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Meaning of "xenograft" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF XENOGRAFT

xenograft  [ˈzɛnəʊˌɡrɑːft] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF XENOGRAFT

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Xenograft is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES XENOGRAFT MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Xenotransplantation

Xenotransplantation, is the transplantation of living cells, tissues or organs from one species to another. Such cells, tissues or organs are called xenografts or xenotransplants. In contrast, the term allotransplantation refers to a same-species transplant. Human xenotransplantation offers a potential treatment for end-stage organ failure, a significant health problem in parts of the industrialized world. It also raises many novel medical, legal and ethical issues. A continuing concern is that many animals, such as pigs, have a shorter lifespan than humans, meaning that their tissues age at a quicker rate. Disease transmission and permanent alteration to the genetic code of animals are also causes for concern. A few successful cases of xenotransplantation are published. It is not uncommon for patients and physicians to use the term "allograft" imprecisely to refer to either allograft or xenograft, but it is helpful scientifically to maintain the more precise distinction in usage.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH XENOGRAFT


aircraft
ˈɛəˌkrɑːft
allograft
ˈæləʊˌɡrɑːft
antigraft
ˌæntɪˈɡrɑːft
autograft
ˈɔːtəˌɡrɑːft
craft
krɑːft
draft
drɑːft
engraft
ɪnˈɡrɑːft
graft
ɡrɑːft
handicraft
ˈhændɪˌkrɑːft
heterograft
ˈhɛtərəʊˌɡrɑːft
homograft
ˈhɒməˌɡrɑːft
ingraft
ɪnˈɡrɑːft
intergraft
ˌɪntəˈɡrɑːft
isograft
ˈaɪsəˌɡrɑːft
kraft
krɑːft
misgraft
ˌmɪsˈɡrɑːft
regraft
riːˈɡrɑːft
warcraft
ˈwɔːˌkrɑːft
witchcraft
ˈwɪtʃˌkrɑːft
zoograft
ˌzəʊəˈɡrɑːft

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE XENOGRAFT

xenogamous
xenogamy
xenogeneic
xenogenesis
xenogenetic
xenogenic
xenogenous
xenogeny
xenoglossia
xenoglossy
xenolith
xenolithic
xenomania
xenomenia
xenomorphic
xenomorphically
xenon
Xenophanes
xenophile
xenophobe

WORDS THAT END LIKE XENOGRAFT

anti-aircraft
bank draft
banker´s draft
bushcraft
crown graft
demand draft
fixed-wing aircraft
handcraft
needlecraft
overdraft
raft
redraft
rough draft
runecraft
skin graft
spacecraft
stagecraft
watercraft
whip graft
woodcraft

Synonyms and antonyms of xenograft in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «xenograft» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF XENOGRAFT

Find out the translation of xenograft to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of xenograft from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «xenograft» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

异种移植
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

xenotrasplante
570 millions of speakers

English

xenograft
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

xenograft
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

طعم أجنبي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

ксенотрансплантат
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

xenotransplante
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

xenograft
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

xénogreffe
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Xenograft
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Xenotransplantat
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

異種移植片
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

이종 이식
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Xenograft
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

ghép ngoại lai
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

xenograft
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Xenograft
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

xenograft
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

xenotrapianto
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

ksenoprzeszczepioną
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

ксенотрансплантата
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

xenograft
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ξενομόσχευμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

xenograft
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

xenograft
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

xenograft
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of xenograft

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «XENOGRAFT»

The term «xenograft» is quite widely used and occupies the 25.918 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
88
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «xenograft» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of xenograft
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «xenograft».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «XENOGRAFT» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «xenograft» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «xenograft» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about xenograft

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «XENOGRAFT»

Discover the use of xenograft in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to xenograft and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Contemporary Multivariate Analysis and Design of Experiments
Statistical. Analysis. for. Tumor. Xenograft. Experiments. in. Drug. Development. Ming Tan, Hong-Bin Fang and Guo-Liang Tian Division of Biostatistics, University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, 22 South Greene Street, Baltimore, ...
Kaitai Fang, Jianqing Fan, Gang Li, 2005
2
Principles of Clinical Pharmacology
Currently, xenograft tumors have been established for virtually all common human solid tumors. A high degree of correlation has been observed between the sensitivity of disease-specific human xenografts and complete clinical response ...
Arthur J. Atkinson, Jr., Darrell R. Abernethy, Charles E. Daniels, 2011
3
Xenotransplantation:: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy
This book considers the scientific and medical feasibility of xenotransplantation and explores the ethical and public policy issues surrounding the possibility of renewed clinical trials.
Committee on Xenograft Transplantation: Ethical Issues and Public Policy, Institute of Medicine, 1996
4
Development of Synthetic Extracellular Matrix Xenograft ...
Tumor xenograft mouse models have been useful in the cancer drug development research and industry. However, there are some inherent weaknesses in these animal model systems. Nude mice xenograft models ignore the contribution of ...
Xiaoyu Xu, 2008
5
Genetically Malleable Porcine and Murine Xenograft Models ...
Fifth, the entire procedure is quite simple and nearly as rapid as existing mouse xenograft models. The ability to now genetically generate experimentally malleable tumors of sizes and genetic makeup akin to those found in humans rapidly, ...
Stacey J. Adam, 2007
6
The Complement System
In vivo studies support the importance of C in discordant xenograft rejection. During onset of xenograft rejection, immunoglobulins and C components accumulate in the grafted tissues. Induction of C depletion or use of recipients with genetic C ...
K. Rother, Gerd Till, Gertrud M. Hänsch, 1998
7
Cancer Metastasis and the Lymphovascular System:: Basis for ...
Growth factor Tumor type Animal model References VEGF-C Breast MDA-MB- 435 XENOGRAFT (125) Breast MCF-7 XENOGRAFT (126) Breast NM-081 XENOGRAFT (127) Breast C166 MOUSE SYNGENEIC (128) Fibrosarcoma T241  ...
Stanley P. L. Leong, 2007
8
New Developments in Epstein-Barr Virus Research
Functional Analysis of EBV in Infected Xenografts in SCID Mice Most EBV" NPC cell lines can induce xenograft formation in SCID mice if the tumor cells grow in an optimal condition with sufficient cell number [29, 32-33]. But the growth rate of  ...
Constantine S. Umar, 2006
9
Transplantation Immunology Research Trends
Despite some great advances in the field, the main impediment to its clinical application is the strength of the immune response triggered by the xenograft. Cell-, tissue- and organ-based xenografts are subjected to distinct rejection processes ...
Oliver N. Ulricker, 2007
10
Oral Cancer Metastasis
Xenograft. and. Syngeneic. Models. Most of the models discussed so far have used human cancer cell lines that have been transplanted into immunosuppressed mice. Nude, athymic mice (nu/nu) and severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) ...
Jeffrey Myers, 2009

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «XENOGRAFT»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term xenograft is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Xenograft model of lipid metabolism
A team of researchers has established a xenograft mouse model of familial hypercholesterolaemia, which they suggest is the first xenograft model of a human ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
Factors Hampering Adoption Of Biologic Matrices In EU Market For …
Biologic matrices used for soft tissue reinforcement and regeneration can be divided into two broad categories: allografts and xenografts. Allografts are purified ... «Med Device Online, May 15»
3
A risk of prolonged acetaminophen use
Now, van den Driesche et al. confirmed and refined this observation in a xenograft model using human fetal testicular tissue. The authors found that a single ... «Science Magazine, May 15»
4
The BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 suppresses growth of …
The BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 suppresses growth of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in patient-derived xenograft models. P L Garcia, A L Miller, K M ... «Nature.com, May 15»
5
Cancer Avatars Need Refinement for Successful Personalized …
Used in research since the 1980s, xenograft models (PDX models) or avatars in which patient tumor samples are grown in immunocompromised mice have ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, May 15»
6
Examining the utility of patient-derived xenograft mouse models
Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models are now being widely used in cancer research and have the potential to greatly inform our understanding of cancer ... «Nature.com, Apr 15»
7
A Regulatory And Competitive Analysis Of The Asia-Pacific Dental …
Therefore, xenografts will remain the dominant DBGS market in South Korea. Growth of xenograft and allograft markets will lead to significant growth of the ... «Med Device Online, Apr 15»
8
Global Soft Tissue Repair (Mesh/Tissue patch, Allograft, Xenograft
Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4c9z4z/soft_tissue ) has announced the addition of the "Soft Tissue Repair Market by ... «PR Newswire, Apr 15»
9
Taconic Biosciences and Cellaria Biosciences Agree to Scientific …
... collaboration designed to facilitate and improve the utility of patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) in animal models for oncology and immuno-oncology research. «Marketwired, Mar 15»
10
NewGen Therapeutics Targeted Anti-Cancer Drug, NT-113 …
Researchers demonstrated that NT-113 was active against a variety of patient-derived GBM xenografts in which EGFR is amplified, overexpressed and/or ... «PR Newswire, Dec 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Xenograft [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/xenograft>. Jun 2021 ».
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