ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD OPTATIVE
Via French optatif, from Late Latin optātīvus, from Latin optāre to desire.
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OPTATIVE»
Discover the use of optative
in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to optative
and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
On the Grammar of Optative
The primary aim of this dissertation is to present an analysis for so-called optative constructions, clauses that express a wish, hope or desire without containing a lexical item that means 'wish', 'hope' or 'desire'.
Patrick Georg Grosz, 2012
A Practical Chinese Grammar
The Optative Verbs 1 .1 The word "optative" means "expressing a wish or desire."
In the Indo- European languages, a verb may appear in an optative mood to
express a wish or desire. In Chinese, such modal marking is done by an auxiliary
Hongnian Zhang, Sze-yun Liu, Lilin Shi, 1994
Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the ...
Definition This is the use of the optative in an independent clause to express an
obtainable wish or a prayer. It is frequently an appeal to the will, in particular
when used in prayers. b. Semantics The use of the volitive optative in the NT
Modality and Subordinators
was itself a multifunctional morpheme; it denoted both the optative and the
potential (as in Classic Greek and Sanskrit; Ramat 1998: 403, Mattson 1933: 3,
Wessén 1956: 123). Proto-Indo-European also had another subjunctive form, but
it had ...
Verbal Aspect and Non-indicative Verbs: Further Soundings in ...
Chapter Three The Optative Mood 1. Introduction In this chapter, the function of
verbal aspect in the optative mood is explored. It is demonstrated that the
aspectual opposition of perfective and imperfective aspects is operational within
Constantine R. Campbell, 2008
Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek
Ernest De Witt Burton. THE OPTATIVE MOOD. 174. The Optative Mood is much
less frequent in the New Testament, and in Hellenistic writers generally, than in
classical Greek. Cf. Harmon, The Optative Mood in Hellenistic Greek, in J.B.L.
Ernest De Witt Burton, 1892
They not only mark the categories mentioned above, but also person and number
in the case of optative, and gender and number in the case of simple past forms.
The following contrast between the optative and simple past tense forms, since ...
A Sketch of the Indo-European Finite Verb
The optative. If the corresponding indicative stem is a biphasal athematic, the
optative extends its minor phase by *-ie in sg. 1, 2, 3 and mostly in pl. 3, and by *-i
- in pl. 1 and pl. 2. Thus, operating with the verb *e's-/s-L, the optative stem is *s-
J. Alexander Kerns, Benjamin Isadore Schwartz, 1973
Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb
form to represent the future indicative was felt, and the. future optative was added
to the verb to supply the need, appearing first in Pindar. In Homer, this use of the
optative is imperfectly developed, as the optative with on or cis in a quotation ...
William Watson Goodwin, 1893
Biblical Greek: Illustrated by Examples
7) The Optative '" 354- In Hellenistic and Biblical Greek the optative is much rarer
than in classical Greek. ^^ 355- a) The optative expressing a wish is still found in
the NT in 38 examples, 29 of which are in Paul (the formula (x^( y£voito alone ...
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OPTATIVE»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term optative
is used in the context of the following news items.
Ancient tongue that forged the modern mind
Greek has lots of forms not used in English, among them the optative: a type of verb used to express wish or desire. It also has the dual: a word ... «Telegraph.co.uk, Jul 15»
Book: 'The Transformation Book' - Fernando Pessoa repurposed …
... destined to languish in the optative mood, with nary a hope that anyone might live long enough (or have the energy) to bring them to book. «Portuguese American Journal, May 15»
The Way Things Were by Aatish Taseer review – tracing India's …
The Way Things Were is a weighty, sometimes unwieldy novel that frequently takes more pleasure in pondering the third-person optative of ... «The Guardian, Mar 15»
A Loss for Words
In the advanced seminar at Kanatsiohareke, Mina Beauvais, whose Mohawk name is Tewateronhiakhwa, was teaching students the optative, ... «The New Yorker, Mar 15»
The New Republic at 100.
The optative mood of Wieseltier's words soon assumed an elegiac pall. Two weeks after that centennial issue appeared, both Foer and ... «The Fortnightly Review, Dec 14»
A New Toni Morrison Novel Will Arrive in April
With a single optative sentence, the author has raised her average words-per-title count from 1.4 to 1.63. Here's more information about the plot ... «Slate Magazine, Dec 14»
... objected that the 'rule' in 'Rule, Britannia/Britannia rules the waves' was not an exhortation, but was the optative form of the verb 'to rule'. «The Guardian, Oct 14»
Overcoming the barriers of co-operative identity
To boost the co-optative identity, the Alliance has opened up the COOP marque for all co-ops, and it has also taken responsibility of selling ... «Co-Operative News, Oct 14»
Why we love to hate Martin Amis
... cliche" is indicative: war isn't the only approach to cliche (Graham Swift, for instance, has more of a co-optative way with it) but it is Amis's. «The Guardian, Aug 14»
Verbs do most of the work, agglutinated with suffixes and prefixes, in seven modes (including the usitative, iterative and optative), 12 aspects, ... «The Economist, Jun 14»