Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.
Got it
Search

Meaning of "phosphorolysis" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF PHOSPHOROLYSIS

phosphorolysis  [ˌfɒsfəˈrɒlɪsɪs] play
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp

GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PHOSPHOROLYSIS

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Phosphorolysis is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES PHOSPHOROLYSIS MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Phosphorolysis

Phosphorolysis is the cleavage of a compound in which inorganic phosphate is the attacking group. It is analogous to hydrolysis. An example of this is glycogen breakdown by glycogen phosphorylase, which catalyzes attack by inorganic phosphate on the terminal glycosyl residue at the nonreducing end of a glycogen molecule. If the glycogen chain has n glucose units, the products of a single phosphorolytic event are one molecule of glucose 1-phosphate and a glycogen chain of n-1 remaining glucose units. In addition, sometimes phosphorolysis is preferable to hydrolysis because glucose 1-phosphate yields more ATP than does free glucose when subsequently catabolized to pyruvate. Another example of phosphorolysis is seen in the conversion of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate in glycolysis. The mechanism involves phosphorolysis.

Definition of phosphorolysis in the English dictionary

The definition of phosphorolysis in the dictionary is any reaction where chemical bonds are broken down by phosphoric acid or phosphate.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH PHOSPHOROLYSIS


autolysis
ɔːˈtɒlɪsɪs
cytolysis
saɪˈtɒlɪsɪs
electrolysis
ɪlɛkˈtrɒlɪsɪs
fibrinolysis
ˌfɪbrɪˈnɒlɪsɪs
glycogenolysis
ˌɡlaɪkəʊdʒəˈnɒlɪsɪs
glycolysis
ɡlaɪˈkɒlɪsɪs
haemolysis
hɪˈmɒlɪsɪs
hemolysis
hɪˈmɒlɪsɪs
heterolysis
ˌhɛtəˈrɒlɪsɪs
hydrogenolysis
ˌhaɪdrəʊdʒɪˈnɒlɪsɪs
hydrolysis
haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs
lipolysis
lɪˈpɒlɪsɪs
ozonolysis
ˌəʊzəʊˈnɒlɪsɪs
photolysis
fəʊˈtɒlɪsɪs
proteolysis
ˌprəʊtɪˈɒlɪsɪs
pyrolysis
paɪˈrɒlɪsɪs
radiolysis
ˌreɪdɪˈɒlɪsɪs
spondylolysis
ˌspɒndɪˈlɒlɪsɪs
thermolysis
θɜːˈmɒlɪsɪs
thrombolysis
ˌθrɒmˈbɒlɪsɪs

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PHOSPHOROLYSIS

phosphoric
phosphoric acid
phosphoric anhydride
phosphoric(V) acid
phosphorise
phosphorism
phosphorite
phosphoritic
phosphorize
phosphorolyses
phosphorolytic
phosphoroscope
phosphorous
phosphorous acid
phosphorus
phosphorus pentoxide
phosphoryl
phosphorylase
phosphorylate
phosphorylation

WORDS THAT END LIKE PHOSPHOROLYSIS

analysis
blot analysis
catalysis
cost analysis
cost-benefit analysis
dialysis
factor analysis
haemodialysis
hemodialysis
hemoptysis
in the last analysis
lysis
market analysis
microanalysis
numerical analysis
paralysis
psychoanalysis
quantitative analysis
sales analysis
self-analysis
systems analysis

Synonyms and antonyms of phosphorolysis in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «phosphorolysis» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PHOSPHOROLYSIS

Find out the translation of phosphorolysis to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of phosphorolysis from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «phosphorolysis» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

磷酸解
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

fosforolisis
570 millions of speakers

English

phosphorolysis
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

phosphorolysis
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

فسرلة
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

фосфоролиз
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

fosforólise
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

phosphorolysis
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

phosphorolyse
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Phosphorolysis
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Phosphorolyse
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

加リン酸分解
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

가인
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Phosphorolysis
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

phosphorolysis
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

பாஸ்பரோபகுப்பு
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

फास्फोरोलिसिस
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

fosforoliz
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

fosforolisi
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

fosforolizy
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

фосфороліза
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

fosforoliză
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

φωσφορόλυσης
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

fosforolise
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

phosphorolysis
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

phosphorolysis
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of phosphorolysis

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PHOSPHOROLYSIS»

The term «phosphorolysis» is used very little and occupies the 177.848 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
17
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «phosphorolysis» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of phosphorolysis
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «phosphorolysis».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PHOSPHOROLYSIS» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «phosphorolysis» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «phosphorolysis» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about phosphorolysis

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PHOSPHOROLYSIS»

Discover the use of phosphorolysis in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to phosphorolysis and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Nutritional Biochemistry
Sucrase, maltase, and isomaltase catalyze the hydrolysis of specific sugars. Phosphorolysis of glycogen is one notable exception to the generalization that biological polymers are broken down by hydrolysis. Glycogen, a polymer consisting of ...
Tom Brody, 1999
2
General Microbiology
Phosphorolysis. The conversion of starch, glycogen, and similar polysaccharides to glucose-l-phosphate is catalysed by a- 1 ,4-glucan phosphorylases ( phosphorylases). Although the reaction is reversible, it occurs intracellularly only in ...
Hans Günter Schlegel, C. Zaborosch, 1993
3
Molecular Associations in Biology: Proceedings of the ...
Effect of dialysis on the phosphorolysis of tRNA. From Thang et al. (1967b). The incubation mixture contained: Tris, pH 8, 50 mM; MgCl; , 0.5 mM; “POM 10 mM; tRNA, A260 =4.8; polynucleotide phosphorylase, 22 units/ml. The phosphorolysis  ...
Bernard Pullman, 2012
4
PROG NUCLEIC ACID RES&MOLECULAR BIO
This matter was investigated more thoroughly by Grunberg-Manago and Michelson (121), who found that F-UDP is polymerized less rapidly than UDP by polynucleotide phosphorylase, and that the phosphorolysis of the poly FU is also slower.
James Norman Davidson, Howard E Taylor, Waldo E. Cohn, 1965
5
The Enzymes
\i III Adenine — C ^ O O O (35) Adenine — ( J O + PP; Since various polynucleotides are cleaved by phosphorolysis and pyro- phosphorolysis to yield nucleoside diphosphates and triphosphates, it is evident that the 3',5'- phosphodiester ...
Paul D. Boyer, Edwin G. Krebs, D. S. Sigman, 1973
6
Class 2 Transferases XI: EC 2.7.6 - 2.7.7
EC 2.7.6 - 2.7.7 Dietmar Schomburg, Antje Chang, Ida Schomburg. 0.05 <8> ( heptauridylate, <8> phosphorolysis reaction [3]) [3] 0.25 <10> (phosphate, <10> pH 8.0, 20°C, ADP-phosphate-exchange reaction [8]) [8] 0.25 <8> (tetrauridylate,  ...
Dietmar Schomburg, Antje Chang, Ida Schomburg, 2007
7
The Nucleic Acids
51' 53 Tobacco mosaic Virus ribonucleic acid, in contrast, was found to be phosphorolyzed fairly readily.51 (2) Phosphorolysis 0f Ribo-oligonucleotides. While the macromolecular structure has an important influence on the phosphorolysis ...
Erwin Chargaff, 2012
8
Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology
Phosphorolysis The discovery of a reaction whereby glucosidic linkages can be broken down by direct interaction with phosphoric acid through the medium of a specific enzyme called phosphorylase introduces a different concept into the ...
F. F. Nord, 2009
9
ADVANCES IN CARBOHYDRATE CHEMISTRY
Action of P-Enzyme on Amylase—The degradation of most samples of amylase by P-enzyme in the presence of inorganic phosphate (phosphorolysis) is incomplete, the conversion into a—D-glucosyl phosphate being134 about 70%.
‎1963
10
Molecular Biology of RNA Processing and Decay in Prokaryotes
Phosphorylases Degradation of polynucleotides by phosphorolysis is ubiquitous. Remarkably, phosphate is not only part of the backbone of nucleic acids and a variety of other building blocks of structural components of the cell (membranes, ...
‎2009

NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PHOSPHOROLYSIS»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term phosphorolysis is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Continuous enzyme-coupled assay of phosphate- or pyrophosphate …
In the presence of phosphate, PNPase catalyzes the phosphorolysis of inosine, generating hypoxanthine, which is oxidized to uric acid by XOD. The uric acid ... «BioTechniques.com, Aug 12»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Phosphorolysis [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/phosphorolysis>. Aug 2019 ».
en
English dictionary
Discover all that is hidden in the words on
index
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z