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Meaning of "endothermic" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF ENDOTHERMIC

endothermic  [ˌɛndəʊˈθɜːmɪk] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF ENDOTHERMIC

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Endothermic is an adjective.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES ENDOTHERMIC MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Endothermic

In thermodynamics, the term endothermic describes a process or reaction in which the system absorbs energy from its surroundings in the form of heat. The term was coined by Marcellin Berthelot from the Greek roots endo-, derived from the word "endon" meaning "within" and the root "therm" meaning "hot." The intended sense is that of a reaction that depends on taking in heat if it is to proceed. The opposite of an endothermic process is an exothermic process, one that releases, "gives out" energy in the form of heat. Thus in each term the prefix refers to where heat goes as the reaction occurs. The concept is frequently applied in physical sciences to, for example, chemical reactions, where thermal energy is converted to chemical bond energy. Endothermic analysis only accounts for the enthalpy change of a reaction. The full energy analysis of a reaction is the Gibbs free energy, which includes an entropy and temperature term in addition to the enthalpy. A reaction could be a Spontaneous process at a certain temperature if the products have a lower total free energy even if the enthalpy of the products is higher.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH ENDOTHERMIC


adiathermic
ˌeɪdaɪəˈθɜːmɪk
diathermic
ˌdaɪəˈθɜːmɪk
ectothermic
ˌektəʊˈθɜːmɪk
electrothermic
ɪˌlɛktrəʊˈθɜːmɪk
eurythermic
ˌjʊərɪˈθɜːmɪk
exothermic
ˌɛksəʊˈθɜːmɪk
geothermic
ˌdʒiːəʊˈθɜːmɪk
homeothermic
ˌhəʊmɪəʊˈθɜːmɪk
homoeothermic
ˌhɒmɪəʊˈθɜːmɪk
homoiothermic
həʊˌmɔɪəˈθɜːmɪk
homothermic
ˌhɒməˈθɜːmɪk
hyperthermic
ˌhaɪpəˈθɜːmɪk
hypodermic
ˌhaɪpəˈdɜːmɪk
hypothermic
ˌhaɪpəʊˈθɜːmɪk
isogeothermic
ˌaɪsəʊˌdʒiːəʊˈθɜːmɪk
normothermic
ˌnɔːməʊˈθɜːmɪk
photothermic
ˌfəʊtəʊˈθɜːmɪk
poikilothermic
ˌpɔɪkɪləʊˈθɜːmɪk
thermic
ˈθɜːmɪk
xerothermic
ˌzɪərəʊˈθɜːmɪk

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE ENDOTHERMIC

endothecia
endothecial
endothecium
endothelia
endothelial
endothelioid
endothelioma
endotheliomata
endothelium
endotherm
endothermal
endothermically
endothermism
endothermy
endotoxic
endotoxin
endotracheal
endotracheal anaesthesia
endotrophic
endotrophic mycorrhiza

WORDS THAT END LIKE ENDOTHERMIC

azoospermic
blastodermic
dermic
endermic
endodermic
endospermic
entodermic
epidermic
intradermic
karmic
leucodermic
leukodermic
mesodermic
pachydermic
panspermic
peridermic
perispermic
pyodermic
spermic
taxidermic
xerodermic

Synonyms and antonyms of endothermic in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «endothermic» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF ENDOTHERMIC

Find out the translation of endothermic to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of endothermic from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «endothermic» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

吸热
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

endotérmica
570 millions of speakers

English

endothermic
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

ऊष्माशोषी
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

ماص للحرارة
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

эндотермической
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

endotérmico
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

endothermic
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

endothermique
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Endothermic
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

endotherme
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

吸熱性の
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

흡열
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Endothermic
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

thu nhiệt
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

வெப்பங்கொள்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

एंडोथर्मेक
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

endotermik
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

endotermico
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

endotermiczne
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

ендотермічної
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

endotermic
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ενδόθερμη
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

endotermies
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

endoterm
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

endothermic
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of endothermic

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «ENDOTHERMIC»

The term «endothermic» is regularly used and occupies the 82.764 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
62
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «endothermic» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of endothermic
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «endothermic».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ENDOTHERMIC» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «endothermic» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «endothermic» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about endothermic

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ENDOTHERMIC»

Discover the use of endothermic in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to endothermic and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Classic Chemistry Experiments
Students look at four reactions to see if they are exothermic or endothermic. Apparatus and equipment (per group) T Beakers T Thermometer. Chemicals (per group) T T 1 0 cm Sodium hydroxide solution 1 0 cm Dilute hydrochloric acid 1 0 cm ...
Kevin Hutchings, 2000
2
A Textbook of Science for the Health Professions
Endothermic reactions When a continuous supply of heat is required an endothermic reaction is taking place. Endothermic reactions take in more energy than previously existed in the reactants resulting in the products containing a greater ...
Barry G. Hinwood, 1997
3
The Basics of Chemistry
is greater than the potential energy of the reactants are called endothermic reactions. In an endothermic reaction, the heat flows from the surroundings into the system. Melting and vaporization are endothermic processes. Another means to ...
Richard Myers, 2003
4
Milady's Standard Cosmetology
Endothermic Waves An endothermic chemical reaction is one that absorbs heat from its surroundings. Endothermic waves (en-duh-THUR-mik) are activated by an outside heat source, usually a conventional hood-type hair dryer. Endothermic  ...
Margrit Altenburg, Diane Bailey, 2002
5
Chemical Demonstrations: A Handbook for Teachers of Chemistry
Endothermic Reactions of Hydrated Barium Hydroxide and Ammonium Salts Mixing two dry solids, barium hydroxide and one of several ammonium salts, demonstrates an endothermic reaction. The odor of ammonia is emitted from the flask, ...
Bassam Z. Shakhashiri, 1983
6
Access to Chemistry
5.1.5 Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions Chemical changes are always accompanied by changes in the energy content of the materials that are reacting, and the change is usually observed in the form of heat. Indeed, in many cases the ...
‎1999
7
Chemical Principles
A fire is started in a fireplace by striking a match and lighting crumpled paper under some logs. Explain the en- ergy transfers in this scenario using the terms exothermic, endothermic, system, surroundings, potential energy, and kinetic energy.
Steven Zumdahl, 2007
8
Animal Physiology: Adaptation and Environment
To distinguish the lizard from birds and mammals, which maintain their high body temperature by metabolic heat production, we have the terms ectothermic and endothermic. Endothermic animals are able to maintain a high body temperature  ...
Knut Schmidt-Nielsen, 1997
9
Principles of Chemistry: The Molecular Science
Is the reaction endothermic or exothermic? 51. How much thermal energy is evolved by a reaction in a bomb calorimeter (Figure 6.16) in which the temperature of the bomb and water increases from 19.50 °C to 22.83 °C? The bomb has a heat ...
John Moore, Conrad Stanitski, Peter Jurs, 2009
10
Science Fair Projects: Chemistry
Egg. Head. Measuring. endothermic. reactions. in. eggs. You need • an adult • 6 same-size eggs • water • cooking pot • use of stove • large spoon • clock or watch • large spoon • 5 bowls • paper • pencil Purpose Boiling an egg causes a ...
Robert L. Bonnet, Dan Keen, 2000

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ENDOTHERMIC»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term endothermic is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Full text access provided to Google
It seems that the same trend is observed in these PLLA-PCL MBCs. The endothermic peaks attributed to melting of the PLLA segment crystals ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
Rants from the Hill: Such Sweet Sorrow
Have you ever scanned the boggling diversity of the class Mammalia, that vast clade of endothermic amniotes, and wondered what unites us all ... «High Country News, Jul 15»
3
Giving Matters: Chemical Reactions at SEE Science Center
One is about exothermic reactions mixing chemicals that generate heat; another is about endothermic reactions absorbing heat like an icepack; ... «New Hampshire Public Radio, Jul 15»
4
Even 'warm' tuna need their favorite foods
Scientists have commonly thought that endothermic, or warm-blooded, fish may be able to be more active in colder waters and thus exploit ... «Futurity: Research News, Jun 15»
5
Characterization of Protein Stability Using Differential Scanning …
... thermally unfolds across a temperature range that is distinctive for that specific protein, creating an endothermic peak, as shown in Figure 1. «News-Medical.net, Jun 15»
6
Merced College Chemistry Professor Visits Sierra Foothill Charter …
... physical versus chemical change, exothermic versus endothermic reactions, along with an introduction on how to write chemical equations. «Sierra Sun Times, Jun 15»
7
Food Research at the Microscale
As the starch grains are heated in the presence of water, DSC measures the endothermic reaction that occurs. Optically, under polarized light, ... «Laboratory Equipment, Jun 15»
8
212 Million-year-old Mystery Why Dinosaurs Avoided Tropics …
The study also refers to the dinosaurs as warm-blooded. It's one of the first instances referring to the “terrible lizards” as endothermic since a ... «Laboratory Equipment, Jun 15»
9
75 Million-Year-Old Blood Cells Discovered in Dinosaur Bones
... in dinosaurs may help to solve the long-debated question of whether they were exothermic like other reptiles, or endothermic like mammals. «Discover Magazine, Jun 15»
10
Were Dinosaurs Warm-Blooded? New Study Fuels Debate
... will need multiple findings pointing to warm- or cold-blooded activities before they can definitively say whether dinosaurs were endothermic, ... «Live Science, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Endothermic [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/endothermic>. Aug 2019 ».
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