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Good buildings make and are made by their settings, and they are appropriately different in different locations. Climate, culture, topography and materials have helped create regional architectural languages that seem curiously right for their locations and for all times.
Jaquelin T. Robertson

Meaning of "topography" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF TOPOGRAPHY

topography  [təˈpɒɡrəfɪ] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF TOPOGRAPHY

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Topography is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES TOPOGRAPHY MEAN IN ENGLISH?

topography

Topography

Topography is a field of planetary science comprising the study of surface shape and features of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids. It is also the description of such surface shapes and features. The topography of an area could also mean the surface shape and features themselves. In general, topography is concerned with local detail in general, including not only relief but also natural and artificial features, and even local history and culture. This meaning is less common in America, where topographic maps with elevation contours have made "topography" synonymous with relief. The older sense of topography as the study of place still has currency in Europe. Topography specifically involves the recording of relief or terrain, the three-dimensional quality of the surface, and the identification of specific landforms. This is also known as geomorphometry. In modern usage, this involves generation of elevation data in electronic form. It is often considered to include the graphic representation of the landform on a map by a variety of techniques, including contour lines, hypsometric tints, and relief shading.

Definition of topography in the English dictionary

The first definition of topography in the dictionary is the study or detailed description of the surface features of a region. Other definition of topography is the detailed mapping of the configuration of a region. Topography is also the land forms or surface configuration of a region.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH TOPOGRAPHY


anthropography
ˌænθrəˈpɒɡrəfɪ
autobiography
ˌɔːtəʊbaɪˈɒɡrəfɪ
autotypography
ˌɔːtəʊtaɪˈpɒɡrəfɪ
bibliography
ˌbɪblɪˈɒɡrəfɪ
biography
baɪˈɒɡrəfɪ
choreography
ˌkɒrɪˈɒɡrəfɪ
chromatography
ˌkrəʊməˈtɒɡrəfɪ
discography
dɪsˈkɒɡrəfɪ
ectypography
ˌektaɪˈpɒɡrəfɪ
filmography
fɪlˈmɒɡrəfɪ
geography
dʒɪˈɒɡrəfɪ
lipography
lɪˈpɒɡrəfɪ
photography
fəˈtɒɡrəfɪ
phototopography
ˌfəʊtəʊtəˈpɒɡrəfɪ
phototypography
ˌfəʊtəʊtaɪˈpɒɡrəfɪ
pornography
pɔːˈnɒɡrəfɪ
prosopography
ˌprɒsəˈpɒɡrəfɪ
tomography
təˈmɒɡrəfɪ
typography
taɪˈpɒɡrəfɪ
xylotypography
ˌzaɪləʊtaɪˈpɒɡrəfɪ

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE TOPOGRAPHY

topo
topocentric
topochemistry
topog.
topograph
topographer
topographic
topographical
topographically
topographies
topoi
topoisomerase
topologic
topological
topological group
topological space
topologically
topologist
topology

WORDS THAT END LIKE TOPOGRAPHY

angiography
calligraphy
cartography
cinematography
computed tomography
computerized tomography
cryptography
crystallography
demography
ethnography
gas chromatography
historiography
holography
iconography
lithography
mammography
oceanography
orthography
portrait photography
radiography
ultrasonography

Synonyms and antonyms of topography in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «topography» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF TOPOGRAPHY

Find out the translation of topography to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of topography from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «topography» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

地形
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

topografía
570 millions of speakers

English

topography
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

स्थलाकृति
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

تضاريس
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

топография
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

topografia
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

ভূসংস্থান
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

topographie
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Topografi
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Topographie
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

トポグラフィー
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

지형
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Topografi
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

địa hình
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

இடவியல்பின்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

स्थलांतर
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

topografya
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

topografia
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

topografia
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

топографія
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

topografie
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

τοπογραφία
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

topografie
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

topografi
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

topografi
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of topography

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «TOPOGRAPHY»

The term «topography» is very widely used and occupies the 22.441 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Very widely used
90
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «topography» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of topography
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «topography».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «TOPOGRAPHY» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «topography» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «topography» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about topography

EXAMPLES

6 QUOTES WITH «TOPOGRAPHY»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word topography.
1
George Phillips Bond
Until very recently, the heavenly bodies have been investigated only with reference to their position and their laws of motion, and a quarter of a century ago astronomy was little more than celestial topography.
2
Michael Polanyi
We could not, for example, arrive at a principle like that of entropy without introducing some additional principle, such as randomness, to this topography.
3
Michael Polanyi
But even physics cannot be defined from an atomic topography.
4
Frank Rich
'Up in the Air' may be a glossy production sprinkled with laughter and sex, but it captures the distinctive topography of our Great Recession as vividly as a far more dour Hollywood product of 70 years ago, 'The Grapes of Wrath,' did the vastly different landscape of the Great Depression.
5
Jaquelin T. Robertson
Good buildings make and are made by their settings, and they are appropriately different in different locations. Climate, culture, topography and materials have helped create regional architectural languages that seem curiously right for their locations and for all times.
6
Reggie Watts
I compare a lot of life to looking at a map through a straw. The less ability you have to see life in a humorous way, the smaller the straw is that you're looking at the map of life. You're not looking at the whole picture. You can't see the whole topography without it, and it can help you to make better choices.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «TOPOGRAPHY»

Discover the use of topography in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to topography and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Optical Measurement of Surface Topography
The book is intended for both industrial and academic scientists and engineers, and will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate studies.
Richard Leach, 2011
2
Dr. Agarwal's Textbook on Corneal Topography: Including ...
This new edition of a well established highly illustrated text and reference includes new material explaining the fundamentals of corneal topography, orbscan, anterior keratoconus and posterior corneal changes in refractive surgery.
Amar Agarwal, Athiya Agarwal, Soosan Jacob, 2010
3
Uncommon Ground: Architecture, Technology, and Topography
How building and site, technology and topography, interact to create successful buildings and resolve theoretical issues in practice.
David Leatherbarrow, 2002
4
Place and Experience: A Philosophical Topography
In Place and Experience, Jeff Malpas seeks to remedy this by advancing an account of the nature and significance of place as a complex but unitary structure that encompasses self and other, space and time, subjectivity and objectivity.
Jeff Malpas, 1999
5
Three Dimensional Surface Topography
This fully illustrated text explains the basic measurement techniques, describes the commercially available instruments and provides an overview of the current perception of 3-D topography analysis in the academic world and industry, and ...
Ken J Stout, Liam Blunt, 2000
6
Byzantine Constantinople: Monuments, Topography and Everyday ...
This collection of papers on the city of Constantinople by a distinguished group of Byzantine historians, art historians, and archaeologists provides new perspectives as well as new evidence on the monuments, topography, social and economic ...
Nevra Necipoğlu, 2001
7
Fractography: Observing, Measuring and Interpreting Fracture ...
An advanced 1999 text for those working in materials science and related inter-disciplinary subjects.
Derek Hull, 1999
8
The Topography of Remembrance: The Dead, Tradition and ...
This publication gives an analysis of Mesopotamian communal remembrance.
Gerdien Jonker, 1995
9
British Topography: Or, An Historical Account of what Has ...
Or, An Historical Account of what Has Been Done for Illustrating the Topographical Antiquities of Great Britain and Ireland Richard Gough. U year 1653, to this present year 1697. Brist. 1697." 12mo. with' a plan of Bath drawn by Joseph ...
Richard Gough, 1780
10
High Resolution X-Ray Diffractometry And Topography
This comprehensive book looks at the area of x-ray diffraction and the modern techniques available for deployment in research, development, and production.
D.K. Bowen, Brian K. Tanner, 2005

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «TOPOGRAPHY»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term topography is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Ensuring Continuity of Ocean Topography Data
The mission will use a radar altimeter to observe changes in sea-surface topography with centimetre precision, providing insights into global sea levels, the ... «Hydro International, May 15»
2
Topography-guided PRK with cross-linking may treat post-LASIK …
SAN DIEGO — Study of post-LASIK eyes with ectasia that were treated with topography-guided PRK and cross-linking yielded satisfactory safety and efficacy ... «Healio, Apr 15»
3
Stealth-style drone's 3D mapping of Dubai topography
A stealth-shape unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) – drone - is being used by Dubai Municipality to scan and survey the topography of the emirate, which helps the ... «Emirates 24/7, Apr 15»
4
Expert: Karst topography involves dangers for pipelines
A map from the Kentucky Geological Survey by the University of Kentucky shows the area (in dark blue) in Boyle County where karst topography is prevalent. «Central Kentucky News, Feb 15»
5
Topography a blueprint for wildlife conservation
Study co-author Phil Bouchet (UWA) and his team reviewed more than 30 years of published ecological research and found the role of topography in shaping ... «Phys.Org, Jan 15»
6
Simple topography of dryland channels presents an interesting …
Paradoxically, such desert streams have surprisingly simple topography with smooth, straight and symmetrical form that until now has defied explanation. «Phys.Org, Oct 14»
7
Mountain topography affects Monsoon in Western ghat states: Study
NEW DELHI: Mountain topography of Western ghats affect precipitation and it is also a reason why Karnataka receives more rainfall than Maharashtra, a study ... «Economic Times, Oct 14»
8
Team develops new, inexpensive method for understanding …
Using high-resolution topography models not available in the past, geologists can greatly enrich their research. However, current methods of acquisition are ... «Phys.Org, Sep 14»
9
This Topographic Calendar Turns Your To-Do List Into an Actual …
Using the topography elevation lines you'd find on a 2D map as inspiration, this calendar ends up looking like a genuine miniature mountain on your desk, with ... «Gizmodo, Jul 14»
10
Topographic Tables Mix Geology With Interior Design
Blue glass finishes the effect, creating a smooth table that evokes dramatic topography without actually being irritating to practically use. The pricetags make me ... «io9, Jul 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Topography [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/topography>. Aug 2019 ».
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