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Meaning of "optative" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD OPTATIVE

Via French optatif, from Late Latin optātīvus, from Latin optāre to desire.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF OPTATIVE

optative  [ˈɒptətɪv] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF OPTATIVE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Optative can act as a noun and an adjective.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES OPTATIVE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Optative mood

The optative mood is a grammatical mood that indicates a wish or hope. It is similar to the cohortative mood, and is closely related to the subjunctive mood. English has no morphological optative, but there are various constructions with optative meaning. One uses the modal verb may, e.g. May you have a long life! Another uses the phrase if only with a verb in the past or past subjunctive, e.g. If only I were rich! Another uses the present subjunctive, e.g. God save the Queen! Examples of languages with an optative mood are Ancient Greek, Albanian, Armenian, Georgian, Kurdish, Navajo, Old Prussian, Sanskrit, Serbo-Croatian and Turkish.

Definition of optative in the English dictionary

The first definition of optative in the dictionary is indicating or expressing choice, preference, or wish. Other definition of optative is denoting a mood of verbs in Greek, Sanskrit, etc, expressing a wish. Optative is also the optative mood.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH OPTATIVE


adaptative
əˈdæptətɪv
argumentative
ˌɑːɡjʊˈmɛntətɪv
augmentative
ɔːɡˈmɛntətɪv
authoritative
ɔːˈθɒrɪtətɪv
co-optative
kəʊˈɒptətɪv
consultative
kənˈsʌltətɪv
cooptative
kəʊˈɒptətɪv
facultative
ˈfækəltətɪv
fermentative
fəˈmentətɪv
interpretative
ɪnˈtɜːprɪtətɪv
meditative
ˈmɛdɪtətɪv
preventative
prɪˈvɛntətɪv
putative
ˈpjuːtətɪv
qualitative
ˈkwɒlɪtətɪv
quantitative
ˈkwɒntɪtətɪv
rehabilitative
ˌriːhəˈbɪlɪtətɪv
representative
ˌrɛprɪˈzɛntətɪv
rotative
ˈrəʊtətɪv
tentative
ˈtɛntətɪv
vegetative
ˈvɛdʒɪtətɪv

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE OPTATIVE

opt
opt in
opt out
opt-out
opt-out clause
optant
optatively
opter
optic
optic axis
optic disc
optic nerve
optic thalamus
optical
optical activity
optical bench
optical brightener
optical character reader
optical character recognition
optical computer

WORDS THAT END LIKE OPTATIVE

active
administrative
alternative
collaborative
comparative
conservative
cooperative
creative
cumulative
decorative
derivative
in the negative
informative
initiative
innovative
legislative
narrative
native
negative
operative
relative

Synonyms and antonyms of optative in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «optative» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF OPTATIVE

Find out the translation of optative to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of optative from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «optative» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

祈愿
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

optativa
570 millions of speakers

English

optative
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

optative
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

optative
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

оптатив
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

optativo
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

ইচ্ছাপ্রকাশক
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

optatif
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Optik
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Optativ
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

願望
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

optative
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Optik
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

nguyện vọng trạng
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

optative
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

निवडक
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

istek belirten
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ottativo
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

optative
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

оптатив
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

optativ
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ευκτικός
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

wensend
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

optative
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

optative
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of optative

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «OPTATIVE»

The term «optative» is normally little used and occupies the 122.479 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
43
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «optative» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of optative
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «optative».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «OPTATIVE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «optative» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «optative» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about optative

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OPTATIVE»

Discover the use of optative in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to optative and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
On the Grammar of Optative Constructions
The primary aim of this dissertation is to present an analysis for so-called optative constructions, clauses that express a wish, hope or desire without containing a lexical item that means 'wish', 'hope' or 'desire'.
Patrick Georg Grosz, 2012
2
A Practical Chinese Grammar
The Optative Verbs 1 .1 The word "optative" means "expressing a wish or desire." In the Indo- European languages, a verb may appear in an optative mood to express a wish or desire. In Chinese, such modal marking is done by an auxiliary  ...
Hongnian Zhang, Sze-yun Liu, Lilin Shi, 1994
3
Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the ...
Definition This is the use of the optative in an independent clause to express an obtainable wish or a prayer. It is frequently an appeal to the will, in particular when used in prayers. b. Semantics The use of the volitive optative in the NT seems ...
Daniel B. Wallace, 1996
4
Modality and Subordinators
was itself a multifunctional morpheme; it denoted both the optative and the potential (as in Classic Greek and Sanskrit; Ramat 1998: 403, Mattson 1933: 3, Wessén 1956: 123). Proto-Indo-European also had another subjunctive form, but it had ...
Jackie Nordstrom, 2010
5
Verbal Aspect and Non-indicative Verbs: Further Soundings in ...
Chapter Three The Optative Mood 1. Introduction In this chapter, the function of verbal aspect in the optative mood is explored. It is demonstrated that the aspectual opposition of perfective and imperfective aspects is operational within this ...
Constantine R. Campbell, 2008
6
Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek
Ernest De Witt Burton. THE OPTATIVE MOOD. 174. The Optative Mood is much less frequent in the New Testament, and in Hellenistic writers generally, than in classical Greek. Cf. Harmon, The Optative Mood in Hellenistic Greek, in J.B.L. Dec.
Ernest De Witt Burton, 1892
7
Hindi
They not only mark the categories mentioned above, but also person and number in the case of optative, and gender and number in the case of simple past forms. The following contrast between the optative and simple past tense forms, since ...
Yamuna Kachru, 2006
8
A Sketch of the Indo-European Finite Verb
The optative. If the corresponding indicative stem is a biphasal athematic, the optative extends its minor phase by *-ie in sg. 1, 2, 3 and mostly in pl. 3, and by *-i - in pl. 1 and pl. 2. Thus, operating with the verb *e's-/s-L, the optative stem is *s- ie- ...
J. Alexander Kerns, Benjamin Isadore Schwartz, 1973
9
Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb
form to represent the future indicative was felt, and the. future optative was added to the verb to supply the need, appearing first in Pindar. In Homer, this use of the optative is imperfectly developed, as the optative with on or cis in a quotation ...
William Watson Goodwin, 1893
10
Biblical Greek: Illustrated by Examples
7) The Optative '" 354- In Hellenistic and Biblical Greek the optative is much rarer than in classical Greek. ^^ 355- a) The optative expressing a wish is still found in the NT in 38 examples, 29 of which are in Paul (the formula (x^( y£voito alone ...
Max Zerwick, 1963

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OPTATIVE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term optative is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Ancient tongue that forged the modern mind
Greek has lots of forms not used in English, among them the optative: a type of verb used to express wish or desire. It also has the dual: a word ... «Telegraph.co.uk, Jul 15»
2
Book: 'The Transformation Book' - Fernando Pessoa repurposed …
... destined to languish in the optative mood, with nary a hope that anyone might live long enough (or have the energy) to bring them to book. «Portuguese American Journal, May 15»
3
The Way Things Were by Aatish Taseer review – tracing India's …
The Way Things Were is a weighty, sometimes unwieldy novel that frequently takes more pleasure in pondering the third-person optative of ... «The Guardian, Mar 15»
4
A Loss for Words
In the advanced seminar at Kanatsiohareke, Mina Beauvais, whose Mohawk name is Tewateronhiakhwa, was teaching students the optative, ... «The New Yorker, Mar 15»
5
The New Republic at 100.
The optative mood of Wieseltier's words soon assumed an elegiac pall. Two weeks after that centennial issue appeared, both Foer and ... «The Fortnightly Review, Dec 14»
6
A New Toni Morrison Novel Will Arrive in April
With a single optative sentence, the author has raised her average words-per-title count from 1.4 to 1.63. Here's more information about the plot ... «Slate Magazine, Dec 14»
7
Rule Britannia
... objected that the 'rule' in 'Rule, Britannia/Britannia rules the waves' was not an exhortation, but was the optative form of the verb 'to rule'. «The Guardian, Oct 14»
8
Overcoming the barriers of co-operative identity
To boost the co-optative identity, the Alliance has opened up the COOP marque for all co-ops, and it has also taken responsibility of selling ... «Co-Operative News, Oct 14»
9
Why we love to hate Martin Amis
... cliche" is indicative: war isn't the only approach to cliche (Graham Swift, for instance, has more of a co-optative way with it) but it is Amis's. «The Guardian, Aug 14»
10
Chester Nez
Verbs do most of the work, agglutinated with suffixes and prefixes, in seven modes (including the usitative, iterative and optative), 12 aspects, ... «The Economist, Jun 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Optative [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/optative>. Jun 2019 ».
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