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In order to figure this artmaking stuff out, it's trial and error and experimentation, and takes some time and hard thinking. Putting work out in many forms and stages is an extension of how I see things. I feel the art process is best served when it invites comments and constructive criticism from people.
Jim Goldberg

Meaning of "trial and error" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF TRIAL AND ERROR

trial and error play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF TRIAL AND ERROR

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Trial and error is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES TRIAL AND ERROR MEAN IN ENGLISH?

trial and error

Trial and error

Trial and error is a fundamental method of solving problems. It is characterised by repeated, varied attempts which are continued until success, or until the agent stops trying. It is an unsystematic method which does not employ insight, theory or organised methodology. According to W.H. Thorpe, the term was devised by C. Lloyd Morgan after trying out similar phrases "trial and failure" and "trial and practice". Under Morgan's canon, animal behaviour should be explained in the simplest possible way. Where behaviour seems to imply higher mental processes, it might be explained by trial and error learning. An example is the skillful way in which his terrier Tony opened the garden gate, easily misunderstood as an insightful act by someone seeing the final behaviour. Lloyd Morgan, however, had watched and recorded the series of approximations by which the dog had gradually learned the response, and could demonstrate that no insight was required to explain it. Edward Thorndike showed how to manage a trial and error experiment in the laboratory. In his famous experiment, a cat was placed in a series of puzzle boxes in order to study the law of effect in learning.

Definition of trial and error in the English dictionary

The definition of trial and error in the dictionary is a method of discovery, solving problems, etc, based on practical experiment and experience rather than on theory.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE TRIAL AND ERROR

trial
trial attorney
trial balance
trial balloon
trial basis
trial by battle
trial by combat
trial court
trial division
trial judge
trial jury
trial lawyer
trial period
trial run
trial separation
trialism
trialist
triality
trialled
trialling

WORDS THAT END LIKE TRIAL AND ERROR

balance of terror
bioterror
computer error
counterterror
error
holy terror
horror
human error
machine error
mathematical error
posting error
printer´s error
printing error
Reign of Terror
rounding error
spelling error
standard error
terror
type I error
type II error
typing error

Synonyms and antonyms of trial and error in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «trial and error» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF TRIAL AND ERROR

Find out the translation of trial and error to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of trial and error from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «trial and error» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

试验和错误
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

ensayo y error
570 millions of speakers

English

trial and error
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

परीक्षण और त्रुटि
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

التجربة والخطأ
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

проб и ошибок
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

tentativa e erro
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

বিচার এবং ত্রুটি
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

essais et erreurs
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

percubaan dan kesilapan
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Versuch und Irrtum
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

試行錯誤
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

시행 착오
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Nyoba lan kesalahan
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

thử và sai
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

முயற்சி மற்றும் பிழை
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

परीक्षण अणि तृटी
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Deneme ve hata
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

prova ed errore
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

prób i błędów
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

проб і помилок
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

încercare și eroare
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

δοκιμής και λάθους
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

verhoor en fout
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

trial and error
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

prøving og feiling
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of trial and error

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «TRIAL AND ERROR»

The term «trial and error» is quite widely used and occupies the 32.389 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
85
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «trial and error» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of trial and error
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «trial and error».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «TRIAL AND ERROR» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «trial and error» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «trial and error» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about trial and error

EXAMPLES

10 QUOTES WITH «TRIAL AND ERROR»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word trial and error.
1
David Arquette
I'm trying figuring out how to be the best person I can be. But it's been a process of trial and error.
2
Margaret Atwood
Storytelling is a very old human skill that gives us an evolutionary advantage. If you can tell young people how you kill an emu, acted out in song or dance, or that Uncle George was eaten by a croc over there, don't go there to swim, then those young people don't have to find out by trial and error.
3
Bruce Barton
Action and reaction, ebb and flow, trial and error, change - this is the rhythm of living. Out of our over-confidence, fear; out of our fear, clearer vision, fresh hope. And out of hope, progress.
4
Keith Belling
Potatoes are popped, with no oil, using the same technology used in the rice cake manufacturing business. It took a lot of trial and error and lots of practice, though, to get the right flavor.
5
Peter M. Brant
Art and science have so much in common - the process of trial and error, finding something new and innovative, and to experiment and succeed in a breakthrough.
6
Suzanne Farrell
You don't learn from a situation where you do something well. You enjoy it and you give yourself credit, but you don't really learn from that. You learn from trial and error, trial and error, all the time.
7
John Fogerty
When I made Blue Moon Swamp, there was a lot of trial and error; I was trying to find people who would be simpatico with my style, and with what I had in mind for the album.
8
Emilia Fox
When I go into the garden, I forget everything. It's uncomplicated in my world of gardening. It's trial and error, really. If something doesn't work, it comes out, and you start all over again.
9
Jim Goldberg
In order to figure this artmaking stuff out, it's trial and error and experimentation, and takes some time and hard thinking. Putting work out in many forms and stages is an extension of how I see things. I feel the art process is best served when it invites comments and constructive criticism from people.
10
Alexandra Guarnaschelli
If I want my daughter to try something, I eat it in front of her repeatedly without forcing the issue and, with some trial and error, the world is our oyster!

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «TRIAL AND ERROR»

Discover the use of trial and error in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to trial and error and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Uncontrolled: The Surprising Payoff of Trial-And-Error for ...
Entrepreneur and political commentator Jim Manzi argues for a radical new approach to our most pressing economic and social problems, using the scientific method--and its controlled experiments and skeptical mindset--to test what works in ...
Jim Manzi, 2012
2
Trial and Error
Non-descript, upstanding Mr Todhunter is told that he has only months to live.
Anthony Berkeley, 2013
3
Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and ...
Now available in a newly revised and updated edition, Larson's highly-acclaimed study of the debate over teaching evolution in the public schools ranges from the Scopes trial of 1925 to the creationism disputes of the 1980s.
Edward John Larson, 1989
4
Trial and Error: Israel's Route from War to De-Escalation
Questions the commonly accepted view that Israel's military policies were formed in direct response to Arab states' hostility and argues for a historical linkage between Israel's changing military posture and the development of an ...
Yagil Levy, 2012
5
Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform
The book examines well-intended programs that for one reason or another fell short of their objectives (D.A.R.E. and Operation Ceasefire being prime examples) yet also had positive effects.
Greg. Berman, Aubrey Fox, 2010
6
Trial and Error: The Education of a Courtroom Lawyer
Here is John C. Tucker, a man who twice argued before the Supreme Court and won, challenged the nefarious and discriminatory practice of ?contract lendingOCO and lost, participated in such monumental cases as the Chicago Eight trial ...
John C. Tucker, 2009
7
Trial and Error : The American Controversy Over Creation and ...
This updated classic work presents a balanced historical interpretation of legal and educational debates over evolutionism, and will appeal to those interested in the fields of history, religion, science, and law.
Edward J. Larson Richard B. Russell Professor of History and Talmadge Professor of Law University of Georgia, 2002
8
Trial and error: the advent and eclipse of Benazir Bhutto
On the life and political career of Benazir Bhutto, ex-prime minister of Pakistan.
Iqbal Akhund, 2000
9
Reforming the World Bank: Twenty Years of Trial - and Error
This 2009 book explains why the World Bank has not achieved substantive efficiency or effectiveness in delivering economic assistance.
David A. Phillips, 2009
10
Trial and error: an Oxford anthology of legal stories
Short stories and excerpts from novels deal with legal themes, including legal institutions, rules, and participants
Fred R. Shapiro, Jane Garry, 1998

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «TRIAL AND ERROR»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term trial and error is used in the context of the following news items.
1
TEMECULA: Gerald Albright finds inspiration in nature, trial and error
“Music is trial and error,” he said. “You try to sound different and some things work and others don't. For example, Cannonball Adderley could play any riff ... «Press-Enterprise, Jul 15»
2
Earnhardt Jr. on safety: 'It was trial and error for a long time'
"You'd love to have had it to start off in 1950 with the safest thing you have," he said, "but I think it was trial and error for a long time." For Earnhardt Jr. and the ... «The Detroit News, Jul 15»
3
Trial and error: Thousands left seriously ill or disabled by clinical …
Shocking figures reveal for the first time the extent of serious and unexpected adverse reactions suffered by members of the public who take part in clinical trials. «Mirror.co.uk, Jun 15»
4
Building A More Effective Hiring Model Through Trial And Error
Bootstrapping a startup is challenging, so when a company with very little capital starts to gain some traction and market recognition, it's a relief for the founder to ... «Forbes, Jun 15»
5
Robot learns skills through trial and error, like you do
The machine uses neural network-based deep learning algorithms to master tasks through trial and error, much like humans do. Ask it to assemble a toy and it'll ... «Engadget, May 15»
6
New 'deep learning' technique enables robot mastery of skills via …
UC Berkeley researchers have developed algorithms that enable robots to learn motor tasks through trial and error using a process that more closely ... «UC Berkeley, May 15»
7
Trial and error
After the controversial speedy bail to Salman Khan by the Mumbai High Court, the Karnataka High Court has set aside the trial court's verdict sentencing J. «Chandigarh Tribune, May 15»
8
Trial and Error Is No Way to Make Strategy
For decades now, both consultants and academics have been arguing that the world has become so fast paced, so hypercompetitive, so complex, so ambiguous ... «blogs.hbr.org, Apr 15»
9
Trial and error and dedication: Nora rebounds from an F
Put them in the shaky fingers of a 5-year-old who can't speak English. Could simply rolling clay or stacking shapes for a few minutes soothe the surrounding ... «Indianapolis Star, Apr 15»
10
Jakrapong Kongmalai: Find a Mentor and Avoid Years of Trial and
In reality, I spend too many years doing trial and error by myself in the office (and learn everything by myself) which is totally wrong. What has been the most ... «Huffington Post, Jan 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Trial and error [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/trial-and-error>. Jan 2020 ».
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