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Meaning of "phrenitis" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD PHRENITIS

Via Late Latin from Greek: delirium, from phrēn mind, diaphragm +-itis.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF PHRENITIS

phrenitis  [frɪˈnaɪtɪs] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PHRENITIS

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Phrenitis is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES PHRENITIS MEAN IN ENGLISH?

phrenitis

Phrenitis

The term phrenitis was employed in ancient Greece by Hippocrates and his followers. It refers to acute inflammation of mind and body, not in a theoretical but in a descriptive sense. Its presumed seat was never anatomically or conceptually well determined. The diagnosis was used during the Middle Ages: a mental confusion or continuous delirium with fever. Phrenitis means an inflammation of the brain, or of the meninges of the brain, attended with acute fever and delirium. Symptoms vary widely in severity, from short-lived, relatively slight effects of headache, drowsiness, and fever to paralysis, coma, and death. The ancient phrenitis concept was used until the 19th century. After that time the concept was replaced by the word delirium. By their epigonic character the detailed descriptions of phrenitis by Gerard van Swieten mark only the end of an uncritical use of the term. The epoch-making work of Morgagni, based on clinical-anatomical observations, provides a definitive insight into the location of the condition and into many pathologic features. Pinel is the last author who mentions phrenitis in a classification of diseases. Phrenitis is no longer in scientific use.

Definition of phrenitis in the English dictionary

The definition of phrenitis in the dictionary is a state of frenzy; delirium.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH PHRENITIS


adenitis
ˌædəˈnaɪtɪs
arthritis
ɑːˈθraɪtɪs
balanitis
ˌbæləˈnaɪtɪs
colonitis
ˌkɒləˈnaɪtɪs
duodenitis
ˌdjuːəʊdɪˈnaɪtɪs
hepatitis
ˌhɛpəˈtaɪtɪs
laminitis
ˌlæmɪˈnaɪtɪs
lymphadenitis
lɪmˌfædɪˈnaɪtɪs
peritonitis
ˌpɛrɪtəˈnaɪtɪs
retinitis
ˌrɛtɪˈnaɪtɪs
rhinitis
raɪˈnaɪtɪs
samnitis
sæmˈnaɪtɪs
splenitis
splɪˈnaɪtɪs
tendinitis
ˌtɛndəˈnaɪtɪs
tendonitis
ˌtɛndəˈnaɪtɪs
tendovaginitis
ˌtɛndəʊˌvædʒɪˈnaɪtɪs
tenovaginitis
ˌtɛnəʊˌvædʒɪˈnaɪtɪs
tympanitis
ˌtɪmpəˈnaɪtɪs
vaginitis
ˌvædʒɪˈnaɪtɪs
vulvovaginitis
ˌvʌlvəʊˌvædʒɪˈnaɪtɪs

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PHRENITIS

phrenesiac
phrenesis
phrenetic
phrenetical
phrenetically
phreneticness
phrenic
phrenism
phrenitic
phrenitides
phrenologic
phrenological
phrenologically
phrenologise
phrenologist
phrenologize
phrenology
phrensical
phrensies
phrensy

WORDS THAT END LIKE PHRENITIS

allergic rhinitis
atrophic rhinitis
bronchitis
colitis
dermatitis
encephalitis
Enronitis
epididymitis
gastritis
meningitis
non-B hepatitis
osteoarthritis
osteomyelitis
otitis
pancreatitis
pneumonitis
proctitis
rheumatoid arthritis
sinusitis
tonsilitis

Synonyms and antonyms of phrenitis in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «phrenitis» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PHRENITIS

Find out the translation of phrenitis to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of phrenitis from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «phrenitis» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

谵妄
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

frenitis
570 millions of speakers

English

phrenitis
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

phrenitis
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

التهاب الدماغ
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

phrenitis
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

phrenitis
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

phrenitis
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

phrénitis
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Frenitis
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Phrenitis
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

phrenitis
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

phrenitis
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Phrenitis
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

phrenitis
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

phrenitis
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

फुफ्फुसाचा दाह
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Phrenitis
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

phrenitis
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

phrenitis
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

phrenitis
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

phrenitis
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

phrenitis
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

phrenitis
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

phrenitis
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

phrenitis
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of phrenitis

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PHRENITIS»

The term «phrenitis» is used very little and occupies the 172.489 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
19
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «phrenitis» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of phrenitis
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «phrenitis».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PHRENITIS» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «phrenitis» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «phrenitis» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about phrenitis

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PHRENITIS»

Discover the use of phrenitis in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to phrenitis and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Edinburgh practice of physic and surgery: preceded by an ...
Phrenitis vera, Sauv. fp. I. Boerb. 771. Phrenitis idiopathica, Junck. 63. Cephalalgia inflatnmatoria, Sauv. Ip, 9. Cephalitis spontanea, Sauv. sp. 3. Cephalitis siriasis, Sauv. fp. 4. ' □ Siriasis, fog. 34. Cqihalitis Littriana, Sauv. fp. 5. Dr. Cullen ...
‎1800
2
Encyclopaedia Britannica: Or, A Dictionary of Arts, ...
310. Sphacclismus, Lin. 32. Phrenitis vera, Saín: sp. I. BoerA. 771. Phrenitis idiopathica, Juuck. 63. Ccphalalgia inflammatoria, Sain: sp. 9. Cephalitis spontanea, Sain: sp. 3. Cephalitis siriasis, Sauv. sp. 4. • Siriasis, Fog. 34. Cephalitis Littriana ...
‎1823
3
The Edinburgh Practice of Physic, Surgery, and Midwifery: ...
Junck. 63. Phrenifmus, Vog. 45. Cephalitis, Sauv. gen. 109. Sag. gen. 310. Sphacelifmus, Lin, 32. Phrenitis vera, Sauv. fp. i. Boerb. 771. Phrenitis idiopathica , Junck. 63. Cephalalgia inflammatoria, Sauv. fp. 9, . Cephalitis fpontanea, Sauv. fp. 3.
William Cullen, 1803
4
Three Treatises on the Nature of Science
Since this is the case, it is therefore necessary for the origin of the burning fever and its accompanying symptoms to come first, after which phrenitis follows, then comes the upward attraction of the regions of the cartilages and the phrenitis is ...
Galen, R. Walzer, M. Frede, 1985
5
Pantologia. A new (cabinet) cyclopædia, by J.M. Good, O. ...
As the organs of sense are not frequently deranged in synocha, the foregoing symptoms farther assist the diagnosis between this complaint and phrenitis. The pulse is not always so much disturbed •t an early period, as we should expect from ...
John Mason Good, Olinthus Gilbert Gregory, 1813
6
Handbook of Psychiatry: Volume 1, General Psychopathology
Galen's other principal diagnostic category was phrenitis, an acute, febrile condition which involved agitation and delirium. Historians have found what they believe to be meningitis, malaria, and typhoid among Galen's case histories of ...
M. Shepherd, O. L. Zangwill, 1983
7
Pantologia: A New Cyclopaedia, Comprehending a Complete ...
As the organs of sense are not frequently deranged in synocha, the foregoing symptoms farther assist the diagnosis between this complaint and phrenitis. The pulse is not always so much disturbed at an early period, as we should expect from ...
John Mason Good, Olinthus Gregory, Newton Bosworth, 1813
8
Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal
Case of apparently Idiopathic Phrenitis. By Robert Paley, M. D. Halifax. Communicated to Dr Bateman. * My Dear Sir, You may probably recollect, whilst I had the honour to be your colleague at the Public Dispensary, that I mentioned having ...
‎1819
9
The Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal ...
Thus it is that phrenitis assumes so much the appearance of simple fever; but, on a closer view, we still find an essential diiference between these diseases. Phrenitis is, in every respect, except the universality of the symptoms produced by the ...
‎1808
10
The London Medical Gazette
To distinguish it from phrenitis is more difficult; as inflammation of the brain, however, generally appears sooner after labour than true mania, the period of the attack will in some degree guide us. The delirium attendant on phrenitis is preceded ...
‎1835

4 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PHRENITIS»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term phrenitis is used in the context of the following news items.
1
The (Still) Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe
But though his death certificate listed the cause of death as phrenitis, or swelling of the brain, the mysterious circumstances surrounding his ... «Smithsonian, Oct 14»
2
Professor Probes Mental Disorders in the Ancient World
For example, the word “phrenitis” appears in ancient texts to describe illness characterized by delirium, fever and death. Today, some scholars ... «Record - Columbia News, Dec 13»
3
Ancient Greece and Mental Disorders
Continuing, he gave the example of the word “phrenitis” that was used to describe a state of delirium, fever and eventually death, or as we call it ... «Greek Reporter, Dec 13»
4
Candied Corpses, And 87 Other Ancient Innovations
(Like so much else, Greeks invented frenzy and its spinoff, frenetic; they come from phrenitis, "madness" or "delirium of the brain.") Born around ... «NPR, Aug 10»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Phrenitis [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/phrenitis>. Nov 2022 ».
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