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There is no greater country on Earth for entrepreneurship than America. In every category, from the high-tech world of Silicon Valley, where I live, to University R&D labs, to countless Main Street small business owners, Americans are taking risks, embracing new ideas and - most importantly - creating jobs.
Eric Ries

Meaning of "R&D" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF R&D

R&D  [ˌɑːrənˈdiː] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF R&D

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
R&d is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES R&D MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Research and development

The research and development is a specific group of activities within a business. The activities that are classified as R&D differ from company to company, but there are two primary models. In one model, the primary function of an R&D group is to develop new products; in the other model, the primary function of an R&D group is to discover and create new knowledge about scientific and technological topics for the purpose of uncovering and enabling development of valuable new products, processes, and services. Under both models, R&D differs from the vast majority of a company's activities which are intended to yield nearly immediate profit or immediate improvements in operations and involve little uncertainty as to the return on investment. The first model of R&D is generally staffed by engineers while the second model may be staffed with industrial scientists. R&D activities are carried out by corporate or governmental entities.

Definition of R&D in the English dictionary

The definition of R&D in the dictionary is research into, and development of new products.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH R&D


ABD
ˌeɪbiːˈdiː
attendee
əˌtɛnˈdiː
awardee
əˌwɔːˈdiː
BDD
ˌbiːdiːˈdiː
CRD
ˌsiːɑːˈdiː
DTD
ˌdiːtiːˈdiː
Dundee
dʌnˈdiː
FDD
ˌɛfdiːˈdiː
GED
ˌdʒiːiːˈdiː
grandee
ɡrænˈdiː
pardee
pɑːˈdiː
perdy
ˌpɜːˈdiː
Saadi
sɑːˈdiː
Sadi
sɑːˈdiː
secondee
səˌkɒnˈdiː
Sekondi
ˌsɛkənˈdiː
standee
stænˈdiː
tweedledee
ˌtwiːdəlˈdiː
vendee
vɛnˈdiː
VFD
ˌviːɛfˈdiː

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE R&D

R & B
R & D
R and R
r-colour
r-coloured
r-colouring
R-methodology
r.
r.a.m.
r.m.m.
R&B
R&R
R2I
Ra
ra-ra skirt
RAAF
rabanna
Rabat

Synonyms and antonyms of R&D in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «R&D» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF R&D

Find out the translation of R&D to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of R&D from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «R&D» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

ř
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

R
570 millions of speakers

English

R&D
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

आर
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

R
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

R
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

R
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

R -u0026 D-
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

R
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

R -u0026 D
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

R
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

R
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

R
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

R -u0026 D
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

R
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஆர் -u0026 டி
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

आर आणि डी
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Ar-Ge
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

R
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

R
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

R
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

R
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

R
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

R
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

R
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

R
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of R&D

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «R&D»

The term «R&D» is very widely used and occupies the 239 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Very widely used
98
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «R&D» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of R&D
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «R&D».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «R&D» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «R&D» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «R&D» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about R&D

EXAMPLES

4 QUOTES WITH «R&D»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word R&D.
1
Marco Brambilla
The art world has become the R&D department for so much fashion and music, so knock-offs are getting better and better.
2
Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
Unfortunately, our stock is somehow not well understood by the markets. The market compares us with generic companies. We need to look at Biocon as a bellwether stock. A stock that is differentiated, a stock that is focused on R&D, and a very, very strong balance sheet with huge value drivers at the end of it.
3
Eric Ries
There is no greater country on Earth for entrepreneurship than America. In every category, from the high-tech world of Silicon Valley, where I live, to University R&D labs, to countless Main Street small business owners, Americans are taking risks, embracing new ideas and - most importantly - creating jobs.
4
Harold E. Varmus
I keep encouraging the pharmaceutical companies to put more money into R&D.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «R&D»

Discover the use of R&D in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to R&D and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The R Book
Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf.
Michael J. Crawley, 2012
2
The R Book
Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf.
Michael J. Crawley, 2012
3
The R Book
The R Book is aimed at undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in science, engineering and medicine. It is also ideal for students and professionals in statistics, economics, geography and the social sciences.
Michael J. Crawley, 2007
4
R Cookbook
With more than 200 practical recipes, this book helps you perform data analysis with R quickly and efficiently.
Paul Teetor, 2011
5
R Graphics Cookbook
"Practical recipes for visualizing data"--Cover.
Winston Chang, 2013
6
Data Manipulation with R
Everyone using R needs to work with data, data almost always comes from an external source that has to be imported into R. The tasks covered in this book are essential tasks in R.
Phil Spector, 2008
7
Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R: analysis with R
Addresses the needs of researchers and students using R to analyze spatial data across a range of disciplines and professions.
Roger S. Bivand, Edzer J. Pebesma, Virgilio Gómez-Rubio, 2008
8
R Graphics
Much of the information presented in this book cannot be found anywhere else. Well ahead of the curve, particularly regarding the grid system, R Graphics will have a major impact on the future direction of statistical graphics development.
Paul Murrell, 2005
9
Applied Econometrics with R
This book covers a variety of regression models, regression diagnostics and robustness issues, the nonlinear models of microeconomics, time series and time series econometrics.
Christian Kleiber, Achim Zeileis, 2008
10
R For Dummies
Requiring no prior programming experience and packed with practical examples, easy, step-by-step exercises, and sample code, this extremely accessible guide is the ideal introduction to R for complete beginners.
Joris Meys, Andrie de Vries, 2012

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. R&d [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/r-and-d-1>. Jun 2019 ».
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