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Meaning of "preterite" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD PRETERITE

From Late Latin praeteritum ( tempus) past (time, tense), from Latin praeterīre to go by, from preter- + īre to go.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF PRETERITE

preterite  [ˈprɛtərɪt] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PRETERITE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Preterite can act as a noun and an adjective.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES PRETERITE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Preterite

The preterite is a grammatical tense or verb form serving to denote events that took place or were completed in the past. In general, it combines the perfective aspect with the past tense, and may thus also be termed the perfective past. In grammars of particular languages the preterite is sometimes called the past historic, or the aorist. When the term "preterite" is used in relation to specific languages it may not correspond precisely to this definition. In English it can be used to refer to the simple past verb form, which sometimes expresses perfective aspect. The case of German is similar: the Präteritum is the simple past tense, which does not always imply perfective aspect, and is anyway often replaced by the Perfekt even in perfective past meanings. Preterite may be denoted by the glossing abbreviation PRET or PRT. The word derives from the Latin praeteritum, meaning "passed by" or "past".

Definition of preterite in the English dictionary

The first definition of preterite in the dictionary is a tense of verbs used to relate past action, formed in English by inflection of the verb, as jumped, swam. Other definition of preterite is a verb in this tense. Preterite is also denoting this tense.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH PRETERITE


aliterate
eɪˈlɪtərɪt
Carteret
ˈkɑːtərɪt
collectorate
kəˈlɛktərɪt
directorate
dɪˈrɛktərɪt
doctorate
ˈdɒktərɪt
electorate
ɪˈlɛktərɪt
illiterate
ɪˈlɪtərɪt
inspectorate
ɪnˈspɛktərɪt
inveterate
ɪnˈvɛtərɪt
lectorate
ˈlɛktərɪt
literate
ˈlɪtərɪt
masterate
ˈmɑːstərɪt
nonliterate
ˌnɒnˈlɪtərɪt
pastorate
ˈpɑːstərɪt
preceptorate
prɪˈsɛptərɪt
preliterate
priːˈlɪtərɪt
presbyterate
prɛzˈbɪtərɪt
preterit
ˈprɛtərɪt
protectorate
prəˈtɛktərɪt
semiliterate
ˌsɛmɪˈlɪtərɪt

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PRETERITE

preterhuman
preterist
preterit
preteriteness
preterition
preteritive
preterm
preterminal
pretermination
pretermission
pretermit
pretermitted
pretermitter
pretermitting
preternatural
preternaturalism
preternaturality
preternaturally
preternaturalness
preterperfect

WORDS THAT END LIKE PRETERITE

ankerite
cassiterite
cerite
cordierite
dolerite
dumortierite
favourite
forsterite
guerite
Hutterite
kieserite
laterite
marguerite
millerite
nerite
ozocerite
ozokerite
sclerite
siderite
sphalerite
Thatcherite

Synonyms and antonyms of preterite in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «preterite» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PRETERITE

Find out the translation of preterite to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of preterite from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «preterite» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

preterite
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

pretérito
570 millions of speakers

English

preterite
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

preterite
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

preterite
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

претерит
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

pretérito
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

অতীতকাল
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

prétérit
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Preterite
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Präteritum
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

過去形
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

preterite
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Preterite
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

preterite
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

preterite
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

मागील पत्र
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

geçmiş zaman
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

preterito
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

praeteritum
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

Претер
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

preterit
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

Preterite
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

preteritum
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

preteritumformen
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

preteritum
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of preterite

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PRETERITE»

The term «preterite» is regularly used and occupies the 103.260 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
52
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «preterite» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of preterite
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «preterite».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PRETERITE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «preterite» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «preterite» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about preterite

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PRETERITE»

Discover the use of preterite in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to preterite and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Spanish Preterite Past Tense Verbs
Spanish Preterite Past Tense Verbs includes great games to practice the preterite past tense in Spanish.
Lori L. Wolfe
2
The Perfect and the Preterite in Contemporary and Earlier ...
Main clauses II 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Present perfect Preterite (lexical) Pluperfect Preterite auxiliary Present perfect Preterite (lexical) Present (lexical) Following main clause Figure 3.21. Relative frequencies of major past-referring ...
Johan Elsness, 1997
3
Interacciones
You have studied the formation and general uses of the imperfect and preterite, but you need to learn to distinguish between the two tenses so you can discuss, relate, and narrate past events. In past narration the preterite is generally used to  ...
Emily Spinelli, Carmen Garcia, Carol Galvin Flood, 2008
4
A Grammar of Sunwar: Descriptive Grammar, Paradigms, Texts ...
Verbs of conjugations C1vt, C2vt and C4vi lack a tense marker in the negative preterite.13 Conjugations C1vt and C2vt share the same tensed portemanteau morphemes in the affirmative preterite tense in the dual and plural. The tensed ...
Dörte Borchers, 2008
5
Proceedings of the Philological Society
they can begyn, &c., ib. ; idioms become to be, come to be, 232 ; preterite of come used as an auxiliary, he com gon, ib. English verb, its ordinary inflexions, 241; Old-English verbs expressing present time follow three schemes of inflexion, ...
Philological Society (Great Britain)., 1846
6
French Grammar ...
In what case is the preterite definite used in French t 618. What is understood in grammar by the expression, " unit of time " 1 618. Can the preterite definite be used in speaking of a fact which took place to-day, this week, this month, this year , ...
T. C. de Laporte, 1848
7
From Now to Eternity
I agree with this. But it remains unclear why in some languages the preterite is the default tense and in others it is not. The main problem, however, is that the German and Swedish preterite have an identical meaning in the relevant domains.
Jesse Mortelmans, Tanja Mortelmans, Walter De Mulder, 2011
8
Grammar of the modern Greek language on a simple but ...
The preterite in %a, in the second class is likewise only an abbreviation, and is equivalent to ya-a, x.a-a, or X<ra. In the third class, the verbs in Su, Qu, £w, in the formation of their preterites, leave out the characteristic of the present to give ...
A. Scott (writer on grammar.), 1828
9
The Effects of Wiki- and Blog-technologies on the Students' ...
Daniel Alex Castaneda Vise. Appendix J Preterite and Imperfect Rubric Total points ______. Daniel Alex Castaneda 113. Categories 5 4 3 2 1 Mechanics Very few Few errors in Some errors Frequent Numerous errors in conjugations in errors ...
Daniel Alex Castaneda Vise, 2007
10
The new pocket dictionary of the Italian and English ...
Were contracted into orre ; preterite si; participle sto. Verbe of this class contract » ere into orre, and even moor alone; asyporre, por, instead of poneré. The future ends in rrb, and the conditional in гге'ч as, Infinitive. Preterite. Participle. Poneré ...
Giuspanio Graglia, 1819

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PRETERITE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term preterite is used in the context of the following news items.
1
What Does It Mean to Support Israel? An Evangelical Chaplain …
The preterite here denotes God's purpose (cf. Genesis 1:29). Furthermore, due to the idolatry of the Hebrews, they went into exile and have ... «Christian News Wire, Jun 15»
2
The Great Equalizer 2.0
... his works, Pynchon obsesses over the power of the silenced, the marginalized, the ones left behind by God -- the "last poor Preterite one! «Huffington Post, Apr 15»
3
Reflections on Walter Benjamin 5.
The past meets the present in a dialectical compound of then and now, past information and present need; the preterite of the archive and the ... «The Fortnightly Review, Mar 15»
4
Lain, the Whom of the Verb World
The preterite of lie2 is identical with the default present form of lay (it's not lied, as you might have expected from looking at the regular verb lie1) ... «Chronicle of Higher Education, Mar 15»
5
Letters: State schools suffer because the most demanding parents …
... language, cannot differentiate between the imperfect tense (“I was looking”), the perfect tense (“I have looked”) and the preterite (“I looked”). «Telegraph.co.uk, Nov 14»
6
The FBIs Bogus ISIS Bust
Fortunately, they are drawn from a pathetic preterite far beneath the contempt of our cultural elite. Instead of seeing them, rightly, as a scourge ... «Daily Beast, Nov 14»
7
Am I Allowed to Scold My Friends' Kids?
But if he says, “I shooted you,” you're only doing him a favor by improving his form: “The correct preterite is 'shot'.” That said, if a kid turns a ... «Slate Magazine, Aug 14»
8
The Origins of Yiddish: Part Tsvey
Another of the many cases that could be cited is the German tense system, in which, in Bavarian as in Yiddish, the preterite, or simple past (for ... «Jewish Daily Forward, Jul 14»
9
Javier Mascherano says he 'tore his anus' during Argentina's World …
In Portuguese, “rasguei” is the first person preterite conjugation of “rasgar”, which means “to tear”. So, when the whole sentence is translated, ... «NEWS.com.au, Jul 14»
10
“aha” moments: biblical scholars tell their stories (5): Charles Halton
The Hebrew verb is a “narrative preterite,” which indicates sequential action (e.g., “and then this happened”). But these translations say “had ... «Patheos, Jul 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Preterite [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/preterite>. Feb 2020 ».
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