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To say that mind is a product or function of protoplasm, or of its molecular changes, is to use words to which we can attach no clear conception.
Alfred Russel Wallace

Meaning of "protoplasm" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD PROTOPLASM

From New Latin, from proto- + Greek plasma form.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF PROTOPLASM

protoplasm  [ˈprəʊtəˌplæzəm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PROTOPLASM

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Protoplasm is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES PROTOPLASM MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Protoplasm

Protoplasm is the living contents of a cell that is surrounded by a plasma membrane. It is a general term for the cytoplasm. Protoplasm is composed of a mixture of small molecules such as ions, amino acids, monosaccharides and water, and macromolecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and polysaccharides. In eukaryotes the protoplasm surrounding the cell nucleus is known as the cytoplasm and that inside the nucleus as the nucleoplasm. In prokaryotes the material inside the plasma membrane is the bacterial cytoplasm, while in Gram-negative bacteria the region outside the plasma membrane but inside the outer membrane is the periplasm. The word "protoplasm" comes from the Greek protos for first, and plasma for thing formed. It was first used in 1846 by Hugo von Mohl to describe the "tough, slimy, granular, semi-fluid" substance within plant cells, to distinguish this from the cell wall, cell nucleus and the cell sap within the vacuole. Thomas Huxley later referred to it as the "physical basis of life" and considered that the property of life resulted from the distribution of molecules within this substance.

Definition of protoplasm in the English dictionary

The definition of protoplasm in the dictionary is the living contents of a cell, differentiated into cytoplasm and nucleoplasm.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH PROTOPLASM


alloplasm
ˈæləˌplæzəm
archiplasm
ˈɑːkɪˌplæzəm
archoplasm
ˈɑːkəˌplæzəm
axoplasm
ˈæksəʊˌplæzəm
bioplasm
ˈbaɪəʊˌplæzəm
cataplasm
ˈkætəˌplæzəm
cytoplasm
ˈsaɪtəʊˌplæzəm
deuteroplasm
ˈdjuːtərəʊˌplæzəm
ectoplasm
ˈɛktəʊˌplæzəm
endoplasm
ˈɛndəʊˌplæzəm
hyaloplasm
ˈhaɪələʊˌplæzəm
idioplasm
ˈɪdɪəʊˌplæzəm
neoplasm
ˈniːəʊˌplæzəm
neuroplasm
ˈnjʊərəˌplæzəm
nucleoplasm
ˈnjuːklɪəˌplæzəm
periplasm
ˈperɪˌplæzəm
piroplasm
ˈpɪrəˌplæzəm
sarcoplasm
ˈsɑːkəʊˌplæzəm
somatoplasm
ˈsəʊmətəˌplæzəm
trophoplasm
ˈtrɒfəˌplæzəm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PROTOPLASM

protonotaries
protonotary
protopathic
protopathy
protophilic
protophloem
protophyte
protophytic
protoplanet
protoplanetary
protoplasmal
protoplasmatic
protoplasmic
protoplast
protoplastic
protopod
protoporphyrin
protore
Protosemitic
protospataire

WORDS THAT END LIKE PROTOPLASM

blepharospasm
bronchospasm
cataclasm
chasm
chiasm
deutoplasm
enthusiasm
ergastoplasm
fantasm
germ plasm
iconoclasm
karyoplasm
metaplasm
orgasm
phantasm
plasm
sarcasm
spasm
vasospasm
wasm

Synonyms and antonyms of protoplasm in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «protoplasm» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PROTOPLASM

Find out the translation of protoplasm to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of protoplasm from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «protoplasm» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

原生质
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

protoplasma
570 millions of speakers

English

protoplasm
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

पुरस
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

جبلة
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

протоплазма
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

protoplasma
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

পঙ্ক
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

protoplasme
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Protoplasma
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Protoplasma
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

原形質
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

원형질
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Protoplasm
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

nguyên sinh vật
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

புரோட்டோபிளாசம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

प्रोटॉपलाझ
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

protoplazma
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

protoplasma
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

protoplazma
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

протоплазма
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

protoplasmă
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

πρωτόπλασμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

protoplasma
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

protoplasma
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

protoplasm
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of protoplasm

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PROTOPLASM»

The term «protoplasm» is normally little used and occupies the 128.132 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
40
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «protoplasm» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of protoplasm
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «protoplasm».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PROTOPLASM» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «protoplasm» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «protoplasm» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about protoplasm

EXAMPLES

2 QUOTES WITH «PROTOPLASM»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word protoplasm.
1
Asa Gray
This substance, which is manifold in its forms and protean in its transformations, has, in its state of living matter, one physiological name which has become familiar, that of protoplasm.
2
Alfred Russel Wallace
To say that mind is a product or function of protoplasm, or of its molecular changes, is to use words to which we can attach no clear conception.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PROTOPLASM»

Discover the use of protoplasm in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to protoplasm and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Protoplasm
The living substance; The cell; Model making; micrurgy; Tissue culture; The colloidal state Emulsions; Hydrophilic sols and gels; Surface tencion; Adsorption; Osmosis; Imbibition; Viscosity; Elasticity.
William Seifriz, 1936
2
Competition Science Vision
Introduction The colloidal complex of protein that composes the living material of a cell is termed as protoplasm. All living things are composed of the essential substance, protoplasm, which has been very aptly described by Thomas Henry ...
3
Protoplasm: Or, Matter and Life. with Some Remarks Upon the ...
This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923.
Lionel Smith Beale, 2012
4
The dynamics of living protoplasm
Protoplasmic viscosity; Protoplasmic gels; The electrochemistry of the cell; The surface precipitation reaction; Protoplasmic clotting; Muscular contraction; The excitation of nerve; Conduction and transmission; Cell division; The ...
Lewis Victor Heilbrunn, 1956
5
Investigations on microscopic foams and on protoplasm: ...
Experiments & observations directed towards a solution of the question of the physical conditions of the phenomena of life Otto Bütschli, Edward Alfred Minchin . INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX INDEX THE END Printed by R. &. 371 fluence of ...
Otto Bütschli, Edward Alfred Minchin, 1894
6
Protoplasm: the physical basis of life ... Reprinted from ...
And were I to return to my own place by sea, and undergo shipwreck, the crustacea might, and probably would, return the compliment, and demonstrate our common nature by turning my protoplasm into living lobster. Or, if nothing better were ...
Thomas Henry Huxley, 1869
7
The Cell and Protoplasm
This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923.
American Association for the Advancement, Forest Ray Moulton, 2011
8
Competition Science Vision
All living things are composed of the essential living substance, protoplasm, which has been very aptly described by T. H. Huxley (1868) as 'the physical basis of life'. Protoplasm is a soft, jelly-like substance which is always in a state of motion.
9
The Vitality and Organization of Protoplasm
By watching the self-divison of quiescent Infusoria, such as that of Epistylis, or still better that of Colpoda cucullus, the out and out trans- fromation of the protoplasm by force of an elaborate process of reconsti- tution from independent centers of ...
Edmund Montgomery, 1904
10
life
CHAPTER II PROTOPLASM AND CELLS THE CONSTITUTION OF PROTOPLASM —THE AMOEBA— TISSUES The remainder of the cell is more or less densely filled with an opaque, viscid fluid, of a white colour, having granules  ...

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PROTOPLASM»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term protoplasm is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Your garden is too sparse
I read somewhere once that nature's goal was to cover the earth with as thick a layer of protoplasm as possible. That sounds about right, if a little murky and ... «Washington Post, Jul 15»
2
Liberal triumphs may lead to abortion ban
Among liberals, the view that a fetus is a “blob of protoplasm” with no inherent value has largely been eclipsed. Instead, we hear calls for abortion to be “safe, ... «Bucks County Courier Times, Jul 15»
3
What's the Deal with Paranormal Ectoplasm?
Or for that external protoplasm--called ectoplasm--to change form. Eventually modern molecular biology revealed that heredity is stored not in the vibrations of a ... «Popular Science, Jun 15»
4
Diets that can prevent cancer
“The water in melon is living water that has been in intimate contact with protoplasm of vegetable cells, most especially reducing alkalinizing bodies. “The most ... «The News, Jun 15»
5
Illustration by Kevin Van Aelst for The Chronicle Review
Raised by working-class parents in the Bronx and then New Jersey, he describes his family as "twitching blobs of biological protoplasm cowering under the ... «Chronicle of Higher Education, May 15»
6
Boris Danik: How steel was hardened
Consciousness of many young people in Ukraine under the Soviet regime had been shaped in the protoplasm of presumed commonality between Ukrainian ... «Kyiv Post, Apr 15»
7
So What if a Baby Has Three Biological Parents?
Some Background. What is mitochondrial transplantation? Basically, the mitochondria are little battery packs. They are in the cell protoplasm, not in the nucleus. «Medscape, Apr 15»
8
Shining City at Main Stage West, Sebastopol REVIEW by Suzanne …
This is a ghost story that's about more than just floating bits of protoplasm. It's about haunted people who carry their ghosts around with them. The tale unrolls like ... «Sonoma County Gazette, Mar 15»
9
New Yorker cartoonist Roz Chast takes on eldercare in new book
Elizabeth does not wish to become “A PULSATING PIECE OF PROTOPLASM!” Hospitals cannot be avoided. George breaks a hip, and Elizabeth's diverticulitis ... «GMA News, Jul 14»
10
Robert Goddard's Secret Plan for the Future of Humankind in Space
And if this proved to be impossible, he thought it might "be possible to reduce the protoplasm in the human body to the granular state, so that it can withstand the ... «io9, Jan 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Protoplasm [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/protoplasm>. Dec 2019 ».
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