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Meaning of "geminal" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF GEMINAL

geminal  [ˈdʒemɪnəl] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF GEMINAL

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Geminal is an adjective.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES GEMINAL MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Geminal

In chemistry, the term geminal refers to the relationship between two atoms or functional groups that are attached to the same atom. The word comes from Latin gemini meaning "twins". A geminal diol, for example, is a diol attached to the same carbon atom, as in methanediol. The prefix gem may also be applied to a chemical name to denote this relationship, as in a gem-dibromide for "geminal dibromide". The concept is important in many branches of chemistry, including synthesis and spectroscopy, because functional groups attached to the same atom often behave differently from when they are separated. Geminal diols, for example, are easily converted to ketones or aldehydes with loss of water. The following example shows the conversion of a cyclohexyl methyl ketone to a gem-dichloride through a reaction with phosphorus pentachloride. This gem-dichloride can then be used to synthesize an alkyne. The related term vicinal refers to the relationship between two functional groups that are attached to adjacent atoms.

Definition of geminal in the English dictionary

The definition of geminal in the dictionary is of, relating to or having a pair. Other definition of geminal is having two functioning groups.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH GEMINAL


abdominal
æbˈdɒmɪnəl
binominal
baɪˈnɒmɪnəl
criminal
ˈkrɪmɪnəl
foraminal
fɒˈræmɪnəl
germinal
ˈdʒɜːmɪnəl
liminal
ˈlɪmɪnəl
lumenal
ˈluːmɪnəl
luminal
ˈluːmɪnəl
multiterminal
ˌmʌltɪˈtɜːmɪnəl
nominal
ˈnɒmɪnəl
phenomenal
fɪˈnɒmɪnəl
pre-seminal
ˈpriːˈsemɪnəl
pronominal
prəʊˈnɒmɪnəl
ruminal
ˈruːmɪnəl
seminal
ˈsɛmɪnəl
subliminal
sʌbˈlɪmɪnəl
subterminal
sʌbˈtɜːmɪnəl
superluminal
ˌsuːpəˈluːmɪnəl
terminal
ˈtɜːmɪnəl
trigeminal
traɪˈdʒɛmɪnəl

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE GEMINAL

gemclip
gemeinschaft
Gemeinschaften
gemel
gemels
gemfibrozil
gemfish
geminally
geminate
geminated
geminately
gemination
Geminga
Gemini
Gemini telescope
Geminian
Geminid
Geminorum
geminous
geminy

WORDS THAT END LIKE GEMINAL

adnominal
air terminal
career criminal
computer terminal
container terminal
cybercriminal
dumb terminal
ferry terminal
final
freight terminal
intelligent terminal
nonterminal
oil terminal
petty criminal
point-of-sale terminal
prenominal
regiminal
staminal
surnominal
visual display terminal
war criminal

Synonyms and antonyms of geminal in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «geminal» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF GEMINAL

Find out the translation of geminal to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of geminal from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «geminal» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

geminal
570 millions of speakers

English

geminal
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

geminal
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

geminal
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

геминальные
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

geminal
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

geminal
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

géminal
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Geminal
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

geminale
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

ジェミナル
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

제미
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Geminis
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

geminal
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

geminal
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

रक्ताचा
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

çift ​​oluşturan
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

geminale
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

geminalny
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гемінальние
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

geminala
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

δίδυμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

geminal
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

geminal
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

geminale
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of geminal

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «GEMINAL»

The term «geminal» is normally little used and occupies the 120.952 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
44
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «geminal» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of geminal
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «geminal».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «GEMINAL» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «geminal» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «geminal» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about geminal

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «GEMINAL»

Discover the use of geminal in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to geminal and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Basic 1H- and 13C-NMR Spectroscopy
The question of whether or not the formed norcaradiene structures 68 and 69 are in equilibrium with their valence isomer, cycloheptatriene, can be easily answered by measuring the geminal coupling constants between the bridge methylene ...
Metin Balci, 2005
2
Modern Physical Organic Chemistry
CH3 H Geminal repulsion Geminal repulsions do not lead to enhanced gauche interactions Anti Gauche Figure 2.8 In tetramethylethane, geminal repulsions between methyls cause expansion of the C-C-C angle, leading to enhanced gauche ...
Eric V. Anslyn, Dennis A. Dougherty, 2006
3
Organic Chemistry
HBr Addition of HX to Alkynes: Formation of Geminal Dihalides Because the TT system of an alkyne closely resembles that of an alkene, addition of HX to triple bonds seems likely to occur by a similar mechanism. Using knowledge of the ...
Marye Anne Fox, James K. Whitesell, 2004
4
Aspects of Strongly Orthogonal Singlet Geminal Wave Functions
Feng Xu. as described in freshman general chemistry textbook. This intuitive picture, when combined with the semi-empirical theory of hybridization of orbitals, can predict and explain the geometry features of a large class of molecules.
Feng Xu, 2007
5
Dianion Chemistry in Organic Synthesis
2.2 1,1-(C,C)-DIANIONS (GEMINAL DIANIONS) Several reviews have covered the generation and reactions of dianions formed from stepwise deprotonations from a sole methylene group.3'5'6 This process, leading to geminal ...
Charles M. Thompson, 1994
6
Introduction to Spectroscopy
H a ' Hb' If conformation is locked (no rotation) 1-Chloropropane Ha Hb CH3 Cl CH2 CH2 CH3 c b a Cl As one can see, it is a frequent occurrence that one needs to determine whether two groups attached to the same carbon (geminal groups) ...
Donald Pavia, Gary Lampman, George Kriz, 2014
7
The Construction of Spin Eigenfunctions: An Exercise Book
The first f(N,S) geminal products are those whose path diagrams are identical to the corresponding Serber branching diagrams, the remaining geminal functions are ordered according to the last letter sequence. The proof will again be ...
Ruben Pauncz, 2000
8
Valency and Bonding: A Natural Bond Orbital Donor-Acceptor ...
3.78), geminal delocalization creates formal A+, C~ character on atoms that are in close spatial proximity,111 with no compensating gain in covalent double- bond character elsewhere. Hence, geminal delocalization corresponds to general ...
Frank Weinhold, Clark R. Landis, 2005
9
Organic Chemistry
This is referred to as geminal coupling (Figure 13.20). Geminal coupling constants are generally small, on the order of 0 to 5 Hz. Because of the restricted rotation about CIC bonds, the alkenyl (vinylic) H atoms of unsymmetrical alkenes are not ...
William Brown, Brent Iverson, Eric Anslyn, 2013
10
Characterization and Chemical Modification of the Silica Surface
There is some discussion in literature, concerning the existence of geminal hydroxyl groups. These groups were first proposed by Peri2 in 1968. Van Cauwelaert3 stated that the free hydroxyl stretching vibration (3745 cm") consists of 2 ...
E.F. Vansant, P. Van Der Voort, K.C. Vrancken, 1995

9 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «GEMINAL»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term geminal is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Smell Receptors Sniff Out An Aldehyde In Its Hydrated Form
Now scientists have discovered a new aspect of this process: Some odorant receptors recognize an aldehyde via its hydrated geminal diol form ... «The Biological SCENE, Sep 14»
2
Diet, exercise and stress management may reverse aging on …
The study followed 35 participants five years after their initial entry into two separate studies: the GEMINAL study and UCSF MENS study. «CTV News, Sep 13»
3
Federal court issues prohibition order in respect of zoledronate …
... compounds containing a 5-membered, ring, which is connected to the geminal BP [bisphosphonate] carbon by a one-carbon linker (-CH2-). «Lexology, Mar 13»
4
Links for the Upstate Hasidic Weed Connection
He did research in the treatment of MS, Parkinson disease, Epilepsy, Tri-geminal Neuralgia and migraine headaches. He wrote a book on MS ... «Heeb Magazine, Jul 11»
5
How You Nurture Your Health Could Change Your Genetic Nature
These men were enrolled into a trial called GEMINAL, developed and implemented by my friend, Dr. Dean Ornish, and his colleagues at the ... «Huffington Post, Aug 10»
6
Hybrid organic–inorganic rotaxanes and molecular shuttles
The chirality is particularly apparent in the unequal magnetic effect exerted on each geminal proton in the methylene groups of the thread as ... «Nature.com, Mar 09»
7
Diet, Lifestyle Changes Effect at Genetic Level
He recently reported on the Gene Expression Modulation by Intervention with Nutrition and Lifestyle (GEMINAL) study. This study indicated that ... «Natural News.com, Aug 08»
8
Prostate cancer and lifestyle
In this case series, called the Gene Expression Modulation by Intervention with Nutrition and Lifestyle (GEMINAL), the researchers looked at the ... «NHS Choices, Jun 08»
9
Calcium is key for platinum drug delivery
Giovanni Natile at the University of Bari, Italy, and co-workers designed a novel platinum complex with geminal bisphosphonate ligands. «Chemistry World, Jul 07»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Geminal [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/geminal>. Oct 2019 ».
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