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Meaning of "opsin" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD OPSIN

Back formation from rhodopsin.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF OPSIN

opsin  [ˈɒpsɪn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF OPSIN

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Opsin is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES OPSIN MEAN IN ENGLISH?

opsin

Opsin

Opsins are a group of light-sensitive 35–55 kDa membrane-bound G protein-coupled receptors of the retinylidene protein family found in photoreceptor cells of the retina. Five classical groups of opsins are involved in vision, mediating the conversion of a photon of light into an electrochemical signal, the first step in the visual transduction cascade. Another opsin found in the mammalian retina, melanopsin, is involved in circadian rhythms and pupillary reflex but not in image-forming.

Definition of opsin in the English dictionary

The definition of opsin in the dictionary is the protein that together with retinene makes up the purple visual pigment rhodopsin.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH OPSIN


amylopsin
ˌæmɪˈlɒpsɪn
cathepsin
kəˈθɛpsɪn
chymotrypsin
ˌkaɪməʊˈtrɪpsɪn
erepsin
ɪˈrɛpsɪn
iodopsin
ˌaɪəˈdɒpsɪn
pepsin
ˈpɛpsɪn
pepsine
ˈpɛpsɪn
porphyropsin
ˌpɔːfɪˈrɒpsɪn
rhodopsin
rəʊˈdɒpsɪn
steapsin
stɪˈæpsɪn
trypsin
ˈtrɪpsɪn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE OPSIN

oppugner
OPRA
Oprahfication
Ops
ops.
opsimath
opsimathy
opsiometer
opsomania
opsomaniac
opsonic
opsonic index
opsonification
opsonify
opsonin
opsonisation
opsonise
opsonium
opsonization
opsonize

WORDS THAT END LIKE OPSIN

angiotensin
assassin
Banjarmasin
basin
cousin
first cousin
hoisin
khamsin
Limousin
Mersin
moccasin
original sin
poussin
raisin
resin
river basin
sin
Tessin
wash-hand basin
Wisconsin

Synonyms and antonyms of opsin in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «opsin» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF OPSIN

Find out the translation of opsin to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of opsin from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «opsin» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

视蛋白
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

opsina
570 millions of speakers

English

opsin
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

opsin
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

أوبسين
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

опсин
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

opsina
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

opsin
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

opsin
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Opsin
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Opsin
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

オプシン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

옵신
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Opsin
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

opsin
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

opsin
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

ऑप्सिन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

opsin
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

opsina
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

opsyną
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

опсин
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

opsin
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

οψίνης
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

opsien
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

opsin
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

opsin
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of opsin

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «OPSIN»

The term «opsin» is regularly used and occupies the 90.680 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
58
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «opsin» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of opsin
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «opsin».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «OPSIN» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «opsin» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «opsin» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about opsin

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OPSIN»

Discover the use of opsin in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to opsin and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Evolutionary Analysis of Opsin Genes in Tribolium and ...
to highly conserved sequence regions of UV-, B- and LW-opsins, we were able to isolate a single LW- and UV-opsin related sequence from T.confusum, T.molitor and Z.atratus (Table 5). For all discovered LW- and UV-opsins, the sequence ...
Meng Wu, 2008
2
Incidence and Regulation of Opsin Expression in the Retina ...
Subject Terms: visual pigments; rhodopsin; photoreceptors; colour vision; eye; thyroid hormone
Christiana Ling-Yu Cheng, 2007
3
Photoreceptors and Light Signalling
3.8 Light-independent signaling of different forms of the apoprotein 3.8.l Opsin In addition to activation of Gt by light-activated rhodopsin there is, in the absence of any chromophore, light-independent activation of Gt by the apoprotein opsin.
Alfred Batschauer, 2003
4
Retinal Development
L-/M-opsin, but none are available that can differentiate L- from M-opsin; therefore the term L-/M- will be used to refer to the red and green opsins (see Bumstedetal., 1997, fordiscussion). In humans(XiaoandHendrickson, 2000)the first opsin to ...
Evelyne Sernagor, Stephen Eglen, Bill Harris, 2006
5
New Scientist
Each opsin protein is a single polypeptide chain (with a short sugar chain at one end and a segment that can be phosphorylated at the other). The chain itself is composed of seven a-helices: each tightly coiled, rodlike helix traverses the ...
6
Heat Shock Proteins and the Brain: Implications for ...
In cultured cells, wild-type opsin translocated to the plasma membrane, whereas class II mutants were retained in the ER, and could not be reconstituted with 11- cis-retinal suggesting protein misfolding (Sung et al., 1991, 1993; Kaushal and ...
Alexzander A. A. Asea, Ian R. Brown, 2008
7
An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics: Mechanisms of ...
Table 15.5 The relationships among some genomic alterations of the red-green opsin gene array, opsin production by red and green cones, and color vision phenotypes. Genomic alteration Gene in the Gene in the first position second ...
Jack J. Pasternak, 2005
8
Retinitis Pigmentosa: New Insights for the Healthcare ...
a vertebrate visual system comprising a mutant opsin protein. Mutant opsin proteins can be stabilized by contacting the mutant protein with an opsin-binding synthetic retinoid. The mutant opsin protein binds to the synthetic retinoid, which  ...
‎2013
9
Nuclear Receptors in Development
of committed, postmitotic cones from the dividing multipotent progenitors. (2) The expression in cone precursors of transcription factors or other factors that determine the choice of M or S opsin expression. This represents a priming phase for ...
‎2006
10
Handbook of Receptors and Channels: G Protein-Coupled Receptors
opeln.mi'lHphrn-a opsin. cfaJ chsp. opein.cow opsin. booster opsin, huasn opsin, lsnsny opsin. souse opsin. octopus opsin. sheep opsin, squid opsin1 .drosopbllA opsin2.drosophila opsin3.drosophila opsin*. drosophila opslnblue .chicken ...
Stephen J. Peroutka, 1993

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OPSIN»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term opsin is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Four-Legged Snake Shakes Up Squamate Family Tree - Or Does It?
“Visual pigments, like opsin and rhodopsin, are basically the business front-ends of the visual pathway,” says Simões. “So basically if anything ... «Discover Magazine, Jul 15»
2
Haere mai to the kiwi genome
The authors found inactivating mutations in two opsin genes required for detection of green and blue light. Loss of color vision is common in ... «BMC Blogs Network, Jul 15»
3
Structural biology: Arresting developments in receptor signalling
Opsin then binds the chromophore 11-cis-retinal to yield rhodopsin. Each of the individual proteins in this pathway (rhodopsin, meta II, opsin, Gt ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
4
AAV-mediated RLBP1 gene therapy improves the rate of dark …
(i–k) Images of eGFP, blue opsin, and eGFP+blue opsin merged reveal ... of eGFP and blue opsin indicated by the two white arrows, and (p) a ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
5
An octopus senses light with its skin
The response to blue light correlated with a known peak responsive wavelength for opsin, a protein in the eye of an octopus that forms part of ... «EarthSky, May 15»
6
Octopuses and other cephalopods can 'see' with their skin
The team then tested the skin for the presence of opsin genes, and discovered that the sensory neurons in the skin produce the opsins needed ... «The Verge, May 15»
7
The octopus can see with its skin
New research shows that octopus skin contains the light-sensitive opsin protein, suggesting that these clever cephalopods can “see” without ... «The Guardian, May 15»
8
Husband-and-wife team begin work on cure for colour-blindness
This is due to a trick of genetics: the two opsin genes that colour-blind people lack are carried on the X chromosome. If you are female, you ... «Newsweek, May 15»
9
Lighting the Brain
Oesterhelt's opsin was from a single-celled bacteria that lives in highly saline lakes in Egypt and Kenya, and survives its harsh environment by ... «The New Yorker, May 15»
10
A Cure for Color Blindness That Isn't Just Monkey Business
This is due to a trick of genetics: The two opsin genes that color-blind people lack are carried on the X chromosome. If you are female, you have ... «Newsweek, May 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Opsin [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/opsin>. May 2022 ».
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