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Meaning of "tyrosine" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD TYROSINE

From Greek turos cheese + -ine².
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF TYROSINE

tyrosine  [ˈtaɪrəˌsiːn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF TYROSINE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Tyrosine is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES TYROSINE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Tyrosine

Tyrosine or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine, is one of the 22 amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins. Its codons are UAC and UAU. It is a non-essential amino acid with a polar side group. The word "tyrosine" is from the Greek tyros, meaning cheese, as it was first discovered in 1846 by German chemist Justus von Liebig in the protein casein from cheese. It is called tyrosyl when referred to as a functional group or side chain.

Definition of tyrosine in the English dictionary

The definition of tyrosine in the dictionary is an aromatic nonessential amino acid; a component of proteins. It is a metabolic precursor of thyroxine, the pigment melanin, and other biologically important compounds.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH TYROSINE


adenosine
æˈdɛnəˌsiːn
anthracene
ˈænθrəˌsiːn
Anthropocene
ænˈθrɒpəˌsiːn
arrasene
ˈærəˌsiːn
benzanthracene
benˈzænθrəˌsiːn
cyclazocine
saɪˈklæzəˌsiːn
damascene
ˈdæməˌsiːn
dryopithecine
ˌdraɪəʊˈpɪθəˌsiːn
ferrocene
ˈfɛrəʊˌsiːn
guanosine
ˈɡwɑːnəˌsiːn
Holocene
ˈhɒləˌsiːn
hyoscine
ˈhaɪəˌsiːn
kerosene
ˈkɛrəˌsiːn
kerosine
ˈkɛrəˌsiːn
Miocene
ˈmaɪəˌsiːn
Neocene
ˈniːəˌsiːn
nigrosine
ˈnɪɡrəˌsiːn
Oligocene
ˈɒlɪɡəʊˌsiːn
Pleistocene
ˈplaɪstəˌsiːn
spinacene
ˈspaɪnəˌsiːn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE TYROSINE

tyre pressure
tyre valve
tyreless
tyremaker
Tyrian
Tyrian purple
Tyrian-purple
tyro
tyrocidin
tyrocidine
tyroglyphid
Tyrol
Tyrolean
Tyrolese
Tyrolienne
Tyrone
tyronic
tyropitta
tyrosinase
tyrothricin

WORDS THAT END LIKE TYROSINE

arccosine
arsine
batterie de cuisine
cosine
cuisine
cytosine
direction cosine
draisine
eosine
erythrosine
haute cuisine
hyperbolic cosine
inosine
limousine
lysine
rusine
sine
sphingosine
stretch limousine
ursine

Synonyms and antonyms of tyrosine in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «tyrosine» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF TYROSINE

Find out the translation of tyrosine to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of tyrosine from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «tyrosine» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

酪氨酸
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

tirosina
570 millions of speakers

English

tyrosine
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

tyrosine
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

التيروزين
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

тирозин
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

tirosina
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

টাইরোসিন
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

tyrosine
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Tirosin
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Tyrosin
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

チロシン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

티로신
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Tyrosine
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

tyrosine
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

டைரோசின்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

टायरोसिन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

tirosin
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

tirosina
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

tyrozynowej
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

тирозин
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

tirozină
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

τυροσίνης
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

tyrosine
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

tyrosin
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

tyrosin
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of tyrosine

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «TYROSINE»

The term «tyrosine» is quite widely used and occupies the 29.040 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
87
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «tyrosine» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of tyrosine
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «tyrosine».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «TYROSINE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «tyrosine» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «tyrosine» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about tyrosine

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «TYROSINE»

Discover the use of tyrosine in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to tyrosine and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors—Advances in Research and ...
The editors have built BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nilotinib in this book to be deeper ...
‎2013
2
Tyrosine Hydroxylase
A new type of regulation of tyrosine hydroxylation has been found. The activity of tyrosine hydroxylase was regulated by allosteric effect of its cofactor, 5,6,7,8- tetrahydrobiopterin. Positive co- operativity toward the cofactors, (6.R)-L-ery//iro-5 ,6 ...
Makoto Naoi, S. H. Parvez, 1993
3
Cell and Molecular Biology: Concepts and Experiments
15.4 PROTEIN-TYROSINE PHOSPHORYLATION AS A MECHANISM FOR SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION Protein-tyrosine kinases are enzymes that phosphory- late specific tyrosine residues on protein substrates. Protein-tyrosine phosphorylation ...
Gerald Karp, 2009
4
Dr. Atkins' Vita-nutrient Solution: Nature's Answers to Drugs
TYROSINE: Antidepressant Mainstream medicine teaches us that the best treatment for depression comes from psychopharmacology. But for my patients it comes from a bottle of tyrosine. The amino acid works better than the majority of ...
Robert C. Atkins, 1998
5
Targeting Tyrosine Kinases in Solid Tumors and Hematopoietic ...
Understanding how newly identified RTKs contribute to the tumorigenic process and identifying patient populations dependent on these kinases will be invaluable in the design of novel therapeutic agents.
Anna V. Galkin, 2008
6
Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-based Inhibition Motifs: With ... 5 ...
M. Daeron1 and E. Vivier2 1 Introduction I 2 Structural and Functional Definitions of Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-based Inhibition Motifs Revisited 2 3 A Network of Negative and Positive Receptors 7 4 Concluding Remarks 8 References 9 ...
Marc Daëron, E. Vivier, 1999
7
An RNAi Screen Targeting the Protein Tyrosine Kinases ...
An RNAi screen targeting tyrosine kinase genes in an ErbB2 positive breast cancer. BT474 breast cancer cells were transfected with 234 shRNA constructs targeting 83 protein tyrosine kinase genes. Three transfection mixes were produced ...
Cheryl Eifert, 2009
8
Protein Tyrosine Kinases: From Inhibitors to Useful Drugs
Levitzki A, Gazit A. Tyrosine kinase inhibition: an approach to drug development. Science 1995; 267(5205): 1782-1788. 139. Blaskovich MA, Sun J, Cantor A, Turkson J, Jove R, Sebti SM. Discovery of JSI-124 (cucurbitacin I), a selective Janus ...
Doriano Fabbro, Frank McCormick, 2007
9
An Investigation Into the Differential Phosphorylation ...
PHOSPHO-PEPTIDE MAPPING OF THE EPHRIN TYROSINE KINASE RECEPTOR, EPHA2, IN HUMAN BREAST CELLS ABSTRACT The tyrosine phosphorylation of EphA2 in MCF-10A and MDA-MB231 cell lines varies greatly as analyzed ...
Lake N. Paul, 2007
10
Nutrition and Behavior: A Multidisciplinary Approach
While most of the conditions that are necessary for tyrosine to increase the synthesis of its neurotransmitter products are met, most studies have revealed that tyrosine administration has no effect on the synthesis of catecholamines. Indeed, not ...
John Worobey, Beverly J. Tepper, Robin B. Kanarek, 2006

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «TYROSINE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term tyrosine is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors seem safe in CML with CKD
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors appear to be safe in patients with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia and chronic kidney disease, according to a study published ... «Medical Xpress, Jul 15»
2
Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) Inhibitors -Pipeline …
DelveInsight's, Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) Inhibitors- Pipeline Insights, 2015, provides the in-depth analysis of the pipeline assets across the ... «PR Newswire, Jun 15»
3
Comprehensive translational control of tyrosine kinase expression …
Tyrosine kinases (TKs) represent a prototype family of oncogenic proteins that are key enzymatic regulators of cellular signaling cascades involved in ... «Nature.com, Jun 15»
4
BeiGene Announces IND Approval for BGB-3111, a Bruton Tyrosine
BEIJING, June 19, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- BeiGene Ltd., an innovative oncology company focused on developing targeted and immune-oncology ... «GlobeNewswire, Jun 15»
5
Mirati Therapeutics presents preliminary results of MGCD265 …
The Company also provided updates on its other targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, MGCD516, and spectrum-selective HDAC inhibitor, mocetinostat. «News-Medical.net, Jun 15»
6
Who needs poppies? Ordinary yeast can now produce opioids
Opioids start out simply, with the amino acid tyrosine. An enzyme called tyrosine hydroxylase converts tyrosine into L-DOPA, a vital intermediate on the pathway ... «Ars Technica, May 15»
7
NPM-ALK mediates phosphorylation of MSH2 at tyrosine 238 …
Here, using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, we report for the first time that MSH2 is phosphorylated by NPM-ALK at a specific residue, tyrosine 238. «Nature.com, May 15»
8
Non-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Oncology, 2015-2025
In fact, non-tyrosine kinase inhibitors have gradually gained attention in the last few ... Although the market of protein kinase inhibitors is dominated by tyrosine ... «MarketWatch, May 15»
9
Bioavailability of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
The growing prominence of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as treatment for malignancies prompts oncology nurses to expand the scope of their patient ... «Medscape, Apr 15»
10
Global Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Market & Pipeline Insight 2015
Tyrosine kinase therapeutics segment is rapidly growing along with numerous products at various phases of industry life cycle. Huge investments in research ... «PR Newswire, Apr 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Tyrosine [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/tyrosine>. Jul 2020 ».
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