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Meaning of "haustoria" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF HAUSTORIA

haustoria  [hɔːˈstɔːrɪə] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HAUSTORIA

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Haustoria is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES HAUSTORIA MEAN IN ENGLISH?

haustoria

Haustorium

In botany, a haustorium is the appendage or portion of a parasitic fungus or of the root of a parasitic plant that penetrates the host's tissue and draws nutrients from it. Haustoria do not penetrate the host's cell membranes. Fungi in all major divisions form haustoria. Haustoria take several forms. Generally, on penetration, the fungus increases the surface area in contact with host plasma membrane releasing enzymes that break down the cell wall, enabling greater potential movement of organic carbon from host to fungus. Thus, an insect hosting a parasitic fungus such as Cordyceps may look as though it is being "eaten from the inside out" as the haustoria expand inside of it. Functional exchange takes place within the haustorial complex. The host supplies organic carbon to the fungus, and the metabolic activity within the complex is considerably greater than outside. Carbon from the host is absorbed by the fungus, and transported to the rest of the thallus. The host plant appears to be functioning according to signals from the fungus and the complex apppears to be under the control of the invader. The haustorium may be mycellium or root-shaped.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HAUSTORIA


Astoria
əˈstɔːrɪə
auditoria
ˌɔːdɪˈtɔːrɪə
crematoria
ˌkrɛməˈtɔːrɪə
emporia
emˈpɔːrɪə
euphoria
juːˈfɔːrɪə
fumatoria
ˌfjuːməˈtɔːrɪə
gloria
ˈɡlɔːrɪə
inclinatoria
ˌɪnklɪnəˈtɔːrɪə
lubritoria
ˌluːbrɪˈtɔːrɪə
maggotoria
ˌmæɡəˈtɔːrɪə
moratoria
ˌmɒrəˈtɔːrɪə
moria
ˈmɔːrɪə
natatoria
ˌneɪtəˈtɔːrɪə
Peoria
piːˈɔːrɪə
Pretoria
prɪˈtɔːrɪə
sanatoria
ˌsænəˈtɔːrɪə
scriptoria
skrɪpˈtɔːrɪə
succinctoria
ˌsʌksɪŋkˈtɔːrɪə
sudatoria
ˌsjuːdəˈtɔːrɪə
victoria
vɪkˈtɔːrɪə

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HAUSTORIA

hauriant
Hausa
hausen
hausfrau
Haussmann
haussmannise
haussmannize
haustella
haustellate
haustellum
haustorial
haustorium
haut monde
Haut-Rhin
hautbois strawberry
hautboy
haute couture
haute cuisine

WORDS THAT END LIKE HAUSTORIA

aporia
appressoria
ciboria
Ciudad Victoria
dysphoria
gender dysphoria
infusoria
Lake Victoria
Littoria
Mount Victoria
noria
peloria
phantasmagoria
scoria
sensoria
signoria
thoria
trattoria
Vitoria
vomitoria

Synonyms and antonyms of haustoria in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «haustoria» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HAUSTORIA

Find out the translation of haustoria to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of haustoria from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «haustoria» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

吸器
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

haustorios
570 millions of speakers

English

haustoria
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

haustoria
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

haustoria
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

гаусториями
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

haustoria
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

haustoria
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

haustoria
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Haustoria
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Haustorien
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

吸器
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

haustoria
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Banget
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

giác mút
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

உறிஞ்சுறுபு
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

हौस्टोरिया
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

haustoria
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

austori
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

haustoria
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гаусторіямі
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

haustoria
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

haustoria
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

haustoria
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

haustoria
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

haustoria
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of haustoria

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HAUSTORIA»

The term «haustoria» is normally little used and occupies the 145.129 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
32
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «haustoria» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of haustoria
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «haustoria».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HAUSTORIA» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «haustoria» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «haustoria» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about haustoria

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HAUSTORIA»

Discover the use of haustoria in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to haustoria and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Lichen Symbiosis
In some lichens the older, decaying algal cells are the ones generally penetrated by intracellular haustoria. However, in trentepohliaceous lichens, intracellular haustorial penetrations occur in all ages of algal cells (Chapman, 1976; Matthews ...
Vernon Ahmadjian, 1993
2
Plant Relationships: A Comprehensive Treatise on Fungi As ...
amino acids was further evidence for a special role of haustoria in nutrient uptake (Hahn and Mendgen 1997; Hahn et al. 1997a, b). However, while an exclusive localization of AAT2p in haustoria could be shown, no transport activity could be  ...
Holger B. Deising, 2009
3
Parasitic Orobanchaceae: Parasitic Mechanisms and Control ...
Haustoria may develop abnormally due to unsuccessful coordination with host tissues. Up to 40 % of the lateral haustoria of the annual hemiparasite Triphysaria have no xylem bridge at all (Heide-Jorgensen and Kuijt 1993, 1995). These 'wart  ...
Daniel M. Joel, Jonathan Gressel, Lytton J. Musselman, 2013
4
University Botany- Iii : (Plant Taxonomy, Plant Embryology, ...
gives us invaginations act as transfer cells in sucking and transporting food materials. It gi strong evidence about absorptive nature of endosperm haustoria. On the basis of origin the haustoria may be primary or secondary. If the haustoria are ...
S.M. Reddy, 2004
5
Plants: Diversity and Evolution
The holoparasites are generally reduced, more or less to reproductive organs, whereas there are hemiparasites that may be 'normal-looking' and facultatively parasitic, with simple haustoria or with dimorphic roots. Such dimorphic roots may  ...
Martin Ingrouille, Bill Eddie, 2006
6
Flowering Plants
Another and more remarkable type of endosperm specialization is the formation of endosperm haustoria. The haustoria may arise at the chalazal or micropylar end, or at both ends of the developing endosperm. Endosperm haustoria are ...
Armen Takhtajan, 2009
7
Competition Science Vision
The occurrence of haustoria is a common feature of cellular type of endosperm; it is more varied than that in the nuclear endosperm. The haustoria may be micropylar, chalazal or both. Mycropylar haustoria are known to occur in Impatiens ...
8
Diseases and Pathogens of Eucalypts
All native cherry roots are probably capable of forming haustoria but only during primary growth (Fineran 1991). The stimulus to initiate haustoria is the proximity ( a few millimetres) of a host root. If the haustoria developed by short ...
PJ Keane, GA Kile, FD Podger, 2000
9
The Fungi
Haustoria of downy mildews are without septa and continuous with the intercellular mycelium. Like the hyphae of other Oomycetes they are coenocytic and contain variable numbers of nuclei. Haustoria of rust fungi are also simple in shape if ...
Michael John Carlile, Sarah C. Watkinson, G. W. Gooday, 2001
10
Symbiosis : An Introduction to Biological Associations: An ...
These fungi form a thin mycelial layer on the surface of leaves and penetrate the epidermal cells by means of haustoria (fig. 8.8). The powdery mildews produce large numbers of asexual spores called conidia and these spores, together with ...
Surindar Paracer Professor of Biology Worcester State College, Worcester (Emeritus) Vernon Ahmadjian Professor of Biology Clark University, 2000

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HAUSTORIA»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term haustoria is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Yardsmart: Mistletoe is a monster inside trees
Mistletoe is a plant that actually lives on other plants, sending its root-like haustoria into branches where it sucks the life out of a tree. «The San Luis Obispo Tribune, Jun 15»
2
The greenskeeper: Grow sandalwood at home
... deriving water and nutrition from other plants by means of sucking roots called haustoria. Commercial sandalwood plantations use Toor Dal ... «Bangalore Mirror, Jun 15»
3
UC Riverside Team Reports Details of Small RNA Suppression in …
They are known to associate with host plants through infection structures called haustoria, through which cytoplasmic effectors are secreted ... «GenomeWeb, Apr 15»
4
Taking the 'Oak' out of Oakhurst
(Haustoria is the appendage of the mistletoe that penetrates the oak's bark, drawing nutrients). While healthy oaks are able to withstand a few ... «Sierra Star, Mar 15»
5
Pucker up: Mistletoe is everywhere in Florida
The feeding organ called haustoria, can penetrate only thin-barked trees such as sycamore, laurel oaks, water oaks, chinaberry and elms. «Orlando Sentinel, Feb 15»
6
Things to do in fields.
It has haustoria, minuscule root-like appendages that can absorb water and minerals from nearby grasses by locking onto their roots. All this ... «Village, Jan 15»
7
Beware! Parasitic Christmas trees and Christmas tree worms
Dr Allen says the tree uses its parasitic root structure—called a haustoria—to cut into the roots of its hosts, thieving valuable water. «Science Network Western Australia, Dec 14»
8
Desert Mistletoe: Photos of 'Tree Thieves' in the American Southwest
Desert mistletoe seeds can germinate on any branch of the tree but its small, rootlike structures called haustoria can only penetrate young, thin ... «Live Science, Dec 14»
9
Parasitic plants include bizarre, beautiful species
The dodder stem will immediately form haustoria which penetrate the host stems or leaves to extract its growth requirements. After attaching to ... «The Daily News Online, Oct 14»
10
The Spooky Way Plants Convince Other Plants to Let Themselves …
Westwood's research looked into what happens when dodder sticks its haustoria into its host, and found something that few had even ... «Modern Farmer, Aug 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Haustoria [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/haustoria>. Jun 2020 ».
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