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Meaning of "oligodendrocyte" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF OLIGODENDROCYTE

oligodendrocyte  [ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈdɛndrəʊsaɪt] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF OLIGODENDROCYTE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Oligodendrocyte is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES OLIGODENDROCYTE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Oligodendrocyte

Oligodendrocytes, or oligodendroglia, are a type of neuroglia. Their main functions are to provide support and insulation to axons in the central nervous system of some vertebrates, equivalent to the function performed by Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system. Oligodendrocytes do this by creating the myelin sheath, which is 80% lipid and 20% protein. A single oligodendrocyte can extend its processes to 50 axons, wrapping approximately 1 μm of myelin sheath around each axon; Schwann cells, on the other hand, can wrap around only 1 axon. Each oligodendrocyte forms one segment of myelin for several adjacent axons.

Definition of oligodendrocyte in the English dictionary

The definition of oligodendrocyte in the dictionary is a glial cell involved in the formation of the myelin sheaths of nerve cell axons.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH OLIGODENDROCYTE


anthracite
ˈænθrəˌsaɪt
cite
saɪt
coesite
ˈkəʊsaɪt
excite
ɪkˈsaɪt
eyesight
ˈaɪˌsaɪt
fansite
ˈfænsaɪt
foresight
ˈfɔːˌsaɪt
hindsight
ˈhaɪndˌsaɪt
homesite
ˈhəʊmˌsaɪt
incite
ɪnˈsaɪt
insight
ˈɪnˌsaɪt
on-site
ˌɒnˈsaɪt
out-of-sight
ˌaʊtəvˈsaɪt
oversight
ˈəʊvəˌsaɪt
parasite
ˈpærəˌsaɪt
recite
rɪˈsaɪt
rhodochrosite
ˌrəʊdəʊˈkrəʊsaɪt
sight
saɪt
site
saɪt
website
ˈwɛbˌsaɪt

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE OLIGODENDROCYTE

oligochaete
oligochrome
oligoclase
oligocythaemia
oligodendroglia
oligogene
oligomer
oligomeric
oligomerisation
oligomerization
oligomerous
oligonucleotide
oligopeptide
oligophagous
oligophagy
oligopolies
oligopolistic
oligopoly
oligopsonies
oligopsonistic

WORDS THAT END LIKE OLIGODENDROCYTE

adipocyte
astrocyte
B-lymphocyte
erythrocyte
granulocyte
hemocyte
hepatocyte
histiocyte
leucocyte
leukocyte
megakaryocyte
melanocyte
monocyte
oocyte
osteocyte
phagocyte
reticulocyte
spermatocyte
T-lymphocyte
thrombocyte
thymocyte

Synonyms and antonyms of oligodendrocyte in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «oligodendrocyte» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF OLIGODENDROCYTE

Find out the translation of oligodendrocyte to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of oligodendrocyte from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «oligodendrocyte» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

少突胶质细胞
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

oligodendrocitos
570 millions of speakers

English

oligodendrocyte
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

oligodendrocyte
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

دبقية قليلة التغصن
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

олигодендроцитов
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

oligodendrocyte
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

oligodendrocyte
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

oligodendrocytes
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Oligodendrocyte
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Oligodendrozyten
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

乏突起膠細胞
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

희소 돌기 아교 세포
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Oligodendrocyte
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

oligodendrocyte
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஒலிகோடென்ட்ரோசைட்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

ऑलिगोडेड्रोसाइट
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

oligodentrosit
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

oligodendrociti
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

oligodendrocytowej
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

олигодендроцитов
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

Oligodendroglii
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ολιγοδενδροκυτταρική
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

oligodendrocyte
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

oligodendrocyt
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

oligodendrocyte
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of oligodendrocyte

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «OLIGODENDROCYTE»

The term «oligodendrocyte» is regularly used and occupies the 69.556 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
68
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «oligodendrocyte» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of oligodendrocyte
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «oligodendrocyte».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «OLIGODENDROCYTE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «oligodendrocyte» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «oligodendrocyte» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about oligodendrocyte

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OLIGODENDROCYTE»

Discover the use of oligodendrocyte in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to oligodendrocyte and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Biology of Oligodendrocytes
For the first time, this book provides a dedicated review of all of the major aspects of oligodendrocyte biology, including development, organization, genetics, and immunobiology.
Patricia Armati, Emily Mathey, 2010
2
Visualizing Oligodendrocyte Degeneration and Regeneration in ...
1 Oligodendrocyte support of axons: evidence from transgenic and experimental animal models There is growing evidence in disease models and in transgenic mice that primary dysfunctions in oligodendrocytes lead to secondary axonal ...
Sally Ruth McIver, 2008
3
A Possible Role for SPLA(2) in Oligodendrocyte Death and ...
SPLA2 mediates IL-ip and TNFa induced oligodendrocyte injury in vitro. To investigate whether the beneficial effects of sPLA2 blockade mediate more than H2O2 induced oligodendrocyte injury, we developed a cytokine injury model for ...
William Lee Titsworth, 2008
4
Expanding the Spectrum of Autoimmunity Induced with Myelin ...
Lisa K. Peterson. Guggenmos, J., Schubart, A.S., Ogg, S., Andersson, M., Olsson, T., Mather, I.H., Linington, C, 2004. Antibody cross-reactivity between myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein and the milk protein butyrophilin in multiple sclerosis.
Lisa K. Peterson, 2007
5
IGF Type I Receptor Localization and Trafficking in ...
Preparation of Primary Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cultures Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells were harvested from P0-P2 day Sprague Dawley rats (Charles River Laboratories) as previously described (Levison and McCarthy, 1991). Cortices ...
Robert J. Romanelli, 2006
6
Protective and Pathological Immune Responses in the CNS
2000), so CC-1 is a useful oligodendrocyte marker. While CC-1 labels oligodendrocytes. Bhat and colleagues found that CC-1 also labels cerebellar Purkinje neurons (BHAT et al. 1996). Because CC-1 is relatively new, colocaliza- tion studies ...
B. Dietzschold, J.A. Richt, 2002
7
Glial Cell Function
Whether this is necessary for myelination of new axonal connections or for oligodendrocyte turnover is open to debate. The response of NG2-expressing cells to demyelination in EAE Given the ubiquitous and extensive distribution of ...
B. Castellano López, Bernardo Castellano, Manuel Nieto-Sampedro, 2003
8
Neuroglia
stages of oligodendrocyte maturation coexist in vivo. These stages included PDGFOLR" OPCs, PDGFOLRVMOGJF myelinating oligodendrocytes, and PDG FOLRVMOGVGalC" cells, as a presumptive intermediate oligodendrocyte population.
Helmut Kettenmann, Bruce R. Ransom, 2013
9
Multiple Sclerosis: Diagnosis, Medical Management, and ...
STRUCTURE OF CENTRAL MYELIN Knowledge of the structure of CNS myelin and identification of the oligodendrocyte as the myelin-forming cell is a rather recent development. The layered structure of myelin was identified through X-ray  ...
Dr. Jack S. Burks, MD, Dr. Kenneth P. Johnson, MD, 2000
10
Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells
A number of bHLH transcription factors have a role in oligodendrocyte specification, with the pan oligodendrocyte lineage marker Olig2 being the most notable. Olig2 expression in the pMN domain of the spinal cord inhibits factors that define ...
Gary Hime, Helen Abud, 2013

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OLIGODENDROCYTE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term oligodendrocyte is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Association of serum VEGF levels with prefrontal cortex volume in …
Abnormalities of myelination in schizophrenia detected in vivo with MRI, and post-mortem with analysis of oligodendrocyte proteins. «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
Best And Worst of Health and Healthcare – June 2015
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells are stem cells that are abundant in demyelinated regions of patients with MS, but that fail to differentiate into ... «Brain Blogger, Jul 15»
3
Making more myelin: Liver X receptors key to cerebellar myelination …
The myelin sheath is critical to normal central nervous system behavior, but oligodendrocyte cell death or injury can lead to demyelination, ... «Medical Xpress, Jul 15»
4
MicroRNA-103a-3p controls proliferation and osteogenic …
DICER1 has an important role in the proliferation and differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells and in the development of pancreatic ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
5
Prolactin and Multiple Sclerosis
More specifically, the research showed that prolactin promoted the proliferation of oligodendrocyte precursors (oligodendrocytes are involved ... «eMaxHealth, Jul 15»
6
Generation and isolation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells from …
Oligodendrocyte lineage transcription factor 2–positive (OLIG2+) cells begin to express the transcription factor NKX2.2 around day 18, followed ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
7
Asterias Biotherapeutics Added To Russell 2000®, Russell 3000 …
AST-OPC1 (oligodendrocyte progenitor cells) is currently in a Phase 1/2a dose escalation clinical trial in spinal cord injury. AST-VAC1 ... «PR Newswire, Jun 15»
8
MW Class of 2015: The Brightest
... allows them to transmit impulses)-producing oligodendrocyte growth in the prenatal brains of rabbit pups with intraventricular hemorrhage. «The Photo News, Jun 15»
9
Biotech Stocks for you to follow - Cara Therapeutics Inc (NASDAQ …
... of AST-OPC1 (oligodendrocyte progenitor cells) in newly injured patients with sensory and motor complete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). «Wall Street Observer, Jun 15»
10
Active Stocks: Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc. (NYSEMKT:AST), LHC …
... of AST-OPC1 (oligodendrocyte progenitor cells) in newly injured patients with sensory and motor complete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). «Stock Transcript, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Oligodendrocyte [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/oligodendrocyte>. Oct 2022 ».
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