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Meaning of "hyoscine" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD HYOSCINE

From hyosc(yamus) + -ine².
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF HYOSCINE

hyoscine  [ˈhaɪəˌsiːn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HYOSCINE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Hyoscine is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES HYOSCINE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Scopolamine

Scopolamine, hyoscine also known as levo-duboisine or burundanga, sold as Scopoderm, is a tropane alkaloid drug with muscarinic antagonist effects. It is among the secondary metabolites of plants from Solanaceae family of plants, such as henbane, jimson weed, angel's trumpets, and corkwood. Scopolamine exerts its effects by acting as a competitive antagonist at muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, specifically M1 receptors; it is thus classified as an anticholinergic, antimuscarinic drug. Its use in medicine is relatively limited, with its chief uses being in the treatment of motion sickness and postoperative nausea and vomiting. Scopolamine is named after the plant genus Scopolia. The name "hyoscine" is from the scientific name for henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medication needed in a basic health system.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HYOSCINE


adenosine
æˈdɛnəˌsiːn
anthracene
ˈænθrəˌsiːn
Anthropocene
ænˈθrɒpəˌsiːn
arrasene
ˈærəˌsiːn
benzanthracene
benˈzænθrəˌsiːn
cyclazocine
saɪˈklæzəˌsiːn
damascene
ˈdæməˌsiːn
dryopithecine
ˌdraɪəʊˈpɪθəˌsiːn
ferrocene
ˈfɛrəʊˌsiːn
guanosine
ˈɡwɑːnəˌsiːn
Holocene
ˈhɒləˌsiːn
kerosene
ˈkɛrəˌsiːn
kerosine
ˈkɛrəˌsiːn
Miocene
ˈmaɪəˌsiːn
Neocene
ˈniːəˌsiːn
nigrosine
ˈnɪɡrəˌsiːn
Oligocene
ˈɒlɪɡəʊˌsiːn
Pleistocene
ˈplaɪstəˌsiːn
spinacene
ˈspaɪnəˌsiːn
tyrosine
ˈtaɪrəˌsiːn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HYOSCINE

hymnologist
hymnology
hynoanalyses
hyoid
hyoid bone
hyoidal
hyoidean
hyoplastra
hyoplastral
hyoplastron
hyoscyamine
hyoscyamus
hyp.
hypabyssal
hypabyssally
hypaesthesia
hypaesthesic
hypaethral
hypaethron
hypalgesia

WORDS THAT END LIKE HYOSCINE

alternative medicine
Chinese medicine
fascine
glycine
herbal medicine
internal medicine
leucine
medicine
nuclear medicine
oscine
physical medicine
piscine
porcine
preventive medicine
putrescine
Racine
sports medicine
suboscine
vaccine
veterinary medicine

Synonyms and antonyms of hyoscine in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «hyoscine» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HYOSCINE

Find out the translation of hyoscine to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of hyoscine from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «hyoscine» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

东莨菪碱
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

hioscina
570 millions of speakers

English

hyoscine
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

hyoscine
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

هيوسين
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

гиосцин
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

hyoscine
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

hyoscine
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

hyoscine
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Hyoscine
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Hyoscin
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

ヒヨスチン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

hyoscine
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Hyoscine
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

hyoscine
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

hyoscine
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

हायोसिन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

hyoscine
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

hyoscine
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

hioscyna
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гіосцін
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

Hyoscine
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

hyoscine
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

hiossien
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

hyoscin
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

hyoscine
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of hyoscine

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HYOSCINE»

The term «hyoscine» is regularly used and occupies the 81.184 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
62
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «hyoscine» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of hyoscine
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «hyoscine».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HYOSCINE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «hyoscine» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «hyoscine» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about hyoscine

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HYOSCINE»

Discover the use of hyoscine in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to hyoscine and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Veterinary Formulary
Atropine and hyoscine are not recommended as premedicants in horses because the central excitation and mydriasis that these drugs produce can be unpleasant, and gastrointestinal motility will be reduced. Glycopyrronium may be better for ...
Yolande M. Bishop, British Veterinary Association, 2005
2
Clinically Oriented Pharmacology
of. anticholinergics. (muscarinic. receptor. blockers): A. Natural: A. Natural: A. Natural: A. Natural: Atropine, hyoscine (scopolamine) Atropine, hyoscine ( scopolamine) Atropine, hyoscine (scopolamine) Atropine, hyoscine (scopolamine ) ...
Dr J G Buch
3
Pharmacology of Antimuscarinic Agents
The kinetics of the antimuscarinic actions of I(-)hyoscine were analyzed in detail by Rang (l966) and Brownlee and Harry (l963), while Barlow and Winter (l98l) delineated the differences in receptor affinity between the nonprotonated and pro - ...
Laszlo Gyermek, 1997
4
Textbook Of Pharmacology
The term parasympatholytic is a misnomer since these drugs do not cause lysis of the parasympathetic nervous system. They comprise atropine and hyoscine which are alkaloids obtained from a group of the Solanaceae family of plants, which ...
Seth, 2008
5
Molecules of Murder: Criminal Molecules and Classic Cases
Hyoscine has the curious effect of switching off that part of the brain which triggers vomiting, which is why it prevents travel sickness, especially sea- sickness. It is also used to treat the nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy.
John Emsley, 2008
6
The Therapeutic Gazette
In the use of hyoscine hydrobro- mate in the plan of treatment that he outlines, any physician can free his patient of this disease in a very short time without any danger at all — no cardiac failure, cramps, vomiting, or any of the many symptoms ...
‎1905
7
Care of the Cancer Patient: A Quick Reference Guide
Glycopyrronium. Glycopyrronium is an antimuscarinic used in the treatment of excessive respiratory secretions and bowel colic. It may be used as an alternative to hyoscine hydrobro- mide for managing terminal secretions because ...
Wesley C. Finegan, Angela McGurk, 2007
8
The Therapeutic Gazette: A Monthly Journal of General, ...
This patient was delirious from whiskey, and I was preparing to start him on hyoscine and keep him intoxicated for forty-eight hours. However, I had faith, and started the treatment by giving ten grains of calomel Friday evening, March 15, put ...
William Brodie, Carl Jungk, Francis Edward Stewart, 1902
9
Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
5:30 p. m. 1-150 gr. hyoscine, mild delirium. 7 :45 p. m. 1-150 gr. hyoscine hydrobrom, mild delirium. 9:00 p. m. 1-150 gr. hyoscine hydrobrom, some suffering. 10:20 p. m. 1-150 gr. hyoscine hydrobrcm, mild delirium, rest. 6:00 a. m. 1-20 gr.
‎1911
10
Nursing2009 Student Drug Handbook
scopolamine. hydrobromide. (hyoscine. hydrobromide). Scopace. scopolamine. N-butylbromide. (hyoscine. N-butylbromide). Buscopan ♢ Pharmacologic class: anticholinergic Therapeutic class: antiemetic, antivertigo drug, adjunct to ...
Christiane L. Brownell, Nancy Priff, 2008

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HYOSCINE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term hyoscine is used in the context of the following news items.
1
You Were Wondering: How to treat motion sickness
Hyoscine is an over-the-counter medication used to treat motion sickness. It blocks some of the nerve signals sent from the vestibular system in ... «The News Journal, Jun 15»
2
Drinking, smoking confirmed as colon cancer risk factors
... use of the antispasmodic hyoscine butylbromide, start time of the procedure, and sedation use. Patient factors included gender, age, smoking ... «Philippine Star, Jun 15»
3
Could a Mitochondrial Enhancer Replace Cymbalta in Fibromyalgia?
Hyoscine/buscopan now removed by FDA in USA because unprofitable but accessible rest of world is active against acetylcholine. Anti-cramp ... «ProHealth, Apr 15»
4
Overcoming motion sickness and treating brittle nails
Hyoscine or antihistamines are usually recommended. For those who like complimentary remedies there are bands available that provide ... «Irish Independent, Mar 15»
5
Raw material shortages raise fears of limited drug supplies
"We continue to market a hyoscine 10-tablet pack and a syrup with the small quantities of raw materials that we have been able to obtain," said ... «BDlive, Mar 15»
6
Safe practice in syringe pump management
... dexamethasone, haloperidol, hyoscine butylbromide, levomepromazine, metoclopramide, midazolam (British Medical Association and Royal ... «Nursing Times, Mar 15»
7
Fears aged residents euthanased
One resident, Isbel, died after receiving what was described as an unauthorised “extraordinarily high dose” of morphine, midazolam, hyoscine ... «The Australian, Mar 15»
8
Does Octreotide Work for Malignant Bowel Obstruction?
The PRN medication protocol included hyoscine butylbromide (an anti-spasmodic medication) for colicky pain, opioids for non-colicky pain, ... «Geripal, Mar 15»
9
Getting Over Motion Sickness
These include medicines like Hyoscine which is widely used to treat motion sickness, antihistamines as well as complementary therapies like ... «The New Indian Express, Feb 15»
10
Cultivating a local cure for cancer
Later, macadamia oil was used as a (fairly trivial) nutritional supplement and we now pop pills with hyoscine from the Australian Corkwood ... «ABC Online, Feb 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Hyoscine [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/hyoscine>. Aug 2022 ».
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