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Meaning of "lysis" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD LYSIS

New Latin, from Greek, from luein to release.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF LYSIS

lysis  [ˈlaɪsɪs] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF LYSIS

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Lysis is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES LYSIS MEAN IN ENGLISH?

lysis

Lysis

Lysis refers to the breaking down of a cell, often by viral, enzymic, or osmotic mechanisms that compromise its integrity. A fluid containing the contents of lysed cells is called a "lysate". Many species of bacteria are subject to lysis by the enzyme lysozyme, found in animal saliva, egg white, and other secretions. Phage lytic enzymes produced during bacteriophage infection are responsible for the ability of these viruses to lyse bacterial cells. Penicillin and related β-lactam antibiotics cause the death of bacteria through enzyme-mediated lysis that occurs after the drug causes the bacterium to form a defective cell wall. If cell wall is completely lost, the bacterium is referred as a protoplast if penicillin was used on gram-positive bacteria, and spheroplast when used on gram-negative bacteria.

Definition of lysis in the English dictionary

The definition of lysis in the dictionary is the destruction or dissolution of cells by the action of a particular lysin. Other definition of lysis is the gradual reduction in severity of the symptoms of a disease.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH LYSIS


anaclisis
ˌænəˈklaɪsɪs
analysis
əˈnælɪsɪs
anecdysis
ˌænɛkˈdaɪsɪs
basis
ˈbeɪsɪs
crisis
ˈkraɪsɪs
eccrisis
ekˈkraɪsɪs
endysis
ɛnˈdaɪsɪs
epicrisis
ˈɛpɪˌkraɪsɪs
genesis
ˈdʒɛnɪsɪs
hemoptysis
hɪˈmɒptɪsɪs
homeostasis
ˌhəʊmɪəʊˈsteɪsɪs
hypothesis
haɪˈpɒθɪsɪs
Isis
ˈaɪsɪs
metecdysis
ˌmɛtɛkˈdaɪsɪs
noncrisis
ˌnɒnˈkraɪsɪs
oasis
əʊˈeɪsɪs
phthisis
ˈθaɪsɪs
physis
ˈfaɪsɪs
precrisis
priːˈkraɪsɪs
synthesis
ˈsɪnθɪsɪs

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE LYSIS

lyses
Lysias
lysigenetic
lysigenic
lysigenous
Lysimachus
lysimeter
lysimetric
lysin
lysine
Lysippus
Lysithea
lysogen
lysogenic
lysogenicity
lysogenisation
lysogenise
lysogenization
lysogenize
lysogeny

WORDS THAT END LIKE LYSIS

apophysis
blot analysis
catalysis
cost analysis
cost-benefit analysis
dialysis
electrolysis
factor analysis
fibrinolysis
haemodialysis
in the last analysis
market analysis
microanalysis
numerical analysis
paralysis
psychoanalysis
quantitative analysis
sales analysis
self-analysis
systems analysis

Synonyms and antonyms of lysis in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «lysis» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF LYSIS

Find out the translation of lysis to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of lysis from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «lysis» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

裂解
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

lisis
570 millions of speakers

English

lysis
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

सेल
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

تحلل
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

лизис
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

lise
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

lysis
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

lyse
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Lysis
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Lyse
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

溶解
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

용해
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Lysis
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

ly giải
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

சிதைவு
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

रोगामध्ये मुख्य ताटातूट
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

liziz
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

lisi
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

lizy
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

лизис
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

liza
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

λύση
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

lise
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

lys
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

lyse
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of lysis

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «LYSIS»

The term «lysis» is quite widely used and occupies the 36.183 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
83
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «lysis» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of lysis
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «lysis».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «LYSIS» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «lysis» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «lysis» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about lysis

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «LYSIS»

Discover the use of lysis in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to lysis and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Lysis Or Friendship:
Plato. me, and will let me talk with him, I may perhaps be able to show you how to converse with him, instead of singing and reciting in the fashion of which you are accused. There will be no difficulty inbringing him,hereplied; ifyouwill only go ...
Plato, 2014
2
Plato's Lysis
The Lysis is one of Plato's most engaging but also puzzling dialogues; it has often been regarded, in the modern period, as a philosophical failure.
Terry Penner, Christopher Rowe, 2005
3
Lysis Goes to the Play
Ten-year-old Lysis takes his sister, disguised as a boy to the Acropolis in Athens to see a new play.
Caroline Dale Snedeker, 2003
4
Meno and Other Dialogues: Charmides, Laches, Lysis, Meno
This is an essential volume for understanding the brilliance of the first Western philosopher.
Robin Waterfield, 2005
5
Bacterial Growth and Lysis: Metabolism and Structure of the ...
This volume is based on a FEMS Symposium entitled "Bacterial Growth and Lysis: Metabolism and Structure of the Bacterial Sacculus" held at the Monastery of Lluc (Mallorca, Spain) on 5-10 April, 1992.
M.A. de Pedro, J.V. Höltje, Wolfgang Löffelhardt, 1993
6
The Phaedrus, Lysis and Protagoras of Plato. A New and ...
On receiving this reply from Lysis, I turned my eyes - 0n Hippothales, and was on the point of making a great blunder. For it came into my head to say, This is the way, Hippothales, that you should talk to your favourite, humbling and checking, ...
Plato, Josiah WRIGHT, 1848
7
Hematology: Clinical Principles and Applications
A time-honored approach to measurement of fibrinolytic activity is the euglobulin lysis test. Principle and Procedure of Euglobulin Clot Lysis Time Test The euglobulin clot lysis time is a global screen of the fibrinolytic system. Plasma inhibitors ...
‎2007
8
E. Coli Plasmid Vectors: Methods and Applications
Introduction Purification of plasmid DNA from Escherichia coli using alkaline lysis (1,2) is based on the differential denaturation of chromosomal and plasmid DNA in order to separate the two. Bacteria are lysed with a solution containing ...
Nicola Casali, Andrew Preston, 2003
9
Plato on Love: Lysis, Symposium, Phaedrus, Alcibiades, with ...
Plato's works on love—Symposium, Phaedrus, Lysis, and Alciabiades in their entirety, with relevant selections from Republic and Laws—with an introductory essay by C. D. C. Reeve.
Plato, C. D. C. Reeve, 2006
10
Guide to Yeast Genetics and Molecular and Cell Biology: Part C
salt buffer, which should maintain protein-protein interactions, is used for lysis. A typical yield is 3-5 ml of extract at a concentration of 5-15 mg/ml. 1. Grow cells ( 500-1000 ml) to an OD60o of 0.2-0.5. Harvest cells by cen- trifugation for 10 min at ...
Christine Guthrie, Gerald R. Fink, 2002

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «LYSIS»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term lysis is used in the context of the following news items.
1
A biosynthetic pathway for a prominent class of microbiota-derived …
Exposure of both bacterial and mammalian cells to concentrations of bile acids in excess of their CMCs leads to membrane damage and lysis. However, at low ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
Oncogene - KLF5 promotes breast cancer proliferation, migration …
HCC1937 cells in a 150-mm dish were lysed in 3 ml lysis buffer (50 mM Tris-Cl (pH 7.4), 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 1% ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
3
UK scientists invent handheld DNA sequencer …Device diagnoses …
“The device performs lysis, DNA extraction, PCR (because generally pathogens are found in low copy numbers and we need to use PCR to ... «BusinessDay, Jul 15»
4
BCR-signaling-induced cell death demonstrates dependency on …
For immunoprecipitation, 1 × 108 cells per sample were lysed in CHAPS lysis buffer (20 mM Tris pH 7.4, 142.5 mM KCl, 2 mM CaCl2, 1% ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
5
Necroptosis is preceded by nuclear translocation of the signaling …
To estimate the extent of oligomerization of MLKL, cells were extracted with 1% NP-40 lysis buffer including protease and phosphatase ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
6
Long-term effect of phacoemulsification on trabeculectomy function
Postoperative management included laser suture lysis, needling, and digital ocular massage. Patients who had received TE for neovascular, ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
7
Persistence of hAQP1 expression in human salivary gland cells …
Samples from rodent submandibular glands were homogenized in 400 μl of CelLyticTMM Cell Lysis Reagent (Sigma, St Louis, MO, USA). «Nature.com, Jul 15»
8
Amgen (AMGN) Reports Positive Top-Line BLINCYTO Phase 2 …
Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS): Life-threatening or fatal TLS has been observed. Preventive measures, including pretreatment nontoxic ... «StreetInsider.com, Jul 15»
9
Share this article
For immunoblotting studies, hippocampal total protein was prepared by homogenization in lysis buffer containing 20 mM Tris–HCl (pH 7.5), 150 ... «BMC Blogs Network, Jul 15»
10
Blinatumomab in Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative ALL
Blinatumomab engages T-cells to activate and cause cell lysis of leukemic cells. The agent is a bispecific CD19 and CD3 T-cell engager that ... «OncLive, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Lysis [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/lysis>. Jul 2020 ».
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