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Meaning of "cy pres" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD CY PRES

From Anglo-French, literally: as near (as possible, etc).
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF CY PRES

cy pres  [siː ˈpreɪ] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF CY PRES

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Cy pres is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES CY PRES MEAN IN ENGLISH?

cy pres

Cy-près doctrine

The cy-près doctrine is a legal doctrine that first arose in courts of equity. The legal French term literally means "so near/close" and can be translated as "as near as possible" or "as near as may be". The doctrine originated in the law of charitable trusts, but has been applied in the context of class action settlements in the United States. When the original objective of the settlor or the testator became impossible, impracticable, or illegal to perform, the cy-près doctrine allows the court to amend the terms of the charitable trust as closely as possible to the original intention of the testator or settlor to prevent the trust from failing. For example, in Jackson v. Phillips, the testator bequeathed to trustees money to be used to "create a public sentiment that will put an end to negro slavery in this country". After slavery was abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment, the funds were applied cy-près "to promote the education, support and interests of the freedmen, lately slaves, in those states in which slavery had been so abolished".

Definition of cy pres in the English dictionary

The definition of cy pres in the dictionary is the doctrine that the intention of a donor or testator should be carried out as closely as practicable when literal compliance is impossible.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH CY PRES


apres
ˈæpreɪ
array
əˈreɪ
extrait
eksˈtreɪ
gray
ɡreɪ
grey
ɡreɪ
hairspray
ˈhɛəˌspreɪ
hand-spray
ˈhændˌspreɪ
hombre
ˈɒmbreɪ
kouprey
ˈkuːpreɪ
outpray
ˌaʊtˈpreɪ
pray
preɪ
prey
preɪ
ray
reɪ
re
reɪ
rei
reɪ
respray
riːˈspreɪ
spray
spreɪ
tray
treɪ
trey
treɪ
unpray
ʌnˈpreɪ

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CY PRES

cyan
cyanamid
cyanamide
cyanate
cyanic acid
cyanid
cyanidation
cyanide
cyanide capsule
cyanide process
cyaniding
cyanin
cyanine
cyanite
cyanitic
cyanoacetylene
cyanoacrylate
cyanobacteria

WORDS THAT END LIKE CY PRES

acres
Ares
Baleares
Buenos Aires
features
Flores
futures
heres
housewares
Linares
manufactures
measures
pictures
res
scores
shores
Soares
stores
the pictures
Ypres

Synonyms and antonyms of cy pres in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «cy pres» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CY PRES

Find out the translation of cy pres to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of cy pres from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «cy pres» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

CY PRES
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

cy pres
570 millions of speakers

English

cy pres
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

CY दबाव
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

بريه قبرصي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

CY прес
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

pres cy
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

সাই প্রেস
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

pres cy
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Cy pres
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

cy pres
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

CYのPRES
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

싸이 의 대가
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Cy pres
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

cy pres
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

சை
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Cy pres
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Ceset
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

cy pres
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

pres cy
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

CY прес
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

pres cy
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

cy pres
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

CY pres
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

cy pres
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

cy pres
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of cy pres

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CY PRES»

The term «cy pres» is normally little used and occupies the 149.960 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
30
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «cy pres» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of cy pres
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «cy pres».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CY PRES» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «cy pres» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «cy pres» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about cy pres

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CY PRES»

Discover the use of cy pres in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to cy pres and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Cases & Materials on Trusts
CHARITABLE TRUSTS: THE CY-PRES DOCTRINE INTRODUCTION If the purpose of a charitable gift becomes impossible or impractical to carry out, the fund is not held on an automatic resulting trust, as would be the case with a private trust.
Mohamed Ramjohn, 2004
2
The Modern Cy-près Doctrine
This book is of interest to researchers and practitioners working in trusts and charity law, property law, contract law, and class actions jurisprudence.
Rachael P. Mulheron, 2006
3
Antitrust class actions handbook
a cy pres distribution award back to the district court finding that there was no indication that the court "carefully weighed all considerations" in selecting the recipients of the unclaimed settlement funds.47 The Seventh Circuit set aside a cy pres ...
4
Wills, Trusts & Estates
691 (1987)]. NATURE OF CASE: Petition for application of cy pres doctrine to change trust purpose. FACT SUMMARY: After Mrs. Buck's will left the residue of her multimillion dollar estate to the San Francisco Foundation to be used exclusively ...
Lawrence W. Waggoner, 2003
5
Private Enforcement of Antitrust Law in the United States: A ...
This chapter provides background on the law of cy pres and suggests “best practices” for its invocation. § 14.02 The cy pres doctrine in antitrust class action litigation The cy pres remedy has evolved into a workable device that often fits well ...
Albert A. Foer, Randy Stutz, 2012
6
Trusts Law: Text and Materials
to establish the presence of a 'general charitable intention' before the cy-pres doctrine can operate. That requirement is forestalled if the court or Commission can conclude that there is no failure. The cy-pres doctrine and the making of a ...
Graham Moffat, Gerry Bean, Rebecca Probert, 2009
7
Loring and Rounds: A Trustees Handbook 2014e
§9.4.4 In the United States Neither the Legislative nor the Executive Branches May Apply Prerogative Cy Pres to a Charitable Trust The Court has exclusive jurisdiction of proceedings initiated by interested parties concerning the internal affairs ...
Rounds, Charles E. Rounds, Jr., Charles E. Rounds, III, 2013
8
Holocaust Restitution: Perspectives on the Litigation and ...
With the court unable to distribute the full $800 million to deposited-asset claimants and having ruled that looted-asset claims would not be paid, the money must be distributed on a cy pres basis. Cy Pres is a legal doctrine in class action law ...
Michael J. Bazyler, Roger P. Alford, 2006
9
Governing Nonprofit Organizations: Federal and State Law and ...
The donee trustee, the San Francisco Community Foundation, had petitioned the court to apply the cy pres doctrine to permit it to make grants within a wider geographic area. The case generated widespread interest in the San Francisco ...
Marion R. Fremont-Smith, 2009
10
Principles of the Law of Aggregate Litigation
This Section addresses settlements in which the parties agree to a cy pres remedy, as opposed to the situation in which a court orders a cy pres distribution as a remedy in a contested class action. For commentary discussing the difference ...
The American Law Institute, 2010

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CY PRES»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term cy pres is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Linkedin RSVPs to e-mail invite litigation with $13m deal
... the money will be distributed to three cy pres recipients: Access Now, the Electronic Privacy Information Center, and the Network for Teaching ... «Lexology, Jul 15»
2
Class action settlement funds free consumer lawyer for the poor
Cy pres” is an abbreviation of “cy pres comme possible,” and, if you'll excuse my French (not Latin), means roughly “as near as possible. «Lexology, Jul 15»
3
Keepseagle v. USDA :The Case Continues
The law with regard to cy pres funds is not clear.Chief Justice Robertscommenting on cy pres settlements (in Marek v. Lane, 134 S.Ct. 1, ... «Agri-Pulse, Jun 15»
4
Counseling for homeowners boosted with state grant
Another $3 million were set aside to help victims of the mortgage and financial crisis through a cy pres grant process. Cy pres means “as near ... «RealEstateRama, Jun 15»
5
State Bar Board Supports Cy Pres Petition to Fund Civil Legal …
The 52-member board approved the so-called cy pres petition at its final meeting of the fiscal year, a precursor to the State Bar's two-day ... «WisBar, Jun 15»
6
Native Americans To Voice Dismay Over USDA Settlement Mod
The settlement required that any unclaimed funds be distributed as cy pres awards to nonprofit organizations serving Native American farmers ... «Law360, Jun 15»
7
Val Riess Park Path in Chalmette wins national award
... Fund Program administered by the Louisiana Office of State Parks, the Murphy Oil Cy Pres Committee, and St. Bernard Parish Government. «NOLA.com, Jun 15»
8
Native Plaintiffs Back Divergent Plans For USDA Settlement
A cy pres distribution would mean that none of the unclaimed settlement funds would directly benefit any the class members, according to the ... «Law360, Jun 15»
9
Teva Gets Nod For $24M Nexium Pay-For-Delay Settlement
After the various litigation costs and taxes, $1 million of the remaining settlement would go to the indirect purchasers, likely as a cy pres award if ... «Law360, Jun 15»
10
No Upheaval in Class Reps for Indian Farmers
The terms of the settlement had indicated that any leftover money would be distributed under the cy pres doctrine, which directs unclaimed ... «Courthouse News Service, Apr 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Cy pres [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/cy-pres>. Jul 2020 ».
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