Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.
Got it
Search

Meaning of "pineal" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD PINEAL

Via French from Latin pīnea pine cone.
info
Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp
section

PRONUNCIATION OF PINEAL

pineal  [ˈpɪnɪəl] play
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp

GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PINEAL

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Pineal is an adjective.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES PINEAL MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Pineal gland

The pineal gland, also known as the pineal body, conarium or epiphysis cerebri, is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotonin derivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of sleep patterns in the circadian rhythms and seasonal functions. Its shape resembles a tiny pine cone, and it is located in the epithalamus, near the centre of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two halves of the thalamus join. Nearly all vertebrate species possess a pineal gland. The most important exception is the hagfish, which is often thought of as the most primitive type of vertebrate. Even in the hagfish, however, there may be a "pineal equivalent" structure in the dorsal diencephalon. The lancelet Branchiostoma lanceolatum, the nearest existing relative to vertebrates, also lacks a recognizable pineal gland. The lamprey, however, does possess one. A few more developed vertebrates, including the alligator, lack pineal glands because they have been lost over the course of evolution.

Definition of pineal in the English dictionary

The definition of pineal in the dictionary is resembling a pine cone. Other definition of pineal is of or relating to the pineal gland.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH PINEAL


calcaneal
kælˈkeɪnɪəl
cranial
ˈkreɪnɪəl
curvilineal
ˌkɜːvɪˈlɪnɪəl
domanial
dəʊˈmeɪnɪəl
endocranial
ˌɛndəʊˈkreɪnɪəl
extracranial
ˌekstrəˈkreɪnɪəl
finial
ˈfaɪnɪəl
geranial
dʒɪˈreɪnɪəl
interlineal
ˌɪntəˈlɪnɪəl
intracranial
ˌɪntrəˈkreɪnɪəl
lineal
ˈlɪnɪəl
matrilineal
ˌmætrɪˈlɪnɪəl
patrilineal
ˌpætrɪˈlɪnɪəl
pectineal
pekˈtɪnɪəl
postcranial
ˌpəʊstˈkreɪnɪəl
rectilineal
ˌrektɪˈlɪnɪəl
tineal
ˈtɪnɪəl
transcranial
trænzˈkreɪnɪəl
trichogynial
ˌtrɪkəʊˈdʒɪnɪəl
unlineal
ʌnˈlɪnɪəl

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PINEAL

pine end
pine grove
pine kernel
pine marten
pine needle
pine nut
pine siskin
pine tar
Pine Tree State
pine-like
pineal body
pineal eye
pineal gland
pinealectomise
pinealectomize
pinealectomy
pineapple
pineapple juice
pineapple tree
pineapple weed

WORDS THAT END LIKE PINEAL

anconeal
anneal
balneal
cochineal
corneal
cuneal
dyspneal
hymeneal
intraperitoneal
multilineal
perineal
peritoneal
peroneal
retroperitoneal
stamineal
vineal

Synonyms and antonyms of pineal in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «pineal» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PINEAL

Find out the translation of pineal to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of pineal from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «pineal» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

松果体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

pineal
570 millions of speakers

English

pineal
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

पीनियल
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الصنوبرية
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

шишковидной
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

pineal
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

পাইন-গাছের মোচাকার ফলের ন্যায় আকারবিশিষ্ট
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

pinéale
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Pineal
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Zirbeldrüse
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

松果体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

뇌의
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Pineal
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

có hình giống trái tùng
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

பினியல்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

शंकूच्या आकाराचा
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

epifiz
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

pineale
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

szyszynka
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

шишкоподібної
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

pineala
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

κωνοειδής
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

pineale
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

tallkottkörteln
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

pineal
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of pineal

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PINEAL»

The term «pineal» is regularly used and occupies the 59.780 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
72
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «pineal» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of pineal
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «pineal».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PINEAL» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «pineal» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «pineal» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about pineal

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PINEAL»

Discover the use of pineal in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to pineal and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Melatonin and the Mammalian Pineal Gland
This book should appeal to a broad range of scientists - anybody wishing to learn about this mysterious organ and its role, and should be of interest to students and postgraduates with an interest in animal behaviour, physiology and ...
J. Arendt, 1995
2
The Pineal Gland and Cancer: Neuroimmunoendocrine Mechanisms ...
This book elucidates the physiological significance of the pineal gland and surveys phenomena and mechanisms of pineal - tumor interaction at the neuroendocrine, neuroimmune, neural, and molecular levels.
C. Bartsch, H. Bartsch, D. E. Blask, 2011
3
Biological Rhythms, Mood Disorders, Light Therapy, and the ...
Biological Rhythms, Mood Disorders, Light Therapy, and the Pineal Gland combines the experience of psychiatric clinicians, psychiatric residents, medical students, endocrinologists, psychoimmunologists, neurobiologists, neuroanatomists, and ...
Mohammad Shafii, Sharon Lee Shafii, 1990
4
The Pineal Gland of Vertebrates Including Man
Quay, W.B. and Millar, R. (1971) Organization and histology of the pineal region in the hyrax (Procavia capensis). Amer. J. Anat., 130: 377-392. Quay, W.B. and Renzoni, A. (1966) Twenty-four-hour rhythms in the pineal mitotic activity and ...
J. Ariëns Kappers, 2011
5
Pineal Region Tumors: Diagnosis and Treatment Options
This valuable book will enhance the knowledge on pineal tumor treatment of not only neurosurgeons and radiation oncologists but also neurologists, neuro-oncologists, pediatricians and neuropathologists interested in pineal region tumors.
Tatsuya Kobayashi, L. Dade Lunsford, 2009
6
The Pineal Organ, Its Hormone Melatonin, and the ...
Development and gross anatomy of the pineal complex have been repeatedly and comprehensively dealt with (Studnicka 1905; Bargmann 1943; Vollrath 1981; Korf and Oksche 1986; Korf 1994); thus this chapter reviews only some basic ...
Werner Korf, Christof Schomerus, Jörg H. Stehle, 1998
7
Human Brain Stem Vessels: Including the Pineal Gland and ...
Compared to its predecessor, this new edition also includes figures relating to the superficial venous network of the brain stem, thus giving readers a more precise and complete view of the superficial brainstem vessels.
Henri M. Duvernoy, 1999
8
Role of Melatonin and Pineal Peptides in Neuroimmunomodulation
Proceedings of a NATO ARW held in Erice, Sicily, Italy, June 3-9, 1990
Franco Fraschini, Russel J. Reiter, 2012
9
Endocrine Pathology:: Differential Diagnosis and Molecular ...
The human pineal is a small gland shaped like a pine cone and located posteriorly in the midline of the brain, at the quadrigeminal plate cistern. In the adult, the gland measures approximately 8 mm in its longest diameter and weighs about ...
Ricardo V. Lloyd, 2010
10
Photoperiodism, Metatonin and the Pineal
Berg GR, Klein DC 1972 Norepinephrine increases the (”P) labelling of a phospholipid fraction of postsynaptic pineal membranes. J Neurochem 19:2519- 2532 Brownstein M, Axelrod J 1974 Pineal gland: 24 hour rhythm in norepinephrine ...
CIBA Foundation Symposium, 2009

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PINEAL»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term pineal is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Two cases of pineal-region meningiomas derived from arachnoid …
We present two rare cases of pineal-region meningiomas. These tumors are the first reported cases of dura-unrelated meningiomas originating ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
2
Australians Living By The Beach Are Having The Most Sex, Says …
Apparently, we all have a third eye called the “pineal gland,” which is located in the middle of our brains that secretes melatonin. If you're not ... «Bustle, Jul 15»
3
Bright lights, big city: the problem with light pollution
... deep inside our brain, which in turn controls the hormone production in glands such as the pituitary, pineal, adrenal and thyroid glands. «The Press, Jul 15»
4
The case against fluoride
It collects in the bone and pineal gland. It affects hormones and enzymes. It makes changes in the body; if that's not a drug, what is? Medical ... «Rutland Herald, Jul 15»
5
Nature Journal: Lizards' detachable tails, third eyes
“The parietal eye in lizards is tied to their pineal gland; a gland that produces, among other hormones, melatonin — the hormone that helps ... «Asheville Citizen-Times, Jul 15»
6
Colorado City Stops Water Fluoridation Following Concerning Study
In fact, water fluoridation can calcify the pineal gland, cause the thyroid gland to become underactive, interfere with important endocrine system ... «Center for Research on Globalization, Jul 15»
7
Fitness column: Funny you should bring up fluoride
... is directly correlated with tooth decay and the calcification of tissues within the body like our arteries and glands, particularly the pineal gland. «Glenwood Springs Post Independent, Jul 15»
8
Robert R. McGill Administrative Law Blog on Lawyers.com
... to further prevent the impoverishment of the soul, whether located in the pineal gland, or in the ethereal universe of a childhood summer long ... «Lawyers.com Blog, Jul 15»
9
How Chronic Insomnia Destroys Skin Health
Melatonin is the primary sleep hormone produced nocturnally by the pineal gland in a process driven by a "biological clock” located in the ... «ProHealth, Jul 15»
10
Ramadan 2015 Special: Health Benefits Of Doing Namaz
Sajda also stimulates the master gland pituitary gland as well as the pineal gland. In most cases, it is scientifically proven that this Namaz ... «BoldSky, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Pineal [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/pineal>. Sep 2019 ».
en
English dictionary
Discover all that is hidden in the words on
index
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z