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I remain as committed as ever to working across party lines with anyone who believes we must invest in the future of our economy by revitalizing our transportation infrastructure, ensuring every child is getting a world class education, and spurring research and development of new technologies.
Jim Himes

Meaning of "research and development" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

research and development play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Research and development is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Research and development

The research and development is a specific group of activities within a business. The activities that are classified as R&D differ from company to company, but there are two primary models. In one model, the primary function of an R&D group is to develop new products; in the other model, the primary function of an R&D group is to discover and create new knowledge about scientific and technological topics for the purpose of uncovering and enabling development of valuable new products, processes, and services. Under both models, R&D differs from the vast majority of a company's activities which are intended to yield nearly immediate profit or immediate improvements in operations and involve little uncertainty as to the return on investment. The first model of R&D is generally staffed by engineers while the second model may be staffed with industrial scientists. R&D activities are carried out by corporate or governmental entities.

Definition of research and development in the English dictionary

The definition of research and development in the dictionary is the part of a commercial company's activity concerned with applying the results of scientific research to develop new products and improve existing ones R & D.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

reseal
resealable
research
research assistant
research establishment
research fellow
research fellowship
research laboratory
research quantum
research scientist
research student
research work
research worker
researchable
researched
researcher
researchful
researchist
reseason
reseat

WORDS THAT END LIKE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

advertisement
application development
arrested development
audio equipment
career development
character development
child development
development
envelopment
equipment
exercise equipment
housing development
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
laboratory equipment
redevelopment
regional development
rural development
shipment
sports equipment
sustainable development
urban development

Synonyms and antonyms of research and development in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «research and development» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Find out the translation of research and development to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of research and development from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «research and development» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

研究和开发
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

investigación y desarrollo
570 millions of speakers

English

research and development
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

अनुसंधान और विकास
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

البحث والتطوير
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

исследования и разработки
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

pesquisa e desenvolvimento
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

গবেষণা ও উন্নয়ন
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

la recherche et le développement
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

penyelidikan dan pembangunan
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Forschung und Entwicklung
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

研究開発
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

연구 개발
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Riset lan pangembangan
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

nghiên cứu và phát triển
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஆராய்ச்சி மற்றும் வளர்ச்சி
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

संशोधन आणि विकास
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Araştırma ve Geliştirme
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ricerca e sviluppo
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

badania i rozwój
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

дослідження і розробки
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

cercetare și dezvoltare
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

έρευνα και ανάπτυξη
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

navorsing en ontwikkeling
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

forskning och utveckling
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

forskning og utvikling
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of research and development

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT»

The term «research and development» is very widely used and occupies the 16.434 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Very widely used
93
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «research and development» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of research and development
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «research and development».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «research and development» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «research and development» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about research and development

EXAMPLES

10 QUOTES WITH «RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word research and development.
1
Marcia Angell
Drug companies say they need to charge ever-higher prices to cover their research costs, but they spend far less on research and development than they do on marketing and administration, and afterwards they actually keep more in profits.
2
Stephen Elop
First of all, at any company, the investment in research and development in the products is the lifeblood, so that is a critical element of anyone's future going forward.
3
John Engler
Manufacturers account for nearly 60 percent of all industrial research and development.
4
Donald Evans
We are the number one economy in the world, and we ought to continue to pursue those kinds of policies that ensure that we maintain that position, like innovation and like technology and like education and like just research and development and discovery.
5
Toshihiko Fukui
As the new endogenous growth theory suggests, TFP growth is closely related to accumulation of the intangible capitals, such as human capital and research and development.
6
Charles Giancarlo
I would say that in general, Cisco is a very strong research and development organization.
7
Alison Gopnik
Babies and young children are like the research and development division of the human species, and we grown-ups are production and marketing.
8
Jim Himes
I remain as committed as ever to working across party lines with anyone who believes we must invest in the future of our economy by revitalizing our transportation infrastructure, ensuring every child is getting a world class education, and spurring research and development of new technologies.
9
Tim Holden
We should be increasing research and development into our fossil fuel program.
10
Tim Holden
Coal research and development provides huge benefits for the nation, and pay for itself many times over through taxes flowing back to the Treasury from expanded economic activity.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT»

Discover the use of research and development in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to research and development and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Practical Process Research & Development
This book provides a comprehensive, step-by-step approach to organic process research and development in the pharmaceutical, fine chemical, and agricultural chemical industries.
Neal G. Anderson, 2000
2
Management of Research and Development Organizations: ...
This edition has been completely revised.
Ravinder Kumar Jain, Harry C. Triandis, 1997
3
Practical Guide to Research and Development Tax Incentives: ...
CCH's Practical Guide to Research and Development Tax Incentives--Federal, State, and Foreign by Michael Rashkin, J.D., LL.M., provides something that has been missing in professional tax literature--authoritative, comprehensive coverage of ...
Michael D. Rashkin, 2007
4
ARt & D: Research and Development in Art
Research sometimes concentrates on the use of existing technologies in the content of the work, and at other times on the development of new technologies (hard-, soft- and netware) needed to realize the intended project.
Joke Brouwer, 2005
5
Design and Development Research: Methods, Strategies, and Issues
Important features in this volume include: concise checklists at the end of each chapter to give a clear summary of the steps involved in the various phases of a project; an examination of the critical types of information and data often ...
Rita Richey, James D. Klein, 2007
6
Evaluating Public Sector Research and Development
Sets forth methodology for evaluating public sector research and development activity, and illustrates the methodology through case studies.
Albert N. Link, 1996
7
Computer Applications in Pharmaceutical Research and Development
This is essential reading for IT professionals and scientists in the pharmaceutical industry as well as researchers involved in informatics and ADMET, drug discovery, and technology development.
Sean Ekins, 2006
8
Practical Process Research and Development – A guide for ...
Designed to provide a comprehensive, step-by-step approach to organic process research and development in the pharmaceutical, fine chemical, and agricultural chemical industries, this book describes the steps taken, following synthesis and ...
Neal G. Anderson, 2012
9
Research and Development Statistics
They are indispensable to anyone who needs to gain a thorough understanding of the sources for the study of the area under consideration. This volume is concerned with the key area of investment in research and development activity.
R.A. Wilson, D.L. Bosworth, A. Young, 1993
10
Internationalization of Research and Development
Research and development is no longer a headquarters function. More and more companies internationalize their R&D activities. The pros and cons of this approach are discussed in this book.
Klaus Brockhoff, 1998

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term research and development is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Biogen Loses Its Head of Research and Development
The biotech giant known for its multiple sclerosis leadership franchise drugs is losing its head of research and development. Losing an R&D chief may not create ... «24/7 Wall St., Jul 15»
2
Pharmaceutical Giant to Open Research & Development Campus in …
Rather, the company plans to build a massive research and development campus. BMS will anchor Alexandria Real Estate Equities, Inc.'s development located ... «BostInno, Jun 15»
3
SMIC, Huawei, imec, and Qualcomm in Joint Investment on SMIC's …
... to Build China's Most Advanced Integrated Circuit Research and Development ... And the joint development of a 14nm process facility will be a step stone to ... «MarketWatch, Jun 15»
4
Chinese firms are pouring money into U.S. research and development
WASHINGTON • Surging investment by Chinese companies in U.S. research labs is yielding a fast-growing trove of patents, part of a push to mine America for ... «STLtoday.com, Jun 15»
5
Arrowhead Acquires Novartis' RNAi Research and Development
PASADENA, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Arrowhead Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ARWR), a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi ... «Business Wire, Mar 15»
6
CNN Signs UAV Research Agreement With The FAA
CNN has entered into a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRDA) with the Federal Aviation Administration to advance efforts to integrate ... «CNN, Jan 15»
7
Toyota expanding research & development in Michigan
ANN ARBOR TOWNSHIP, Mich. (AP) - Toyota Motor Corp. is further boosting its research and development work in southeastern Michigan. The automaker ... «WXYZ, Dec 14»
8
GlaxoSmithKline announces 900 layoffs
The company's entire research and development department in the Research Triangle Park is being shut down, as the pharmaceutical company consolidates ... «WTVD-TV, Dec 14»
9
'Invent relentlessly' warns Sir James Dyson as his company puts …
Vacuum cleaner maker Dyson has begun work on a £250m scheme to expand its UK research and development base as the business famed for its design ... «Telegraph.co.uk, Nov 14»
10
Does it really cost $2.6 billion to develop a new drug?
The group estimates that drugmakers on average face another $312 million in research and development costs after a drug gets approved, which could bring ... «Washington Post, Nov 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Research and development [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/research-and-development>. Apr 2021 ».
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