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WHAT DOES OIL SHALE MEAN IN ENGLISH?
Oil shale, also known as kerogen shale, is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary rock containing kerogen from which liquid hydrocarbons called shale oil can be produced. Shale oil is a substitute for conventional crude oil; however, extracting shale oil from oil shale is more costly than the production of conventional crude oil both financially and in terms of its environmental impact. Deposits of oil shale occur around the world, including major deposits in the United States. Estimates of global deposits range from 4.8 to 5 trillion barrels of oil in place. Heating oil shale to a sufficiently high temperature causes the chemical process of pyrolysis to yield a vapor. Upon cooling the vapor, the liquid shale oil—an unconventional oil—is separated from combustible oil-shale gas. Oil shale can also be burned directly in furnaces as a low-grade fuel for power generation and district heating or used as a raw material in chemical and construction-materials processing. Oil shale gains attention as a potential abundant source of oil whenever the price of crude oil rises.
The translations of oil shale from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «oil shale» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «oil shale».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «OIL SHALE» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «oil shale» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «oil shale» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about oil shale
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OIL SHALE»
Discover the use of oil shale in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to oil shale and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
This book focuses on the fundamental and engineering aspects of shale oil extraction, as well as the mathematical clarification of the complex transport mechanisms involved in oil shale pyrolysis.
Sunggyu Lee, 1990
OilShale: History, Incentives, and Policy
; Geology and Production Technology of Oil Shale; History of Oil Shale Development; Incentives and Disincentives to Development; Policy Perspectives; Legislative History to 2006. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.
Anthony Andrews, 2011
ShaleOil Production Processes
Not only does the book discuss the production processes but also provides methods which should reduce environmental footprint by properly addressing: surface mining and extraction processes, in situ conversion process and hydrotreatment.
James G. Speight, 2012
G.V. Chilingarian, T.F. Yen, 2011
Due to continuously increasing price of oil, more and more attention is being paid
to the possibility of producing oil at thermal processing of oil shale. In principle,
obtaining oil at heating oil shale is not difficult. In practice, flow sheet of thermal ...
4. Chong, K. P., Smith, J. W. Mechanical characterization of oil shale. In: Chong,
K. P., Smith, J. W. (Eds): Mechanics of Oil Shale. Elsevier, 1984. P. 165-228. 5.
Chong, K. P., Uenishi, K., Smith, J. W., Munari, A. C. Non-linear three dimensional
In the present article the oil shale quality indicators are treated like in geology
and mining science - with respect to dry oil shale, where calorific value Q = Q\, is
gross calorific or heating value. In this article the particular composition as a
In 1997, Baltic Power Plant was supplied with oil shale from eight mines and
three opencasts. Calorific value of oil shale delivered to power plants has been
permanently decreasing since 1989. Calorific value of oil shale delivered by the ...
Because of world's high crude oil price, oil shale business is being paid more
attention in China, just as in Estonia and in some other countries. Recently
Chinese National Oil Shale Association was established in Fushun. Last year,
Such a structure is evidenced by obtaining aliphatic, naphthenic, aromatic and
heterocyclic substances of different molecular mass by pyroly- sis (decomposition
) of the organic matter of oil shale. Introduction Kerogen in oil shale is a complex
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OIL SHALE»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term oil shale is used in the context of the following news items.
Will OPEC 'Throw In The Towel'?
The Saudi strategy was to price oil shale producers out of the market. When oil prices stabilized below oil shale costs, OPEC would take back ... «Seeking Alpha, Jul 15»
U.S. Winning Oil War Against Saudi Arabia
... over half of the proven oil reserves are generally under the control of OPEC, there are many more unconventional reserves, such as oil shale, ... «Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide, Jul 15»
Does Exxon Mobil Practice for the Long-Term?
The continued investment in tar sands and oil shale by energy companies like ExxonMobil, along with global reliance on liquefied natural gas ... «Triple Pundit, Jul 15»
Analyst Price Target Update on Approach Resources Inc. (NASDAQ …
The Company focuses on oil and gas reserves in oil shale and tight gas sands in the Midland Basin of the greater Permian Basin in West Texas ... «American Trade Journal, Jul 15»
Will Approach Resources Inc. (NASDAQ:AREX) Surprise This …
The Company focuses on oil and gas reserves in oil shale and tight gas sands in the Midland Basin of the greater Permian Basin in West Texas ... «Investor Newswire, Jul 15»
Tomco Energy sees Holliday permits as all good news
Oil shale is different to shale oil in its production techniques and the fact that it contains organic material (kerogen). Having tested a pilot plant in ... «Proactive Investors UK, Jul 15»
Research and Markets: Oil Shale Market - Global Industry Analysis …
This research study analyzes the market for oil shale in terms of revenue (USD Million) and volume (Million Barrels). The global oil shale ... «Business Wire, Jul 15»
BHP is taking another hit of up to $US650 million on its profits
BHP Billiton is taking another a hit to its profits of up to $650 million, this time due to falling copper production and a slow down in oil shale in ... «Business Insider Australia, Jul 15»
AUSTRALIAN STOCKS DUMPED: Here's what you need to know
The big miner is taking another a hit to its profits of up to $650 million, this time due to falling copper production and a slow down in oil shale in ... «Business Insider Australia, Jul 15»
Brazil's Political Turmoil, WTI Below $50
OPEC is fighting to keep its market share and is currently maintaining a high production level to challenge the US oil shale industry. In addition ... «Investing.com, Jul 15»
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