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Meaning of "hypertonia" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF HYPERTONIA

hypertonia  [ˌhaɪpəˈtəʊnɪə] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HYPERTONIA

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Hypertonia is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES HYPERTONIA MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Hypertonia

Hypertonia is a term sometimes used synonymously with spasticity in the literature surrounding damage to the central nervous system, namely upper motor brain lesions. Impaired ability of damaged motor neurons to regulate descending pathways gives rise to disordered spinal reflexes, increased excitability of muscle spindles, and decreased synaptic inhibition. These consequences result in abnormally increased muscle tone of symptomatic muscles. Some authors suggest that the current definition for spasticity, the velocity-dependent over-activity of the stretch reflex, is not sufficient as it fails to take into account patients exhibiting increased muscle tone in the absence of stretch reflex over-activity. They instead suggest that “reversible hypertonia” is more appropriate and represents a treatable condition that is responsive to various therapy modalities like drug and/or physical therapy. Symptoms associated with central nervous systems disorders are classified into positive and negative categories.

Definition of hypertonia in the English dictionary

The definition of hypertonia in the dictionary is an unusual increase in muscle tension making stretching difficult or impossible.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HYPERTONIA


amyotonia
ˌeɪmaɪəˈtəʊnɪə
atonia
əˈtəʊnɪə
boltonia
bəʊlˈtəʊnɪə
catatonia
ˌkætəˈtəʊnɪə
cerebrotonia
ˌsɛrɪbrəʊˈtəʊnɪə
claytonia
kleɪˈtəʊnɪə
clintonia
klɪnˈtəʊnɪə
dystonia
dɪsˈtəʊnɪə
Estonia
ɛˈstəʊnɪə
galtonia
ɡɔːlˈtəʊnɪə
hypotonia
ˌhaɪpəˈtəʊnɪə
miltonia
mɪlˈtəʊnɪə
myotonia
ˌmaɪəˈtəʊnɪə
rhizoctonia
ˌraɪzɒkˈtəʊnɪə
somatotonia
ˌsəʊmətəʊˈtəʊnɪə
tritonia
traɪˈtəʊnɪə
vagotonia
ˌveɪɡəˈtəʊnɪə
viscerotonia
ˌvɪsərəʊˈtəʊnɪə
Washingtonia
ˌwɒʃɪŋˈtəʊnɪə
wellingtonia
ˌwɛlɪŋˈtəʊnɪə

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HYPERTONIA

hypertension
hypertensive
hypertext
hypertext markup language
hyperthermal
hyperthermia
hyperthermic
hyperthermophile
hyperthermy
hyperthymia
hyperthyroid
hyperthyroidism
hypertonic
hypertonicity
hypertrophic
hypertrophical
hypertrophied
hypertrophies
hypertrophous
hypertrophy

WORDS THAT END LIKE HYPERTONIA

Amazonia
ammonia
anhedonia
begonia
Caledonia
Catalonia
Cephalonia
Franconia
Ionia
Konia
Laconia
Livonia
Macedonia
mahonia
New Caledonia
Patagonia
pneumonia
sinfonia
Snowdonia
zirconia

Synonyms and antonyms of hypertonia in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «hypertonia» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HYPERTONIA

Find out the translation of hypertonia to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of hypertonia from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «hypertonia» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

增高
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

hipertonía
570 millions of speakers

English

hypertonia
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

hypertonia
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

فرط التوتر
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

гипертония
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

hipertonia
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

hypertonia
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

hypertonie
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Hipertonia
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Hypertonie
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

筋緊張亢進
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

긴장 항진
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Hipertonia
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

tăng trương
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

அதிவிறைப்பு
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

हायपरटोनिया
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

hipertoni
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ipertonia
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

wzmożone napięcie
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гіпертонія
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

hipertonie
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

υπερτονία
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

hipertonia
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

hypertoni
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

hypertoni
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of hypertonia

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HYPERTONIA»

The term «hypertonia» is regularly used and occupies the 81.025 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
62
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «hypertonia» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of hypertonia
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «hypertonia».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HYPERTONIA» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «hypertonia» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «hypertonia» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about hypertonia

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HYPERTONIA»

Discover the use of hypertonia in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to hypertonia and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Neurology of the Newborn
Pathological hypertonia and hypotonia are detected readily with careful examination. The discussion that follows is based primarily on my experience with a standard clinical approach. Use of more sophisticated techniques (long- term video ...
Joseph J. Volpe, 2008
2
Operative Neuromodulation: Volume 1: Functional ...
This finding is noteworthy, as it explains the commonly observed superior effect on hypertonia in the legs as opposed to the upper limbs. Motor dysfunction in stroke Following a stroke, various motor impairments are observed. On one hand are ...
Damianos E. Sakas, Brian Simpson, Elliot S. Krames, 2007
3
Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders
If gegenhalten is marked and there are associated frontal lobe release signs, such as grasp reflexes and mutism, or striatal signs, the distinction between hypertonia of frontal lobe origin and that associated with basal ganglia disease is  ...
Joseph Jankovic, Eduardo Tolosa, 2007
4
Physical Management in Neurological Rehabilitation
Clinically, muscle tone maybe abnormally increased (hypertonia) or decreased ( hypotonia). In principle, hypertonia or hypotonia may arise either as a consequence of changes in the passive stiffness of the joint and its surrounding soft tissues ...
Maria Stokes, 2004
5
Science-based Rehabilitation: Theories Into Practice
antagonist activity hypothesized that contracture could be the cause of hypertonia rather than, or in addition to, spasticity (e.g. Dietz et al 1981). In order to address this issue, it is important that hypertonia can be clearly distinguished from ...
Kathryn M. Refshauge, Louise Ada, Elizabeth Ellis (MSc.), 2005
6
Encyclopedia of Special Education, 3 Volume Set
Hypertonia is increased tension of the muscles that can make movement difficult. It can also be defined as resistance to passive movement that is not velocity dependent (Pediatric Services, n.d.). Hypertonia usually occurs in definite patterns of ...
Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, 2007
7
Cognition and Recognition: On the Origin of Movement : ...
straining the abdominal muscles and probably on the contrary, had tried to achieve a relaxation of the tension24 On hypertonia Hypertonia is an increased resistance and hypotonia a reduced resistance of muscular tension against passive ...
Leon A. H. Hogenhuis, 2009
8
Spasticity: Diagnosis and Management
Jay M. Meythaler Scott Kowalski Spastic hypertonia encompasses a variety of conditions that may contribute to increased tone or involuntary movement, including dystonia, rigidity, myoclonus, muscle spasm, posturing, and/or spasticity (1).
‎2010
9
Neuromuscular Disorders of Infancy, Childhood, and ...
This chapter covers neuromuscular disorders of childhood in which hypertonia and abnormal muscle contraction result from spontaneous or otherwise excessive activity arising within the motor unit. It primarily focuses on those where the ...
H. Royden Jones, Darryl C. De Vivo, Basil T. Darras, 2003
10
The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders
DESCRIPTION Hypertonia is an upper motor neuron condition characterized by abnormally increased muscle tone and resistance to passive movement around joints (Sanger et al., 2003). Highly researched literature referring to the term ...
Chad A. Noggle, Raymond S. Dean, Arthur MacNeill Horton, 2012

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HYPERTONIA»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term hypertonia is used in the context of the following news items.
1
More infants suffering from withdrawal
Neonatal abstinence syndrome occurs most often after in utero exposure to opioids. Signs and symptoms include irritability, hypertonia, impaired weight gain, ... «Managed Care magazine, Jul 15»
2
Antidepressants and Pregnancy: Finding a Healthy Balance
Respiratory distress, cyanosis, apnea, seizures, hypertonia, hyperreflexia, and tremor have also been reported. The committee did not wish to ... «Pharmacy Times, Jun 15»
3
Defiant Leeds toddler's battle with mystery Syndrome Without A Name
... two holes in her heart, bilateral squints, intermittent blood retention, mild hearing loss, hypermobility that causes dislocations, and hypertonia, ... «Yorkshire Evening Post, May 15»
4
From cross-country to paratri, via boxing… We speak to Britain's …
PT2 Athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and/or athethosis, ... «220 Triathlon, May 15»
5
Grocer buys special shopping cart for special needs family
"He has hypertonia in his legs and arms, and hypotonia in his core." The combination of muscular conditions can make a simple trip to the ... «KSL.com, Apr 15»
6
Missed Opportunities for Tetanus Postexposure Prophylaxis
During 2008–2010, a confirmed case was defined by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) as a patient with acute onset of hypertonia or ... «Medscape, Apr 15»
7
Copaxone 40mg/ml
... hypersensitivity, anorexia, increased weight, anxiety, depression, nervousness, headache, dysgeusia, hypertonia, migraine, speech disorder, ... «Irish Medical Times, Apr 15»
8
Carlisle Apprentices Blow Away Competition in Gen2 Charity …
... disorder called 'Lissencephaly' (affecting 1 in 12 million), which means Ella is susceptible to seizures and suffers from muscle hypertonia. «Cumbria Crack, Mar 15»
9
Hartlepool says goodbye to brave little Callum Smith
... three-year-old passed away on February 1, after fighting against a string of conditions including epilepsy, dystonia and hypertonia. Callum ... «Hartlepool Mail, Feb 15»
10
WATCH: Little Callum remembered with sky full of balloons
The three-year-old lost his battle on Sunday, February 1, after fighting a string of conditions including epilepsy, dystonia and hypertonia. «Hartlepool Mail, Feb 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Hypertonia [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/hypertonia>. Nov 2020 ».
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