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Meaning of "agonist" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD AGONIST

From Greek agōnagon.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF AGONIST

agonist  [ˈæɡənɪst] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF AGONIST

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Agonist is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES AGONIST MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Agonist

An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response. Whereas an agonist causes an action, an antagonist blocks the action of the agonist and an inverse agonist causes an action opposite to that of the agonist.

Definition of agonist in the English dictionary

The definition of agonist in the dictionary is a competitor, as in an agon.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH AGONIST


antagonist
ænˈtæɡənɪst
cosmogonist
kɒzˈmɒɡənɪst
deuteragonist
ˌdjuːtəˈræɡənɪst
educationist
ˌɛdʒʊˈkeɪʃənɪst
exhibitionist
ˌɛksɪˈbɪʃənɪst
expressionist
ɪkˈsprɛʃənɪst
humanist
ˈhjuːmənɪst
impressionist
ɪmˈprɛʃənɪst
modernist
ˈmɒdənɪst
nutritionist
njuːˈtrɪʃənɪst
organist
ˈɔːɡənɪst
paganist
ˈpeɪɡənɪst
perfectionist
pəˈfɛkʃənɪst
pianist
ˈpɪənɪst
protagonist
prəʊˈtæɡənɪst
receptionist
rɪˈsɛpʃənɪst
theogonist
θɪˈɒɡənɪst
tobogganist
təˈbɒɡənɪst
tritagonist
trɪˈtæɡənɪst
Zionist
ˈzaɪənɪst

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE AGONIST

agonal
agone
agonic
agonic line
agonies
agonise
agonised
agonisedly
agonising
agonisingly
agonistic
agonistical
agonistically
agonize
agonized
agonizedly
agonizing
agonizingly
agonothetes
agony

WORDS THAT END LIKE AGONIST

abortionist
accordionist
anti-Zionist
balloonist
cartoonist
colonist
communist
conservationist
constructionist
dental receptionist
evolutionist
fashionist
hotel receptionist
percussionist
precisionist
projectionist
reductionist
revolutionist
saxophonist
trade unionist
unionist

Synonyms and antonyms of agonist in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «agonist» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF AGONIST

Find out the translation of agonist to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of agonist from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «agonist» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

激动剂
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

agonista
570 millions of speakers

English

agonist
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

एगोनिस्ट
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

ناهض
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

агонист
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

agonista
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

agonist
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

agoniste
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Agonis
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Agonist
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

作動薬
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

작용제
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Agonis
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

agonist
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

அகோனிஸ்டுக்கு
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

दयनीय
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

agonisti
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

agonista
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

agonista
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

агонист
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

agonist
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

αγωνιστή
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

agonis
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

agonist
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

agonist
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of agonist

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «AGONIST»

The term «agonist» is quite widely used and occupies the 34.253 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
84
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «agonist» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of agonist
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «agonist».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «AGONIST» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «agonist» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «agonist» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about agonist

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «AGONIST»

Discover the use of agonist in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to agonist and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Neurophysiological Basis of Movement
11.4 EMG Patterns of Single- Joint Isotonic Movements Recall the two basic notions of agonist and antagonist muscles. The term agonist (or agonist muscle) is used for a muscle whose activation accelerates the limb or increases joint torque in ...
‎2008
2
Cell Surface Receptors: A Short Course on Theory and Methods
Thus, as an increasing fraction of the receptor population is inactivated, the agonist dose-response curve shifts to the right. Ultimately, the decrease in available receptors is sufficient to cause a decrease in the maximal response. For agonists ...
Lee E. Limbird, 2006
3
Pharmacology for Chemists
4.6 Partial Agonists and Inverse Agonists A full agonist is a drug that elicits the largest pharmacological response that the receptor system/tissue can give. A partial agonist at any dose level cannot produce the same maximal biological ...
Joseph G. Cannon, 2007
4
Essential Psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific Basis and ...
Shown here is the agonist spectrum. This spectrum reaches from agonists through antagonists to inverse agonists. Naturally occurring neurotransmitters are agonists. It is a common misconception that antagonists are the opposite of agonists ...
S. M. Stahl, 2000
5
Drug Actions: Basic Principles and Theraputic Aspects
This equation is actually only valid for a limited number of cases in which agonist binding directly triggers an effect. More often some other intermediate processes are involved in receptor-effector coupling (see below). Induced fit theory.
Ernst Mutschler, 1995
6
AS PE for AQA
Joint Phase of movement Plane Axis Movement pattern Muscles responsible Role of muscle Type of contraction Lever system Hip Drive Sagittal Transverse Extension/ hyperextension Gluteal muscles Agonist Concentric Third Hamstring ...
Nesta Wiggins-James, Rob James, Graham Thompson, 2005
7
Hormones, Gender and the Aging Brain: The Endocrine Basis of ...
Tissue-specific actions of estrogens Cardio-vascular Skeletal CNS Mammary Uterine Estrogen type Brand names effects effects effects tissue tissue Estradiol Agonist Agonist Agonist Agonist Agonist Oral Estrace Injectable DepGynogen ...
Mary F. Morrison, 2000
8
Drug-Acceptor Interactions: Modeling Theoretical Tools to ...
–4 0 –1 –2 log [agonist] (arbit) 2 1 –3 Figure 1.8. Illustration of potency and efficacy. DoseÁresponse relations for five ligands a, b, c, d, and e activating the same receptive unit. The potency range is a b c d e, while the efficacy range is d a0c0e ...
Niels Bindslev, 2008
9
A Pharmacology Primer: Theory, Applications, and Methods
6.1 INTRODUCTION 99 6.2 KINETICS OF DRUG-RECEPTOR INTERACTION 99 6.3 SURMOUNTABLE COMPETITIVE ANTAGONISM 102 6.4 NONCOMPETITIVE ANTAGONISM 114 6.5 AGONIST-ANTAGONIST HEMI- EQUILIBRIA 117 6.6 ...
Terry Kenakin, 2010
10
Encyclopedia of Molecular Pharmacology
Drug-Receptor Interaction. Figure 2 Relationships between affinity and efficacy with different agonist response patterns, (a) For partial agonists, differences in maximal responses between agonists relate to differences in efficacy. Differences in ...
‎2008

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «AGONIST»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term agonist is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Company Shares of Arena Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Rally 1.14%
APD811 is an orally available agonist of the prostacyclin receptor developed for the treatment of vasospastic diseases. Temanogrel is an orally ... «OTC Outlook, Jul 15»
2
New obesity drug gives 6 kg extra weight loss in trial
... the Food and Drug Administration for use in weight loss in the past 3 years: lorcaserin (Belviq, a serotonin 2C receptor agonist); phentermine, ... «Medical News Today, Jul 15»
3
Reverse is Good for AMARANTUS BIOSCI INC (OTCMKTS:AMBS)
Eltoprazine is a small molecule 5HT1A/1B partial agonist in clinical development for the treatment of Parkinson's disease levodopa-induced ... «MicroCap Daily, Jul 15»
4
Friday's Trade Stocks Highlights: Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc …
Its lead product candidate is plecanatide, a guanylyl cyclase C receptor agonist that is in Phase III clinical trials to treat chronic idiopathic ... «wsnewspublishers, Jul 15»
5
Anavex Life Sciences Corp (OTCMKTS:AVXL) Going Places Fast
We are pleased to see the potential for our sigma-1 agonist drug therapeutics to prevent chronic inflammation in the pathology of Alzheimer's ... «MicroCap Daily, Jul 15»
6
Company Shares of Theravance, Inc. Drops by -12.91%
... Antagonist-Beta2 Agonist), each partnered with GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK), and its oral Peripheral Mu Opioid Receptor Antagonist program. «Insider Trading Report, Jul 15»
7
Company Shares of Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc. Rally 1.26%
The Companys product portfolio include Elagolix, Vesicular Monoamine Transporter 2 Inhibitor (VMAT2), CRF2 Peptide Agonist-urocortin 2, ... «Insider Trading Report, Jul 15»
8
Palatin Technologies's "Buy" Rating Reaffirmed at Roth Capital (PTN)
Palatin Technologies, Inc. (NYSE:PTN) is a biopharmaceutical company engaged in the development of peptide, peptide mimetic and small molecule agonist ... «Dakota Financial News, Jul 15»
9
Increased sleepiness may necessitate cautious PD management
And they also found that, during follow-up, dopamine agonist use was associated with higher ESS scores. “Our results may have implications ... «News-Medical.net, Jul 15»
10
Weight loss drug shows promise, but with side effects
Liraglutide is a new kind of weight loss drug and is called a glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1) agonist. It works by slowing down the ... «CTV News, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Agonist [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/agonist>. Jan 2023 ».
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