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Meaning of "Kulturkampf" in the English dictionary

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ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD KULTURKAMPF

German: culture struggle.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF KULTURKAMPF

Kulturkampf  [kʊlˈtʊəˌkæmpf] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF KULTURKAMPF

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Kulturkampf is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES KULTURKAMPF MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Kulturkampf

The German term Kulturkampf refers to German policies in relation to secularity and reducing the role and power of the Roman Catholic Church in Prussia, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Prime Minister of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck. Bismarck accelerated the Kulturkampf, which did not extend to the other German states such as Bavaria. As one scholar put it, "the attack on the church included a series of Prussian, discriminatory laws that made Catholics feel understandably persecuted within a predominantly Protestant nation." Jesuits, Franciscans, Dominicans and other orders were expelled in the culmination of twenty years of anti-Jesuit and antimonastic hysteria. In 1871, the Catholic Church comprised 36.5% of the population of the German Empire, including millions of Poles, who were subject to official discrimination. In this newly founded Empire, Bismarck sought to appeal to liberals and Protestants by reducing the political and social influence of the Catholic Church and attempting to eradicate the Polish nationality. Priests and bishops who resisted the Kulturkampf were arrested or removed from their positions.

Definition of Kulturkampf in the English dictionary

The definition of Kulturkampf in the dictionary is the struggle of the Prussian state against the Roman Catholic Church, which took the form of laws designed to bring education, marriage, etc, under the control of the state.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH KULTURKAMPF


galumph
ɡəˈlʌmpf

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE KULTURKAMPF

Kuibyshev
Kuiper belt
kukri
kuku
Kuku Nor
kula
kulak
kulan
kulfi
Kultur
Kulun
Kum
Kumamoto
kumara
kumarahou
Kumaratunga
Kumaratunge
kumari
Kumasi
Kumayri

WORDS THAT END LIKE KULTURKAMPF

dummkopf
pf
Schwarzkopf

Synonyms and antonyms of Kulturkampf in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «Kulturkampf» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF KULTURKAMPF

Find out the translation of Kulturkampf to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of Kulturkampf from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «Kulturkampf» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

Kulturkampf
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

Kulturkampf
570 millions of speakers

English

Kulturkampf
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

Kulturkampf
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

العلمانية والدين
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

Kulturkampf
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

Kulturkampf
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

Kulturkampf
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

Kulturkampf
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Kulturkampf
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Kulturkampf
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

文化闘争
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

Kulturkampf
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Kulturkampf
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

Kulturkampf
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

Kulturkampf
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Kulturkampf
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Kulturkampf
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

Kulturkampf
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

Kulturkampf
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

Kulturkampf
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

Kulturkampf
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

Kulturkampf
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

Kulturkampf
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

Kulturkampf
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

Kulturkampf
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of Kulturkampf

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «KULTURKAMPF»

The term «Kulturkampf» is regularly used and occupies the 99.028 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
54
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «Kulturkampf» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of Kulturkampf
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «Kulturkampf».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «KULTURKAMPF» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «Kulturkampf» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «Kulturkampf» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about Kulturkampf

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «KULTURKAMPF»

Discover the use of Kulturkampf in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to Kulturkampf and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Confronting the Nazi War on Christianity: The Kulturkampf ...
Contemporaries and historians have found it difficult to interpret the ambiguous relationship between National Socialism and Christianity.
Richard Bonney, 2009
2
The Failure of Bismarck's Kulturkampf: Catholicism and State ...
An in-depth examination of the Kulturkampf, a major conflict between the Catholic Church and Otto von Bismarck's Prussian government. Ross examines how it was implemented and why it failed.
Ronald J. Ross, 1998
3
The War Against Catholicism: Liberalism and the ...
Historians have viewed the Kulturkampf of the 1870s not simply as an attempt to preserve the secular state from the reach of the Roman Catholic Church but alternately as a defensive campaign against the threat of political Catholicism, ...
Michael B. Gross, 2004
4
The Nation as a Local Metaphor: Württemberg, Imperial ...
Liberals and Catholics in Württemberg used the language of the Kulturkampf to communicate about Sedan Day and, by extension, about German national identity. Catholics undermined the legitimacy of the holiday using religious arguments.
Alon Confino, 1997
5
Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and ...
Within the political culture of German Catholicism, the Kulturkampf represented an early high-water mark of Catholic antisemitism, as many Catholic leaders accused liberal Jews of supporting Kulturkampf legislation. The accusation, however ...
Richard S. Levy, 2005
6
Origins of Liberal Dominance: State, Church, and Party in ...
This Kulturkampf was "in many ways the most significant expression of liberalism's alliance with the Bismarckian state" lSheehan 1978, 1351. One should not exaggerate the degree to which the church was hindered from carrying out its ...
Andrew Gould, 1999
7
SPIN
hey call it Kulturkampf. It's a German term meaning "the struggle for culture," and America is in the midst of it. Flag burners outrage patriots in Dallas. A sheriff handcuffs a rapper in Florida. Cops shut down a photography show in Cincinnati.
8
Religion and Politics in the Nineteenth Century: The Party ...
The Kulturkampf was not only an administrative failure but a political failure as well. Intended to weaken the power of the church, undermine the authority of the clergy, and cripple the nascent organization of the Zentrum, the Kulturkampf had  ...
Kimberly Cowell-Meyers, 2002
9
Globalisation and the Nation in Imperial Germany
... the term implied a challenge to Catholic ultramontanists, at whom the policy of the separation of church and state was directed. but it also entailed a nationalist and anti-polish component. in this sense the Kulturkampf did not end, as is often  ...
Sebastian Conrad, 2010
10
Freedom and Religion in the Nineteenth Century
Ross, "Enforcing the Kulturkampf," 460. 112. See Ross, Failure of Bismarck 's Kulturkampf, chaps. 2 and 9. 113. Fritz Nova, "The Motivations in Bismarck's Kulturkampf," Du- quesne Review 10 (Spring 1965): 23. 114. Craig, Germany, 7 1 . 115.
Richard J. Helmstadter, 1997

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «KULTURKAMPF»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term Kulturkampf is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Rich, powerful and distrusting the papacy
... the subsequent horrors of the Thirty Years War, the Napoleonic invasions, Prussia's rabid Kulturkampf, the Nazi terror and the Second World ... «Catholic Herald Online, Jul 15»
2
"Best of Enemies:" Film Review
... or more specifically which lifestyle was superior in the ongoing Kulturkampf. However, in bringing this personal debate to the national forum ... «Huffington Post, Jul 15»
3
Hakim, the Masked Coder of Minneapolis
... fight of the moment was actually an expression of a gender war, a dialectical kulturkampf rooted in the very origins of Anglo-Saxon modernity. «Boing Boing, Jul 15»
4
Justice Antonin Scalia's Greatest Fits
Invoking 'Kulturkampf,' 'legalistic argle-bargle,' and 'the black-robed supremacy,' Justice Scalia expresses his opposition to LGBT rights in a ... «Advocate.com, Jul 15»
5
Eine grauenhafte Zeit - Richard Gebhardt kritisiert die antideutsche …
Die Wutbürger führen einen Kulturkampf, der aber nicht überall die Massen bewegt. Pegida war nicht zufällig gerade in Dresden erfolgreich ... «Jungle World, Jul 15»
6
When Opposites Don't Attract: Christianity, Culture, and the Crisis of …
In every culture war there's a war of words, and a war over words. Today's Kulturkampf about gay marriage is no exception. From Ireland and ... «Gospel Herald, Jun 15»
7
Scalia insult-generator
... that repeatedly sits up in its grave and shuffles abroad, after being repeatedly killed and buried has mistaken a Kulturkampf for a fit of spite. «Boing Boing, Jun 15»
8
We've Been Here Before: Marriage and the Room of Tears
... in the nineteenth century, Bismarck waged a Kulturkampf against the Catholic Church in Germany, and in the twentieth century, more martyrs ... «Catholic World Report, Jun 15»
9
My marriage isn't threatened
Kulturkampf is for Nazis, not Jeffersonian democrats. The government is there to protect our liberties, not decide them. My marriage is the ... «Quad City Times, Jun 15»
10
Symposium: In defense of Justice Kennedy's soaring language
... cases that are centrally relevant to the issue in Obergefell – once began a dissent by accusing the Court of mistaking “a Kulturkampf for a fit of ... «SCOTUSblog, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Kulturkampf [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/kulturkampf>. Apr 2024 ».
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