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Meaning of "thigmotropism" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD THIGMOTROPISM

From Greek thigma touch + -tropism.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF THIGMOTROPISM

thigmotropism  [ˌθɪɡməʊˈtrəʊpɪzəm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF THIGMOTROPISM

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Thigmotropism is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES THIGMOTROPISM MEAN IN ENGLISH?

thigmotropism

Thigmotropism

Thigmotropism is a movement in which a plant moves or grows in response to touch or contact stimuli. The prefix thigmo- comes from the Greek for "touch". Usually thigmotropism occurs when plants grow around a surface, such as a wall, pot, or trellis. Climbing plants, such as vines, develop tendrils that coil around supporting objects. Touched cells produce auxin and transport it to untouched cells. Some untouched cells will then elongate faster so cell growth bends around the object. Some seedlings also exhibit triple response, caused by pulses of ethylene which cause the stem to thicken and curve to start growing horizontally. Roots also rely on touch to navigate their way through the soil. Generally, roots have a negative touch response, meaning when they feel an object, they would grow away from the object. This allows the roots to go through the soil with minimum resistance. Because of this behavior, roots are said to be negatively thigmotropic. Thigmotropism seems to be able to override the strong gravitropic response of even primary roots.

Definition of thigmotropism in the English dictionary

The definition of thigmotropism in the dictionary is the directional growth of a plant, in response to the stimulus of direct contact Also called: haptotropism, stereotropism.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH THIGMOTROPISM


aerotropism
ˌɛərəʊˈtrəʊpɪzəm
allotropism
ˈæləˌtrəʊpɪzəm
apheliotropism
æpˌhiːlɪˈɒtrəˌpɪzəm
apogeotropism
ˌæpədʒɪˈɒtrəˌpɪzəm
atropism
ˈætrəpɪzəm
diageotropism
ˌdaɪədʒɪˈɒtrəˌpɪzəm
diaphototropism
ˌdaɪəfəʊtəʊˈtrəʊpɪzəm
escapism
ɪˈskeɪpɪzəm
gamotropism
ˌɡæməˈtrəʊpɪzəm
geotropism
dʒɪˈɒtrəˌpɪzəm
haptotropism
ˌhæptəʊˈtrəʊpɪzəm
heliotropism
ˌhiːlɪˈɒtrəˌpɪzəm
orthotropism
ɔːˈθɒtrəˌpɪzəm
phototropism
ˌfəʊtəʊˈtrəʊpɪzəm
priapism
ˈpraɪəˌpɪzəm
rheotropism
rɪˈɒtrəˌpɪzəm
theanthropism
θiːˈænθrəˌpɪzəm
thermotropism
ˌθɜːməʊˈtrəʊpɪzəm
tropism
ˈtrəʊpɪzəm
utopism
juːˈtəʊpɪzəm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE THIGMOTROPISM

thig
thigger
thigh
thigh bone
thigh boots
thighbone
thighed
thigmotactic
thigmotactically
thigmotaxes
thigmotaxis
thigmotropic
thilk
thill
thiller
thimble
thimbleberry
thimbleful
thimblerig
thimblerigged

WORDS THAT END LIKE THIGMOTROPISM

apism
caesaropapism
chemotropism
diaheliotropism
diatropism
galvanotropism
hemitropism
hydrotropism
isotropism
malapropism
metopism
mugwumpism
nyctitropism
plagiotropism
pleiotropism
psilanthropism
sinapism
stereotropism
therianthropism
trophotropism

Synonyms and antonyms of thigmotropism in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «thigmotropism» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF THIGMOTROPISM

Find out the translation of thigmotropism to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of thigmotropism from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «thigmotropism» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

thigmotropism
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

tigmotropismo
570 millions of speakers

English

thigmotropism
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

thigmotropism
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

توجه بالتماس
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

thigmotropism
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

thigmotropism
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

thigmotropism
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

thigmotropisme
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Thigmotropism
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

thigmotropism
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

thigmotropism
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

thigmotropism
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Thigmotropism
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

thigmotropism
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

thigmotropism
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

थिगोट्रोपिज्म
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

thigmotropism
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

thigmotropism
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

thigmotropism
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

thigmotropism
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

thigmotropism
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

thigmotropism
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

thigmotropism
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

thigmotropism
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

thigmotropism
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of thigmotropism

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «THIGMOTROPISM»

The term «thigmotropism» is used very little and occupies the 175.593 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
18
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «thigmotropism» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of thigmotropism
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «thigmotropism».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «THIGMOTROPISM» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «thigmotropism» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «thigmotropism» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about thigmotropism

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «THIGMOTROPISM»

Discover the use of thigmotropism in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to thigmotropism and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Plant Tropisms: And Other Growth Movements
Darwin found that in a vertical bean root, a contact stimulus could divert the root away from the vertical, i.e. thigmotropism overrides gravitropism; but in a horizontal root downward curvature always occurred, even against a contact stimulus, i.e. ...
J.W. Hart, 1990
2
New Scientist
Touchy climbers SCIENTISTS have already shown that plants have a sense of touch, called thigmotropism. So which is more important for a climbing plant, phototropism or thigmotropism? Recent research by Moshe Negbi of the Department ...
3
Blue Ribbon Science Fair Projects
But another type of tropism occurs in plants — mostly vines — that must rely on an outside support to gain height and strength. Called thigmotropism, it's the response of a tendril when it touches a surface. Botanists have much to learn about ...
Glen Vecchione, 2005
4
na
Plants also have a touch response, called thigmotropism. If you have ever seen a morning glory or the tendrils of a bean plant twist around a pole, then you know that plants must be able to detect the pole. Thigmotropism works much like the ...
5
Functional Biology of Plants
Many plants respond to touch, and we will consider here thigmotropism in tendrils. In thigmotropism, the direction of movement is determined by the surface stimulated. Again, Charles Darwin was a pioneer in this area of research.
Martin J. Hodson, John A. Bryant, 2012
6
Introductory Botany: Plants, People, and the Environment, ...
2 Describe phototropism, gravitropism, and thigmotropism. Tropisms are directional growth responses and are permanent. Phototropism is the directional growth of a plant caused by light. Gravitropism is plant growth in response to the  ...
Linda Berg, 2007
7
Achiever's Biology
Plant movement in response to light is called (a) phototropism (b) geotropism (c) thigmotropism (d) hydrotropism 2. Plant movement in response to gravity is called (a) phototropism (b) geotropism (c) thigmotropism (d) hydrotropism 3.
8
VK Science - Biology
Thigmotropism: Directional Response of Plant to Touch an Object There are some plants like bitter gourd (Karela), bottle gourd (Lauki), grape vine and pea plant which have weak stems and hence, cannot stand upright (or erect) on their own.
BS Tomar
9
Cyber Science 5' 2007 Ed.
Thigmotropism is a growth response to touch. A typical example of a plant that exhibits thigmotropism is the mimosa pudica, commonly called makahiya. Likewise, when a vine winds around a tree, fence or trelises, it shows response to touch.
Valencia, Et Al
10
Morphogenesis and Pathogenicity in Fungi
Thigmotropism is the movement or orientation of an organism or cell in relation to the topography, shape and physical properties of the underlying substrate on which it is growing. In both the macrobiotic and microscopic worlds, there are many ...
José Pérez Martín, Antonio Di Pietro, 2012

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «THIGMOTROPISM»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term thigmotropism is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Pest Control and Tyvek
Matt said roaches are thigmotrophic and this is a behavior called thigmotropism. This trait causes cockroaches to seek contact with solid surfaces on all sides of ... «Verde Independent, Jul 15»
2
Cockroach season is upon us
Matt said roaches are thigmotrophic and this is a behavior called thigmotropism. This trait causes cockroaches to seek contact with solid surfaces on all sides of ... «The Daily Courier, Jul 15»
3
How do vines attach to trees in the woods?
This response, known as thigmotropism, is caused by hormones that cause the side touching the stem to grow slowly, while the outside of the tendril grows faster ... «SILive.com, May 15»
4
These garden books could be the source of your green thumb
Pretty soon we'll all be throwing around words like “thigmotropism” — the ability of vines to wind their tendrils around other plants and upright structures. «The Seattle Times, May 15»
5
Crop response to length and its role in fertilizer applications
Thigmotropism: Response to mechanical touch – tendrils curl around whatever they contact. Some plants catch flies and leaves rapidly close on other plants. «Michigan State University Extension, Mar 15»
6
Are We Touching Each Other Enough?
Plants have been shown to grow optimally when stroked. This is called the “touch response” or thigmotropism, where we see structural changes in the roots. «PsychCentral.com, Nov 14»
7
How Do Plants Grow Aboard the International Space Station?
Other tropisms that can be studied are chemotropism (chemicals), thigmotropism (touch), and electrotropism (electric fields). More questions on Quora:. «Slate Magazine, Sep 14»
8
Lee Pennington documentary series starts Wednesday
Pennington has written 19 books, including “I Knew a Woman” and “Thigmotropism” — both Pulitzer nominees; had more than 1,300 poems published; had nine ... «The Courier-Journal, Jun 14»
9
What makes plants tick: Figuring out how to thrive
This sugar snap pea tendril is exhibiting thigmotropism, grasping for support in order to climb. Tony Bertauski. ×. Pete is a sugar snap pea and the smartest ... «Charleston Post Courier, May 14»
10
The 16 best Christmas books for gardeners
I was particularly interested in the short penultimate chapter, 'Botany and the Senses', about the way plants can feel (thigmotropism) and even smell each other. «Telegraph.co.uk, Nov 13»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Thigmotropism [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/thigmotropism>. Jun 2019 ».
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