Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.
Got it
Search
Our goal is to figure out a therapy for prion diseases.
Stanley B. Prusiner

Meaning of "prion" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD PRION

New Latin, from Greek priōn a saw.
info
Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp
section

PRONUNCIATION OF PRION

prion  [ˈpraɪən] play
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp

GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PRION

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Prion is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES PRION MEAN IN ENGLISH?

prion

Prion

A prion in the Scrapie form is an infectious agent composed of protein in a misfolded form. This is the central idea of the Prion Hypothesis, which remains debated. This would be in contrast to all other known infectious agents, like viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites—which must contain nucleic acids. The word prion, coined in 1982 by Stanley B. Prusiner, is derived from the words protein and infection. Prions are responsible for the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in a variety of mammals, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle. In humans, prions cause Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Gerstmann–Sträussler–Scheinker syndrome, Fatal Familial Insomnia and kuru. All known prion diseases affect the structure of the brain or other neural tissue and all are currently untreatable and universally fatal. In 2013, a study revealed that 1 in 2,000 people in the United Kingdom might harbour the infectious prion protein that causes vCJD. Prions are not considered living organisms but may propagate by transmitting a misfolded protein state.

Definition of prion in the English dictionary

The definition of prion in the dictionary is any of various dovelike petrels of the genus Pachyptila of the southern oceans that have a serrated bill.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH PRION


anion
ˈænˌaɪən
Brian
ˈbraɪən
cast-iron
ˌkɑːstˈaɪən
cation
ˈkætaɪən
dandelion
ˈdændɪˌlaɪən
flatiron
ˈflætˌaɪən
gridiron
ˈɡrɪdˌaɪən
Hawaiian
həˈwaɪən
ion
ˈaɪən
iron
ˈaɪən
lion
ˈlaɪən
Mayan
ˈmaɪən
O´Brien
əˈbraɪən
Orion
əˈraɪən
Paraguayan
ˌpærəˈɡwaɪən
pereion
pəˈraɪən
pian
ˈpaɪən
scion
ˈsaɪən
Uruguayan
ˌjʊərəˈɡwaɪən
Zion
ˈzaɪən

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PRION

printwheel
printworks
prior
prior probability
prior to
priorate
prioress
priories
priorities
prioritisation
prioritise
prioritization
prioritize
priority
priority case
priority sequencing
priority share
priorly
priorship
priory

WORDS THAT END LIKE PRION

alerion
Ben-Gurion
carrion
centurion
chorion
clarion
counterion
criterion
histrion
Hyperion
mitochondrion
morion
omophorion
orchestrion
septentrion
synaxarion
troparion
turion
virion
zwitterion

Synonyms and antonyms of prion in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «prion» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PRION

Find out the translation of prion to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of prion from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «prion» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

朊病毒
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

prión
570 millions of speakers

English

prion
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

prion
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

بريون
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

прионов
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

prion
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

কারাগার
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

prion
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Prion
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Prion
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

プリオン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

프리온
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Prion
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

prion
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ப்ரியோன்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

प्रियां
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

prion
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

prioni
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

prionowe
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

пріонів
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

prion
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

prion
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

prion
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

prion
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

prion
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of prion

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PRION»

The term «prion» is regularly used and occupies the 76.401 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
65
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «prion» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of prion
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «prion».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PRION» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «prion» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «prion» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about prion

EXAMPLES

QUOTES WITH «PRION»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word prion.
1
Stanley B. Prusiner
Our goal is to figure out a therapy for prion diseases.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PRION»

Discover the use of prion in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to prion and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Prion Biology and Diseases
This volume is a new edition of the most authoritative book on Prion Biology, first published in 1999 and edited by the Nobel Prize-winning founder of the field.
Stanley B. Prusiner, 2004
2
Advancing Prion Science:: Guidance for the National Prion ...
In Advancing Prion Science, the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Assessment of Relevant Science recommends priorities for research and investment to the Department of Defense's National Prion ...
Committee on Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies: Assessment of Relevant Science, Rick Erdtmann, Laura B. Sivitz, 2004
3
Neurodegeneration and Prion Disease
This volume provides an in-depth overview from world experts on prion disease.
David R. Brown, 2005
4
Prion Diseases
In Prion Diseases leading researchers and clinicians describe their state-of-the-art findings and hypotheses arising from a variety of different approaches to this group of diseases.
Harry F. Baker, Rosalind M. Ridley, 1996
5
Techniques In Prion Research
-There is an acceleration in prion disease research because of the spread of mad cow disease. -This book covers in vitro, cellular, and animal models adapted for the study of TSEs. -Includes bio-saftey procedures.
Sylvain Lehmann, Jacques Grassi, 2004
6
Prion Proteins
Genetics of Prion Disease, by S. Lloyd, S. Mead and J. Collinge. Atypical Prion Diseases in Humans and Animals, by M. A. Tranulis, S. L. Benestad, T. Baron and H. Kretzschmar.
Jörg Tatzelt, 2011
7
Deadly Feasts: Tracking The Secrets Of A Terrifyin
Richard Rhodes follows virus hunters on three continents as they track the emergence of a deadly new brain disease that first kills cannibals in New Guinea, then cattle and young people in Britain and France -- and that has already been ...
Richard Rhodes, 2012
8
Physiological function of the cellular prion protein ...
The physiological role of the cellular prion protein (PrPc) is still not fully understood.
Sanja Ramljak, 2008
9
Regulation of Prion Protein in Yeast and Mammalian Cells Via ...
Neurodegeneration, due to many different diseases, is one of the most prevalent classes of ailments affecting our aged population.
Jennifer J. Apodaca, 2008
10
Prion diseases
This book brings together leading researchers in the field, including S. Prusiner--the researcher who first suggested that the cause of prion diseases is a protein rather than a virus.
John Collinge, John Collinge (MD.), Mark S. Palmer, 1997

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PRION»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term prion is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Shirley Shane Barley Middleton
... or the National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center, Case Western Reserve University, 2085 Adelbert Road, Room 419, Cleveland, ... «Lexington Dispatch, Jul 15»
2
Patrick Durkin: We shouldn't make any assumptions about CWD
Besides, even as prion tests keep improving, no one knows for certain how deer become infected with CWD. Is it through deer-to-deer contact, ... «Madison.com, Jul 15»
3
Much still unknown about CWD's effect on humans
Besides, even as prion tests keep improving, no one knows for certain how deer become infected with CWD. Is it through deer-to-deer contact, ... «Green Bay Press Gazette, Jul 15»
4
Researcher explores the current state of domestic animal cloning
Keefer also cites a study in which the prion protein that causes mad cow disease was knocked out in transgenic cattle using SCNT. Yet, only a ... «Phys.Org, Jul 15»
5
Monoclonal Antibodies As A Future Therapeutic Against …
The majority of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Lewy Body and other dementias, Parkinson's and prion diseases share a ... «Alzheimer's News Today, Jul 15»
6
New CWD report gives hunters food for thought
However, researchers from Case Western Reserve University presented results at a prion conference in late May that are likely to ratchet up ... «Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Jul 15»
7
Beenie Man To Vybz Kartel .. I Am KING of Dancehall
Vybz Kartel is currently serving a life sentence in a maximum security prion for a murder conviction. His very vocal fans thinks that he is the the ... «Urban Islandz, Jul 15»
8
Antibodies Targeting Alzheimer's May Benefit Other Prion Diseases
WASHINGTON — A class of monoclonal antibodies that target tau and amyloid beta in Alzheimer's disease may also recognize proteins in ... «Neurology Advisor, Jul 15»
9
One Target, One Treatment? Not for Alzheimer's Disease
... monoclonals with brain tissue of actual Alzheimer's, prion, and Parkinson's diseases, and they saw structures related to all these pathologies. «Medscape, Jul 15»
10
Mutation protected mice in study against prion disease
A prion protein mutation gave laboratory mice protection against several prion diseases, according to one study's results. Those results ... «American Veterinary Medical Association, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Prion [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/prion>. Nov 2019 ».
en
English dictionary
Discover all that is hidden in the words on
index
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z