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Meaning of "ubiquitin" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD UBIQUITIN

From ubiquitous + -in.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF UBIQUITIN

ubiquitin  [juːˈbɪkwɪtɪn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF UBIQUITIN

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Ubiquitin is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES UBIQUITIN MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Ubiquitin

Ubiquitin is a small regulatory protein that has been found in almost all tissues of eukaryotic organisms. It was discovered in 1975 by Goldstein and further characterized throughout the 1970s and 1980s. There are four genes in the human genome that produce ubiquitin; UBB, UBC, UBA52 and RPS27A. Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification where ubiquitin is attached to a substrate protein. The addition of ubiquitin can affect proteins in many ways: It can signal for their degradation via the proteasome, alter their cellular location, affect their activity, and promote or prevent protein interactions. Ubiquitination is carried out in three main steps: activation, conjugation, and ligation, performed by ubiquitin-activating enzymes, ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes, and ubiquitin ligases, respectively. The result of this sequential cascade binds ubiquitin to lysine residues on the protein substrate via an isopeptide bond or to the amino group of the protein's N-terminus via a peptide bond. The protein modifications can be either a single ubiquitin protein or chains of ubiquitin.

Definition of ubiquitin in the English dictionary

The definition of ubiquitin in the dictionary is a small polypeptide, found in most eukaryotic cells, that combines with other proteins to make them susceptible to degradation.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH UBIQUITIN


acetin
ˈæsɪtɪn
amanitin
ˌæməˈnaɪtɪn
bulletin
ˈbʊlɪtɪn
chitin
ˈkaɪtɪn
chondroitin
kɒnˈdrəʊɪtɪn
ferritin
ˈfɛrɪtɪn
Keewatin
kiːˈweɪtɪn
palmitin
ˈpælmɪtɪn
phenacetin
fɪˈnæsɪtɪn
phytin
ˈfaɪtɪn
precipitin
prɪˈsɪpɪtɪn
quercetin
ˈkwɜːsɪtɪn
quercitin
ˈkwɜːsɪtɪn
tripalmitin
traɪˈpælmɪtɪn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE UBIQUITIN

uberous
uberrima fides
ubersexual
uberty
ubi supra
ubiety
ubiquarian
ubiquinone
ubiquitarian
ubiquitarianism
ubiquitary
ubiquitination
ubiquitous
ubiquitously
ubiquitousness
ubiquity

WORDS THAT END LIKE UBIQUITIN

actin
biotin
cake tin
chromatin
Curtin
gabapentin
gelatin
gratin
keratin
Latin
martin
matin
patin
Putin
rutin
Saint Martin
Saint-Quentin
satin
tin
Tintin

Synonyms and antonyms of ubiquitin in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «ubiquitin» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF UBIQUITIN

Find out the translation of ubiquitin to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of ubiquitin from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «ubiquitin» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

泛素
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

ubiquitina
570 millions of speakers

English

ubiquitin
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

ubiquitin
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

اليوبيكويتين
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

убикитина
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

ubiquitina
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

ubiquitin
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

ubiquitine
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Ubiquitin
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Ubiquitin
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

ユビキチン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

유비퀴틴 (ubiquitin)
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Ubiquitin
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

ubiquitin
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

யுபிக்விட்டின்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Ubiquitin
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

ubikuitin
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ubiquitina
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

ubikwityny
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

убікітіна
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

ubiquitin
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ουμπικιτίνης
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

ubiquitine
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

ubikitin
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

ubiquitin
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of ubiquitin

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «UBIQUITIN»

The term «ubiquitin» is regularly used and occupies the 56.162 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
74
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «ubiquitin» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of ubiquitin
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «ubiquitin».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «UBIQUITIN» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «ubiquitin» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «ubiquitin» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about ubiquitin

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «UBIQUITIN»

Discover the use of ubiquitin in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to ubiquitin and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Ubiquitin and the Biology of the Cell
The many strands of work that led to this new perception are re counted in this book. A consequence of this progress is that the field has grown dramatically since the first book on ubiquitin was published almost a decade ago [M.
Jan-Michael Peters, J. Robin Harris, Daniel Finley, 1998
2
Ubiquitin-Proteasome Protocols
Ubiquitin-Proteasome Protocols provides the tools for investigators to learn how to manipulate the ubiqutin-proteasome system to address questions in their own areas of research.
Cam Patterson, Douglas M. Cyr, 2005
3
Ubiquitin and Protein Degradation: E1 enzyme ; E2 enzyme ; ...
Ubiquitin and Protein Degradation, Part B will cover chemical biology, ubiquitin derivatives and ubiquitin-like proteins, deubiquitinating enzymes, proteomics as well as techniques to monitor protein degradation.
Raymond Joseph Deshaies, 2005
4
Ubiquitin and Protein Degradation
Ubiquitin and Protein Degradation, Part B will cover chemical biology, ubiquitin derivatives and ubiquitin-like proteins, deubiquitinating enzymes, proteomics as well as techniques to monitor protein degradation.
Raymond J. Deshaies, 2005
5
Ubiquitin Independent Degradation of Cellular Proteins by ...
The molecular basis for coordinated regulation of protein synthesis and degradation is not understood.
James M. Baugh, 2009
6
Protein Degradation: The Ubiquitin-Proteasome System and Disease
This final volume in the series focuses on malfunctions of the ubiquitin-proteasome system and their role in human disease.
R. John Mayer, Aaron J. Ciechanover, Martin Rechsteiner, 2008
7
Ubiquitin Chain Editing by the Neurodegenerative Disease ...
In conclusion, ataxin-3 possesses novel and complex ubiquitin protease activity directed at K63-linked ubiquitin.
Brett John Winborn, 2008
8
The Ubiquitin System in Health and Disease
The latest developments in this rapidly moving field are presented in this book.
Stefan Jentsch, Bernhard Haendler, 2008
9
Conjugation and Deconjugation of Ubiquitin Family Modifiers
To cope with the steadily growing body of knowledge and for organizational reasons the articles in this book are focussed on the modifiers ubiquitin, SUMO1/2/3, NED 8, ISG15 and FAT10 but it should be at least mentioned here that enzymes ...
Marcus Groettrup, 2011
10
Regulation of the Rsp5 HECT Domain Ubiquitin Ligase
The results of these studies help contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms that regulate the activity of Rsp5 and related ubiquitin ligases.
Michael E. French, 2008

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «UBIQUITIN»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term ubiquitin is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Epigenetic Role for Ubiquitin Receptors
However, until recently the evidence linking ubiquitin receptors with the regulation of gene expression was limited at best. Now, researchers from the Institute for ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Apr 15»
2
Discovery of an unexpected function of a protein linked to …
Until today, the proteins known as ubiquitin receptors have been associated mainly with protein degradation, a basic cell cleaning process. A new function now ... «Phys.Org, Apr 15»
3
How to kill a protein
At the right time, APC tags its target with a small protein called ubiquitin. This tagging, a kiss of death, signals a cellular machine called the proteasome. «Phys.Org, Apr 15»
4
Post-translational modifications When ubiqutin piggybacks
RING E3 ligases bind to E2~ubiquitin thioester intermediates and catalyse the transfer of ubiquitin to substrates. In addition to binding to the E2 catalytic site, free ... «Nature.com, Apr 15»
5
Skin-repair startup joins McGovern Center incubator
As Repairogen's co-founder and chief scientific officer, Michael Boice, explained: “Our patented technology, with CUL4A Ubiquitin Ligase inhibitors, significantly ... «Cornell Chronicle, Apr 15»
6
Polyubiquitin chain-dependent protein degradation in TRIM30 …
We found that TRIM30 is located in actin-mediated cytoplasmic bodies and produces colocalized ubiquitin chains in SPRY domain- and RING-finger ... «Nature.com, Apr 15»
7
Cellular Garbage Disposal Illuminated
UbiquitinWIKIMEDIA, ROGERDODDCells dispose of worn-out proteins to maintain normal function. One type of protein degradation relies upon such proteins ... «The Scientist, Apr 15»
8
Study by Israeli Nobel Prize Winner Ciechanover Found Cancer …
The heretofore-undiscovered proteins were found during ongoing research on the ubiquitin system, an important and vital pathway in the life of the cell, which is ... «Jewish Business News, Apr 15»
9
Breakthrough In Cancer Research
The ubiquitin system tags these proteins and sends them for destruction in the ... be broken down completely in certain cases following its tagging by ubiquitin, ... «PR Newswire, Apr 15»
10
Researchers identify mechanism involved in causing cataracts in mice
Normally, obsolete or damaged proteins are removed by the ubiquitin and lysosomal pathways. The authors noticed when the ubiquitin pathway falters calcium ... «Medical Xpress, Jan 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Ubiquitin [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/ubiquitin>. Aug 2021 ».
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