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In every commercial state, notwithstanding any pretension to equal rights, the exaltation of a few must depress the many.
Adam Ferguson

Meaning of "notwithstanding" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD NOTWITHSTANDING

Not + withstanding, from Old English withstandan, on the model of Medieval Latin non obstante, Old French non obstant.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF NOTWITHSTANDING

notwithstanding  [ˌnɒtwɪθˈstændɪŋ] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF NOTWITHSTANDING

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Notwithstanding can act as a preposition and a conjunction.
The preposition is an invariable grammatical category, that has no meaning itself and which serves to link or relate terms.

The conjunction is an invariable grammatical category used to join together words and sentences.

WHAT DOES NOTWITHSTANDING MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Definition of notwithstanding in the English dictionary

The first definition of notwithstanding in the dictionary is in spite of; despite. Other definition of notwithstanding is despite the fact that; although. Notwithstanding is also in spite of that; nevertheless.


WORDS THAT RHYME WITH NOTWITHSTANDING


banding
ˈbændɪŋ
branding
ˈbrændɪŋ
crash-landing
ˈkræʃˈlændɪŋ
ending
ˈɛndɪŋ
expanding
ɪkˈspændɪŋ
finding
ˈfaɪndɪŋ
freestanding
ˌfriːˈstændɪŋ
grandstanding
ˈɡrændstændɪŋ
landing
ˈlændɪŋ
misunderstanding
ˌmɪsʌndəˈstændɪŋ
outstanding
ˌaʊtˈstændɪŋ
pending
ˈpɛndɪŋ
postlanding
ˌpəʊstˈlændɪŋ
rebranding
ˌriːˈbrændɪŋ
sanding
ˈsændɪŋ
self-standing
ˌsɛlfˈstændɪŋ
spending
ˈspendɪŋ
standing
ˈstændɪŋ
understanding
ˌʌndəˈstændɪŋ
upstanding
ʌpˈstændɪŋ

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE NOTWITHSTANDING

notoriety
notorious
notoriously
notoriousness
notornis
nototherium
notoungulate
notour
notour bankrupt
Notre Dame
Notre-Dame-des-Vertus
Nottingham
Nottinghamshire
Nottm
Notts
notturno
notum
notungulate

WORDS THAT END LIKE NOTWITHSTANDING

according
ascending
astounding
binding
bonding
commanding
corresponding
defending
demanding
descending
founding
funding
grinding
grounding
lending
long-standing
mending
pounding
sounding
vending
winding

Synonyms and antonyms of notwithstanding in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «NOTWITHSTANDING»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «notwithstanding» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of notwithstanding

Translation of «notwithstanding» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF NOTWITHSTANDING

Find out the translation of notwithstanding to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of notwithstanding from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «notwithstanding» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

尽管
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

a pesar de
570 millions of speakers

English

notwithstanding
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

बावजूद
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

على الرغم من
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

несмотря
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

a despeito de
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

পরন্তু
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

malgré
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Walau apa pun
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

trotz
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

~にもかかわらず
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

~에도 불구하고
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Sanadyan
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

tuy nhiên
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

இருந்த போதிலும்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

तरीसुद्धा
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

rağmen
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

nonostante
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

bez względu na
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

незважаючи
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

Fără a aduce atingere
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

παρά
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

nieteenstaande
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

oaktat
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

tross
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of notwithstanding

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «NOTWITHSTANDING»

The term «notwithstanding» is very widely used and occupies the 21.054 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Very widely used
91
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «notwithstanding» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of notwithstanding
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «notwithstanding».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «NOTWITHSTANDING» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «notwithstanding» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «notwithstanding» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about notwithstanding

EXAMPLES

10 QUOTES WITH «NOTWITHSTANDING»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word notwithstanding.
1
Eric Alterman
Few progressives would take issue with the argument that, significant accomplishments notwithstanding, the Obama presidency has been a big disappointment.
2
David Josiah Brewer
I believe it is conceded that, notwithstanding the fabled blue laws of New England, a man may, without impropriety, kiss his wife on Sunday and possibly, if he have a chance, some other sweet-faced woman.
3
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
We have to admit that, notwithstanding all the efforts in which governments and peoples have participated, no corresponding change has been wrought in the aspect of the world's armaments.
4
Edward Everett
In conformity with these designs on the city of Washington, and notwithstanding the disastrous results of the invasion of 1862, it was determined by the Rebel government last summer to resume the offensive in that direction.
5
Adam Ferguson
In every commercial state, notwithstanding any pretension to equal rights, the exaltation of a few must depress the many.
6
Albert Bushnell Hart
As often happens during a war, some parts of the country prospered, notwithstanding the constant loss.
7
Ethan A. Hitchcock
Notwithstanding this high Ecclesiastical authority, he who dared accept truth only because it could be proved, or proved to be good, and disregard authority, was commonly stigmatized as an infidel.
8
Charles Inglis
If notwithstanding, a Rebellion of the same Kind now afflicts this Country, we should not infer that this Institution is useless, or should be laid aside; but just the Reverse.
9
Max von Laue
Notwithstanding these major arguments the wave theory initially did not meet with complete acceptance.
10
Lawrence Lessig
Notwithstanding the fact that the most innovative and progressive space we've seen - the Internet - has been the place where intellectual property has been least respected. You know, facts don't get in the way of this ideology.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «NOTWITHSTANDING»

Discover the use of notwithstanding in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to notwithstanding and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Notwithstanding: Stories from an English Village
Based on de Bernières' recollections of the village he grew up in, Notwithstanding is a funny and moving depiction of a charming vanished England.
Louis de Bernieres, 2009
2
Notwithstanding
Although Notwithstanding offers all of the pleasures of an Austen novel, keen-eyed readers who read between the lines will detect a bit of healthy skepticism about the social institutions and mores its protagonists embrace.
Mary Cholmondeley, 2011
3
Contested Constitutionalism: Reflections on the Canadian ...
3 The notwithstanding clause applies only prospectively. The notwithstanding clause applies only prospectively.” As a result, the efficacy of a notwithstanding declaration may depend on judicial willingness to facilitate its use. This, in turn ...
Edited by James B. Kelly and Christopher P. Manfredi
4
Of Huck and Alice: Humorous Writing in American Literature
It is given to us, "notwithstanding." The whole turn of this effusive passage, which ends with care flowing, effectively begins with an exposition of that term, notwithstanding. It means, the Dictionary tells us, something is true even though there ...
Neil Schmitz, 1983
5
Encyclopaedia Londinensis, or, Universal dictionary of arts, ...
Carbonic acid gas, or fixed air - 6 Sulphurated hydrogen gas, or hepatic air 6 NOTWITHSTANDING, conj. [This word, though in conformity to other writers called here a conjunction, is properly a participal adjective, as it is compounded of hot ...
‎1820
6
Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film, and Fiction
GRAMSCI. NOTWITHSTANDING,. OR,. THE. LEFT. HAND. OF. HISTORY. What is the place of textuality in feminist criticism? (I mean criticism both in the narrow sense of literary criticism and in the broad sense of sociocultural critique.) ...
Teresa De Lauretis, 1987
7
Text Types and Corpora: Studies in Honour of Udo Fries
Despite. or. notwithstanding? On. the. development. of. concessive. prepositions. in. English. Matti Rissanen Helsingin Yliopisto 1 Introduction The development of linking elements - conjunctions, conjuncts and prepositions - is one of the most ...
Andreas Fischer, Gunnel Tottie, Hans Martin Lehmann, 2002
8
Garner's Modern American Usage
the Paris cathedral). The predominant pronunciation among university officials and alumni is /noh-trә daym/. The predominant pronunciation among all other Americans is /noh-tәr daym/. not un-. See negatives (b). notwithstanding is a formal ...
Bryan Garner, 2009
9
A Discourse Shewing that Protestants are on the Safer Side, ...
This book represents an authentic reproduction of the text as printed by the original publisher.
Luke Beaulieu, 2011
10
Civil Procedure of the Trial Court in Historical Perspective
The Motion for Judgment on the Evidence notwithstanding the verdict Mention has already been made of the common-law practice of causing a verdict to be rendered subject to a reserved question, and of certain American developments ...
Robert Wyness Millar, 2014

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «NOTWITHSTANDING»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term notwithstanding is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Despite economic crisis, Greece must take robust action to address …
... situation in Greece – where more than 100,000 people have sought shelter so far in 2015 – saying that notwithstanding its difficulties, Greece ... «UN News Centre, Jul 15»
2
Six men guilty over abuse of two schoolgirls in Aylesbury child sex ring
Saxby told jurors: “Notwithstanding that they were children, they spoke in terms of these men being their boyfriends. And they were passed from ... «The Guardian, Jul 15»
3
Lafayette Shooter a Likely Copycat of Colorado Theater Mass Killer …
Houser, Van Zandt said, “is a relatively smart guy, notwithstanding his metal health issues, he would have been aware of that.” Also Read: ... «TheWrap, Jul 15»
4
Delhi Chief Secretary Kewal Kumar Sharma to follow constitutional …
NEW DELHI: Delhi Chief Secretary will follow constitutional provisions notwithstanding order by the AAP government to send all files to Chief ... «Economic Times, Jul 15»
5
Lou Lamoriello: Genius or yesterday's man?
... “retired” from the NHL to jump to the KHL, you had to wonder if the entire exercise had been worthwhile, a trip to the final notwithstanding. «Sportsnet.ca, Jul 15»
6
Will Ukraine Default?
This good program implementation has been achieved notwithstanding an exceptionally difficult environment, in part related to the unresolved ... «Forbes, Jul 15»
7
Mearns Declines Salary Increase, Bonus at NKU Regents Retreat
"Notwithstanding financial constraints, the University continues to invest in long-term strategies, including those initiatives that will increase ... «The River City News, Jul 15»
8
Reckless bank officials should face imprisonment, says Renua
“There is a really strong sense that notwithstanding the extraordinary collapse of the banking system and the massive destruction caused to the ... «Irish Times, Jul 15»
9
Are Beards Really Over?
... their facial hair (the threat of deadly germs residing in it notwithstanding) without fear of reprisal at the hands of one or two online commenters ... «Yahoo News, Jul 15»
10
Consultant says Irish health system 'completely broken'
Notwithstanding our unprecedented wealth, the public mood about our ailing service was one of anger and frustration,” she said. 'After the ... «Irish Times, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Notwithstanding [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/notwithstanding>. Jun 2021 ».
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