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I love the Coen brothers. They're so brilliant, and they always surprise you in one way or another. 'A Serious Man' was awesome. I like stuff like that, that kind of throws you for a loop. It takes you on a journey that is unexpected.
Malin Akerman

Meaning of "surprise" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD SURPRISE

From Old French, from surprendre to overtake, from sur-1 + prendre from Latin prehendere to grasp.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF SURPRISE

surprise  [səˈpraɪz] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF SURPRISE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Surprise is a verb and can also act as a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The verb is the part of the sentence that is conjugated and expresses action and state of being.

See the conjugation of the verb surprise in English.

WHAT DOES SURPRISE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Surprise

Surprise may refer to: ▪ Surprise, a brief emotional state experienced as the result of an unexpected significant event...

Definition of surprise in the English dictionary

The first definition of surprise in the dictionary is to cause to feel amazement or wonder. Other definition of surprise is to encounter or discover unexpectedly or suddenly. Surprise is also to capture or assault suddenly and without warning.

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB TO SURPRISE

PRESENT

Present
I surprise
you surprise
he/she/it surprises
we surprise
you surprise
they surprise
Present continuous
I am surprising
you are surprising
he/she/it is surprising
we are surprising
you are surprising
they are surprising
Present perfect
I have surprised
you have surprised
he/she/it has surprised
we have surprised
you have surprised
they have surprised
Present perfect continuous
I have been surprising
you have been surprising
he/she/it has been surprising
we have been surprising
you have been surprising
they have been surprising
Present tense is used to refer to circumstances that exist at the present time or over a period that includes the present time. The present perfect refers to past events, although it can be considered to denote primarily the resulting present situation rather than the events themselves.

PAST

Past
I surprised
you surprised
he/she/it surprised
we surprised
you surprised
they surprised
Past continuous
I was surprising
you were surprising
he/she/it was surprising
we were surprising
you were surprising
they were surprising
Past perfect
I had surprised
you had surprised
he/she/it had surprised
we had surprised
you had surprised
they had surprised
Past perfect continuous
I had been surprising
you had been surprising
he/she/it had been surprising
we had been surprising
you had been surprising
they had been surprising
Past tense forms express circumstances existing at some time in the past,

FUTURE

Future
I will surprise
you will surprise
he/she/it will surprise
we will surprise
you will surprise
they will surprise
Future continuous
I will be surprising
you will be surprising
he/she/it will be surprising
we will be surprising
you will be surprising
they will be surprising
Future perfect
I will have surprised
you will have surprised
he/she/it will have surprised
we will have surprised
you will have surprised
they will have surprised
Future perfect continuous
I will have been surprising
you will have been surprising
he/she/it will have been surprising
we will have been surprising
you will have been surprising
they will have been surprising
The future is used to express circumstances that will occur at a later time.

CONDITIONAL

Conditional
I would surprise
you would surprise
he/she/it would surprise
we would surprise
you would surprise
they would surprise
Conditional continuous
I would be surprising
you would be surprising
he/she/it would be surprising
we would be surprising
you would be surprising
they would be surprising
Conditional perfect
I would have surprise
you would have surprise
he/she/it would have surprise
we would have surprise
you would have surprise
they would have surprise
Conditional perfect continuous
I would have been surprising
you would have been surprising
he/she/it would have been surprising
we would have been surprising
you would have been surprising
they would have been surprising
Conditional or "future-in-the-past" tense refers to hypothetical or possible actions.

IMPERATIVE

Imperative
you surprise
we let´s surprise
you surprise
The imperative is used to form commands or requests.
NONFINITE VERB FORMS
Infinitive
to surprise
Past participle
surprised
Present Participle
surprising
Infinitive shows the action beyond temporal perspective. The present participle or gerund shows the action during the session. The past participle shows the action after completion.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH SURPRISE


apprise
əˈpraɪz
apprize
əˈpraɪz
arise
əˈraɪz
authorize
ˈɔːθəˌraɪz
comprise
kəmˈpraɪz
disprize
dɪsˈpraɪz
emprise
ɛmˈpraɪz
enterprise
ˈɛntəˌpraɪz
fries
fraɪz
mainprise
ˈmeɪnˌpraɪz
misprise
mɪsˈpraɪz
misprize
mɪsˈpraɪz
outprize
ˌaʊtˈpraɪz
overprize
ˌəʊvəˈpraɪz
prise
praɪz
prize
praɪz
rise
raɪz
sunrise
ˈsʌnˌraɪz
underprise
ˌʌndəˈpraɪz
underprize
ˌʌndəˈpraɪz

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE SURPRISE

surpass
surpassable
surpasser
surpassing
surpassingly
surpassingness
surplice
surpliced
surplus
surplus store
surplusage
surprint
surprisal
surprise party
surprised
surprisedly
surpriser
surprising
surprisingly
surprisingness

WORDS THAT END LIKE SURPRISE

authorise
brise
cerise
crise
earthrise
en prise
Forest Enterprise
free enterprise
grise
high-rise
low-rise
moonrise
October surprise
private enterprise
public enterprise
reprise
spirit of enterprise
take by surprise
terrorise
uprise

Synonyms and antonyms of surprise in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «SURPRISE»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «surprise» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of surprise

Translation of «surprise» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF SURPRISE

Find out the translation of surprise to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of surprise from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «surprise» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

惊喜
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

sorpresa
570 millions of speakers

English

surprise
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

आश्चर्य
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

مُفَاجَأَة
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

удивление
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

surpresa
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

আশ্চর্য
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

surprise
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Kejutan
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Überraschung
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

驚き
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

놀람
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Kejutan
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

sự ngạc nhiên
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஆச்சரியம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

आश्चर्य
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

sürpriz
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

sopresa
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

niespodzianka
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

сюрприз
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

surpriză
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

έκπληξη
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

verrassing
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

överraskning
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

overraskelse
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of surprise

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «SURPRISE»

The term «surprise» is very widely used and occupies the 3.477 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Very widely used
98
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «surprise» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of surprise
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «surprise».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SURPRISE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «surprise» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «surprise» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about surprise

EXAMPLES

10 QUOTES WITH «SURPRISE»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word surprise.
1
F. Murray Abraham
The difficulty is capturing surprise on film.
2
Malin Akerman
I love the Coen brothers. They're so brilliant, and they always surprise you in one way or another. 'A Serious Man' was awesome. I like stuff like that, that kind of throws you for a loop. It takes you on a journey that is unexpected.
3
Pamela Anderson
It's great to be a blonde. With low expectations it's very easy to surprise people.
4
Aishwarya Rai Bachchan
I always knew I would be successful. So there was no element of surprise.
5
Robert Baden-Powell
Be Prepared... the meaning of the motto is that a scout must prepare himself by previous thinking out and practicing how to act on any accident or emergency so that he is never taken by surprise.
6
Robert Baden-Powell
A Scout is never taken by surprise; he knows exactly what to do when anything unexpected happens.
7
John Berger
Being a unique superpower undermines the military intelligence of strategy. To think strategically, one has to imagine oneself in the enemy's place. If one cannot do this, it is impossible to foresee, to take by surprise, to outflank. Misinterpreting an enemy can lead to defeat. This is how empires fall.
8
Paul Bloom
Perhaps looking out through big baby eyes - if we could - would not be as revelatory experience as many imagine. We might see a world inhabited by objects and people, a world infused with causation, agency, and morality - a world that would surprise us not by its freshness but by its familiarity.
9
Adrien Brody
What guides me is to do work that's more avant-garde - things that I think are special. You can easily become a celebrity and get caught up in all that blur. I just want to work and surprise myself.
10
Vanessa Carlton
And it's sad because it's like a surprise to people - almost an anomaly - when artists are actually refined and trained on an instrument. That's the last thing people think about.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SURPRISE»

Discover the use of surprise in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to surprise and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Big Fat Surprise: Why Butter, Meat and Cheese Belong in ...
Dish up the red meat, eggs, and whole milk! Veteran food writer Nina Teicholz explains why everything we’ve been told about fat is wrong—and why we should eat more fat to avoid obesity and disease.
Nina Teicholz, 2014
2
The Surprise Party
A year after Evan was shot and his girlfriend Ellen moved away, Meg plans a surprise party for Ellen's return, but she is threatened by someone who does not want the party to happen.
R. L. Stine, 1989
3
The Wednesday Surprise
On Wednesday nights when Grandma stays with Anna everyone thinks she is teaching Anna to read.
Eve Bunting, 1989
4
Harley Quinn's Shocking Surprise
When villain Harley Quinn captures Robin during a criminal investigation, she plans to use him as bait to lure Batman into a trap.
Blake A. Hoena, Bob Kane, 2009
5
Surprise, Security, and the American Experience
Attempts to provide an answer to the question of how successful the Bush administration's grand strategy, set in nineteenth-century foundations, will be in the face of twenty-first-century national security challenges.
John Lewis Gaddis, 2005
6
Curious George and the Birthday Surprise
Before long George finds a hat, noisemakers, decorations, and games. It must be a birthday! But whose birthday is it? That’s the surprise! This paperback edition now includes a maze and a birthday vocabulary seek-and-find.
H. A. Rey, 2003
7
Amelia Bedelia and the Surprise Shower
She's in trouble again! Fun-loving Amelia Bedelia is in charge of a surprise wedding shower. And when she arrives with a garden hose, the entire party is turned into an uproarious mess!
Peggy Parish, 1994
8
Surprise Crochet Sweaters for Baby
Exciting news! Darla Sims has created a crochet version of Elizabeth Zimmermann's classic knitted Baby Surprise Jacket--and she's added lots of fun variations!
Darla Sims, 2011
9
Preventing Surprise Attacks: Intelligence Reform in the Wake ...
"Posner explains, however, that a ray of hope remains: The reorganization provisions of the new Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act are so vague - as a result of intense politicking - that the actual shape of the reorganized ...
Richard A. Posner, 2005
10
The Fairies' Birthday Surprise
The Rainbow Fairies make a special birthday cake for the Fairy Queen for her birthday.
Daisy Meadows, 2010

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SURPRISE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term surprise is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Zlatan Ibrahimovic: My next move will be a big surprise
"Where I go next, it will be a surprise, a very big surprise," the PSG striker said after scoring in the 2-0 win over Manchester United in Chicago on Thursday. «Telegraph.co.uk, Jul 15»
2
Zlatan Ibrahimovic to Manchester United? 'my next move will a …
"Where I go next, it will be a surprise, a very big surprise," the PSG striker said after scoring in the 2-0 win over Manchester United in Chicago on Thursday. «The Independent, Jul 15»
3
Ibrahimovic: My next move will be a very big surprise
"Where I go next, it will be a surprise, a very big surprise," he said. "I'm very happy at PSG. You don't see that on the field? "I have another year on my contract ... «Goal.com, Jul 15»
4
CMU coach, fighting cancer, makes surprise appearance
DETROIT (AP) Central Michigan coach Jon Bonamego made a surprise appearance Wednesday at the Mid-American Conference's media day, showing up a ... «FOXSports.com, Jul 15»
5
Bruce Springsteen Plays Surprise Two-Hour Bar Show In New Jersey
Springsteen's appearance was unannounced, but hardly shocking considering he plays a "surprise" set with Grushecky most every year at the annual Light of ... «RollingStone.com, Jul 15»
6
Wilco Releases Surprise New Album 'Star Wars'
The surprise release comes a day before Wilco performs at the Pitchfork Music Festival in the band's hometown of Chicago. Wilco features the prolific singer and ... «Huffington Post, Jul 15»
7
Lady Gaga Surprises Copenhagen Jazz Fest With 'La Vie En Rose …
Last night, following her performance at Tivoli Gardens Plaenen stage with crooner Tony Bennett, Lady Gaga made a surprise appearance at Copenhagen's ... «Billboard, Jul 15»
8
DCS: No previous abuse accusation against Surprise mom
The Surprise mother facing felony charges after police said she left her 2-year-old child in a vehicle Saturday had not been previously accused of abusing or ... «azcentral.com, Jul 15»
9
Traffic stop turns into surprise of a lifetime for Hanson mother
—Hanson police said not all traffic stops are negative, especially when they're helping a local hometown hero with a surprise visit home to see his mother. «WCVB Boston, Jun 15»
10
The Rock Makes Surprise Return At Boston WWE Event At TD …
It's even more surprising in The Rock's case because he's also a global movie star whose schedule already is filled to the brim. But The Rock was in Boston ... «NESN.com, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Surprise [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/surprise>. Jul 2019 ».
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