl group of the ribose unit tied up  ...
Greg T. Hermanson, 2013

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HYDROXYL»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term hydroxyl is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Comparing the Performance of Various Activated Carbon (AC) - AZoM
Hydroxyl group is more instrumental in CH4-CO2 reforming. TPO-CO2 observations revealed the formation of two types of deposited carbon ... «Azom.com, Jul 15»
2
Carboxylic Acids Market for Pharmaceuticals is Expected to Reach …
These are made up of two functional groups: carbonyl and hydroxyl. Carboxylic acid is used in several applications such as food & beverages, ... «Medgadget.com, Jul 15»
3
Southern Foodways: Georgia Fuzz: Weather, Workers, and the …
Talcum powder — magnesium hydroxyl silicate — is used for an array of skin issues such as razor burn or diaper rash, and clearly had an ... «HottyToddy.com, Jul 15»
4
Bio polyol and green polyol market and opportunity assessment …
Green polyols and bio polyols are eco-friendly alcohol solutions containing multiple hydroxyl groups. Green polyol is derived from recycled ... «WhaTech, Jul 15»
5
An optical sensor platform based on nanopaper
... different pathways (depicted in Figure 1 above) including by exploiting the hydroxyl-containing groups of the bacterial cellulose as a reducing ... «Nanowerk, Jul 15»
6
Biological evaluation and determination of the absolute …
... U=1.2Uiso or 1.5 for methyl C) except for the position of the hydroxyl H atom of the two independent molecules found in the asymmetric unit, ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
7
Fighting cancer with Blue Light
The researcher has further modified the CA4 analog by adding different functional groups; such as hydroxyl group and amino group producing ... «Biotechin.Asia, Jul 15»
8
Crystal structure of O-methyltransferase CalO6 from the …
The O-methyltransferase CalO6 is proposed to catalyze methylation of the hydroxyl moiety at the C2 position of the orsellinic acid group of CAL. «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
9
Here's how to pick the best kind of moisturizer to take care of dry skin
This happens because humectants have hydroxyl groups in their chemical structure (an oxygen and a hydrogen atom), which loves water. «Business Insider, Jul 15»
10
Dynamic thiol-disulfide homeostasis in hyperemesis gravidarum
GSH, accepted antioxidant and cytoprotectant, can scavenge hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl anions. Cysteine residues can catch radical ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Hydroxyl [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/hydroxyl>. Jul 2021 ».
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