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WHAT DOES SYMPLAST MEAN IN ENGLISH?
The symplast of a plant is the inner side of the plasma membrane in which water can freely diffuse. The plasmodesmata allow the direct flow of small molecules such as sugars, amino acids, and ions between cells. Larger molecules, including transcription factors and plant viruses, can also be transported through with the help of actin structures. This allows direct cytoplasm-to-cytoplasm flow of water and other nutrients along concentration gradients. In particular, it is used in the root systems to bring in nutrients from soil. It moves these solutes from epidermis cells through the cortex into the endodermis and eventually the pericycle, where it can be moved into the xylem for long distance transport. It is contrasted with the apoplastic flow, which uses cell wall transport.
The translations of symplast from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «symplast» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «symplast».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SYMPLAST» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «symplast» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «symplast» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about symplast
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SYMPLAST»
Discover the use of symplast in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to symplast and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Introductory Botany: Plants, People, and the Environment, ...
The symplast consists of the cytoplasm of all the living cells in the plant body,
which are interconnected by plasmodesmata, and the apoplast consists of all the
cell walls and intercellular spaces within the plant body. Movement upward ...
Linda Berg, 2007
Plant Biomechanics: An Engineering Approach to Plant Form ...
THE. APOPLAST. AND. THE. SYMPLAST. Regardless of their meristematic
origins, all primary and secondary tissues originally possess a living protoplasm
responsible for secreting the cell wall infrastructure. Subsequent developmental ...
Karl J. Niklas, 1992
Transport of water across most of the root occurs in the same way as transport
through the leaf, i.e. by the symplast, apoplast and vacuolar routes (Fig 12.19).
Root hair cells are separated from the xylem cells in the central stele by several ...
Martin Rowland, 1992
The symplast pathway: this consists of the cytoplasm which is continuous from
cell to cell via the plasmodesmata (page 55). To reach the symplast, water has to
cross the partially permeable plasma membrane by osmosis. • The cell-to-cell ...
Michael Roberts, Michael Jonathan Reiss, Grace Monger, 2000
Diagram showing symplast and apoplast pathways of water movement in the root
region. Fig. 19 : A-Quttation ,:> the leaf of Nasturtium; B-Section. VACUOLE CELL
WALL PERICYCLE \ CASPARIAN STRIP CORTEX which movement of water ...
V. B. Rastogi, 1997
Vascular Transport in Plants
The symplast is the continuum of cytoplasms interconnected by plasmodesmata.
When a molecule (like water) passes through membranes relatively easily, it
moves predominantly by the transcellular path that includes the cell walls, ...
N. Michelle Holbrook, Maciej A. Zwieniecki, 2011
Produce Degradation: Pathways and Prevention
Water in the symplast includes water within the plasma membrane and in the
cytoplasm and the central vacuoles; 80 to 90% of the symplast water is contained
in the vacuole. Water in the symplast travels from one cell to the next through the
Olusola Lamikanra, Syed H. Imam, 2005
Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology
A. Transport Across the Root Water moves across the root in the symplast, in the
apoplast. or in both. The root symplast  comprises the plasmodesmata-
connected cytoplasmic continuum of the root cells; it does not include the vac-
Mohammad Pessarakli, 2001
Genetics: Classical to Modern
E. Munch (1932), a German physiologist introduced the concept of apoplast and
symplast which is valuable in understanding the pathway of water movement
through the root. He suggested that the water may pass through the root cortex
P. K. Gupta, 2007
Photoassimilate Distribution Plants and Crops Source-Sink ...
Zamski. (symplast and apoplast, denoted by subscripts s and a), the water
potentials can be taken as equal because the hydraulic conductivity of
membranes is high (Nobel 1991), and therefore ...
5 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SYMPLAST»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term symplast is used in the context of the following news items.
Startups display their innovative wares at IACS show
The startups seeking funding were Pranadiabetes, Schoolrush TracknProtect and Symplast. These four firms were the finalists from a list of multiple startups ... «INDOlink, Jul 15»
Introducing Symplast, the First Medical Software Solution That …
Headquartered in the growing tech hub of South Florida, Symplast is the brainchild of Dr. Shashi Kusuma, a practicing plastic surgeon who was frustrated by the ... «PR.com, Jul 15»
Medical Software Solution Startup Symplast Launches
Symplast, a cloud-based, 100% mobile medical software startup, announces its launch, aiming to fix the communication gaps among doctors, staff, and patients ... «Newswire Today, Jun 15»
'Mini-Silicon Valley': South Florida's health IT sector gaining steam
Dr. Shashi Kusuma demonstrates his new smartphone app, Symplast, to his… (Amy Beth Bennett, Sun Sentinel ). June 21, 2014|By Nicole Brochu, Sun Sentinel. «Sun-Sentinel, Jun 14»
Appendix S1 - Localization of fluorescent tracers sulforhodamine B (SRB) and carboxyfluorescein (CF) in the symplast of both xylem and cambial regions of Acer ... «Am J Botany, Nov 12»
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