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Meaning of "sputum" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD SPUTUM

From Latin: spittle, from spuere to spit out.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF SPUTUM

sputum  [ˈspjuːtəm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF SPUTUM

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Sputum is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES SPUTUM MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Sputum

Sputum is mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways. In medicine, sputum samples are usually used for microbiological investigations of respiratory infections and cytological investigation of respiratory systems. The best sputum samples contain very little saliva, as this contaminates the sample with oral bacteria. This event is assessed by the clinical microbiologist by examining a Gram stain of the sputum. More than 25 squamous epithelial cells at low enlargement indicates salivary contamination. When a sputum specimen is plated out, it is best to get the portion of the sample that most looks like pus onto the swab. If there is any blood in the sputum, this should also be on the swab. Microbiological sputum samples are usually used to look for infections by Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. Other pathogens can also be found. Purulent Sputum contains pus, composed of white blood cells, cellular debris, dead tissue, serous fluid and viscous liquid. Mostly, it is yellow in color, as well as green.

Definition of sputum in the English dictionary

The definition of sputum in the dictionary is a mass of salivary matter ejected from the mouth. Other definition of sputum is saliva ejected from the mouth mixed with mucus or pus exuded from the respiratory passages, as in bronchitis or bronchiectasis.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH SPUTUM


acetum
əˈsiːtəm
Antietam
ænˈtiːtəm
arboretum
ˌɑːbəˈriːtəm
autumn
ˈɔːtəm
combretum
kɒmˈbriːtəm
Decretum
dɪˈkriːtəm
desideratum
dɪˌzɪdəˈrɑːtəm
equisetum
ˌɛkwɪˈsiːtəm
erratum
ɪˈrɑːtəm
intrapartum
ˌɪntrəˈpɑːtəm
pinetum
paɪˈniːtəm
postmortem
pəʊstˈmɔːtəm
postpartum
pəʊstˈpɑːtəm
prescutum
priːˈskjuːtəm
satem
ˈsɑːtəm
scutum
ˈskjuːtəm
stratum
ˈstrɑːtəm
substratum
sʌbˈstrɑːtəm
tapetum
təˈpiːtəm
Toletum
təˈliːtəm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE SPUTUM

spurless
spurn
spurner
spurred
spurrey
spurrier
spurries
spurring
spurry
spurt
spurter
spurtle
sputa
Sputnik
Sputnik 1
sputter
sputterer
sputteringly
sputtery
spy

WORDS THAT END LIKE SPUTUM

ad libitum
angular momentum
argentum
Batum
datum
dictum
factum
infinitum
Khartum
momentum
multum
omentum
quantum
rectum
sanctum
scrotum
septum
Tatum
tum
ultimatum

Synonyms and antonyms of sputum in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «sputum» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF SPUTUM

Find out the translation of sputum to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of sputum from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «sputum» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

esputo
570 millions of speakers

English

sputum
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

थूक
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

البلغم
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

мокроты
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

escarro
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

থুতু
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

expectorations
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Dedah
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Sputum
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

객담
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Sputum
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

nước dải
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

சளி
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

थुंकी
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

balgam
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

sputo
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

plwocina
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

мокротиння
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

spută
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

πτύελα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

sputum
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

sputum
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

sputum
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of sputum

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «SPUTUM»

The term «sputum» is regularly used and occupies the 55.682 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
74
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «sputum» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of sputum
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «sputum».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SPUTUM» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «sputum» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «sputum» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about sputum

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SPUTUM»

Discover the use of sputum in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to sputum and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Chest Medicine: Essentials of Pulmonary and Critical Care ...
SPUTUM EXPECTORATION If the patient has a productive cough, the duration of sputum expectoration, the character of the sputum, and the presence or absence of blood should be determined. Cigarette smokers with chronic bronchitis have ...
Ronald B. George, 2005
2
Pathology of the Lung
Roger W. Amy S. Donald Greenberg The purpose of this chapter is to discuss preparation techniques for the cytological examination of sputum, bronchial brushes, bronchial lavage fluid, fine needle aspirates, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid.
William M. Thurlbeck, Andrew Churg, 1995
3
Medical Management of Pulmonary Diseases
Table 3 Patient Information About Sputum Production Time when sputum production began Time of day when sputum is greatest Color of sputum (clear, white, yellow. green. red) Bloody sputum (hemoptysis) Quantity of sputum per day ...
Theodore Marcy, 1999
4
Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: Essentials of ...
Sputum specimens. A. Gram stain of an unacceptable "sputum" specimen. Note the predominance of squamous epithelial cells (arrows). B. Gram stain of an acceptable sputum specimen. Note the predominance of neutrophils (arrows).
Paul G. Engelkirk, Janet L. Duben-Engelkirk, 2008
5
Cytology: Diagnostic Principles and Clinical Correlates
Sputum consists of a mixture of cellular and noncellu- lar elements that are cleared by the mucociliary apparatus. It was once the most common respiratory tract specimen because it is relatively easy to obtain and causes little if any discomfort.
Edmund S. Cibas, Barbara S. Ducatman, 2009
6
General Nursing - Medical and Surgical Textbook
The patient's appetite may be suppressed by the smell of the sputum and the taste which it leaves in the mouth. Good oral hygiene, and food which stimulates the appetite should resolve this problem. A glass of orange juice before a meal ...
M.J. Viljoen, L.R. Uys, 1989
7
Koneman's Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology
Clinicians who send a sputum specimen to the laboratory without having a clinical diagnosis of pneumonia in hand are asking for confusing, or even misleading, information. Once a diagnosis of pneumonia has been made, the laboratory can ...
Elmer W. Koneman, 2006
8
Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests
Sputum that contains many organisms and WBCs on smear but no pathogens on aerobic culture may indicate aspiration pneumonia. Sputum is not appropriate for anaerobic culture. Sensitivity of sputum culture is estimated at 25% to 50%.
Jacques Burton Wallach, 2007
9
Color Atlas of Pulmonary Cytopathology
Sputum is the most accessible specimen for pulmonary cytology. Spontaneous production of significant amounts of sputum indicates pulmonary disease. Sputum represents secretions that originate from the alveolar spaces, consisting  ...
Sudha R. Kini, 2002
10
Lippincott's Nursing Procedures
"Review Criteria for Assessment of Qualitative Fecal Occult Blood In Vitro Diagnostic Devices," U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration, August 8, 2007. OTHER SPECIMENS Sputum collection ...
‎2009

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SPUTUM»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term sputum is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Study Reveals New Insights Into Sputum Microenvironment in …
In order to test their hypothesis, researchers analyzed 48 sputum samples from 22 pediatric CF patients attended at the Children's Hospital Los Angeles. «Cystic Fibrosis News Today, Jul 15»
2
Sputum Aspirator Market 2014-2018 Industry Analysis and Forecast
The research report, titled 'Global Sputum Aspirator Industry 2015, presents crucial information and statistical data about the Sputum Aspirator market with ... «Medgadget.com, Jul 15»
3
Pooling Samples Leads to 30 Percent Cost Savings for Xpert TB …
"The more you manipulate sputum, the higher the risk of infection and cross-contamination," Cuevas noted. "You need to do this in a laboratory that has good ... «GenomeWeb, Jun 15»
4
PATHSEEK Researchers Sequence M. Tuberculosis Directly …
She and her colleagues noted that Cepheid's Xpert MTB/RIF test and similar assays could quickly determine whether a sputum sample harbors multi-drug ... «GenomeWeb, May 15»
5
Coughing up blood: when should you be concerned?
Coughing up blood (haemoptysis), or blood in your sputum should always be treated as a warning sign. Although it may be a sign of something sinister, it can ... «Health24, Apr 15»
6
Sputum eosinophils, %*
Background Monitoring sputum eosinophils in asthma predicts exacerbations and improves management of asthma. Thus far, blood eosinophils and FENO ... «Medscape, Apr 15»
7
Mumbai has more MDR-TB patients than global average
When 40-year-old Sana Bano went to get her sputum tested at civic-run centre in Dharavi, she was told that she is multi-drug resistant (MDR-TB) patient and she ... «Daily News & Analysis, Mar 15»
8
A New Study Method for P. aeruginosa May Accelerate CF Research
As described in their paper, “Essential Genome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Cystic Fibrosis Sputum,” Dr. Whiteley's team first used computer simulations to ... «Cystic Fibrosis News Today, Mar 15»
9
New data shows test can help physicians remove patients with …
CDC recommends keeping that person isolated until clinical and laboratory information, including acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear testing of three sputum (mucus ... «FDA.gov, Feb 15»
10
Testing sputum for three microRNA biomarkers may help identify …
Among patients who had an unidentifiable lung nodule detected by a chest CT scan, testing sputum for a panel of three microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers ... «Oncology Nurse Advisor, Feb 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Sputum [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/sputum>. Jul 2021 ».
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