A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES OUT-GROUP MEAN IN ENGLISH?
Ingroups and outgroups
In sociology and social psychology, an ingroup is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member. By contrast, an outgroup is a social group to which an individual does not identify. For example, people may find it psychologically meaningful to view themselves according to their race, culture, gender, caste or religion. It has been found that the psychological membership of social groups and categories is associated with a wide variety of phenomena. The terminology was made popular by Henri Tajfel and colleagues during his work in formulating social identity theory. The significance of ingroup and outgroup categorization was identified using a method called the minimal group paradigm. Tajfel and colleagues found that people can form self preferencing ingroups within a matter of minutes and that such groups can form even on the basis of seemingly trivial characteristics, such as preferences for certain paintings.
The translations of out-group from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «out-group» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «out-group».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «OUT-GROUP» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «out-group» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «out-group» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about out-group
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OUT-GROUP»
Discover the use of out-group in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to out-group and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Let's Play...in-group Vs. Out-group: Game Playing and ...
As predicted by the need-threat model of ostracism (Williams, 1997), individuals
ignored by the in-group will feel their belongingness and self-esteem threatened,
producing increased generalized distress. People ignored by the out-group will ...
Kimberly Ann Carrillo, 2007
Handbook of Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology
be structured to reduce the salience of category distinctions and promote
opportunities to get to know out-group members as individual persons, thereby
disarming the forces of categorization. The conditional specifications of the
Theodore Millon, Melvin J. Lerner, Irving B. Weiner, 2003
The White Sheep Hypothesis: When In-group Members Display ...
Appendix N Pilot Investigation Debriefing Debriefing Statement "Analytical
Reasoning & In-group Processes" The goal of the study you just participated in
was to explore how people react to in- versus out-group members as a function of
Benjamin Saunders, 2008
Teaching, Learning, and Motivation in a Multicultural Context
However, given the fact that collectivists have been observed to approach conflict
differently when dealing with in-group versus out-group members, in this case the
relationship appears to be more complex. This complexity is consistent with ...
Farideh Salili, Rumjahn Hoosain, 2003
Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach
In-Group and Out-Group Attitudes Team membership provides a microsystem for
observing the formation of in-group and out-group attitudes and behaviors. All
human societies observe distinctions between ingroup and out-group attitudes ...
Barbara Newman, Philip Newman, 2011
Sociology: A Global Perspective
An in-group perceives an out-group as a threat. In this situation, in-group
members believe (rightly or wrongly) that an out-group threatens their way of life.
The ingroup holds real or imagined fear that the out-group is seeking ○○
Joan Ferrante, 2014
Dynamic Knowledge Interaction
Another change was an increase in hostility to the out-group. The children made
fun of and laughed at the physical features of out-group memlxrs. There was also
an increase in physical abuse between groups. These results show that a ...
Toyoaki Nishida, 2000
Midkines, in the Neural Stem Cell Niche, During ...
another intersection, an out-group/ in-group member in another intersection, and
an out-group/ out-group member in another intersection. For example, a woman
of Color would be considered an in-group/ in-group member in the women of ...
Anda-Alexandra Calinescu, Selena L. Kohel, 2008
Civility in the City: Blacks, Jews, and Koreans in Urban America
9 In a vivid example of in-group virtues and out-group vices, Merton explains how
Abraham Lincoln's virtues of industriousness, perseverance, and eagerness
receive a completely different evaluation when they are shifted from the in-group
Jennifer Lee, 2002
The Nature of Hate
The image goes along not only with adistinctive perception ofthe out-group, but
also with a particular behavioral orientation, as we will see. If there is perceived
goal compatibility between the two groups, and they are equal both in power and
Robert J. Sternberg, Karin Sternberg, 2008
9 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OUT-GROUP»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term out-group is used in the context of the following news items.
The 4 Ways CEOs Accidentally Mess Up Company Culture
Sometimes CEOs unwittingly create an in-group and an out-group, and newcomers can feel excluded right at the time they most want to make ... «Fast Company, Jul 15»
Prejudice In The Brain — How Evolutionarily Valuable Brain …
There is an innate bias toward one's own group, not only to perceive it as better than the “out-group,” but to be more accepting of individual ... «Medical Daily, Jul 15»
Let's stop stereotyping people, it just fuels bias
It makes more sense to explore these issues using broader terms, such as in-group favouritism and out-group hostility. Most of us don't like to ... «The National, Jul 15»
Tahlequah native learns 'reddening' of state related to 'moral …
“A major aspect of the being 'conservative' is to establish in-group and out-group boundaries,” Howard said. “It appears to be easier for ... «Tahlequah Daily Press, Jul 15»
20.07.2015Leaders only inspire when we feel part of their group
However, when looking at the same comparison (inspirational minus non-inspirational) for messages from out-group leaders, no increase in ... «FatCat, Jul 15»
Leaders only inspire when we feel part of their group
However, when looking at the same comparison (inspirational minus non-inspirational) for messages from out-group leaders, no increase in ... «The Conversation AU, Jul 15»
Public Release: 14-Jul-2015 Sounds of praise or tones of racism? A …
... toward their in-group and out-group members. More specifically, this study examines the relationship between listeners' identification with the ... «EurekAlert, Jul 15»
How can we fix unconscious racism?
We (as a species) also have a tendency to think of members of the out-group as being all much the same while members of our in-group are all ... «The Guardian, Jul 15»
An economist explains why the key to a free world lies with China
At the beginning of the struggle toward freedom, the in-group is very small and the out-group large. At later stages of the struggle toward ... «Quartz, Jul 15»
« EDUCALINGO. Out-Group [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/out-group>. Mar 2023 ».