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Meaning of "dun" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD DUN

Of unknown origin.
info
Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF DUN

dun  [dʌn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF DUN

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Dun is a verb and can also act as a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The verb is the part of the sentence that is conjugated and expresses action and state of being.

See the conjugation of the verb dun in English.

WHAT DOES DUN MEAN IN ENGLISH?

dun

Dun

Dun is a generic term for an ancient or medieval fort. It is mainly used in the British Isles to describe a kind of hill fort and also a kind of Atlantic roundhouse. The term comes from Irish dún or Scottish Gaelic dùn, and is cognate with Old Welsh din, from whence comes Welsh dinas. In some areas duns were built on any suitable crag or hillock, particularly south of the Firth of Clyde and the Firth of Forth. There are many duns on the west coast of Ireland and they feature in Irish mythology. For example, the tale of the Táin Bó Flidhais features Dún Chiortáin and Dún Chaocháin. Duns seem to have arrived with Celtic cultures in about the 7th century BC. Early duns had near vertical ramparts made of stone and timber. Vitrified forts are the remains of duns that have been set on fire and where stones have been partly melted. Use of duns continued in some parts into the Middle Ages. Duns are similar to brochs, but are smaller and probably would not have been capable of supporting a very tall structure. Good examples of this kind of dun can be found in the Western Isles of Scotland, on artificial islands in small lakes.

Definition of dun in the English dictionary

The first definition of dun in the dictionary is to press or importune for the payment of a debt. Other definition of dun is a person, esp a hired agent, who importunes another for the payment of a debt. Dun is also a demand for payment, esp one in writing.

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB TO DUN

PRESENT

Present
I dun
you dun
he/she/it duns
we dun
you dun
they dun
Present continuous
I am dunning
you are dunning
he/she/it is dunning
we are dunning
you are dunning
they are dunning
Present perfect
I have dunned
you have dunned
he/she/it has dunned
we have dunned
you have dunned
they have dunned
Present perfect continuous
I have been dunning
you have been dunning
he/she/it has been dunning
we have been dunning
you have been dunning
they have been dunning
Present tense is used to refer to circumstances that exist at the present time or over a period that includes the present time. The present perfect refers to past events, although it can be considered to denote primarily the resulting present situation rather than the events themselves.

PAST

Past
I dunned
you dunned
he/she/it dunned
we dunned
you dunned
they dunned
Past continuous
I was dunning
you were dunning
he/she/it was dunning
we were dunning
you were dunning
they were dunning
Past perfect
I had dunned
you had dunned
he/she/it had dunned
we had dunned
you had dunned
they had dunned
Past perfect continuous
I had been dunning
you had been dunning
he/she/it had been dunning
we had been dunning
you had been dunning
they had been dunning
Past tense forms express circumstances existing at some time in the past,

FUTURE

Future
I will dun
you will dun
he/she/it will dun
we will dun
you will dun
they will dun
Future continuous
I will be dunning
you will be dunning
he/she/it will be dunning
we will be dunning
you will be dunning
they will be dunning
Future perfect
I will have dunned
you will have dunned
he/she/it will have dunned
we will have dunned
you will have dunned
they will have dunned
Future perfect continuous
I will have been dunning
you will have been dunning
he/she/it will have been dunning
we will have been dunning
you will have been dunning
they will have been dunning
The future is used to express circumstances that will occur at a later time.

CONDITIONAL

Conditional
I would dun
you would dun
he/she/it would dun
we would dun
you would dun
they would dun
Conditional continuous
I would be dunning
you would be dunning
he/she/it would be dunning
we would be dunning
you would be dunning
they would be dunning
Conditional perfect
I would have dun
you would have dun
he/she/it would have dun
we would have dun
you would have dun
they would have dun
Conditional perfect continuous
I would have been dunning
you would have been dunning
he/she/it would have been dunning
we would have been dunning
you would have been dunning
they would have been dunning
Conditional or "future-in-the-past" tense refers to hypothetical or possible actions.

IMPERATIVE

Imperative
you dun
we let´s dun
you dun
The imperative is used to form commands or requests.
NONFINITE VERB FORMS
Infinitive
to dun
Past participle
dunned
Present Participle
dunning
Infinitive shows the action beyond temporal perspective. The present participle or gerund shows the action during the session. The past participle shows the action after completion.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE DUN

dunam
Dunant
Dunav
Dunbar
Dunbartonshire
Duncan
Duncan Fife
Duncan I
Duncan Phyfe
Duncan Smith
dunce
dunce cap
dunce´s cap
duncedom
duncelike
duncery
dunch

WORDS THAT END LIKE DUN

begun
Braun
bun
fun
gun
handgun
hit-and-run
home run
Hun
in the long run
in the short run
Jun
Kim Jong-un
Kun
nun
pun
run
sun
tun
vingt-et-un

Synonyms and antonyms of dun in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «DUN»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «dun» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of dun

Translation of «dun» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF DUN

Find out the translation of dun to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of dun from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «dun» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

逼债
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

dun
570 millions of speakers

English

dun
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

डन
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

كميت
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

дун
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

dun
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

মেটে রঙ্গবিশিষ্ট
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

brun grisâtre
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Dun
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

graubraun
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

焦げ茶色
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

암갈색
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Dun
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

tối tăm
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

டுன்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

डन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

boz
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

grigio
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

dun
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

Дун
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

dun
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

dun
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

vaal
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

dun
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

dun
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of dun

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «DUN»

The term «dun» is very widely used and occupies the 11.164 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Very widely used
95
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «dun» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of dun
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «dun».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «DUN» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «dun» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «dun» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about dun

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «DUN»

Discover the use of dun in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to dun and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Book of God (Reissue): The Bible as a Novel
‘My purpose and effort in writing this ‘holy history’ was always to persuade the reader to feel - to experience, in fact and in spirit - this, the greatest of stories.’ This innovative, dramatic and highly readable retelling of the ...
Walter Wangerin, 2011
2
Un Lun Dun
The iron wheel began to spin, slowly at first, then faster and faster.
China Mieville, 2008
3
Rainbow
With this translation of the 1929 novel "Rainbow"("Hong"), one of China's most influential works of fiction is at last available in English.
Dun Mao, 1992
4
Financial Risk Management
Financial Risk Management deals with risk management in businesses, particularly in banks and financial institutions.
Dun & Bradstreet, 200
5
Dun & Bradstreet/Gale Group Industry Handbook: Construction ...
Dun & Bradstreet and the Gale Group have teamed up to offer your library an unprecedented new line of industry references.
Jennifer Zielinski, Mary Alampi, Dun & Bradstreet Corporation, 2000
6
Memoirs of the Four-Foot Colonel
General Dun describes his background, his early life and training (in England and India), and his involvement with the Burmese nationalist movement.
Smith Dun, 1980
7
Beautiful Sheep
This beautiful collection of portraits shows sheep as you have never seen them before – polished, preened and styled to perfection prior to competition.
Kathryn Dun, 2008
8
The Book of the Dun Cow
Walter Wangerin's profound fantasy concerns a time when the sun turned around the earth and the animals could speak, when Chauntecleer the Rooster ruled over a more or less peaceful kingdom.
Walter Wangerin, 2003
9
Introduction to Qi Men Dun Jia
This book is not for beginners.** The author also has a powerful Qi Men Dun Jia software which will save the practitioner lots of time.David Twickenwww.healingqi.com
David Twicken, 2011
10
Fictional Realism in Twentieth-century China: Mao Dun, Lao ...
Although deconstruction has become a popular catchword, as an intellectual movement it has never entirely caught on within the university.
Dewei Wang, 1992

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «DUN»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term dun is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Plans For Cruise Ship Berth At Dun Laoghaire Go On Display
We'll finally get to see the plans for a jumbo cruise ship facility in Dun Laoghaire. The planning application from the Harbour Company will go ... «98FM, Jul 15»
2
What Does a D&B Report Reveal About Your Business?
For small businesses, Dun & Bradstreet creates a business credit report that could be viewed as similar to a personal credit report for ... «Small Business Trends, Jul 15»
3
Will Dun & Bradstreet Corporation (The) (NYSE:DNB) Keep up with …
Dun & Bradstreet Corporation (The) (NYSE:DNB) reported an earnings surprise of 6.4% when the company last reported earnings for the ... «Investor Newswire, Jul 15»
4
Dun & Bradstreet Becomes Oversold (DNB)
In trading on Tuesday, shares of Dun & Bradstreet Corp (Symbol: DNB) entered into oversold territory, hitting an RSI reading of 28.9, after ... «Nasdaq, Jul 15»
5
Analysts Give $132.40 Average Price Target to Dun & Bradstreet …
Dun & Bradstreet Corp logo Dun & Bradstreet Corp (NYSE:DNB) has received a consensus broker rating score of 2.67 (Hold) from the six ... «WKRB News, Jul 15»
6
Cricket: Shocked Swanage Dun for from the off
SHOCKED Swanage failed to recover from visiting bowler James Dunham's assault with the ball in Saturday's two-wicket defeat to Dorchester. «Bournemouth Echo, Jul 15»
7
Brokerages Give Average Recommendation of "Hold" to Dun
Dun & Bradstreet Corp logo Shares of Dun & Bradstreet Corp (NYSE:DNB) have received a consensus broker rating score of 2.67 (Hold) from ... «sleekmoney, Jul 15»
8
King Digital Entertainment Larger Than S&P 500 Component Dun
In the case of King Digital Entertainment PLC (NYSE: KING), the market cap is now $4.51B, versus Dun & Bradstreet Corp (NYSE: DNB) at ... «Forbes, Jul 15»
9
Plans For Dun Laoghaire Cruise Berth To Be Lodged
Plans for the contentious cruise ship berth in Dun Laoghaire are expected to be lodged with An Bord Pleanala later today. The development ... «98FM, Jul 15»
10
J109 Irish Championships For Dun Laoghaire Not Kinsale
The J109 Irish championships will be sailed next week as part of Dun Laoghaire Regatta. 'The Nationals are part of Volvo Dun Laoghaire, they ... «Afloat, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Dun [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/dun>. Jul 2021 ».
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