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Meaning of "chiasmus" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD CHIASMUS

From New Latin, from Greek khiasmos crisscross arrangement.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF CHIASMUS

chiasmus  [kaɪˈæzməs] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF CHIASMUS

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Chiasmus is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES CHIASMUS MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Chiasmus

In rhetoric, chiasmus is the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the clauses display inverted parallelism. Chiasmus was particularly popular in the literature of the ancient world, including Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, where it was used to articulate the balance of order within the text. As a popular example, many long and complex chiasmi have been found in Shakespeare and the Greek and Hebrew texts of the Bible. It is also found throughout the Book of Mormon. Today, chiasmus is applied fairly broadly to any "criss-cross" structure, although in classical rhetoric it was distinguished from other similar devices, such as the antimetabole. In its classical application, chiasmus would have been used for structures that do not repeat the same words and phrases, but invert a sentence's grammatical structure or ideas. The concept of chiasmus on a higher level, applied to motifs, turns of phrase, or whole passages, is called chiastic structure.

Definition of chiasmus in the English dictionary

The definition of chiasmus in the dictionary is reversal of the order of words in the second of two parallel phrases.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH CHIASMUS


anonymous
əˈnɒnɪməs
Christmas
ˈkrɪsməs
enormous
ɪˈnɔːməs
Erasmus
ɪˈræzməs
famous
ˈfeɪməs
hummus
ˈhʊməs
hypothalamus
ˌhaɪpəˈθæləməs
infamous
ˈɪnfəməs
laryngismus
ˌlærɪnˈdʒɪzməs
marasmus
məˈræzməs
miasmous
maɪˈæzməs
osmous
ˈɒzməs
Palmas
ˈpælməs
psellismus
seˈlɪzməs
strabismus
strəˈbɪzməs
tenesmus
tɪˈnɛzməs
Thomas
ˈtɒməs
trismus
ˈtrɪzməs
vaginismus
ˌvædʒɪˈnɪzməs
Xmas
ˈɛksməs

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CHIASMUS

chianti
Chiantishire
chiao
Chiapas
chiarezza
chiaroscurism
chiaroscurist
chiaroscuro
chiasm
chiasma
chiasmal
chiasmata
chiasmatic
chiasmi
chiasmic
chiastic
chiastolite
chib
Chiba
chibbed

WORDS THAT END LIKE CHIASMUS

animus
Camus
gluteus maximus
Hieronymus
hippopotamus
humus
hyoscyamus
isthmus
litmus
maximus
minimus
Nicodemus
Nostradamus
Polyphemus
primus
ramus
Remus
rhythmus
thalamus
thymus

Synonyms and antonyms of chiasmus in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «chiasmus» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CHIASMUS

Find out the translation of chiasmus to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of chiasmus from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «chiasmus» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

交错法
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

quiasmo
570 millions of speakers

English

chiasmus
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

केइसमस
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

chiasmus
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

хиазмы
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

chiasmus
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

বাক্যালঙ্কার
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

chiasme
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Chiasmus
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

chiasmus
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

交差対句法
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

교차 대구 법
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Chiasmus
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

văn chuyển hoán ở câu thứ hai
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

chiasmus
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

चिअर्समास
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

sözcük sırasının değişmesi
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

chiasmo
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

Chiasmus
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

хіазми
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

chiasmul
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

Chiasmus
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

chiasmus
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

chiasmus
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

chiasmus
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of chiasmus

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CHIASMUS»

The term «chiasmus» is normally little used and occupies the 110.653 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
48
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «chiasmus» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of chiasmus
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «chiasmus».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CHIASMUS» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «chiasmus» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «chiasmus» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about chiasmus

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CHIASMUS»

Discover the use of chiasmus in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to chiasmus and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Great Chiasmus: Word and Flesh in the Novels of Unamuno
" -From The Great Chiasmus In The Great Chiasmus, Paul R. Olson explores the use of the chiasmus in the work of Miguel de Unamuno.
Paul R. Olson, 2003
2
Chi-thinking: Chiasmus and Cognition
Key terms. chiasmus, rhetorical figure, cognitive rhetoric cognitive semantics, iconicity, Kenneth Burke
Patricia Ann Lissner, 2007
3
Chiasmus and Culture
The fourth type, the spiral, represents the power of chiasmus to embrace paradox and contradiction in an enlarging and possibly unending process which opens possibilities oftranscending the ordinary constraints of our understanding of ...
Boris Wiseman, Anthony Paul, 2014
4
The Shape of Biblical Language: Chiasmus in the Scriptures ...
Their detection and analysis, therefore, is essential for accurate biblical interpretation. Written chiastically, the Bible should be read chiastically. This book guides the reader systematically and effectively toward just such a reading.
John Breck, 1994
5
Chiasmus Bibliography
It has intrigued many students of ancient writing. This bibliography cites articles and books that discuss chiasmus in scripture and other literature. Thirty years in the making, it is the most exhaustive work of its kind ever completed.
John Woodland Welch, Daniel Boyd McKinlay, 1999
6
The Second Epistle to the Corinthians: A Commentary on the ...
For instance, it is fascinating to note that exactly the same verses that Garland ( 422-23) sees as the outer elements of his chiasmus in chs. 10-13 (i.e., 10:1-1 1 [A ] and 13:1-10 [A1]), Sundermann (47) views as (respectively) the exordium and ...
Murray J. Harris, 2005
7
Reading Shakespeare's Will: The Theology of Figure from ...
ABBA pattern of inversion, chiasmus bridges difference through repetition, and yet suspends resolution; meaning is generated through chiastic crossing, but answers are deferred. Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do ...
Lisa Freinkel, 2013
8
Shifting Ground: Reinventing Landscape in Modern American Poetry
... of matter ("ground") and mind ("profound"). Vague dream-head lifted out of the ground, And thing next most diffuse to cloud, Not all your light tongues talking aloud Could be profound. But just as the first stanza used chiasmus to cross the ...
Bonnie. COSTELLO, Bonnie Costello, 2009
9
Gnomon of the New Testament
I. Chiasmus is observed as being either direct or inverted. Direct Chiasmus is, when the former word or proposition in the first pair ought to be referred to the former word or proposition in the second pair : and the latter word or proposition in the ...
Johann Albrecht Bengel, Ernest Bengel, Johann Christian Friedrich Steudel, 1858
10
The Wild Card of Reading: On Paul de Man
Is this figure that crosses all the orders of a text — this "chiasmus, the crossing that reverses the attributes of words and things" (AR, p. 38), the chiasm of the figural potential of language — is this the center of the text? Can "a poetics of ...
Rodolphe Gasché, 1998

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CHIASMUS»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term chiasmus is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Most Anticipated: The Great Second-Half 2015 Book Preview
The Small Backs of Children by Lidia Yuknavitch: The visionary editor of Chiasmus Press and first to publish books by Kate Zambreno and Lily ... «The Millions, Jul 15»
2
Just A Few Important Words About The 'Declaration Of Independence'
But the declaration employs a chiasmus. That's a rhetorical device in which the second of two parallel phrases is inverted. In this case, "Friends" ... «KPLU News for Seattle and the Northwest, Jul 15»
3
Celebrate 30 years of Back To The Future with 13 insane fan theories
Then there's Robert Lockard, who suggested in 2014 that the entire Back To The Future trilogy is one big chiasmus. What's a chiasmus? «A.V. Club DC, Jul 15»
4
Dear Elizabeth Previewed
In Sarah Ruhl's play Dear Elizabeth, Chiasmus Productions have taken on a real challenge. Almost entirely comprised of letters between the ... «Oxford Student, Jun 15»
5
Diesel Engine Factory / CHIASMUS
Designed by Beijing & Seoul based architects CHIASMUS, redevelopment of the site focused on the preservation of the existing spatial ... «ArchDaily, Jun 15»
6
chiasmus converts diesel engine factory into vast civic space in china
beijing and seoul based practice chiasmus has converted a former 5,000 sq. meter diesel engine factory into the vanke 1948 club which ... «Designboom, Jun 15»
7
MedCamps now supports archery, paintball course
The Chiasmus range is a barrier-free, wheelchair-accessible pavilion and gathering space for Medcamps. Students from Louisiana Tech ... «Monroe News Star, Jun 15»
8
Poem of the week: The Sheaves by Edwin Arlington Robinson
Line eight persists with the sense of mystery and unknowability. The deft chiasmus there seems to reach out to a kind of religious paradox. «The Guardian, May 15»
9
Rahm's zenith of cynicism: Steinberg
Nice chiasmus, your Honor, but what does that even mean? I half expected Rahm to trot out a kindergarten class, right there on stage at the ... «Chicago Sun-Times, May 15»
10
University Challenge: can you answer the killer questions?
... Alec Douglas-Home and Margaret Thatcher); Sanskrit; Simone de Beauvoir; Pictures of an Exhibition; Chiasmus; Magma; Hapax legomenon. «Telegraph.co.uk, Apr 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Chiasmus [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/chiasmus>. Sep 2019 ».
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