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WHAT DOES SPUTUM MEAN IN ENGLISH?
Sputum is mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways. In medicine, sputum samples are usually used for microbiological investigations of respiratory infections and cytological investigation of respiratory systems. The best sputum samples contain very little saliva, as this contaminates the sample with oral bacteria. This event is assessed by the clinical microbiologist by examining a Gram stain of the sputum. More than 25 squamous epithelial cells at low enlargement indicates salivary contamination. When a sputum specimen is plated out, it is best to get the portion of the sample that most looks like pus onto the swab. If there is any blood in the sputum, this should also be on the swab. Microbiological sputum samples are usually used to look for infections by Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. Other pathogens can also be found. Purulent Sputum contains pus, composed of white blood cells, cellular debris, dead tissue, serous fluid and viscous liquid. Mostly, it is yellow in color, as well as green.
The definition of sputum in the dictionary is a mass of salivary matter ejected from the mouth. Other definition of sputum is saliva ejected from the mouth mixed with mucus or pus exuded from the respiratory passages, as in bronchitis or bronchiectasis.
The translations of sputum from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «sputum» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «sputum».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SPUTUM» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «sputum» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «sputum» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about sputum
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SPUTUM»
Discover the use of sputum in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to sputum and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Chest Medicine: Essentials of Pulmonary and Critical Care ...
SPUTUM EXPECTORATION If the patient has a productive cough, the duration of
sputum expectoration, the character of the sputum, and the presence or absence
of blood should be determined. Cigarette smokers with chronic bronchitis have ...
Ronald B. George, 2005
Pathology of the Lung
Roger W. Amy S. Donald Greenberg The purpose of this chapter is to discuss
preparation techniques for the cytological examination of sputum, bronchial
brushes, bronchial lavage fluid, fine needle aspirates, and bronchoalveolar
William M. Thurlbeck, Andrew Churg, 1995
Medical Management of Pulmonary Diseases
Table 3 Patient Information About Sputum Production Time when sputum
production began Time of day when sputum is greatest Color of sputum (clear,
white, yellow. green. red) Bloody sputum (hemoptysis) Quantity of sputum per
Theodore Marcy, 1999
Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: Essentials of ...
Sputum specimens. A. Gram stain of an unacceptable "sputum" specimen. Note
the predominance of squamous epithelial cells (arrows). B. Gram stain of an
acceptable sputum specimen. Note the predominance of neutrophils (arrows).
Paul G. Engelkirk, Janet L. Duben-Engelkirk, 2008
Cytology: Diagnostic Principles and Clinical Correlates
Sputum consists of a mixture of cellular and noncellu- lar elements that are
cleared by the mucociliary apparatus. It was once the most common respiratory
tract specimen because it is relatively easy to obtain and causes little if any
Edmund S. Cibas, Barbara S. Ducatman, 2009
General Nursing - Medical and Surgical Textbook
The patient's appetite may be suppressed by the smell of the sputum and the
taste which it leaves in the mouth. Good oral hygiene, and food which stimulates
the appetite should resolve this problem. A glass of orange juice before a meal ...
M.J. Viljoen, L.R. Uys, 1989
Koneman's Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology
Clinicians who send a sputum specimen to the laboratory without having a
clinical diagnosis of pneumonia in hand are asking for confusing, or even
misleading, information. Once a diagnosis of pneumonia has been made, the
laboratory can ...
Elmer W. Koneman, 2006
Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests
Sputum that contains many organisms and WBCs on smear but no pathogens on
aerobic culture may indicate aspiration pneumonia. Sputum is not appropriate for
anaerobic culture. Sensitivity of sputum culture is estimated at 25% to 50%.
Jacques Burton Wallach, 2007
Color Atlas of Pulmonary Cytopathology
Sputum is the most accessible specimen for pulmonary cytology. Spontaneous
production of significant amounts of sputum indicates pulmonary disease.
Sputum represents secretions that originate from the alveolar spaces, consisting
Sudha R. Kini, 2002
Lippincott's Nursing Procedures
"Review Criteria for Assessment of Qualitative Fecal Occult Blood In Vitro
Diagnostic Devices," U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and
Drug Administration, August 8, 2007. OTHER SPECIMENS Sputum collection ...
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SPUTUM»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term sputum is used in the context of the following news items.
Study Reveals New Insights Into Sputum Microenvironment in …
In order to test their hypothesis, researchers analyzed 48 sputum samples from 22 pediatric CF patients attended at the Children's Hospital Los Angeles. «Cystic Fibrosis News Today, Jul 15»
Sputum Aspirator Market 2014-2018 Industry Analysis and Forecast
The research report, titled 'Global Sputum Aspirator Industry 2015, presents crucial information and statistical data about the Sputum Aspirator market with ... «Medgadget.com, Jul 15»
Pooling Samples Leads to 30 Percent Cost Savings for Xpert TB …
"The more you manipulate sputum, the higher the risk of infection and cross-contamination," Cuevas noted. "You need to do this in a laboratory that has good ... «GenomeWeb, Jun 15»
PATHSEEK Researchers Sequence M. Tuberculosis Directly …
She and her colleagues noted that Cepheid's Xpert MTB/RIF test and similar assays could quickly determine whether a sputum sample harbors multi-drug ... «GenomeWeb, May 15»
Coughing up blood: when should you be concerned?
Coughing up blood (haemoptysis), or blood in your sputum should always be treated as a warning sign. Although it may be a sign of something sinister, it can ... «Health24, Apr 15»
Sputum eosinophils, %*
Background Monitoring sputum eosinophils in asthma predicts exacerbations and improves management of asthma. Thus far, blood eosinophils and FENO ... «Medscape, Apr 15»
Mumbai has more MDR-TB patients than global average
When 40-year-old Sana Bano went to get her sputum tested at civic-run centre in Dharavi, she was told that she is multi-drug resistant (MDR-TB) patient and she ... «Daily News & Analysis, Mar 15»
A New Study Method for P. aeruginosa May Accelerate CF Research
As described in their paper, “Essential Genome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Cystic Fibrosis Sputum,” Dr. Whiteley's team first used computer simulations to ... «Cystic Fibrosis News Today, Mar 15»
New data shows test can help physicians remove patients with …
CDC recommends keeping that person isolated until clinical and laboratory information, including acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear testing of three sputum (mucus ... «FDA.gov, Feb 15»
Testing sputum for three microRNA biomarkers may help identify …
Among patients who had an unidentifiable lung nodule detected by a chest CT scan, testing sputum for a panel of three microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers ... «Oncology Nurse Advisor, Feb 15»
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