A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES XENOGRAFT MEAN IN ENGLISH?
Xenotransplantation, is the transplantation of living cells, tissues or organs from one species to another. Such cells, tissues or organs are called xenografts or xenotransplants. In contrast, the term allotransplantation refers to a same-species transplant. Human xenotransplantation offers a potential treatment for end-stage organ failure, a significant health problem in parts of the industrialized world. It also raises many novel medical, legal and ethical issues. A continuing concern is that many animals, such as pigs, have a shorter lifespan than humans, meaning that their tissues age at a quicker rate. Disease transmission and permanent alteration to the genetic code of animals are also causes for concern. A few successful cases of xenotransplantation are published. It is not uncommon for patients and physicians to use the term "allograft" imprecisely to refer to either allograft or xenograft, but it is helpful scientifically to maintain the more precise distinction in usage.
The translations of xenograft from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «xenograft» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «xenograft».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «XENOGRAFT» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «xenograft» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «xenograft» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about xenograft
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «XENOGRAFT»
Discover the use of xenograft in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to xenograft and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Contemporary Multivariate Analysis and Design of Experiments
Statistical. Analysis. for. Tumor. Xenograft. Experiments. in. Drug. Development.
Ming Tan, Hong-Bin Fang and Guo-Liang Tian Division of Biostatistics, University
of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, 22 South Greene Street, Baltimore, ...
Kaitai Fang, Jianqing Fan, Gang Li, 2005
Principles of Clinical Pharmacology
Currently, xenograft tumors have been established for virtually all common
human solid tumors. A high degree of correlation has been observed between
the sensitivity of disease-specific human xenografts and complete clinical
Arthur J. Atkinson, Jr., Darrell R. Abernethy, Charles E. Daniels, 2011
Xenotransplantation:: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy
This book considers the scientific and medical feasibility of xenotransplantation and explores the ethical and public policy issues surrounding the possibility of renewed clinical trials.
Committee on Xenograft Transplantation: Ethical Issues and Public Policy, Institute of Medicine, 1996
Development of Synthetic Extracellular Matrix Xenograft ...
Tumor xenograft mouse models have been useful in the cancer drug
development research and industry. However, there are some inherent
weaknesses in these animal model systems. Nude mice xenograft models ignore
the contribution of ...
Xiaoyu Xu, 2008
Genetically Malleable Porcine and Murine Xenograft Models ...
Fifth, the entire procedure is quite simple and nearly as rapid as existing mouse
xenograft models. The ability to now genetically generate experimentally
malleable tumors of sizes and genetic makeup akin to those found in humans
Stacey J. Adam, 2007
The Complement System
In vivo studies support the importance of C in discordant xenograft rejection.
During onset of xenograft rejection, immunoglobulins and C components
accumulate in the grafted tissues. Induction of C depletion or use of recipients
with genetic C ...
K. Rother, Gerd Till, Gertrud M. Hänsch, 1998
Cancer Metastasis and the Lymphovascular System:: Basis for ...
Growth factor Tumor type Animal model References VEGF-C Breast MDA-MB-
435 XENOGRAFT (125) Breast MCF-7 XENOGRAFT (126) Breast NM-081
XENOGRAFT (127) Breast C166 MOUSE SYNGENEIC (128) Fibrosarcoma T241
Stanley P. L. Leong, 2007
New Developments in Epstein-Barr Virus Research
Functional Analysis of EBV in Infected Xenografts in SCID Mice Most EBV" NPC
cell lines can induce xenograft formation in SCID mice if the tumor cells grow in
an optimal condition with sufficient cell number [29, 32-33]. But the growth rate of
Constantine S. Umar, 2006
Transplantation Immunology Research Trends
Despite some great advances in the field, the main impediment to its clinical
application is the strength of the immune response triggered by the xenograft.
Cell-, tissue- and organ-based xenografts are subjected to distinct rejection
Oliver N. Ulricker, 2007
Oral Cancer Metastasis
Xenograft. and. Syngeneic. Models. Most of the models discussed so far have
used human cancer cell lines that have been transplanted into
immunosuppressed mice. Nude, athymic mice (nu/nu) and severe combined
immunodeficient (SCID) ...
Jeffrey Myers, 2009
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «XENOGRAFT»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term xenograft is used in the context of the following news items.
Xenograft model of lipid metabolism
A team of researchers has established a xenograft mouse model of familial hypercholesterolaemia, which they suggest is the first xenograft model of a human ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Factors Hampering Adoption Of Biologic Matrices In EU Market For …
Biologic matrices used for soft tissue reinforcement and regeneration can be divided into two broad categories: allografts and xenografts. Allografts are purified ... «Med Device Online, May 15»
A risk of prolonged acetaminophen use
Now, van den Driesche et al. confirmed and refined this observation in a xenograft model using human fetal testicular tissue. The authors found that a single ... «Science Magazine, May 15»
The BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 suppresses growth of …
The BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 suppresses growth of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in patient-derived xenograft models. P L Garcia, A L Miller, K M ... «Nature.com, May 15»
Cancer Avatars Need Refinement for Successful Personalized …
Used in research since the 1980s, xenograft models (PDX models) or avatars in which patient tumor samples are grown in immunocompromised mice have ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, May 15»
Examining the utility of patient-derived xenograft mouse models
Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models are now being widely used in cancer research and have the potential to greatly inform our understanding of cancer ... «Nature.com, Apr 15»
A Regulatory And Competitive Analysis Of The Asia-Pacific Dental …
Therefore, xenografts will remain the dominant DBGS market in South Korea. Growth of xenograft and allograft markets will lead to significant growth of the ... «Med Device Online, Apr 15»
Global Soft Tissue Repair (Mesh/Tissue patch, Allograft, Xenograft …
Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4c9z4z/soft_tissue ) has announced the addition of the "Soft Tissue Repair Market by ... «PR Newswire, Apr 15»
Taconic Biosciences and Cellaria Biosciences Agree to Scientific …
... collaboration designed to facilitate and improve the utility of patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) in animal models for oncology and immuno-oncology research. «Marketwired, Mar 15»